Buffalo Border Information Report May 23-29_ 2009 by dfhercbml

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									Buffalo Border Information Report: May 23-29, 2009

   A. Border Related News Media

           US, Canadian officials sign law enforcement pact
           Starting Monday, you'll need more paperwork to get into the U.S. from
           Napolitano, in visit, regrets saying 9/11 terrorists entered via Canada
           Agency backs Falls for high speed rail link
           New ID rules for returning to U.S.
           Travelers converge on post offices to beat deadline for passports
           Bridge Authority revenue way up
           Mohawks to rally against arming agents
           City to host global leaders for G-20 summit in September
           Bombardier Inc. pushing boundaries to move people from here to there
           Chamber leads delegation to Washington
           Canada's tallest hotel is a sellout
           Whirlpool Jet Boat status still unsettled
           Convention business up, visitor count down

   B. Border Communications

           Van Loan and Napolitano successfully conclude their first high-level border
           Joint statement on the Canada-U.S. border
           CBP Commits to Flexible, Practical Implementation of June 1 Document
            Requirements for U.S. and Canadian Citizens at Land and Sea Ports of Entry
           Lee Announces Permanent Passport Office Coming to Western New York
           Schumer Reveals: Critical Protective Barrier At Port Of Oswego In Danger
            Of Collapsing - Would Destroy Shipping And Recreational Activities And
            Cause Economic Devastation In Region
           Embassy: Canada's Foreign Policy Newsweekly

   C. Editorials
             On the borderline - Be prepared for new rules when coming back from

    D. Citizens Views (write-in letters)

             State licenses ease cross-border travel
             Last minute is here for securing new documents
             Canada embraces visitors from Pennsylvania


    A.          Border Related News Media
                                     US, Canadian officials sign law enforcement pact
                                          Philadelphia Inquirer – May 26, 2009

Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano and Canada's minister of public safety signed an agreement Tuesday to
allow the two nations to help enforce each others' laws on the waterways along their shared border. Napolitano and Peter
Van Loan signed the agreement at a cargo facility at the Ambassador Bridge, which connects Detroit and Windsor,
Ontario. The move came less than a week before new border-crossing rules take effect. The Western Hemisphere Travel
Initiative, which starts Monday, tightens documentation rules for entry into the U.S. from Canada, requiring everyone to
have passports or special driver's licenses. The agreement, known as the Shiprider program, allows officers from the
Royal Canadian Mounted Police and U.S. Coast Guard to ride each others' vessels for joint patrols and specific
enforcement operations. Vessels have been required to stop at the border and call the other nation's agencies for help. The
signing gives U.S. and Canadian officials the authority to train each other's officers and establish the permanent program.
During a 57-day pilot program in 2007, the joint effort led to the seizure of contraband cigarettes, marijuana and the
recovery of an abducted child, Van Loan said. Napolitano told reporters after the signing that boosting security "doesn't
mean closing ourselves off from other countries." She said the agreement promotes security while preserving commerce
and each nation's sovereignty.

                   Starting Monday, you'll need more paperwork to get into the U.S. from Canada
                                     Syracuse Post Standard – May 28, 2009

