PSO 4350 - Effective Regime Interventions by dfhrf555fcg


        Service                   Effective Regime

Date of Issue
/ Amendment
Amendments can be tracked in the Numerical Index.

PSI Amendments should be read before and in conjunction with PSO


1.      This Prison Service Order provides instructions and guidance on the management
        of regime interventions intended to change prisoners‟ behaviour.

2.      The PSO establishes an internal Prison Service validation system for regime
        interventions which are not validated by an appropriate external body. Each such
        intervention will require the approval of a Prison Service Area or Operational

3.      This PSO applies to regime interventions for prisoners aged 18 and over. Different
        arrangements, to meet the requirements of the Youth Justice Board, apply for
        prisoners aged under 18.

4.      Regime interventions which are validated by independent external bodies will
        continue to be subject only to the requirements of those bodies and it will not be
        necessary for them also to comply with the requirements for validation set out in
      this PSO1. Priority must continue to be given to delivery of interventions
      which are accredited by the Correctional Services Accreditation Panel and
      other external bodies.

5.    Regime interventions in scope will be required to meet nine criteria covering
      design, participation and management. These criteria are based on What Works
      principles, established through research on effectiveness. Completion of a
      business case pro-forma is required to show how an intervention will meet each of
      the nine criteria and approval is needed from the Area/Operational Manager.

6.    To date, there have been no guidelines for such regime interventions. This PSO
      aims to lay the foundations to raise standards in the delivery of these regime
      interventions so that they are more likely to be effective in changing prisoners‟
      behaviour. Compliance with the PSO will not in itself ensure effectiveness. That
      will depend on evidence gained from research and evaluation.

7.    It is recognised that there is already much good work and commitment by
      establishments in the delivery of regime interventions. This PSO is designed to
      build upon that and to set clear guidelines to support and develop the work. It will
      also establish a comprehensive database of interventions, which will assist in the
      sharing of good practice.


8.    The outcomes sought are:

            To raise the quality of the design and delivery of regime interventions
            To apply What Works principles to regime interventions
            To validate a range of regime interventions
            To facilitate rational allocation of resources on the basis of needs and


9.    This PSO supports the Regimes Standard. The Standard is:

      Every establishment provides a constructive regime which addresses offending
      behaviour, improves educational and work skills and promotes law abiding
      behaviour in custody and after release.


10.   This PSO will assist establishments to meet targets relating to purposeful activity,
      resettlement, decency and good order.


11.   There will be some additional work to review current regime provision initially to
      implement this PSO. This will vary between establishments. There are no new

      See Annex F
      resources specifically for implementation but the timetable can take account of
      this. Establishments must not reduce regime provision solely in order to carry out
      the required reviews. The review timetable can take this into account. If current
      provision is cut because it fails to meet the criteria, then it must be replaced by
      more appropriate provision.

12.   Implementation of this PSO may lead to re-allocation of resources to improve
      cost-effectiveness. The allocation of additional resources made available for
      regimes under Spending Reviews will take account of regime provision made in
      accordance with this PSO.


13.   This PSO comes into effect on 1 April 2003. The requirements of this PSO must
      be applied immediately to all new regime interventions. Implementation will be
      staged for existing regime interventions as follows:

              Establishments must notify regime interventions requiring review according
               to instructions in this PSO by 30 June 2003.
              Establishments must draw up a plan and timetable for reviewing regime
               interventions by
              30 September 2003, which will be approved by the Area/Operational
               Manager and copied to What Works in Prison Unit (WWPU). The plan and
               timetable must take account of contractual commitments.
              Establishments must complete reviewing regime interventions by 30
               September 2004 unless a longer timescale has been approved by the
               Area/Operational Manager. A longer timescale will be approved where this
               is necessary to avoid this PSO having the unintended consequence of
               reducing total purposeful activity time.
              Any subsequent changes to an establishment’s plan and timetable must be
               approved by the Area/Operational Manager and copied to WWPU.
              Where the same internal regime interventions operate in a number of
               establishments, arrangements may be made for a lead establishment to
               take responsibility for the review2


14.   Mandatory action is specified in this PSO by the use of italic typeface.

15.   Governors and Directors of contracted-out establishments must ensure that all
      staff and partner agencies with responsibilities for regimes and the movement of
      prisoners are aware of the contents of this PSO and have access to it. This PSO
      must be available to prisoners and members of Boards of Visitors on request. A
      copy of this PSO is available on the Prison Service Intranet.


16.    Establishments and Headquarters must comply with the mandatory instructions in
this PSO.

      See Section 2 for details.
      Self audit will apply. This PSO is concerned with quality assurance. Monitoring is
      integral to its provisions.

17.   This PSO will be taken into account in inspections carried out by HM Chief
      Inspector of Prisons and may be taken into account by the Adult Learning
      Inspectorate or OFSTED, whose inspections are based on the Common
      Inspection Framework.

18.   Periodic reports on the workings of this PSO will be made to the What Works in
      Prison Strategy Board (WWPSB) and the Prison Service Management Board.

19.     Further advice on the PSO as a whole is available from What Works in Prison Unit
        in Sentence Management Group:

        Michael Cole                                             020 7217 5255

        Gareth Mercer                                            020 7217 5935

        Elizabeth Barnard                                        020 7217 5086

20.    Further advice on topics within the PSO and types of regime intervention is
available from:

        Martin Lee, Drug Strategy Unit                           020 7217 5045

        Anthony Harris, Prisoners‟ Learning and Skills Unit, DfES020 7925 6162

        Susannah Nisbett, Prison Health Policy Unit, DH          020 7972 3932

        Georgina Campbell, Custody to Work Unit                  020 8760 1706

        Mike Gibbs, Safer Custody Group                          020 7217 2135

        Jo Gordon, National Voluntary Sector Co-ordinator,       020 7217 6842
        Prisoner Administration Group

        Steve Niven, RDS, Home Office, for monitoring and evaluation020 7217 5240

        KEN SUTTON
        Director of Resettlement

ELOs must record receipt of this PSO – EFFECTIVE REGIME INTERVENTIONS – in
their registers as issue 161 set out below. This PSO must be placed with those sets of
orders mandatorily required under Chapter 4 of PSO 0001.

