Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism_1_ by malj

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									                                      Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Quick facts about Alcohol
   • It is the most _______________, drug
   • Half as much alcohol to affect _______________, brain than an _______________, brain
   • A teen become addicted to alcohol much _______________, than a adult
   • Over _______________ the violent crimes is U.S. involve __________________
Blood Alcohol level
   • A way to measure the _______________ of _______________ in a person’s body
   • Intoxicated
           – Being _______________ by alcohol
           – Loss of _______________, loss of inhibitions, blurred _______________, and slowed
              _______________.
Standard drinking size
______ of liquor
______ of wine cooler
______ of beer
______ of wine
Alcohol content
   • Beers - _______________
   • Table wines – _______________
   • Hard liquors - _______________

   •    _______________ is twice the alcohol content
            – As proof increases so does _______________ content
Specific Effects
(related to the Blood Alcohol Concentration BAC)
The effects of alcohol _______________ are greatly influenced by individual variations among users. Some users
may become intoxicated at a much _______________ Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) level than is shown.
Short-term Effects
    • Impaired _______________ , vision, balance, _______________
    • Alcohol poisoning, _______________ , _______________ or death
    • Change in _______________ , _______________
    • Painful _______________ symptoms – stomach _______________ , vomiting, and diarrhea
Long-term Effects
            • Increased chance of mouth, throat, pancreas, liver
            • Stomach _______________
            • Permanent brain damage
            • Kidney _______________
    • Hepatitis
            • Inflammation of the _______________
            • Symptoms are high _______________ , weakness, _______________ of skin
            • Condition can be reversed
    • Cirrhosis
            • Liver cells are replaced by _______________ _______________ tissue
            • Liver can no longer _______________ food properly
            • Condition is permanent
BAC (BAL)
    • .02-.03: No loss of _______________ , slight _______________ and loss of _______________ .
        Depressant effects are not apparent. Driver’s under 21, considered a DUI.
    • .04-.06 BAC: Feeling of well-being, _______________ , lower _______________ , sensation of
        _______________ . Euphoria. Some minor impairment of reasoning and memory, lowering of
        _______________ , _______________ behavior.
   •   .07-.09 BAC: Slight impairment of balance, _______________ , vision, _______________
       _______________ , and hearing. Euphoria. Judgement and _______________ are reduced, and
       _______________ , reason and _______________ are impaired. Illegal to drive_____________
   •   .10-.125 BAC: Significant impairment of _______________ coordination and loss of good
       _______________ . Speech may be _______________ ; balance, vision, _______________ and
       _______________ will be impaired. Euphoria.
   •   .13-.15 BAC: Gross motor impairment and lack of _______________ control. Blurred vision and major
       loss of _______________ . Euphoria is reduced and _______________ is beginning to appear.
   •   .16-.20 BAC: _______________ (anxiety, restlessness) predominates, _______________ may appear. The
       drinker has the appearance of a "_______________ ."
   •   .25 BAC: Needs assistance in _______________ ; total mental _______________ . Dysphoria with nausea
       and some _______________ .
  •    .30 BAC: Loss of _______________ .
  •    .40 BAC and up: Onset of _______________ , possible death due to _______________ arrest.
FACT
  • Alcohol is a _______________ and directly effects the _______________ .