A dozen truck drivers could be sidelined from their jobs hauling paper and aluminum across the Canadian border next
week. They'll be able to get into Canada, but they won't be able to get back. The drivers from Baldwinsville-based
Gypsum Express trucking don't have the documents they need to meet new requirements at the U.S. border. Beginning
Monday, anyone coming into the U.S. from Canada must have one document that proves both their citizenship and
identity. Previously, a birth certificate and a driver's license, items most people can get their hands on pretty easily, did the
trick. It was even easier before January 2008, when you could get into the U.S. at the Canadian border by simply saying
you were a U.S. citizen. Next week, travelers will need a passport, or one of the new options similar to passports, said
Kevin Corsaro, a spokesman for U.S. Customs and Border Protection. The regulations apply to U.S. citizens returning
home, and Canadians coming to the U.S. Canada's requirements for U.S. citizens crossing into Canada will not change: a
driver's license and birth certificate will still get you through the gate. The stricter U.S. requirements are part of an anti-
terrorism law passed in 2004 aimed at tightening U.S. borders with Canada and Mexico. The requirements were scheduled
to start last July, but lawmakers were concerned that a lack of public awareness would damage trade, travel and tourism
on both sides of the border. Congress delayed the changes until next week. This allowed border states in the U.S. and
Canada time to develop enhanced driver's licenses that meet the federal requirements, and offer people who often cross
the border a cheaper and faster alternative to a passport. New York, Michigan, Vermont, Washington, British Columbia
and Ontario all have enhanced driver's licenses, Corsaro said. New York's is $30 above the cost of a regular license --
cheaper than $100 for a passport. Last week, New York issued more than 7,000 enhanced driver's licenses. "We've seen a
dramatic increase," said Jackie McGinnis, of the New York Department of Motor Vehicles. At the start in September, the
office was doing about 3,000 a week, McGinnis said. Jim Miano, of Gypsum Express, said his truckers have applied for
enhanced driver's licenses to use until they get their FAST cards. FAST is a program for truckers who haul goods across
the Canadian border regularly. Most of the Gypsum drivers who do work across the border already had the cards, but the
group that didn't probably won't get them before the rules change next week. Truckers with the cards may use dedicated
lanes at the border. There is also something called a Nexus card that's similar to a FAST card, but for everyday travelers.
It costs $50. The other option is a passport card. The application process is the same as it is for a passport, but the card
only works for crossing borders on land or at sea, and is cheaper than a passport: $45 for first-time applications, or $20 if
you already have a passport. Corsaro said border agents will be flexible as the new requirements are rolled out June 1.
What does that mean if you're on the border without a passport or other card that meets the higher standard? You'll
probably be able to get in to the country, but you might get pulled out of line to be interviewed by a border agent. "We
recognize some people are still in the process of obtaining the necessary documents," Corsaro said. Children will be
immune to the new rules. Anyone younger than 16 can still use a birth certificate. Birth certificates also will work for
anyone up to age 19 who's traveling with a religious group, sports team or other organized group. Last year, more than 71
million people crossed the northern border into the U.S. Corsaro said about 80 percent of the people who cross the border
are meeting the new requirements already. The other 20 percent are using more than 8,000 different documents to get into
the country. Birth certificates often vary by county, and driver's licenses vary by state, leaving it difficult to judge whether
documents are real. Corsaro said the changes shouldn't slow things at the border and could speed them up in the future.
That's because most of the new cards have tiny chips that tell a secure computer to send information to the computer in the
booth at the border crossing. At some point, the system could be so seamless that people might not even have to stop at
the border. That is the hope of the FAST program, for truckers. Miano, of Gypsum, would love such a time-saver after
spending thousands to get the trucking line compliant with the regulations. "That's pie in the sky," Miano said.

                         Napolitano, in visit, regrets saying 9/11 terrorists entered via Canada
                                               Buffalo News – May 28, 2009

U. S. Homeland Secretary Janet A. Napolitano wanted to make it clear to Canada on Wednesday that she knows she
misspoke when she erroneously said the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorists entered the United States through Canada. Napolitano,
on her first trip to Canada since joining President Obama’s Cabinet in January, was discussing security issues with
Canadian Minister of Public Safety Peter Van Loan. She was trying to get past the diplomatic gaffe that she made in an
interview last month with the Canadian Broadcasting Corp. The erroneous comments caused an uproar in Canada. The
Sept. 11 commission found that none of the 9/11 terrorists came through Canada. But other extremists have, including
would-be millennium bomber Ahmed Ressam, an Algerian convicted of plotting to bomb Los Angeles International
Airport around Jan. 1, 2000. “We know, and I know, that 9/11 terrorists did not cross the Canadian border. I regret that the
Canadian media only seems to hear that earlier misstatement by me to that effect,” Napolitano said in a brief news
conference, adding that she wants to move on. “So let me be perfectly clear: We know that. But what they also need to
hear, and what you need to hear from me, are all the things we are doing with Canada, and will continue to do with
Canada, to further our joint security because we share the same interests.” Other U. S. politicians have also claimed that
the Sept. 11 terrorists entered the United States through Canada, a myth that the Canadian government continues to try to
dispel. Van Loan said Canada has accepted Napolitano’s correction and “moved on.” Napolitano said later in an interview
with CTV television that she was surprised by the sensitivity of Canadians and was taken aback by the reaction. “In the
United States, I’ve misspoken from time to time; I’ve been in elected office. You immediately correct it, you apologize
and you move on,” she said. “What I regret is that Canada can’t seem to get beyond one misstatement.” Opposition
Liberal Leader Michael Ignatieff said in Washington last month that he thought Napolitano was seriously ill-informed
about the border. Napolitano has also said that Canada “lets people into its country that we don’t allow into ours.”

