Introduction to the Internet and the World Wide Web

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Introduction to the Internet and the  World Wide Web Powered By Docstoc
					Introduction to the Internet
and the World Wide Web

Jill R. Sommer
Kent State University
Institute of Applied Linguistics
Birth of a New Era
   The Information Age is about extending
   the reach of individuals in ways never
   before dreamed possible.
Birth of a New Era
   Like the Industrial Revolution of the
   1700s, the Information Age is
   drastically transforming the world we
   know. However the driving force behind
   this new era is electronic technology
   and the merging of computer power
   with the extending reach of
   communications networks.
Birth of a New Era
   The Information Age is about smaller
   and smarter machines that give us the
   freedom to create, share and
   personalize communications and send
   them virtually anywhere in the world.
Birth of a New Era
   While the Information Age is certainly
   about the sheer volume of data that‘s
   being produced and transmitted, it‘s
   also about the innovative ways we
   obtain and use this information, the
   devices that give us access to it, and
   the latticework of systems that let us
   communicate information
   instantaneously to others.
Birth of a New Era
   It has also opened up endless
   possibilities to translators and
   the language industry.
   You need to stay in the loop
   and keep up with the latest
   trends to stay ahead of the
   competition!
   You need to know how to
   effectively use the tools of our
   profession!
Staying in the Loop
   Data processing tools (Word, WordPerfect)
   Microsoft Office tools (Excel, PowerPoint)
   CAT tools (Trados, SDLX, Déjà Vu,
   Wordfast)
   E-mail programs (Outlook, Eudora,
   Pegasus, Gmail, The Bat, Thunderbird,
   etc.)
   Internet (online dictionaries, information
   portals, newsgroups, listservs)
Kent State resources
   Instructional Services
   http://www.library.kent.edu/page/10789
   The Writing Center
   http://dept.kent.edu/english/WritingCent/
   writngcenter.htm
   Computer Science Department
   http://www.cs.kent.edu/department/index
   .html
History of the Internet: 1965
   Hypertext, a method of preparing text
   that allows readers to choose their own
   pathways through the material, is
   invented by Ted Nelson.
   The underlined word represents a
   hyperlink that lets the reader click and
   jump to a new page.
   It takes almost 30 years to catch on.
History of the Internet: 1969
   The ARPANET is established by the
   Advanced Research Projects Agency
   (ARPA), connecting universities, the
   military and defense contractors.
   In 1973, ARPA launches the
   Internetting Project to explore the
   possibilities of linking networks
History of the Internet: the 1970s
   1976: UUCP (UNIX-to-UNIX CoPy) is
   developed at AT&T Bell Labs and
   distributed with UNIX one year later.
   1979: USENET (the decentralized news
   group network), based on UUCP, is
   created by Steve Bellouin, Tom Truscott
   and Jim Ellis.
History of the Internet: the 1980s
   1986: The NSFNET, created by the
   National Science Foundation, is born,
   providing a national network. To many
   people, this becomes the true birth of
   the Internet
   1989: Quantum, formerly Q-Link online
   service for Atari and Commodore users,
   becomes AOL.
History of the Internet: 1991
   Hypertext browsing software is proposed by
   Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the World
   Wide Web.
   Information interconnected by hyperlinks is
   called a web. The Web is a hypertext system
   on a global scale.
   ANS, Advanced Network Systems, spins off to
   the NSFNET and becomes the first
   commercial ISP. Its mission is to foster
   commercial and research networking
   opportunities.
History of the Internet: 1992
   The Internet Society (ISOC) is founded,
   incorporating the Internet Architecture
   Board.
   The ISOC's primary function is to foster
   international participation and
   cooperation in Internet technologies.
   Membership is open to all.
History of the Internet: 1993
   The U.S. envisions an Information
   Superhighway, formerly known as the
   National Information Infrastructure
   (NII), to provide a system of
   interconnected networks linking every
   citizen to multiple sources of
   information and means of
   communication.
History of the Internet: 1993
   Mosaic, the first navigation browser to
   make use of graphics and a point-and-
   click interface, is developed by Marc
   Andreessen.
   Internet traffic proliferates at a 341%
   annual growth rate.
History of the Internet: 1994
   Netscape, cofounded by Marc
   Andreessen and James Clark,
   dramatically increases the popularity of
   the Web by incorporating video, sound
   and animation into their browser.
History of the Internet: 1995
   Sun Microsystems introduces Java, a
   programming language that makes
   animation and other interactive features
   commonplace.
   Traditional online services
   (Compuserve, AOL and Prodigy) begin
   to provide commercial Internet access.
History of the Internet: 1997
   The Internet comprises an estimated
   134,000 individual networks, and the
   number keeps growing.
   Competing browsers, including
   Microsoft's Internet Explorer, appear.
History of the Internet: 1998
   The Web grows from 130 sites in 1993
   to over 2 million sites, and the number
   keeps growing.
   Not only are more people using the
   Web, but more people, as well as
   companies and organizations, are
   launching their own sites.