Reptiles _adder Vipera berus_ common lizard Lacerta vivipara_ slow

					Reptiles (adder Vipera berus, common lizard Lacerta vivipara, slow worm Anguis
fragilis and grass snake Natrix natrix) Action Plan

1. Introduction

1.1 Four species of reptile are native to Scotland: adder (Vipera berus), common lizard (Lacerta
vivipara), slow worm (Anguis fragilis) and grass snake (Natrix natrix). The grass snake however
has only been rarely reported in Scotland.

1.2 Reptiles are active between early spring and late autumn, spending the winter months in

1.3 All reptiles prefer undisturbed, open sunny areas in the vicinity of thick cover. The adder,
grass snake, common lizard and slow worm may be found in a variety of habitats including
heathland, moorland, coarse grassland and scrub.

1.4 The main prey of the adder are small mammals and other reptiles. Amphibians and fish
dominate the diet of the grass snake, which is essentially an aquatic species. Invertebrates are
the main prey of common lizards.

2. Current Status

2.1 All four species are afforded some protection under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, as
amended (WCA), and strengthened by the Nature Conservation (Scotland) Act 2004. Threats to
reptile populations include loss of habitat and habitat fragmentation.

2.2 None of these species have UK BAP status though they may be listed on local BAPs.

2.3 Current threats to reptile population in the UK include:

        • Loss and fragmentation of habitat due to land development etc.

        • Loss of natural pond habitat.

3. Example Sites

3.1 Example sites for retiles include

4. Objectives & Targets

No     Objectives                                                      Target
4.1    Increase knowledge of the status and distribution of            Action to be in place by 2008
       reptiles on all Growing Concern Scotland sites and ensure
       information is recorded appropriately.
4.2    Ensure appropriate conservation and enhancement                 Ongoing
       measures are implemented on sites where reptiles have
       been recorded and protect existing sites from damage and
4.3    Ensure knowledge of the status and distribution of reptiles     Action to be in place by 2008
       on Growing Concern Scotland sites, and the
       implementation of the Reptiles Action Plan, is kept up-to-
       date and revised as appropriate.
4.4    Increase awareness of the reptile and its conservation on       Ongoing
       Growing Concern Scotland sites.
   5. Action Plan

   There are generic actions for Data Collection & Information Management, Site Management,
   Monitoring & Audit and Biodiversity Awareness that apply to all Species Action Plans.
   Please note that the partners identified in the Reptiles Action Plan are not an exclusive list and
   new partners are both welcome and needed.

Action                            Potential   2008   2009   2010     2011    2012   2013     Meet
                                  Partners                                                   Objective
5.1 Data Collection &
Information Management
5.1.1 Identify reptile activity   WT                                                         4.1

                                              . .            .
at all Growing Concern
Scotland’s sites through our
biodiversity survey

5.1.2 Develop and                 WT                                                         4.1

information system, which
records and manages
reptile data

5.1.3 Implement data              WT                                                         4.1

                                                .            . . . .
management system,
recording reptile data &
keep up to date as
5.1.4 Support relevant            WT, UNI,                                                   4.1

                                              . .            . . . .
research into reptiles            BS, HCT
wherever possible

5.2 Site Management
5.2.1 Protect reptile sites       LA, WT,                                                    4.2

                                              . .            . .
and populations based on          BS
our biodiversity survey.

5.2.2 Determine use of            WT                                                         4.2
herbicides, pesticides and
fertilisers on sites where
reptiles are recorded and
seek uptake of more
cautious and targeted use
5.2.3 Review site surveys         WT                                                         4.2
and select sites where

                                              . . .
appropriate habitat creation
and enhancement
measures could be
implemented to support
5.2.4 Implement                WT, UNI,                    4.2

                                               . . . . .
appropriate habitat creation   BS, HCT
and enhancement
techniques for reptiles at
selected sites
5.3 Monitoring and Audit
5.3.1 Develop a monitoring     WT                          4.3

protocol for reptiles on GCS
contracted areas

5.3.2 Implement a              WT                          4.3

                                               . . . . .
monitoring protocol for
reptiles on GCS contracted

5.3.3 Develop an auditing      WT, LA,                     4.3

procedure for the Reptiles     BS
Action Plan

5.3.4 Implement an auditing    WT                          4.3

                                               . . . . .
procedure for the Reptiles
Action Plan

5.3.5 Ensure the Reptiles      WT                          4.3

                                                     . .
Action Plan is reviewed and

5.4 Awareness
5.4.1 Produce an internal      WT                          4.4
communication so that best
practice for the
conservation of reptiles can
be used by staff where they
occur on site.
                                          . . .
5.4.2 Produce data             LA, WT,                     4.4

                                            . . . . .
collected from using the       BS, HCT
Reptiles Action Plan and
present it to any necessary

  6. Partners

  BS - Bear Scotland     WT - Wildlife Trust
  LA - Local Authority
  UNI - Universities
  HCT - Herpetological Conservation Trust