                                        Agency backs Falls for high speed rail link
                                          Niagara Falls Gazette – May 27, 2009

While the City of Niagara Falls was not part of President Obama’s initial plan for high speed rail systems across the
nation, it might yet be included in the overall proposal. The Greater Buffalo Niagara Regional Transportation Council, the
lead metropolitan planning agency for Erie and Niagara counties, is expected to strongly support the Niagara link at its
policy committee meeting today. The session is set for 9-11 a.m. at the Quality Inn, 7708 Niagara Falls Blvd. As the
regional transportation council notes, several plans and initiatives are surfacing in a timely fashion. It seems only logical
that the Cataract City, a world-class attraction and the No. 1 tourist destination in upstate New York, should be an integral
part of the strategy for improving rail transportation:
        A new passenger train station will be built in the North End on the former site of the U.S. Customs House near the
         Whirlpool Bridge. Some $16.5 million in state and federal funds has already been secured for the overall project
         estimated at $33 million.
      Last week, the GO Transit system, an Ontario-owned bus and rail operator, announced it would begin running its
         service between the VIA Station on Bridge Street, Niagara Falls, Ont., and Union Station in downtown Toronto.
         Currently several GO trains operate from Burlington and other cities to Toronto.
      The Buffalo-Niagara area also is part of a larger binational region that includes the upstate cities (e.g. Albany,
         Syracuse, and Rochester) and those of Southern Ontario. Collectively, it’s known as the Greater Golden
         Horseshoe, a region with the third largest population in North America.
If the ambitious plan ever comes to fruition, it could vastly strengthen trade and travel between the two nations. There are
plenty of cynics out there who contend that no one rides the trains anymore. The whole idea of this latest initiative —
shaped by the New York State Rail Plan, the state Senate Task Force on High Speed Rail and the developing Empire
Corridor — may sound like just another pipe dream at this point but it could be a clean and efficient step toward
improving the environment. In fact, many people might seriously think about riding the trains again.

                                         New ID rules for returning to U.S.
                                   Rochester Democrat & Chronicle – May 26, 2009

