Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Syllabus by moti

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									INTRODUCTION TO GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS) FALL 2008

Vicki Drake, Instructor                             Office hours: Tuesday 5:30-6:30 pm
Office: DH 314 L                                    Web page: http://homepage.smc.edu/drake_vicki
Phone: (310) 434-8652                               Email: drake_vicki@smc.edu

Course Description
         GIS are computer-based systems used to collect, store and analyze geographic information. This course will
present the concepts upon which this technology is based. Through lectures and exercises, the student will gain an
understanding of GIS and how it can be used to create maps, charts, images and other types of presentations. Other
related technologies, such as map reading, remote sensing and basic cartographic skills will also be explored.

Course Objectives and Student Learning Outcomes
         Students completing this class will have a greater understanding of maps and the skills needed to manipulate
spatially-oriented data in the map format. Special skills to be learned through lecture and lab include:
         1) fundamental cartographic knowledge of map projections, scale, coordinates and mapping accuracy.
         2) recognizing and identifying geographic data‟s four components: position, attributes, spatial relationships, and
              time to aid in retrieving, manipulating, analyzing and displaying spatially-referenced data.
         3) a working knowledge of GIS software and associated hardware to determine appropriate use of the
              technology.
         4) specific training in the use of ArcView/ArcINFO 9.2, developed by Environmental Systems Research
              Institute (ESRI), Redlands, California

Required Text/Equipment
        An Introduction to Geographical Information Systems, 3rd edition, by Ian Heywood, Sarah Cornelius, and Steve
        Carver
        Introduction to GIS: Beginning ArcView 9.x Exercise and Workbook; by Vicki Drake (in bookstore)
        USB flash drive (minimum 1 Gb)

Evaluation
         Grades will be determined by lecture/lab attendance and class participation, completed lab and class
assignments, ArcView workbook and Data Dictionary, a GIS Project, three „lecture‟ exams, and a final “practicum” exam
(a practicum in ArcView). The first three exams will consist of objective questions and essay questions pertaining to
lecture discussions and ArcView/ArcINFO concepts. Everyone must take the final practicum exam: failure to do so will
result in a grade of FAIL no matter the grade going into the final exam. Grades will be computed mathematically based
on the number of total points for the semester.

        Three “lecture” Exams                                                 30%
        “Practicum” Final Exam                                                20%
        Completed Class Assignments                                           20%
        Completed Exercise Workbook
          and notebook/Data Dictionary                                        10%
        Final GIS Project                                                     20%

         Keep your attendance regular and punctual, absences in excess of 3 may result in exclusion from the class.
Arriving late for class is disruptive for everyone, and habitual tardiness may result in exclusion from class.

Getting Help
         If you are having difficulty with the concepts presented in class, I will be happy to help you. Please see me
after class or during the office hours if you are having problems. You may leave a message for me on my voicemail (310-
434-8652) or contact me through e-mail (mailto: drake_vicki@smc.edu). Getting help early in the semester will ensure a
more successful course grade.

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Classroom Conduct/Academic Honesty
        Students violating college policies regarding personal conduct and academic honesty subject to disciplinary
measures. Disruptive behavior will not be tolerated and may result in temporary (or permanent) removal from the class.
Additionally, cheating, copying, and plagiarism (either from another papers, from a pre-written assignment, or
downloaded from the Internet) will result in removal from the class, a grade of F for the project (and possibly the
semester) along with possible expulsion from Santa Monica College.

                                                 COURSE OUTLINE
                                      (Tentative Schedule – Subject to Change!)

Lecture Topics: Week 1 and 2

Intro to GIS; History of GIS; Geographic Concepts; Map Basics (Chapters 1, 2 and 9)

            Components of a GIS
            The Success with which a GIS can be used
            Geographic Data
            GIS vs. CAD vs. DBMS vs. computer mapping
            Land Information Systems
            Why use a GIS? Who uses a GIS?
            Applications of GIS

Introduction to GIS (Chapters 1 and 9)

ArcGIS Map Storage

Introduction to ArcGIS

Coordinate Systems, Datums and Projections Outline (Chapter 2)

Reference Ellipsoids

Assignment # 1: Three definitions of GIS taken from books, journals, and/or the World Wide Web. Each definition
should include the source. Due 2nd week of class (Sept 2).