Issue       Date            Order   Title                    Date         ELO signature
No.                         No.                              entered in
161   23/12/02   4350   Effective Regime

1     Overview
      1.1                                                         Introduction
      Table 1                       Scope
      1.2 - 1.3                     Criteria
      1.4                               Central database of regime interventions

2     Implementation arrangements
      2.1                                                          General
      2.2 - 2.6           Full business case
      2.7                                            Shorter business case
      2.8 - 2.11          New interventions
      2.12 - 2.15   Review of existing interventions
      2.16 - 2.18      Managing change control

Annex A                                                                Scope
     A1                                                                  Age
     A2 – A3                        In scope
     A4 – A9                     Not in scope
     A10 – A15               Other issues of scope

Annex B                                           Quality Assurance Criteria
     B1 - B3                    Introduction
     B4 - B7              Criterion 1: Objectives
     B8 - B9               Criterion 2: Rationale
     B10 - B12             Criterion 3: Structure
     B13 - B23             Criterion 4: Selection
     B24 - B26          Criterion 5: Achievement
     B27 - B30         Criterion 6: Scale and Costs
     B31                              Criterion 7: Staff Selection, Competence,
     Management and Support
     B32 - B36 Criterion 8: Records, Monitoring and Audit
     Pro-forma                Prisoner record
     B37 - B38            Criterion 9: Evaluation

Annex C                                Pro-forma for Business Case and Approval

Annex D                                Procedures      for    Approval     of      Regime
Interventions - Flow Chart

Annex E                                   Database of Regime Interventions
     E1 – E4

Annex F           Regime interventions validated by independent external bodies
     F1 - F3                   General
F4 - F5   Validating bodies
F6                 Central database of regime interventions


1.1   This PSO establishes internal procedures for validation of regime interventions
      which aim to change prisoners‟ behaviour and attitudes and criteria for assuring
      their effectiveness. The term “intervention” is used to include programmes,
      courses and other systematic activities.


TABLE 1: Summary

Principles                            Examples                                                          See
                                                                                                        paras. in
                                                                                                        annex A
                                                                                                        for details
In scope

The primary or major                   Social and life skills courses                                  A2-3
objective is to change                 Victim awareness course, eg. Sycamore
prisoners‟ behaviour                    Tree
                                       Parenting skills course
The intervention has not               Courses run by Alcoholics Anonymous or
been approved or rejected               Narcotics Anonymous
by any independent,                    Courses for prisoners experiencing
external body                           difficulties coping with prison life
                                       Drug importers‟ programme
                                       Drug mentor scheme
                                       Pre-release/resettlement courses
Not in scope

Any interventions for                                                                                   A1
prisoners under 18 years

Offending behaviour                    Accredited programmes                                           A4-5
programmes accredited by                 ETS, R&R
the Correctional Services                SOTP
Accreditation Panel4 or in               CALM
the Prison Service                       CSCP
development portfolio with a           Development portfolio
view to being so accredited              Intensive drug treatment programmes
                                         Short term resettlement programmes
Interventions validated by             Education and training courses approved                         A4-5
appropriate external,                   by the Qualifications and Curriculum
independent bodies                      authority (QLA) such as the National Open

      The criteria for interventions in scope may be applied where this would be useful to benchmark.
      This includes programmes accredited by its predecessors.
                                         College Network, ASET, NVQ awarding
                                         bodies and other education awarding
                                        The Guidance Council Accreditation Board
Interventions provided for              Careers Service                                               A6
prisoners which are                     Job clubs
identical to those provided
in the community and which
are provided or authorised
by statutory bodies and
subject to their
arrangements for quality
Interventions provided                  Structured one-to-one work by                                 A8
solely by professionally                 psychologists
qualified staff such as                 Detoxification
doctors and psychologists
whose right to practise is
subject to their professional
bodies‟ clinical and ethical
One-to-one interventions                   Counselling                                                A8-9
                                           Personal officer work
                                           Listeners and befriending
                                           Drop-in advice surgeries
                                           Advisory services provided individually5
Activities whose primary                   Health care                                                A7
purpose is to preserve the                 Religion
rights, decency and dignity                Clothing and laundry
of prisoners                               Meals
                                           Canteen
                                           Visits and „phone calls
                                           Legal services
                                           Bereavement courses
                                           Diet and nutrition courses
Activities whose primary                   Induction courses                                          A9
purpose is to enable                       Lifer discussion groups
prisoners to serve their
sentence appropriately
Activities whose primary                   Cleaning                                                   A7
purpose is to enable the                   Maintenance
establishment to function                  Catering
Activities which serve the                 Commercial workshops                                       A7
interests of the
establishment rather than
the prisoner
Leisure activities                         Association                                                A2
                                           Recreational PE
                                           Model making
                                           TV, film clubs
       Guidance on good practice in relation to housing and employment is provided in the Custody to Work Practice
                             Meditation techniques

More detail on scope is in Annex A of this PSO.

1.2   The criteria that must be met by regime interventions to obtain approval are:

           Objectives, i.e. the purpose(s) the intervention sets out to achieve
           Rationale, i.e. why the methods set out can be expected to achieve the
           Structure, i.e. what the intervention will do; how it will do it; and, if
            appropriate, its sequence and intensity

            Selection, i.e. the target group of prisoners for whom the intervention is
             designed, how they will be assessed and selected
            Achievement, i.e. how outcomes for prisoners will be assessed and
             recognised, including feedback from prisoners

        Scale and costs, i.e. how many places etc. are to be provided and what the
         intervention will cost
        Staff selection, competence, management and support
        Records, monitoring and audit, i.e. what records will be kept, how they will
         be used, and what steps will be taken to ensure practice follows what has
         been approved
        Evaluation, i.e. how the intervention’s overall success at achieving its
         objectives will be assessed. This is broader than ‘achievement’, which is
         concerned solely with outcomes for participants.

More detail on these criteria is in Annex B.

1.3   A pro-forma for drawing up the business case for approval is at Annex C. It is
      available through the Prison Service Intranet. Formatted disks may be supplied to
      partner agencies, subject to IT security requirements.

More detail on the approval process is in Section 2.

Central database of regime interventions

1.4   A database must be maintained of all regime interventions which have been
      approved or are in development and at which establishments they are run. What
      Works in Prison Unit (WWPU) will use this database to provide an information
      service to the Prison Service Management Board, Area/Operational Managers
      and establishments. It will also assist RDS in the identification of interventions and
      sites for evaluation. Details of the contents and operation of the database are at
      Annex E. Requirements relating to the database are in Section 2 and Annex F.