Jim and Connie Turner don't go to Canada too often, but they're heading there in July for a Toronto Blue Jays baseball
game. That's why the Irondequoit residents got their first passports this month. By June 1, travelers to Canada will need
new documentation to return to the United States. A typical driver's license or birth certificate no longer will be good
enough. "It used to be so easy to go there, and we'd say, 'Let's just go to Niagara Falls for the weekend,'" said Jim Turner.
"But it's tougher now because of the border rules." Connie Turner said she was aware of the new rules. "We didn't need a
reminder," she said. "We just put it off." The tougher restrictions are part of an anti-terrorism measure known as the
Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative. The rules also apply to travelers entering the U.S. from Mexico, the Caribbean and
Bermuda by land or sea. Air-travel restrictions have been in place for years. The local push for passports was higher a few
years ago, said Monroe County Clerk Cheryl Dinolfo, when federal officials set a 2008 deadline that was eventually
extended to this year. County officials have seen a higher demand lately for another acceptable form of identification, an
enhanced driver's license. The office has processed nearly 4,000 EDLs since the program started in September, including
1,554 in April alone. The enhanced driver's license has an enclosed microchip with tracking information and can be used
instead of a passport for land or sea travel between the U.S. and Canada, Mexico and some countries in the Caribbean.
EDLs are cheaper than passports and faster to get. But passports allow for airline travel, which EDLs do not, and they're
good for 10 years, as opposed to eight for EDLs. "Passports are still the gold standard," Dinolfo said. "There's still a
steady demand for passports, but as far as EDLs, we've seen a dramatic increase. That tells me ... people are planning
summer vacations to Canada, and they need something." The EDL is good enough for many local travelers because of the
proximity to Canada. About 16 million people entered Canada via the four access bridges in the Buffalo-Niagara Falls
area last year, said Kevin Corsaro of the Buffalo office of U.S. Customs and Border Protection. The busiest of those
bridges is the Peace Bridge in Buffalo, which Corsaro said surpassed the Windsor-Detroit bridge last year as the busiest
port into Canada. The others in the Buffalo-Niagara Falls area are the Rainbow, Lewiston-Queenston and Whirlpool
bridges. Corsaro did not have a breakdown for traffic on individual bridges. There are three other bridges to Canada from
New York state in the Thousand Islands region, and 10 more crossings farther east. Two other acceptable forms of
identification are a U.S. passport card, a wallet-sized document good for land and sea crossings to Canada, Mexico, the
Caribbean and Bermuda, but not by air; and a Nexus "trusted traveler" document, which is good for pre-approved, low-
risk travelers through dedicated lanes and kiosks at border bridges. With the trusted-traveler option, border officials run
criminal checks on the cardholders every day, Corsaro said. Easing the process - The Monroe County Clerk's office has
held passport outreach programs every Wednesday at the Greece and Pittsford town halls since 2006, as well as "Passport
Saturday" events the last Saturday of each month at the clerk's office downtown. The office also has held outreach
services in other locales. Earlier this month, the office processed 80 passports at Gates Chili High School in one two-hour
period, and 50 more during one day at the Greece AAA office, said Michelle Betters, a recording clerk with the county
clerk's office. Business was slower a few days later during a similar event at the Greece Public Library. Applications were
still higher in 2007, she said. "Now, it's kind of evened out," she said. Tracy DiGiacomo, a customer service manager for
the National Passport Center in Portsmouth, N.H., was answering passport questions at the Greece library last week. She
and colleagues had visited sites from Maine to Rochester over a four-week period and said most people knew about the
new rules. "People knew this was coming," said DiGiacomo, who works for the U.S. State Department. "Now, it's just
like, 'Oh yeah, I have to do it.' This was just the push they needed. It's inevitable now." The rules are still relaxed for
children younger than 16 who are traveling with parents or school groups by land. In most cases, a birth certificate would
be sufficient, she said. Those youngsters traveling by air, or by land with grandparents or family friends, would need the
new documents. Dinolfo said a passport application typically takes four to six weeks to process, while an EDL takes about
two weeks. For last-minute passport processing, the State Department has authorized a passport office in western New
York, but its location has not yet been determined. Reps. Chris Lee, R-Clarence, and Brian Higgins, D-Buffalo, lobbied
for the office, noting that constituents must travel to Chicago, Boston or New York City for the service. Border agents
have been reminding land travelers to Canada about the new rules for months and distributing handouts. Corsaro, of
Customs and Border Protection, said about 80 percent of land travelers already have the proper documents. He also said
he realizes there might be a learning curve. "We're going to be flexible," he said. "We understand there's a need for the
orderly flow of travelers."
Additional Facts
By the numbers
Passports processed by the Monroe County Clerk's office:
2006: 6,801
2007: 11,631
2008: 8,502
From Jan. 1 through May 12, year by year:
2006: 1,926
2007: 5,422
2008: 4,502
2009: 2,947
Source: Monroe County Clerk's Office

                            Travelers converge on post offices to beat deadline for passports
                                             Goerie.com - May 26, 2009