Assignment # 2: Follow this link, read the “History of GIS”, prepare a one-page summary using MS Word, or a
Wordprocessor. http://homepage.smc.edu/drake_vicki/History of GIS. Due 2nd week of Class (Sept 2)

Assignment #3: Comparing Projections: Advantages and Disadvantages (link to assignment). Due 3rd week of class.
(Sept 9)

Assignment # 4: Comparison of Data Classification Methods using ArcView 9.0 (link to assignment). Due 5th week of
class (Sept 23).

Classification Methods in ArcView                                 Making a Map in ArcGIS

Lecture Topics: Week 3, 4 and 5

GIS Data Models (Chapter 3)             GIS Basics                Data Format and Database Development
      Vector Models
      Raster Models
      Modeling Surfaces: Raster vs vector



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FIRST EXAM: CHAPTERS 1, 2, 3 and 9, assignments 1-3 and ArcView basics (Exercises 1-4)
       (Sept 16)


Database Management (Chapter 4) Data Management (Part 1)           Data Management & Structure (Part 2)

Data Management – Structure & Models (Part 3)

Database Models
GIS database applications
               Data Management (Part 1)
               Data Management & Structure (Part 2)
               Data Management – Structure & Models (Part 3)

Data Input, Editing and Output (Chapter 5)                  GIS Data Input and Output
           Data Entered into a GIS
           Methods of Data Input
           GIS Output

Assignment # 5: Analyzing Demographic Data – Ft. Bend, Texas) (link to assignment). Due 8th week of class (Oct 14).

Lecture Topic: Week 6

Remote Sensing (Chapter 5: pages 146-148)
          History of Remote Sensing
          Remote Sensing Resolutions
          Remote Sensing Sensors
          Steps Used to Analyze Remotely Sensed Data
          Applications of Remote Sensing to GIS

Remote Sensing (Part 1)                             Remote Sensing (Part 2)

Lecture Topic: Week 7

            Data Quality (Chapter 10)
             Components of Data quality; accuracy and precision
             Sources of Error

Data Quality (Part 1)                               Data Quality (Part 2)

Lecture Topic: Week 8

Maps and Output (Chapter 8)        (Review “Making a Map in ArcGIS” lecture)       GIS and Cartography

SECOND EXAM: Chapters 4, 5, 8, and 10: assignments 4 and 5 and ArcView Exercises 5-10
        (Oct 21)

Lecture Topic: Week 9
        Analysis of Spatial Data (Chapter 6)
        Cartographic Modeling
           Divisions of GIS Functions
           Maintenance and Analysis of Spatial and Non-Spatial Data
           Integrated Analysis of Spatial and Attribute Data

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           Output Formatting
           Network Analysis and surface analysis

GIS Analysis Functions (part 1)


Lecture Topic:     Week 10

Analytical Modeling in GIS (Chapter 7)
        Creating, using and analyzing „process models‟ in GIS

Assignment #6: Mining Data on the Internet (link to assignment) THIS ASSIGNMENT WILL BE YOUR TERM
PROJECT – REQUIRED OF ALL STUDENTS – I ENCOURAGE YOU TO WORK IN GROUPS!
DUE DECEMBER 2 – PRESENTATION DATE

Lecture topics: Week 11, 12, 13, 14

GIS and GPS

Legal and Ethical Issues in GIS

Implementing a GIS (Chapters 11, 12)

Future of GIS (Chapter 13)

THIRD EXAM: CHAPTERS 6, 7, 11-13, assignments and ArcView Exercises 11-16 (Dec 2)

WEEK 15: PRESENTATIONS OF TERM PROJECTS: December 2, 2008

FINAL EXAM: TUESDAY, DECEMBER 9, 2008 - AN ARCVIEW ‘PRACTICUM’ – A GIS ANALYSIS
USING ARCVIEW 9.2.




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