CONSEQUENCES OF UNDERAGE DRINKING
Underage Drinker
· Mandatory loss of _______________ _______________ for _______________ months (even if no car involved)
· Minimum fine of $500.00
· Disorderly Persons record
· Participation in _______________ treatment or _______________ program (at discretion of court)
· Additional charges if _______________ ID used (fine of not more than $300.00 or imprisonment for no more
than 60 days}
· Possible injury or death (excessive consumption or traffic accident)
Minor (Who Is Under 17 Years Old)
    • In addition to the above
· Mandatory postponement of driving privilege for _______________ months.
Alcohol’s Effect on the Brain
    • The more you drink, the more "_______________ " your brain activity becomes.
    • As you continue to drink and _______________ _______________ increase, specific parts of the brain are
        affected more significantly.
CEREBRUM
    The cerebrum is the _______________ portion of the brain and located in the uppermost section of the brain.
    • The cerebrum controls advanced functions like recognition, vision, reasoning, and emotion.
    • As alcohol levels _________________, vision, movement, and speech are impaired.
    • This occurs at a blood alcohol level of ._______________
CEREBELLUM
    • The cerebellum is the part of your brain that is involved with __________________ movement.
    • Alcohol consumption causes problems with coordination, reflexes, and _________________.
    • This occurs at a blood alcohol level of ._______________
MEDULLA
    • The medulla is the part of your brain that controls basic survival functions such as _______________ and
        _______________ .
    • When you've consumed so much alcohol that the medulla is affected, your brain's ability to control
        _______________ and _______________ is severely diminished.
    • Your heart rate can drop and breathing cease, causing death, at blood alcohol levels as low as .30
The Path of Alcohol in the Body
    1. _______________ : alcohol enters the body.
    2. Stomach: some alcohol gets into the _______________ in the stomach, but most goes on to the
        _______________ .
    3. Small Intestine: alcohol enters the bloodstream through the _______________ of the small intestine.
   4. Heart: _______________ alcohol throughout the body.
   5. Brain: alcohol reaches the brain.
   6. Liver: alcohol is _______________ by the liver at a rate of about _______________ oz per hour. Alcohol
       is converted into _______________ , carbon dioxide and _______________ .
THE HANG OVER
   • Alcohol robs your brain cells of _______________ and _______________ (the brain's food), which is why
       you experience hangover symptoms such as _______________ , dehydration, and the _______________
       the day after a night of heavy drinking.
   • Though there are lots of so-called "hangover cures," the only real cure is _______________ . The best
       thing to do the day after heavy drinking is down lots of _______________ and try to _______________ if
       possible.
What Happens to Your Body When You Get Alcohol Poisoning?
   • It is common for someone who drank excessive alcohol to _______________ since alcohol is an
       _______________ to the stomach. There is then the danger of _______________ on vomit.
   • Alcohol depresses _______________ that control _______________ actions such as breathing and the
       _______________ reflex (which prevents choking). A fatal dose of alcohol will eventually
       _______________ these functions.
   • The mixture of alcohol and _______________ are a deadly combination. Once someone’s body begins to
       _______________ the alcohol, the person’s _______________ _______________ is to vomit. Marijuana
       ____________ the body’s reaction to the alcohol, keeping a person from being able to _______________ .
   • A person's blood alcohol concentration can continue to __________ even while he or she is ________ out.
   • Even after a person _______________ drinking, alcohol in the _______________ and _______________
       continues to enter the bloodstream and _______________ throughout the body.
   • Dangerous to assume the person will be fine by _______________ it off.
ALCOHOL POISONING
Signs and Symptoms
   • _______________ , coma, or person cannot be aroused. (Unconscious or semi-consciousness)
   • Slow _______________ (fewer than eight breaths per minute).
   • _______________ breathing (10 seconds or more between breaths).
   • _______________ (low body temperature), pale or _______________ skin color, paleness.
   • Vomiting, choking on vomit
   • _______________ .
   • Strong _______________ of alcohol.
   • Permanent brain damage, or death
What Should I Do If I Suspect Someone Has Alcohol Poisoning?
Appropriate Action
   • Do not wait for all symptoms to be present.
   • A person who has _______________ out may die and could be suffering from Alcohol Poisoning.
   • If there is any suspicion of an alcohol _______________ , call 911 for help.
   • Don't try to guess the level of drunkenness.
Alcohol Metabolism
   • Most of the alcohol a person drinks is eventually _______________ down by the _______________ .
   • In addition, a group of metabolic products called _______________ _______________ can damage liver
       cells and promote inflammation , impairing _______________ functions such as _______________
       production.
   • The body's natural defenses against free radicals (_______________ ) can be inhibited by alcohol
       consumption, leading to increased liver _______________ .
Binge Drinking in Adolescents and College Students
   • Binge drinking = _______________ or more drinks in a row for boys and _______________ or more in a
       row for girls.
   • People under the age of 21, report it easy to get alcohol with one goal – to get drunk.
   •  Binge drinking, often beginning around age _______________ , tends to increase during adolescence,
      _______________ in young adulthood (ages 18 to 22), then gradually decrease.
WHO BINGES?
   • ____________ of U.S. college students engaged in binge drinking during the two weeks before the survey.
   • _______________ of the MEN drank 5 or more drinks in a row.
   • _______________ of the WOMEN drank 4 or more drinks in a row.
   • Students more likely to binge drink are _______________ , age 23 or younger, and are residents of a
      _______________ or _______________ .
What are the three stages of Alcoholism?
   • Abuse – Someone who cannot drink alcohol in _______________ or at appropriate times.
   • Dependence – Someone who is _______________ dependent on alcohol. They feel the constant
      _______________ and _______________ for alcohol.
   • Addiction – Someone who is both psychologically and _______________ dependent on alcohol. Alcohol
      is their number one priority and they suffer from _______________ symptoms if they do not get their
      _______________ fix.
   • Alcoholism -The state of being _______________ and _______________ addicted to alcohol
Risk Factors
   You cannot control                       You can control


   Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
   • A highly variable group of birth defects including mental retardation, deficient growth, central nervous
       system dysfunction, and malformations of the skull and face that tend to occur in the offspring of women
       who consume large amounts of alcohol during pregnancy
   • No one knows exactly how _____________ alcohol must reach the unborn child to cause such deformities.
   • Alcohol's effects are more _______________ to a fetus than those of all other drugs, including cocaine.
       When a woman drinks alcohol, it reaches the placenta in a few moments and passes through the growing
       fetus. The mother's body can break down one drink in approximately three hours, but alcohol stays in the
       fetus for _______________ ___________________.
   • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Fetal Alcohol Effects are _______________ and cannot be outgrown.
Alcoholism
   • Not only affects the person involved but it also has huge affects on _______________ members.
   • _______________ , physical and _______________ abuse are all types of _______________ behaviors
       that are typically suffered by family members of an _______________ .
   • It is not uncommon for an alcoholic to _______________ drinking especially in response to a
       _______________ event such as a death of a loved one or loss of a job.
Recovery from Alcoholism
   • Withdrawal
           – Process of _______________ a drug to which the body has become _______________
   • Suffer from extreme _______________ , headaches, _______________ , or seizures.
   • Usually last a _______________ days
   • Sometimes alcoholic needs _______________ supervision
There is hope for alcoholics as there are many options available:
   • Inpatient and _______________ programs
   • Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
            _______________ steps is their recovery program
   Programs designed to help family members of alcoholics:
   • Al-Anon
   • Help _______________ members talk about problems of living with an _______________
   • Alateen
   • Specifically help _______________ with same situation

								
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