Your time is running out to scurry across the border to Canada and return home without a passport. As of Monday, you
will need a passport to go north of the border by land or water.
That also applies to travel by land or sea from Mexico, the Caribbean and Bermuda. An exception is travel between the
U.S. and its territories, including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Citizens already need a passport to return to the
country by plane. With the fast-approaching deadline, more people are applying at U.S. Postal Service offices in Erie,
including the downtown Erie post office at Griswold Plaza and the Presque Isle Branch, 2711 Legion Road. "We're very
busy right now. We have a lot of activity; a lot of families,'' said Marie Posway, acting Erie postmaster. Loretta Gamble,
61, and her daughter, Denice A. Gamble, 25, both of Erie, were among the busy travelers with appointments before Postal
Service sales associate Gregg Wawrzyniak at the Griswold Plaza post office. They applied for passports in preparation for
a six-day trip in July to an all-inclusive resort in Punta Cana, Dominican Republic. Loretta Gamble said another daughter,
Kimberly Gamble, a psychologist who lives out of town, will join them on the trip. Kimberly Gamble was getting her
passport on the same day. "We actually didn't know the June 1 (deadline) was coming up,'' Denice Gamble said. "So now
we'll have it,'' her mother added. And that includes their trips to Canada, where before, they only needed to show birth
certificates, she said. Postal Service employees said the Griswold Plaza and Presque Isle branches are each averaging 12
to 15 appointments per business day now, compared with about eight to 10 per day before the deadline crunch. Getting a
new passport is an investment, especially for a family. For someone 16 or older, it costs $100 -- $75 to the Department of
State and $25 to the Postal Service -- and another $15 if the Postal Service snaps your two required photographs. For
children younger than 16, a passport is $85 plus the photography fee. A child younger than 16 arriving by land or water
from Canada or Mexico still only needs to present an original or copy of his or her birth certificate after Monday,
according to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection Web site. A cheaper alternative is the passport card, which fits in
your wallet. That costs $45 for an adult and $35 for a child, plus the photography fee. But you can't use it for international
air travel. Even if you act now to schedule a passport appointment, it could take up to six weeks to get your passport and
up to three weeks if you're willing to pay another $60 each for faster service, said Ron Holman, passport acceptance agent
for the Erie postal service.
Tack on $14.85 for express service that will get that passport to you one day earlier, he said.
Denice Gamble said the passports are "kind of pricey,'' But her mother said the cost was worth it for the travel that they
enjoy. "This is good for 10 years. That's how I look at it,'' Loretta Gamble said. A child's passport expires after five years.
Justine Stewart, 15, a sophomore at Iroquois High School, followed the Gambles at the counter to apply for her passport.
She's leaving July 22 for Brazil, where she will learn as a foreign-exchange student for one year. Her mother, Melanie
Stewart, 46, was at her side at the counter. Melanie Stewart said she knew the deadline was coming for travel across the
border, though it's not a pressing need. But Stewart said she usually takes her three children, including Justine, to Niagara
Falls, Ontario, each summer to see the falls and a butterfly observatory. "We won't be doing that this year,'' she said. And
her 19-year-old son, Whitney, usually goes sailing to Canada with his father, Melanie Stewart said. Whitney "won't be
able to go,'' Melanie Stewart said. The passport requirement also applies to those cruising across Lake Erie to Canada. "If
you go over the line, you'd better have a passport to get back in,'' said Marcy Rutkosky, secretary to the postmaster.

                                            Bridge Authority revenue way up
                                          Watertown Daily Times – May 28, 2009

The Thousand Islands Bridge Authority reported last week that its year-to-date net revenue increased significantly
compared with last year. Despite a decrease in commercial traffic at the Thousand Islands International Bridge, the year-
to-date net revenue, or profit, for the bridge and other facilities and programs is up by 216.6 percent, to $158,167 from
$49,947 compared with the same period last year. "We estimated a loss of $8,254 but actually saw a net gain of
$158,167," said Robert G. Horr III, Thousand Islands Bridge Authority executive director. Mr. Horr said the increase in
profit was due mainly to the weaker Canadian dollar against the U.S. dollar in April. He said the authority reports all its
finances in U.S. dollars and converts its Canadian funds — including bridge tolls collected in Canadian dollars and its
investment in Canadian banks — based on the market exchange rate at the end of each month for the monthly reports.
However, Mr. Horr said, the authority does not physically convert the Canadian funds because TIBA is a joint U.S.-
Canada operation and has to pay some of its bills and payrolls with Canadian dollars. The authority reported a year-to-
date gain of $142,540 through the exchange rate alone. It reported a loss of $76,588 last year because there was a gap
between the Canadian toll rate and the actual market exchange rate. Mr. Horr said it is too soon to say whether the trend
will continue because the exchange rate has been so unpredictable in recent years. Because of the fluctuating exchange
rate, the authority decided in April that it would adjust its Canadian toll rate every three months. It last adjusted the
Canadian toll rate in January to $2.75 from $2.50, and the Canadian dollar has continued to get weaker. The bridge
authority plans to adjust the Canadian toll rate again in the beginning of July. Also, the total year-to-date operational cost
for TIBA's facilities and programs decreased by 9.2 percent this year. The authority's spending was down on capital
projects, Boldt facilities and equipment for the bridge, according to its April financial report. "It's something that's just so
out of control," Mr. Horr said. In March through April, commercial traffic at the bridge dropped by 16.4 percent, or
11,422 vehicles, compared with the same period last year. "Ironically, that's also because of the currency. The Canadian
exports are not as enticing to U.S. buyers," he said. Passenger traffic at the bridge increased by 1 percent, or 1,207
crossings, in April compared to last year. The year-to-date toll income dropped by 11.5 percent, or $119,105, from last
year's $1.1 million. Mr. Horr said most bridges in the Great Lakes region have seen a decrease in commercial traffic
owing to the national economic downturn. More recently, he said, the Ambassador Bridge in Detroit saw a huge decrease
in commercial traffic because of the struggling auto industry. Commercial traffic at the Ambassador Bridge dropped by
25.5 percentin March and April compared with the same months last year.

