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FAMILIES

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					                                SPP3411
                              List of topics
List of topics that each student should cover during his or her learning
experience of Family Health module. Search the relavant information and
knowledge which should be used to prepare your group assignment.

APPLICATION OF FAMILY HEALTH (FH) AS A COMPONENT OF
PUBLIC HEALTH
   1. FH and current scope and concerns in Public Health
           - communicable disease
           - non-communicable disease
           - trauma
           - mental health
   2. FH and determinants of health
           - Nutrition
           - environmental and occupational hazards
           - growing recognition of lifestyle
           - population
           - income
   3. FH and scientific approaches
          - epidemiological strategies
          - biostatistic
          - biological and physical science
          - behavioral and social science
          - demography, vital statistics, health information
   4. FH program and scope of Public Health
          - good setting
          - prevention of disease and promotion of health
   5. FH and medical care
   6. FH and influencing behavior
   7. FH and environmental control
   8. Application of Public Health strategies in FH
         - surveillance and monitoring
         - intervention
         - evaluation
   9. Organization of FH in Malaysia
         - government structure
                 - MOH
                 - other ministries
        - non-governmental PH agencies with FH components
        - private sector
CHILD HEALTH
 1. The situation of children in the world
 2. Development of the child
 3. The challenge from experience gained
        The World Summit for children
        Convention on the Right of the child
 4. Mobilizing support for children in the future
 5. Reduction in child mortality and morbidity
        Immunization
        Prevention and treatment of communicable disease
                 - HIV/AIDS
                 - Malaria
                 - Diarrhea
                 - Acute respiratory infections
                 - Tuberculosis
                 - Malnutrition
 6. Childhood disability
                 - Malnutrition and disability
                 - Rehabilitative care
                 - Children and land mines
 7. Role of the mother
 8. Strengthening of child health services
 9. Advocacy and communication for child health programme
 10. Mobilizing resources for children




ADOLESCENCE
 1.  Introduction
 2.  Definition and demography of adolescence
 3.  Social value attached to adolescence and youth
 4.  Adolescent growth and development
 5.  Clinical significance of maturational stress
 6.  Adolescent well being and the family
 7.  Problems in school
         Ethical and legal issues
 8. Adolescent health concerns and knowledge
 9. Risk-taking behaviors
 10. Violence by and against young people
 11. Substance use and abuse
 12. Smoking
 13. Adolescent sexuality and sexual risk-taking
 14. Pregnancy
  15. Sexually transmitted diseases
  16. Sexual offences
  17. Adolescent medical disorders
  18. Response to chronic illness and hospital admission
  19. Adolescent surgery
  20. Adolescent mental disorder
  21. Emotional problems and disorders
  22. Suicide and deliberate self-harm
  23. Eating disorders
  24. Hyperactivity disorders
  25. Anti-authority and anti-social behavior
  26. Assessment and treatment
  27. Adolescent health care services
          Primary care services
          Specialist medical services for adolescents and adolescent medicine
          Adolescent psychiatric services
          Services for adolescents with disability
          Adolescent health-promotion and prevention programmes
  28. Teaching and training of health care professionals
  29. Conclusions



HEALTH OF ELDERLY PEOPLE
  1. Demographics and projections
  2. Determinants of population ageing
         Demographic and epidemiological transitions
         Life expectancy
         Health expectancy
         Compression of morbidity
         Rural ageing
         Ethnic minority elders
  3. Older people as a special group
         Iceberg of disease
         Multiple pathology
         Loss of adaptability
         Costs of care
  4. Health and social services for elderly people
         Role of public health
         Ageism and rationing
         Health outcomes
                  - Impairment, disability, and handicap
         Information system
         Health promotion
                  - Age well programs
          Primary care
                  - Primary prevention
                         - immunization
                  - Case-finding and screening
                         - health checks (high blood pressure, cancer screening)
         Community and social care
         Hospital services
                 - Comprehensive geriatric services
                 - Disease specific services
                 - Hospital-at-home services
         Health Services for mentally ill people
         Community-based rehabilitation
         Long-term care
                 - costs of long term care
                 - need for long-term care
                 - evaluation of long-term care
         Social support and informal carers
  5. Health and social policy implications of population ageing




FAMILIES
  1. Introduction
        - Definition of Family
  2. Social demographic changes affecting families
        - Declines in birth and fertility rates
                - Malaysia
                      - Sexual activity
                      - Teenage pregnancy
                - Worldwide
                      - Birth and fertility rates
                      - Teenage pregnancy
        - Decline in the size of households
                - Malaysia
                - worldwide
        - Marriage delayed
                - Malaysia
                - worldwide
        - Increase in cohabitation
                - Malaysia
                - worldwide
        - Increase in the divorce rate
                - Malaysia
                - worldwide
        - Rise in non-marital child-bearing
              - Malaysia
              - worldwide
      - Growth in female-headed households
              - Malaysia
              - worldwide
      - More women in the workforce
              - Malaysia
              - worldwide
      - Changes in family functions
 3. Health and sexual policy affecting families
      - Malaysia
              - child bearing
              - Family formation
              - Working parents
      - worldwide
 4. Conclusion