2.1       Regime interventions whose primary purpose is to change prisoners’ behaviour
          must comply with quality assurance arrangements. Where an appropriate external
          body has validated the intervention, no further quality assurance action is
          required6. In all other cases within scope7, the approval of an Area/Operational
          Manager is required, on the basis of a business case showing how the nine
          quality assurance criteria described in Annex B are met. A pro forma for the
          business case is at Annex C. The Area/Operational Manager must be satisfied
          that all nine criteria are met, but may permit minor variation from the Code of
          Practice set out in Annex B.

Full business case

2.2       A full business case is required where an intervention is seeking approval for the
          first time. This may be an intervention which is already operational or a new

2.3       A business case may be submitted by an establishment, a consortium of
          establishments, a policy unit, a working group of policy and operational staff, or an
          outside body.

2.4       An outside body must have an internal sponsor, whether or not Prison Service
          resources are involved. The internal sponsor may be an establishment, a
          consortium of establishments, a policy unit, or a working group of policy and
          operational staff.

2.5       The steps in the process for obtaining approval must be:

      1          Originator and/or sponsor prepares full business case, completes pro-
                 forma at Annex C
      2          Business case submitted to Governor/Director of contracted-out
                 establishment for support
      3          Governor/Director of contracted-out establishment submits business
                 case to Area/Operational Manager for approval

2.6       At any step, the relevant policy unit or area specialist, such as the Area
          Psychologist, may be consulted before proceeding to the next step. Their advice
          on relevant evaluation evidence will be particularly valuable. The Area/Operational
          Manager must ensure that the decision is recorded in the database of regime

Shorter business case

          See Annex F for details
          See Table 1 above and Annex A
          See Annex E for details
2.7      Where an existing or new intervention has already been approved and
         consideration is being given to whether it will be delivered at another
         establishment, then the same steps set out at para 2.5 are required, but the
         business case need only specify how the intended operation differs from the
         approval given elsewhere. This is likely to include Criterion 6-Scale and Costs. It
         may also include evidence that the target group, to satisfy Criterion 4-Selection, is
         likely to be available. The ID of the intervention already approved must be referred

New Interventions

2.8      All new regime interventions developed from the date of implementation of this
         PSO must follow the procedures in this PSO.

2.9      Before an originator may proceed to design of a new intervention, they must:

                 consult the database of regime interventions;
                 be satisfied that a suitable approved intervention is not already available -
                  or in development9;
                 be authorised - and, if necessary, resourced - by Governor(s)/Director(s) of
                  a contracted-out establishment (in the case of an establishment or a
                  consortium of establishments) or by a sponsoring Head of Group (in the
                  case of a policy unit or a working group of policy and operational staff) to
                  design a new intervention.

2.10     Where a consortium of establishments, a policy unit or a working group of policy
         and operational staff has been involved in developing a new intervention, any
         relevant Area/Operational Manager may take the initial decision on approval, but
         each establishment intending to adopt the approved regime intervention must
         prepare a shorter business case.

2.11     Before agreeing to sponsor or resource design of a new intervention by an outside
         body, the prospective internal sponsor must:

                 consult the database of regime interventions ;
                 be satisfied that a suitable approved intervention is not already available -
                  or in development;
                 comply with procurement rules.

    Sponsorship does not guarantee commitment to delivery, should a new regime
    intervention succeed in becoming approved.

Review of existing interventions

2.12     All existing interventions within scope must seek approval within 18 months of the
         date of implementation of this PSO or later if agreed with the Area/Operational

          Information from the database of regime interventions will be brief but will indicate where relevant regime
interventions exist and advise contacts for details. See Annex E for details of what will be recorded in the database.
       Manager.10 The same business case (using the pro-forma at Annex C) is required
       for this process.

2.13   The first action establishments must take is to identify existing interventions in
       scope and prepare a draft plan and timetable for their review and approval.11
       Where similar interventions are in operation at more than one establishment,
       Area/Operational Managers may designate a lead establishment to take
       responsibility for the review and preparation of a full business case.
       Area/Operational Managers must approve plans and timetables and inform
       WWPU of the existing interventions in scope at their establishments and the
       timetables agreed for their review. Details will be entered in the database of
       regime interventions and Area/Operational Managers will have full national
       information. Where similar interventions are in operation at establishments in
       more than one Area/Operational Command, the Area/Operational Managers
       concerned may agree on the designation of a lead establishment to take
       responsibility for the review and preparation of a full business case.

2.14   Interventions may already have written material demonstrating how some or all of
       the criteria are met. In such cases, it will not be necessary to re-write; it will be
       sufficient to attach existing material to the pro-forma, but the appropriate sections
       of the pro-forma must refer to the precise parts of the attachments which match
       the specified criteria.

2.15   Where a lead establishment has prepared a full business case and it has been
       approved, then other establishments must prepare a shorter business case for
       approval by their Area/Operational Manager, as set out in para. 2.7 above

       See para. 13 of the Introduction
       For timetable, see para. 13 of the Introduction
Managing change control

2.16    In accordance with What Works principles, regime interventions must be delivered
        as designed. Substantial changes require a fresh business case to be made and
        approved. In such cases, the pro-forma need only:

              specify the proposed changes;
              state „no change‟ where the means of meeting any criterion are unchanged;
              attach existing material relating to any such criterion.

2.17    Only minor in-year changes in design may be made, but they must have been
        justified in writing, and the approval of the Governor/Director of contracted-out
        establishment must be recorded in writing and notified to the Area/Operational
        Manager, who will consider whether the changes are more than minor and hence
        whether a fresh business case is required.

2.18    Continuation of delivery of an approved regime intervention and the scale of
        delivery approved must be considered on an annual basis by reference to:

              the evidence from monitoring, audit and inspection;
              any evidence from evaluation of this or another relevant intervention
              any changes in the risks and needs profile of the establishment’s
               population; and
              any changes in the capacity of the establishment to deliver;

       and will be included in the establishment’s business plan. Any decisions to cease
       delivery or to change the scale of delivery must be recorded on the database of
       regime interventions.12

        See Annex E.


A1   This PSO applies to regime interventions for prisoners aged 18 and over. Different
     arrangements, determined by the Youth Justice Board, apply for young offenders
     under 18.

In Scope

A2   Regime interventions in scope are those whose primary or major objective is to
     change prisoners‟ behaviour, supported by changes in attitudes and development
     of skills. Regime interventions which may have such by-products, but whose
     primary or major objectives are different, are not within scope. The changes in
     behaviour may be:

           To reduce the likelihood of re-offending after release
           To improve institutional behaviour, e.g. to reduce assaults and bullying
           To improve inter-personal behaviour, including respect for diversity
           To improve resettlement prospects, e.g. through education and training

A3   Regime interventions which may in themselves be insufficient to achieve change
     in prisoners‟ behaviour, but are stages towards this, are in scope, e.g.