                                         Mohawks to rally against arming agents
                                       Plattsburgh Press Republican – May 29, 2009

More rallies are planned this weekend on the St. Regis Mohawk Reservation in opposition to Canada's plan to arm its
border agents. Akwesasne residents and non-Native supporters are staging unity socials at 6:30 tonight and at noon
Saturday at the Canada Customs house at the Massena-Cornwall International Bridge. The rallies are in protest of the
Canadian government's arming of Canada Border Service Agency officers on Indian land, which is to begin Monday. "An
increasing number of Native and non-Native people are viewing the arming of CBSA officers as a direct threat to the
safety of Akwesasne residents and all border travelers that pass through the Cornwall Port of Entry," the Mohawk Council
of Akwesasne, which governs the Canadian side of the reserve, said in a news release. Tribal leaders were in Ottawa
Thursday to object to the move and hoped to meet with federal officials to share their concerns that arming officers would
only escalate tension at the border. "The arming of CBSA officers in an immediate residential area on Akwesasne
Mohawk territory is unnecessary and will place the safety of all border travelers in jeopardy," the release reads. A similar
rally was held earlier this month.

                                City to host global leaders for G-20 summit in September
                                         Pittsburgh Post-Gazette - May 29, 2009

A little more than two weeks ago, White House officials contacted Mayor Luke Ravenstahl, Allegheny County Executive
Dan Onorato and other officials with two questions: Would they be interested in hosting an international event and could
they keep it a secret? That set off a frenzy of meetings and telephone calls among government, business and hotel officials
that culminated with yesterday's announcement that Pittsburgh will host the G-20 world economic summit Sept. 24-25 at
the David L. Lawrence Convention Center. The key -- in addition to not letting word leak out about the possibility before
the White House announcement -- was clearing blocks of hotel rooms and making them available at rates that world
leaders were willing to pay. The summit will involve the leaders of 20 of the world's important industrialized and
developing nations. The September summit will be a followup to an April meeting in London and will serve as a update
on the world economic crisis. It also will highlight the economic benefits of environmentally friendly practices. The 20
members of the G-20 that can be expected to attend the summit are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France,
Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United
Kingdom, the United States and the European Union (along with the European Central Bank). The summit will be a
meeting of leaders of those countries, White House officials said. It will not be just deputies, who typically meet in
advance of a summit meeting, and who had initially been scheduled for a G-20 assembly in September. The leaders
decided in April that it would be useful for them to meet then as well for an update. Both President Barack Obama and
first lady Michelle Obama will be coming to Pittsburgh to act as hosts, the White House said. Joseph McGrath, president
and CEO of VisitPittsburgh, said his organization was brought in early by the city and county to work out the logistics of
the summit, because "that's what we do." But this situation was different from Major League Baseball's All-Star Game or
the U.S. Open golf tournament. Because the White House had set a ceiling on overall costs for the summit gathering, he
had to ask hotel operators for their best rates for a Thursday and Friday in September, yet without identifying the event.
"[White House officials] were looking for room blocks, and we had to get the commitments from the hotel operators," Mr.
McGrath said. "It was a little different because we were not at liberty to tell them what the event was. We had to go back
to some of them two or three times to get the rate we needed to make this work." Fortunately for officials at the
convention center, it had only three, relatively minor events scheduled at that time, a business meeting and two private
events. White House officials said they focused on Pittsburgh because of the city's economic recovery from the decline of
the steel industry in the 1980s, and because of its leadership in environmentally friendly buildings. The administration
also is funding research on solar window panels under development for office buildings by PPG Industries. The David L.
Lawrence Convention Center, which administration officials were familiar with from previous campaign visits to the city,
will be the summit headquarters. It is the largest LEED-certified center in the world, just as the new arena under
construction Uptown will be the largest LEED-certified arena in North America when it opens in 2011. LEED is the
acronym for the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design certification system, developed by the U.S. Green
Building Council. Kevin Evanto, an aide to Allegheny County Chief Executive Dan Onorato, said officials will reactivate
the same series of host committees that it used in recent years for the All-Star game and U.S. Open. "This is a tremendous
