AN INTRODUCTION TO THE FRENCH REVOLUTION WHY DID THE FRENCH REVOLT A LOOK AT OUTSIDERS INTRODUCTION What does it mean to be “on the outside looking in ” by gregoria

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									                        AN INTRODUCTION TO THE FRENCH REVOLUTION:
         WHY DID THE FRENCH REVOLT? A LOOK AT OUTSIDERS!
INTRODUCTION:
What does it mean to be “on the outside looking in?”



Give a real-life example of a time when you or someone you know was “on the outside looking in”:



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MOVIE CLIP 1: THE OUTSIDERS
Cite specific examples from the movie clip that illustrate characters that are viewed as outsiders? How
are they treated? How are they different from the “in-crowd”? How do you think they feel?




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MOVIE CLIP 2: PRETTY IN PINK
Cite specific examples from the movie clip that illustrate characters that are viewed as outsiders? How
are they treated? How are they different from the “in-crowd”? How do you think they feel?




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WHAT NEXT: Now that you have a better understanding of what it means to be an outsider, what do
you think happens to people who feel they are unwanted and mistreated?




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HISTORICAL CONNECTION TO THE FRENCH REVOLUTION:
France before the Revolution:
                              1st estate:
     • 3 estates -

                                          2nd estate:


                                          3rd estate:
                  DOCUMENTS RELATED TO THE PROBLEMS OF THE 3RD ESTATE

                         DOCUMENT 1

   BREAD AND THE WAGE EARNERS BUDGET*
                                      Expenditure on Bread as
                  Effective Daily    percentage of income with
  Occupation         Wage in              bread priced at:
                      Sous**                          (Feb-July
                                     (Aug 1788)
                                                       1789)           PROBLEM FACED BY
 Laborer in                                                            THE THIRD ESTATE?
Reveillon
                         15               60               97
wallpaper
works
 Builders                                                  80
                         18               50
Laborer
 Journeyman
                         24               37               60
mason
 Journeyman,
locksmith,               30               30               48
carpenter, etc.
 Sculptor,
                         60               15               24
goldsmith

*The price of the 4 pound loaf consumed daily by workingman and
his family as the main element in their diet
**Effective wage represents the daily wage adjusted for 121 days
of nonwork per calendar year for religious observation, etc.

                         DOCUMENT 2

   “In the south of France there is a taille (land tax). There is an
injustice in charging the amount each person must pay. Lands held
 by the nobility are taxed very little. Lands held by the commoners
            (members of the 3rd estate) are taxed heavily.              PROBLEM FACED BY
                                                                        THE THIRD ESTATE?
September 5, 1788: The poor people seem very poor indeed. The
children are terribly ragged.
June 10, 1789: The lack of bread is terrible. Stories arrive every
moment from the great provinces of riot… The price of bread has
arisen above the people’s ability to pay. This causes great misery.
July 1789: I was joined by a poor woman who complained of the
hard times. She said, “The tailles and feudal dues are crushing us.”

              -   TRAVELS IN FRANCE (1787-1789)
                        Arthur Young
              DOCUMENTS RELATED TO THE PROBLEMS OF THE 3RD ESTATE
                       DOCUMENT 3




                                             WHAT DOES THIS CARTOON
                                                     SHOW?




              DOCUMENT 4

      “What is the Third Estate?
         EVERYTHING!                         WHAT IS THE MAIN MESSAGE
                                                OF THIS PAMPHLET?
“What has it been in the political order
             up to now?”
             NOTHING

        “What does it want?”
          SOMETHING

 - A pamphlet published before the
        French Revolution

								
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