           Awareness raising
           Motivation enhancement

Not in Scope

A4   Interventions validated by appropriate external independent bodies, including the
     Correctional Services Accreditation Panel (formerly Joint Prison-Probation
     Accreditation Panel) and professional bodies such as in medicine and psychology,
     are not in scope. The relevant criteria are set by the appropriate body, along with
     procedures to maintain standards such as inspection or audit. Use of such
     external bodies is preferred, where available.

A5   An intervention which has been rejected by an external body must not be re-
     submitted for internal validation unless
         it has been revised
         feedback from the external body is added to the business case.

A6   Interventions provided for prisoners by statutory bodies (or by authorised bodies
     on their behalf) are not in scope if they are identical to those provided in the
     community and if they are subject to the arrangements for quality assurance that
     apply in the community. The Prison Service‟s resettlement strategies seek to
     ensure that prisoners are included within the mainstream service responsibilities
     of these agencies, to reduce social exclusion.13 Partnerships are being developed,
     See PSO 2300 Resettlement
      nationally and regionally, with the Department for Education and Skills (DfES), the
      Department of Work and Pensions (DWP), the Department of Health (DH) and

A7     Regime elements whose primary objectives concern the following are not in

         Preserving the rights, decency and dignity of prisoners
         Enabling the establishment to function
         Serving the interests of the establishment rather than the prisoner

      Such regime activities may have beneficial spin-off effects in prisoners‟ behaviour
      and attitudes but they are not justified by reference to these potential outcomes.
      They are subject to other Prison Service Standards and Orders. Their importance
      is not diminished by being outside scope.

A8    Structured stand-alone one-to-one work with prisoners to assist them to
      understand their offending, cope with custody and relationships, and prepare for
      offending behaviour programmes will not be within scope. The important
      contribution made by such interventions is recognised but it would not be
      practicable to complete business cases to cover the wide diversity of such work,
      which is normally carried out by professionally qualified staff, such as
      psychologists, working to professional standards.

A9    Similarly, stand-alone one-to-one work by Chaplaincy or CARATs workers or drop-
      in „surgeries‟ providing one-to-one advice for housing, employment or money and
      debt management will be outside scope. Personal officer work and day-to-day
      one-to-one interactions of staff with prisoners, although often intended to change
      prisoners‟ behaviour and attitudes, is not within the scope of this PSO.
      „Befriending‟ work, e.g. by Listeners or Prison Visitors, is outside scope. Training
      for Listeners is outside scope as the behaviour change sought is not the trainees‟.
      However, the criteria for validation set out in Annex B are appropriate as
      benchmarks for such provision.

Other issues of scope

A10            The distinction of what is and what is not in scope is not always clear-cut
               and discretion will need to be exercised, by reference to the principles set
               out in Table 114. For example:

         The workplace may serve a variety of objectives, including keeping prisoners
            occupied and raising funds to offset costs. Where resettlement is a major
            purpose and structured training is introduced to assist prisoners‟ future
            employment prospects, then the activity will come within scope, unless
            externally validated.

         A weekly act of worship is a routine element of the regime and is not within
            scope. Additional religious activities, such as bible study, Alpha courses

      In Section 1
               and Islamic classes, where the main aim is to provide religious teaching
               (although they may also influence prisoners‟ attitudes and behaviour) are
               not within scope. But a course run by, or under the auspices of, the
               Chaplaincy which is designed primarily to change prisoners‟ behaviour will
               come within scope, e.g. a course on victim awareness intended to affect
               understanding of the impact of their offending and attitudes towards victims.

         Basic health care, including mental health care, is not within scope. But
            additional group interventions, such as promotion of a healthy lifestyle or
            treatment of substance abuse, which have primary aims of changing
            prisoner behaviour, are within scope, unless externally validated.

A11   The form of the regime intervention may vary. It is likely to involve some learning
      and practice of new skills, but may be one or a combination of the following, if
      delivered in a group:

              A programme, i.e. a systematic and reproducible set of activities, following
               a structured manual

                                         A course, i.e. a sequence of learning to reach a
               specified standard of attainment

                                                  A general service, such as employment, financial
               or housing advice.

A12   This PSO applies to all who provide regime interventions which are in scope,
      whether paid or unpaid. This includes any of the following:

              Prison Service staff
              Staff of companies contracted to manage Prison Service establishments
              National Probation Service staff seconded to Prison Service establishments
              Contractors, e.g. education providers
              Statutory agencies, e.g. local education authorities, local authority housing
               departments, Job Centre Plus
              Voluntary organisations
              Individuals

A13   Contracts and Service Delivery Agreements relating to regime interventions must
      include the relevant criteria. Where Prison Service funding is provided to develop
      regime interventions, copyright must be held by the Home Office.

A14   It will be good practice, in line with the Prison Service strategic framework for
      working with the voluntary and community sector15, for establishments to work with
      their current and potential partner agencies to ensure that:

            they understand the requirements of this PSO
            they have a reasonable timescale over which to review current provision and
             to prepare business cases for continuation of current provision or for new

      “Getting it right together”, December 2001
          in appropriate cases, where it is apparent from current provision or from an
           outline proposal that benefits to prisoners‟ behaviour and attitudes are likely
           to be achieved and in the light of resources available to the partner agency
           concerned, Prison Service staff are able to offer assistance or to work jointly
           in the preparation of business cases

      Similarly, policy units will brief current and potential national partner agencies.

A15   Particularly careful consideration must be given to whether services provided by
      outside organisations are within scope or not, so that they are not required to do
      the additional work specified in this PSO unless it is mandatory.



B1       The nine quality assurance criteria are set out briefly at para. 1.2. All nine criteria
         must be covered when completing a business case for approval of an internally
         validated regime intervention. The pro-forma for a business case is at Annex C.
         The mandatory requirements set out here constitute a Code of Practice.

B2       The nine criteria are based on What Works principles and are drawn from the
         evidence of what contributes to the effectiveness of interventions to reduce re-
         offending. But they are equally applicable to optimising the effectiveness of other
         regime interventions that have the objective of changing prisoners‟ behaviour.

B3       As evidence from the evaluation of interventions becomes available, these criteria
         will be supplemented by guidance and, if appropriate, instructions relating to the
         appropriate content of interventions.

Criterion 1: Objectives

B4       All interventions must have written objectives, which must be made available to all
         relevant staff and prisoners. There may be a single objective or a number of
         objectives. The objective(s) must be SMART (specific, measurable, achievable,
         realistic and time-bound).16 The other features of the intervention must be
         consistent with and proportionate to the written objectives.