MEN’S HEALTH
 1. Introduction
 2. Extent of occupational injury and disease
        Estimate of costs and economic loss
        Causes of under-recognition of occupational disease
 3. Major types of occupational injury and disease
        Occupational lung diseases
        Occupational cancer
        Occupational skin disorders
        Occupational infectious diseases
        Occupational reproductive disorders
        Musculoskeletal injuries
        Severe occupational traumatic injuries
        Occupational exposure to noise
 4. Economic globalization and workers’ health
 5. Special populations of workers
        Workers in developing nations
        Child labourers
        Women workers
        Impaired workers
 6. Recognition of occupational disease
                - Clinical recognition
                       - The occupational history
                - Epidemiological analysis
                       - Cross-sectional studies
                         - Proportional mortality studies
                         - Historical cohort mortality studies
   7. Toxicological evaluations
   8. Surveillance of occupational disease
   9. Prevention of occupational disease
  10. Workers’ compensation
  11. Right to know
  12. Conclusion




FAMILY HEALTH AND ITS RELATION WITH FOOD AND
NUTRITION
  1. Introduction
  2. Intrauterine growth retardation and Low Birth Weight
  3. Protein-Energy Malnutrition
  4. Diarrheal diseases and Malnutrition
  5. Assessment of undernutrition in children in the community
  6. Cognitive and mental development and malnutrition
  7. Iron deficiency
  8. Iodine deficiency
  9. Vitamin A deficiency
  10. Adult undernutrition
  11. Diet and chronic non-communicable disease
  12. Diet and Cardiovascular disease
          Coronary heart disease
          Hypertension and stroke
          Diet and cancer
  13. Diet, lifestyles and obesity
  14. Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
  15. Diet and osteoporosis
  16. Diet and dental caries
  17. Diet and non-cancerous condition of the large bowel
  18. Emergency food and nutritional issues of Public Health concern
          Food safety
          Food and Bovine encephalopathy epidemics
          Genetically modified foods
          Food labeling
          Functional foods
          Energy expenditure of diet-related chronic disease and obesity in
  19. Food and nutr ition in the prevention of diseases of Family Health and
      Public Health importance
          Development of food-based directory guidelines
PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
A. Physical disabilities
   3. Introduction
   4. Epidemiology
           - Neurological conditions
                - Stroke
                - Multiple sclerosis
                - Parkinson’s disease
                - Motor neuron disease
                - Cerebral palsy, spina bifida and muscular dystrophies
          - Trauma
                - Brain injury
                - Spinal cord injury
          - Locomotor conditions
                - Arthritis
                - Amputation
          - Cardiorespiratory conditions
          - Generic conditions
                - Pressure sores
                - Incontinence
                - Sexual problems
                - Speech, communication, and related disorders
                - Sensory – vision and hearing
                - Disabled school leavers and young adults
   3. The rehabilitation process
           - Relationship between rehabilitation and disability
   4. Rehabilitation teamwork
           - Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary
   5. Organization of services
           - Description
           - Delivery of rehabilitative services
                - Specialist centres
                - Criteria for inpatient rehabilitation
           - Models of delivery
                - Acute services
                - Medical clinics
                - Disease-specific clinics
                - Community rehabilitation teams
                - Primary care teams
                - Case management
                - Links with other agencies
   6. Who is rehabilitation for?
           - Is the rehabilitation resource designed for the client’s needs?
           -Effectiveness of rehabilitation
           -Benefits of dedicated rehabilitation
           -What happens if rehabilitation does not take place?
           -Immobility
          -Nutrition
          -Swallowing
          -Bladder and bowel problems
               - constipation
               - incontinence
         - Communication problems
         - Mood changes
         - Oral hygiene
         - Heterotophic ossification
         - Loss of limb
   5. Conclusions

B. Mental retardation, intellectual impairment and its consequences

   1. Introduction
   2. Concept, classifications, terms and labels
           - Current classifications
           - Global categories
   3. Central nervous system impairment: aetiological diagnosis and prevention
       of intellectual impairment
   6. Specific aetiological groups:
            Down’s Syndrome
            Inheritable metabolic disorders
            Neural tube defects
            Iodine deficiency disorders
            General nutrition
            Perinatal factors
            Communicable disease
   7. Dependency: community needs and organization of services
   8. Conclusion and summary



WOMEN
   1. Introduction
   2. Female Mortality
           Life expextancy at birth
           Major causes of mortality by sex
           Maternal mortality
   3. Issues related to Reproductive health
           Anemia
           Genital mutilation
       Fertility, contraception and induced abortion
       HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases
       Reproductive health services
4. Other health issues
       Maintaining health with limited resources
       Environmental and occupational health
       Violence against women
       Mental health
5. Promoting women’s health
       Improving women’s reproductive health
               - Empowerment of women
               - Co-ordination of multiple sectors
               - Collaboration between multiple disciplines
               - Decreasing maternal mortality rate
6. Conclusions

				
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