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Appendix 1 Ranking of industrial sectors by regulatory exposure

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					Online Appendix 1 Ranking of industrial sectors by regulatory exposure
Industry                                 Regulatory exposure
Household and Personal Products                          0.18
Chemicals                                                0.18
Conglomerates                                            0.17
Drugs and Biotechnology                                  0.16
Aerospace and Defence                                    0.13
Food, Drink and Tobacco                                  0.12
Consumer Durables                                        0.11
Trading Companies                                        0.09
Telecommunications Services                              0.09
Transportation                                           0.08
Materials                                                0.08
Technology Hardware and Equipment                        0.08
Capital Goods                                            0.07
Media                                                    0.06
Hotels, Restaurants & Leisure                            0.05
Oil and Gas                                              0.05
Utilities                                                0.05
Construction                                             0.04
Business Services and Supplies                           0.04
Food Markets                                             0.04
Software and Services                                    0.04
Diversified Financials                                   0.03
Insurance                                                0.03
Retailing                                                0.02
Banking                                                  0.02
Semiconductors                                           0.01
Health Care Equipment and Services                       0.01
              Online Appendix 2 Summary statistics and coding of variables
Variable                            N       Mean    S.D.    Min      Max     Source
Brussels office                     2009    .08     -       0        1       European Public Affairs Directory 2006
European affairs representative     2009    .10     -       0        1       European Public Affairs Directory 2006
EP lobbyist                         2009    .09     -       0        1       European Public Affairs Directory 2006
Sales                               2009    9.77    18.20   0.01     256.33 Forbes Global 2000 (December 2005)
Profits                             2004    0.39    1.77    -25.83   20.96   Forbes Global 2000 (December 2005)
Regulatory exposure                 2009    0.06    0.05    0.01     0.18    CONECCS database, available at
                                                                             http://ec.europa.eu/civil_society/coneccs/index.html (accessed 19 March
                                                                             2006); EUR-Lex case law; available at: http://eur-
                                                                             lex.europa.eu/en/index.htm (accessed 6 February 2006)
Concentration                       2009    0.28    0.11    0.14     0.64    Forbes Global 2000 (December 2005)
Associations per industry           2009    20.26   24.87   1        134     European Public Affairs Directory 2006
Corporatism                         1683    2.69    0.83    1.88     4.63    Siaroff (1999)
Green party support                 2009    1.71    2.14    0.00     10.05   Political Data Yearbook of the European Journal of Political Research,
                                                                             various issues; amended by official election results
Union density                       1981    19.91   12.66   2.60     77.20   ILO (1997) World Labour Report 1997-98: Industrial Relations,
                                                                             Democracy and Social Stability. Geneva: International Labour Office;
                                                                             figures for Denmark, Italy, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland are for 1994;
                                                                             Canada, Germany and Ireland: 1993; Mexico: 1991.
Council of Ministers votes          2009    5.63    10.90   0        29      Council of the European Union
National associations               2009    2.48    2.71    0        15      European Public Affairs Directory 2006
EU membership                       2009    .24     -       0        1       EUROPA portal site of the EU: http://europa.eu/ (accessed 10 February
                                                                             2006).
EU membership length                479     31.69   15.25   0        47      EUROPA portal site of the EU: http://europa.eu/ (accessed 10 February
                                                                             2006).
             Online Appendix 3 Bivariate correlations among variables
                          Profits     Green         EU             Corporatism   Union     National       Concentration   Sales (ln)   EU           Associations
                                      party         membership                   density   associations                                membership   per industry
                                      support                                                                                          length
Green party support        -.007
EU membership             -.055*        .494**
Corporatism               -.092**       .336**         .156**
Union density              -.017        .252**         .359**         .545**
National associations     -.070**       .389**         .385**          .342**      .028
Concentration              .048*         .003         -.060**         -.093**    -.069**       .004
                                 **            **             **
Sales (ln)                .246          .164           .148            .048       .013        .156**          .203**
EU membership length      -.062**       .460**         .876**         .072**     .210**       .583**          -.056*        .149**
Associations / industry    -.008        .061**         .059**          .034       .017        .072**          -.101**       .138**        .052*
Regulatory exposure        .023          .055*         .024           .072**      .016        .058**          .308**        .192**        .031          .545**

             *p < .05; **p < .01

				
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