B5       A variety of objectives are appropriate. They must be related to the Prison
         Service‟s objectives and principles and they must be designed to change
         prisoners‟ behaviour. A given activity may have a number of objectives.

B6       Examples of types of group work with prisoners where appropriate objectives for
         internally validated regime interventions could be set are17:

                 Raising awareness or improving self-esteem/motivation, in relation to
                  specific factors related to the prisoner‟s history of offending, including
                  denial, minimisation or justification
                 Advice, information and assistance, in relation to specific factors related to
                  the prisoner‟s history of offending and intended to promote resettlement
                 Raising drugs awareness, reducing harm associated with drug use and
                  reducing drug dependence
                 Raising awareness in identifying and managing stress
                 Improving institutional behaviour

         Exceptionally, the requirement to be time-bound will not be appropriate. See para. B12 for how this must be
handled in the Structure.
          These examples are not comprehensive and do not indicate that existing activities with objectives relating to
these types would necessarily gain approval, nor that they have demonstrated effectiveness in meeting their objectives.
They will need to go through the approval process set out in this PSO.
              Improving family and social relationships
              Improving social interaction
              Improving physical, emotional and/or mental health, fitness and welfare
              Promoting constructive use of leisure

B7    The objectives for the individual partaking in a regime intervention will not
      necessarily accord with the objectives for the intervention.

      Example:      A drama programme may be arranged with the primary purpose of
      providing a setting where prisoners with deficits in basic education who are not
      willing to attend traditional classes may develop self-confidence and begin to
      improve their communication skills. However, there may not be enough prisoners
      who meet these criteria to make the programme viable. If other prisoners are keen
      to join and their participation will enhance the learning of the target group; provide
      them with relevant skills; not detract from their priority needs; and contribute
      towards good order in the establishment; then the shortage of appropriate
      prisoners is not an absolute bar to the intervention being approved.

Criterion 2: Rationale

B8    All interventions must have a written rationale, which sets out why the methods
      adopted to run the intervention are appropriate to achieving the objectives and to
      the target group.

B9    Where available, reference to research findings may be used to support the
      rationale criterion. The Area Psychologist may be able to offer advice on meeting
      this criterion.

      Example:For an empowerment course for prisoners experiencing difficulties in
      prison, structured group discussion is a suitable method to achieve the objective
      of improving coping abilities because

                   the presence of other people with similar problems that they wish to
                    tackle is a powerful motivating factor for individuals;
                   it offers opportunities for learning from the shared experience of group
                   it allows a greater awareness of others and their predicaments;
                   it enables the acquisition of insight through exposure of an individual‟s
                    views and experiences to the scrutiny of others;
                   it enables an appreciation of self in relation to others;
                   it provides mutual support;
                   given the right atmosphere, it can foster a willingness to work and
                    learn together.

      The Rationale could refer to evidence of the benefits of group work from research
      literature or textbooks.

Criterion 3: Structure
B10   There must be a brief written structure for the intervention, which must be made
      available to all relevant staff and prisoners. It may be appropriate to provide
      different versions for prisoners and for staff responsible for delivery, to take
      account of different perspectives. The structure must set out:

           a clear indication to staff and prisoners of what is entailed;
           a clear brief to staff or others who may be responsible for delivery;
           the content, method(s), sequence and intensity of the intervention;
           in the case of groups, the minimum and maximum number of places
            necessary to make them viable and effective;
           the number of sessions, which may be in the form of minimum and
            maximum, required to meet the objective(s);
           the purposes of specific sessions or modules;
           the duration and frequency of sessions, which may be in the form of
            minimum and maximum.

B11   In the case of substantial interventions, a full manual may be appropriate.

B12   Exceptionally, an intervention may not be time-limited. Where this is the case,

           it must be stated in writing in the business case;
           a notional maximum amount must be included in the structure; and
           provision must be made to review and justify continuing participation by
            individual prisoners beyond the notional maximum.
Criterion 4: Selection

B13   A target group of prisoners for whom the intervention is designed must be written
      in the business case. All interventions must respond to needs that have been

B14   A method or methods of assessment, to ascertain whether the prisoner fits into
      the target group, must be prescribed. The basis of assessment of the prisoner’s
      risks and needs must be appropriate to the objectives of the intervention. Relevant
      and available assessment tools must be used. The prisoner’s wishes and any self-
      assessment must be taken into account. The assessment process must be
      proportionate to the scale of the intervention, i.e. a modest intervention does not
      need substantial assessment. The Area Psychologist may be able to offer advice
      on this criterion.

B15   All prisoners receive basic health assessments, including assessment of risk of
      self-harm, and risk assessment on suitability for cell sharing, on reception. For all
      prisoners, assessment is part of induction. Specialised assessments currently
      available include:

             Counselling, Assessment, Referral, Advice and Throughcare services
              (CARATs) assess all prisoners who have self-referred or been referred by a
              member of staff or an external body for drug-related needs;
             Basic skills assessments, to identify deficits in literacy, numeracy and
              communications skills18;
             Dispersal Induction Assessment, a package of assessments being rolled
              out in the high security estate;
             Psychometric tests, used in specified circumstances only; they may be
              used only by qualified assessors.

B16   Sentence planning is the most readily available and comprehensive assessment
      tool for eligible prisoners. It co-ordinates the efforts of different individuals and
      agencies involved with the prisoner and provides the framework for assessing the
      prisoner, planning his or her sentence, and setting targets and reviewing progress,
      based on the risks and needs identified. For young offenders with a month or
      more in custody post-sentence and for adults serving a sentence of 12 months or
      more with 6 months or more in custody post-sentence, sentence planning is
      required. For lifers, a specialised Life Sentence Plan is being rolled out. There is
      currently no assessment and sentence planning system for short term prisoners,
      with sentences of under 12 months; some establishments are using local
      assessment systems.

B17   OASys has been developed as a joint prison-probation offender assessment
      system to assess likelihood of re-offending and risk of serious harm to self or
      others and to determine appropriate interventions to reduce risk. It will trigger
      specialist assessments where required. Existing specialist assessments are being
      reviewed and their links with OASys will be specified. An IT-based version is
      being developed and OASys will be rolled out to replace current sentence

      Specialised educational assessments, eg. to screen for dyslexia, may also be available
         planning arrangements for prisoners aged 18 and over. Roll-out across the Prison
         Service is scheduled to begin in April 2003 and will take 12 to 18 months. 19

B18      New assessments in development include:

                identification of dangerous and severely personality-disordered;
                practical checklist of accommodation and employment resettlement needs.

B19      Risk assessment is also a core part of other processes, such as:

                categorisation, re-categorisation and allocation;
                HDC;
                ROTL;
                parole reviews;
                recall and revocation of licences.

B20      Pending availability of OASys, for interventions with relevant objectives, it may be
         helpful to note the risk factors which have been identified as related to re-
         offending for a significant number of people and which may be improved by an
         appropriate intervention:

                accommodation;
                education, training and employability;
                finance;
                relationships;
                lifestyle;
                drug misuse;
                alcohol misuse;
                emotional well-being;
                thinking and behaviour;
                attitudes.

B21      Where a prisoner is on an open F2052SH, consideration must be given to the
         timeliness of a proposed regime intervention. Risks of heightened anxiety in the
         prisoner which might increase the risk of self harm must be avoided. Similarly,
         increased risk to others must also be avoided. Prisoners who present a significant
         risk of serious harm to others must not be permitted to undertake an intervention
         which is inappropriate.

         Example:      Prisoners who have committed sexual or violent offences against
         children must have a specific risk assessment by relevant professionals as part of
         the selection process for a course in parenting skills which is approved under the
         validation procedures set out in this PSO or externally validated. Such prisoners
         will not attend the course in parenting skills unless this specific risk assessment
         recommends it.

B22      Participation in any intervention must be considered within the context of the
         individual’s career as a whole, particularly their period in custody or under

        Further information on the roll-out of OASys will be available in due course. The current PSO and Standard on
Sentence Management and Planning will be rewritten.
        sentence, including any licence period and post-release supervision. Some
        interventions may need to be sequenced with others to enable them to be

        Example:        An intervention may require a minimum level of literacy in its target
        selection of offenders. An appropriate basic skills course will then need to be
        taken first by prisoners who do not meet that minimum.

B23     There must be no bias in the opportunities and processes for selection within the
        specified target group on irrelevant grounds. The means by which prisoners will
        be informed about and have opportunities to attend the regime intervention must
        be set out.

Criterion 5: Achievement

B24     The method(s) for assessing and recording what prisoners have achieved on
        completion of the intervention must be written in the business case 20. This must
        include seeking prisoners’ own feedback on what they have learned and what
        benefits they will continue to apply in their lives in custody and on release.

B25     Provision may also be made for assessing and recording progress at stages. This
        may be valuable for comparing drop-outs and completers and for improving
        design and delivery. Reasons for drop-out must be recorded. The business case
        must specify what action may be taken to minimise drop-out, including avoidance
        of transfer to another establishment.

B26     Where appropriate, tools to assess changes in attitudes may be used. Completion
        of such tests before and after the intervention may provide an indicator of what
        has been achieved. The selection of such tests must be informed by professional
        advice. Some tests may only be used by qualified staff.

Criterion 6: Scale and costs

B27     The business case must specify details of the scale and costs of the intervention:

                Scale - number of places, starts, and/or completions to be provided over a
                 given time period, normally the financial year;
                Costs - some measure of costs must be provided as a guide to investment
                 decisions e.g. grade of staff and cost per hour; rate of prisoner pay that

B28     Where possible and appropriate, additional cost information should be provided:

                for new interventions, including interventions new to the establishment but
                 previously available elsewhere: total start-up costs;

        Existing documentation such as the National Record of Achievement (NRA) produced for education and the
F2055c Inmate Record of Training may often be appropriate.
                 direct costs incurred, both in total and per unit (i.e. place, start, completion),
                  and what they consist of (e.g. staff, materials, premises etc.);
                 indirect and estimated costs, both in total and per unit, and what they
                  consist of (e.g. overheads for management, utilities, depreciation, staff
                  training, advice and support, administrative support, monitoring and audit

B29      Where an intervention is provided by an external supplier 21, correct procurement
         and accounting procedures must be applied. Contracts must specify:

                 duration of contract and provision for re-negotiation;
                 scale of provision;
                 total and unit costs and which party is responsible for which costs;
                 action in the event of non-delivery;
                 procedures for monitoring delivery and for resolving disputes relating to
                  responsibility for non-delivery.

B30      Where an intervention is provided by an external supplier at nil cost to the Prison
         Service, a Service Level Agreement must specify:

                 scale of provision;
                 procedures for monitoring delivery and for resolving disputes relating to
                  responsibility for non-delivery.

Criterion 7: Staff selection, competence, management and support

B31      The business case must specify staffing requirements necessary to ensure that
         the intervention is delivered as designed and is effective in meeting its objectives.
         These must include:

                 staffing levels, related to scale of provision, including whether staff are
                  dedicated for the regime intervention or drawn from a pool with other
                 job specification(s), including competences and any required qualifications;
                 how staff will be selected and trained (if necessary), including any voluntary
                  or mandatory booster training
                 how staff will be managed and supported, including frequency and level of
                  supervision and time allowed for preparation, debrief, supervision etc.
                 how staff providing management and/or support will themselves be
                  selected, trained (if necessary), managed and supported
                 in the case of contracted provision, how staff managing the contract will be
                  selected, trained (if necessary), managed and supported

          The Prison Service Management Board (PSMB) has decided that public funds must not be used for interventions
that are based in religious beliefs and provided by religious bodies, other than through the chaplaincy.
       In the interests of quality and to ensure staff training is cost-effective, where a pool of staff is used, the minimum
commitment of each member of staff must be specified and monitored.
Criterion 8: Records, Monitoring and Audit


B32   The minimum prisoner record requirement23, to be specified in the business case,

             prisoner number (to enable linkage to other information, pending availability
              of fully-electronic system);
             has prisoner been assessed?
             has prisoner been found to be suitable or not?
             has prisoner been selected?
             has prisoner started the activity?
             complete record of attendance
             has prisoner completed the activity?
             what has the prisoner gained from participation?

      A simple card index system will suffice if no IT-supported system is available. The
      following Prisoner Record pro-forma is available on the Prison Service Intranet:

Regime Interventions: Prisoner Record Pro-Forma

                Name of intervention

                Prisoner name

                Prisoner number

                Age                                     Gender

                Ethnic Group

                Foreign National                        Yes               No

                Suitability assessed                    Yes               No

                Found suitable                          Yes               No

                Date started

                Sessions attended                       Number

                Sessions not attended                   Number

      LIDS provides the means to record and analyse some of these data.
                   Completion                                Yes                  No



B33      Arrangements to reproduce and collate data from the general prisoner record -
         such as age, gender, ethnic group, offence, sentence - will be necessary to
         enable effective monitoring and evaluation to take place.

B34      These records must be collated routinely, to enable monitoring by management of
         take-up rates, drop-out rates, completion rates, and records of achievement.
         Governors and Directors of contracted-out establishments must monitor to ensure
         that there is no unfair or irrelevant discrimination on ethnic or other grounds in
         access to every intervention and that delivery is free of unfair or irrelevant
         discrimination on ethnic and other grounds, so that all participants are equally able
         to benefit. The frequency of review must be specified; it will vary according to the
         scale and frequency of the programme, course or other activity, but must be at
         least annual. The business case must specify responsibility for review24. Where
         findings cause concern, management must prepare and implement an action plan
         to deal with the problem(s); options may include ceasing delivery.

B35      Financial records must be kept which, alongside the prisoner records required, will
         enable Governors, Directors of contracted-out establishments, Area/Operational
         Managers and relevant policy units to determine whether delivery has been cost-
         efficient and to compare the efficiency of different interventions. This will be a
         consideration in deciding which activities will continue to be funded and which will


B36      Self-audit will apply. This PSO supports the Regimes Standard, to which SAU
         audit applies. The Regimes Standard will not be revised to incorporate the
         requirements of this PSO.

Criterion 9: Evaluation

         For example, the Resettlement Policy Committee. Where the intervention is delivered by an external provider,
monitoring may be a shared responsibility.
B37   The business case must indicate how the intervention will be reviewed to establish
      that it is meeting its aims and objectives and is having a positive impact.
      Evaluation is necessary in order to draw conclusions about effectiveness. RDS
      advice on evaluation is available. Where possible, appropriate measurable
      indicators of impact must be chosen and specified in the business case. For
      example, a course on anti-bullying might be reviewed annually by reference to
      records on bullying or assaults on prisoners.

B38   Conclusive evaluation of effectiveness depends on adequate numbers of cases
      and suitable comparators. This will be outside the normal capacity of
      establishments to provide, but such studies may be conducted periodically on a
      national basis.
                                                                          ANNEX C


This pro-forma is available through the Prison Service Intranet. Pro-formas of all
applications for approval must be retained by Area/Operational Managers and
made available when required for purposes related to audit, evaluation or reports
to or on behalf of the What Works in Prison Strategy Board and PSMB.

1a.   Establishment or lead
      establishment or sponsoring
1b.   Policy unit or working group
      or sponsoring policy unit or
      working group

1c.   Outside body or bodies
      if applicable

2.    Title of intervention

3.    Intervention Manager


                                          E-mail ID

4.    Name(s) of provider(s)
      if not delivered by staff of the establishment

5.    Nature of intervention
      Please tick all that apply

      Information giving
      Raising awareness
      Developing skills
      Increasing motivation
Other(s) – please specify:
      OFFENDING-RELATED FACTOR(S) ADDRESSED                                       Please
      tick all that apply
      Education, training, employability
      Drug misuse
      Alcohol misuse
      Emotional well-being
      Thinking and behaviour
      OTHER FACTOR(S) ADDRESSED          Please specify:

Intervention history

6.     Date the intervention was introduced at this establishment
       if applicable

7.     Date of any previous review at this establishment
       if applicable

8.     Has the intervention been approved for delivery at another Yes
       establishment?                              Please tick appropriate box

9.     If yes, name of establishment

       If known, date and/or ID of approval       ID

10.    Date submitted to Governor/Director of contracted-out
       establishment for support

11.    Date submitted to Area/Operational Manager for approval

12.    Decision by Area/Operational Manager
       Please tick appropriate box                             Yes
                                                               Changes required
       Signature       …………………………………….
      Name (printed) …………………………………….
      Area/estate    …………………………………….

13.   If yes, any variation in scale and costs approved, which
                                                             Approved scale
      differs from business case                             (Number p.a.)
      Please leave blank if no variation from business case Approved costs

ID allocated
Date entered
How quality assurance criteria are met

Note: If a criterion is fully met by the business case prepared by another establishment
and approved by an Area/Operational Manager, please:
 tick the box in the left-hand column
 provide the name of the establishment and/or the ID of the approval in the right-hand

Annex B of this PSO sets out the quality assurance criteria in detail and must be
read before completion of this part of the pro-forma

         Criterion 1: Objectives
         Clear objectives for the intervention must be specified. They should be
         SMART and related to Prison Service objectives and principles.
         Tick box Give details below of the objectives (or attach
         If met     documentation if prepared previously and note below
         before     references therein to the objectives).

         Criterion 2: Rationale
         The rationale must set out why the methods for delivering the
         intervention are appropriate to the objectives and to the target group.
         Tick box Give details below of the rationale (or attach
         If met      documentation if prepared previously and note references
         before      therein to the rationale).

         Criterion 3: Structure
         The structure should be brief and set out what is entailed, the content,
         methods, and sequence of the intervention and, for groups, the viable
         minimum and maximum number of places, number of sessions,
         purposes of specific sessions, duration and frequency of sessions.
         Tick box Attach or give details below of the structure (or attach
         if met     documentation if prepared previously and note references
         before     therein to the structure).
Criterion 4: Selection
A target group of prisoners for whom the intervention is designed and the method
of assessment to fit the target group must be specified, including any assessment
tools used.
Tick box Give details below of prisoner selection (or attach documentation if
if met     prepared previously and note references therein to selection).

Criterion 5: Achievement
The method(s) for assessing and recording achievement on completion of the
intervention must be specified including how prisoners‟ feedback is to be obtained
and recorded
Tick box Give details below of assessing/recording achievement (or attach
if met     documentation if prepared previously and note references therein to
before     achievement).

Criterion 6: Scale and Costs
The number of places, starts, and/or completions in the financial year (or other
specified period) must be specified together with costs.
Tick box Give details below of scale and costs (or attach documentation if
if met     prepared previously and note references therein to scale and costs).
Criterion 7: Staff Selection, Competence, Management and Support
Details must be specified of staffing levels, job specifications, competencies and
qualifications required, staff selection and training process, support and
Tick box Give details below of staff selection etc (or attach documentation if
if met      prepared previously and note references therein to staff selection).

Criterion 8: Records, Monitoring and Audit
Records – specify details of prisoner records kept. This should include prisoner
number, informed or requested, assessed, selected, suitability, started,
attendance, completion and gains. Also financial records (to determine cost
Monitoring - specify methods and frequency of checks for unfair or irrelevant
discrimination, access and delivery. Also collation and analysis of records on take-
up, drop out, completion and achievement.
Audit – self audit arrangements to be specified.
Tick box Give details below of records, monitoring and audit (or attach
if met     documentation if prepared previously and note references therein to
before     records etc).

Criterion 9: Evaluation
It must be specified how achievements against objectives will be assessed in order
to draw conclusions about the effectiveness of the intervention.
Tick box Give details below of evaluation (or attach documentation if prepared
if met     previously and note references therein to evaluation).
                                                                                                  ANNEX D


                                     Is the intervention an accredited offending
                                     behaviour programme?

                                     BEHAVIOUR PROGRAMME?

                                NO                                        YES

      Is the intervention validated by an          The programme must have been accredited
      independent external body?                   by the CSAP or its predecessors; or has been included
                                                   in the Prison Service’s programme development

               NO                               YES                 If above applies, the only action required
                                 The intervention must have         under PSO 4350 is to record details of the
                                 been validated by a recognised     intervention in the database of regime
  Is it an intervention                                             interventions – see Annex E .
                                 independent external body
  designed to change
                                 which includes site inspection
  prisoner behaviour?
                                 or audit OR standards of
                                 professional body.

    NO                YES                                   If above applies, the only action
             Decide if it is within the scope
             of PSO 4350 - refer to table 1                 required under PSO 4350 is to record
 No          and annex A for details.                       details of the intervention in the
 Action                                                     database of regime interventions – See
                                                            Annex E.

               NO                    YES

          No action

                          A business case pro-forma must be
                          completed as at annex C, to
                          demonstrate how the intervention meets
                          the nine quality assurance criteria in
                          annex B
                                                                                                      ANNEX E


E1      The database set out below is being established to ensure a central record of
        regime interventions that:

        i.       have been validated under the procedures set out in this PSO; or
        ii.      are in development or under review, with the intention of seeking approval
                 under the procedures set out in this PSO; or
        iii.     have been accredited by the Correctional Services Accreditation Panel
                 (CSAP) or its predecessors; or
        iv.      have been accepted as part of the development portfolio for future
                 accreditation by the CSAP25; or
        v.       have been accredited by other independent external bodies; or
        vi.      (optionally) are in development or under review, with the intention of
                 seeking approval by other independent external bodies.

E2      WWPU is seeking IT-assisted business change to support efficient operation of
        this PSO. If agreed, his will provide:

                direct read-only access to the database for establishments; and
                direct write-in access to Area/Operational Managers and their teams, and
                 appropriate Headquarters policy units.

E3      Until this is available, returns will be sent to WWPU via e-mail26, or by FAX to 020
        7217 5750 or by mail to room 129, Abell House. The database form is on the
        Prison Service Intranet. The responsibility for returns is as follows:

                Area/Operational Managers are responsible for i. and ii.
                The relevant HQ policy unit is responsible for iii.
                WWPU is responsible for iv.
                Area/Operational Managers are responsible for v. and may also use the
                 database for vi.

E4      Information must be recorded on the database quickly and no later than 4 weeks
        after the relevant decision has been made.

       The development portfolio is approved by the Prison Service Management Board (PSMB) on the
recommendation of the What Works in Prison Strategy Board (WWPSB). See PSO 4360 (forthcoming) for details.
        A dedicated WWPU e-mail address is being arranged. Until this is notified, any WWPU contact may be used.
See para. 19 of the Introduction to this PSO.

                                                     Please tick boxes that apply

1.   ID

                                                              (WWPU to allocate)

2.   Title of intervention……………………………………………………………..

3.   Validating body                                                      Internal


     Other independent external: specify

4.   Status                  In development

                             Under review



5.   (Lead) establishment………………………………………………………………

     (Lead) area/estate………………………………………………………………
     (Lead) policy unit……………………………………………………………….

6.   Intervention manager contact details     Name    …………………………

               Position    …………………………

               Tel.        ………………………… Fax …………………………

               E-mail ID …………………………

7.   Name of provider(s)                                       Internal
               External: specify ……………………………….

8.    Nature of intervention

      General purposes:
                  Information giving

                    Raising awareness

                    Developing skills

                    Increasing motivation

      Offending related factors addressed:

                    education, training and employability




                    drug misuse

                    alcohol misuse

                    emotional well-being

                    thinking and behaviour


9.    Approved by                       name       ………………………………..

                                        position   ………………………………..

10.   Date approved………………………………………………………….

11.   Scale per annum approved:         places              ……………………

                                        starts              ……………………

                                        completions         ……………………

12.   Costs per annum approved               £ …………………………………….
                                                                                 ANNEX F



F1    Where there is an appropriate external validating body for the type of regime
      intervention, then the requirements it sets will be sufficient as evidence of quality.
      It is desirable that the requirements of appropriate external validating bodies are
      used where they are available, because:

           this demonstrates to the public that the quality of Prison Service
            interventions is high
           this contributes to reducing social exclusion by providing prisoners with a
            standard of provision which is available in the community and by enabling
            released prisoners to demonstrate that their knowledge and skills are
            comparable to those of others

F2    Many regime interventions, particularly those offered by education contractors, are
      already externally verified. Examples of such regime interventions are:
           pre-release courses or programmes
           courses designed to raise awareness of drugs, victims, bullying, etc.
           short treatment programmes that would not be appropriate for Correctional
            Services Accreditation Panel (CSAP) accreditation.

F3    It is not necessary for externally validated regime interventions to meet the criteria
      set out in this PSO. Nor is it necessary for the business case pro forma at Annex
      A to be completed. Quality assurance is provided through meeting the
      requirements of the independent external body.

Validating bodies

F4    Prisoners‟ Learning and Skills Unit can advise on the processes involved in
      accreditation through an Awarding Body. Advice on educational bodies and their
      requirements is available from the education contractor to the establishment, from
      the Learning and Skills Adviser for the area or function, and from Prisoners‟
      Learning and Skills Unit. Advice on other bodies is available from the relevant
      policy unit or area specialist.

F5    It is important that any independent outside body used to validate a regime
      intervention provides, authorises or contributes to site inspection or audit. The
      following recognised validating bodies all incorporate this:

      National Open College Network
      NVQ awarding bodies such as City and Guilds
      Guidance Council Accreditation Board
Central database of regime interventions

F6    The only mandatory requirement for externally validated regime interventions
      under this PSO is that they must be recorded on the database of regime
      interventions, as set out at Annex E.

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