opportunity for Pittsburgh," said city Chief of Staff Yarone Zober. "This is a chance for us to showcase our city, and our
region, for the world." Among the selling points: "Pittsburgh has really been a model for an economic turnaround," he
said, noting the smokestacks-to-knowledge transformation of the regional economy and the development of
environmentally friendly "green" job sectors. It doesn't hurt, he said, that "President Obama is a big Pittsburgh fan in so
many ways, and we're glad of it." He acknowledged that preparing the city to host the world's leaders would be a big job.
"We're going to be ready to welcome the world to Pittsburgh in September," Mr. Zober said. "We're going to make sure
that this city shines. ... This is potentially one of the largest things to happen in Pittsburgh." The short-term economic
impact to hotels, restaurants and other Downtown businesses is significant, he said. So may be the long-term impact of
introducing so many top leaders and international journalists to the city, hopefully including its neighborhoods, he said.
The city's public safety departments have already begun coordinating security planning with the Secret Service, he said,
but details are not yet worked out. The federal government is expected to cover most costs associated with hosting the
summit meeting. City Public Safety Director Michael Huss said it was too early to talk about the specifics of security, but
he acknowledged that the city is well aware of the demonstrations that sometimes accompany such gatherings. The Secret
Service is expected to take the lead on security, which has presented issues at some prior summits when protests have
turned violent. "We are confident we can provide a safe location," the county's Mr. Evanto said. Dennis Yablonsky, head
of the Allegheny Conference on Community Development, said the summit is several notches above the world-class
sporting events the region has hosted in recent years. In addition to world leaders, dozens of international journalists will
be exposed to the city, he said. "The number of people involved may not be as big, but the worldwide attention that will
be focused here will be bigger than anything we've ever seen," Mr. Yablonsky said. "Pittsburgh has been a transformed
region, with new industries and a balanced economy, and we can tell that story to the world." Other officials also noted
that Pittsburgh will be in the world's spotlight:
• "Pittsburgh has a lot of which it can be very proud, and the G-20 summit offers a great opportunity to showcase how
Pittsburgh has reinvented itself, while creating new opportunities for its residents," Gov. Ed Rendell said. "Any doubts
that Pittsburgh is a world-class city with a bright future should be erased by this choice."
• "When Pittsburgh takes centerstage as the host of the G-20 summit this fall, the world is going to see a city that provides
a living case study of how to reinvent an economy," said U.S. Rep. Jason Altmire, D-McCandless. "Following the steel
industry's decline in the 1970s, Pittsburgh reinvented itself into a new center for bio-medical research and development
and high-tech industries."
• "This is terrific news for a world-class city," said U.S. Sen. Robert Casey, D-Pa. "The G-20 summit should be an
economic boon for Pittsburgh and for Pennsylvania. In these times, when economies need to be resilient and adapt,
Pittsburgh's history and the character of its people can teach the world a thing or two about hard work, innovation and a
skilled workforce." Read more: "City to host global leaders for G-20 summit in September" - http://www.post-

                       Bombardier Inc. pushing boundaries to move people from here to there
                                     Pittsburgh Post-Gazette – May 22, 2009

Canada's Bombardier Inc. is all about moving people, over the ground and through the air. Its local operations, along
Lebanon Church Road in West Mifflin, concentrate on rail transportation, selling and shipping automated people mover
"cars" worldwide. Ironically, Bombardier's local operations got their start in the 1960s, when Westinghouse
Transportation Systems Inc. introduced a rolling folly known as "Skybus." The local failure at promoting the then-latest in
mass transit vehicles, Skybus led to Bombardier's automated people movers. Today they are used at airports and in urban
locations worldwide. Among Bombardier's people-mover clients are Las Vegas' McCarran, Tampa, Dallas-Fort Worth
and Beijing Capital international airports, and inner-city systems in Bologna, Italy, and Guangzhou City, China.
Pittsburgh International Airport's underground people mover system is maintained by Bombardier. Company executives
are awaiting word from the city of Phoenix concerning a $200 million transportation system contract. "We can deliver
turnkey transportation systems," said Matthew Gardner, director of supply management and procurement, for
Bombardier's Total Transit Systems unit. Turnkey means the company supplies everything from blueprints to people
mover delivery. To help Bombardier meet its order backlog, the company is in discussions with the Regional Industrial
Development Corp., general partner in Almono L.P., a partnership created by four local foundations, to redevelop a 178-
acre, former LTV Steel Corp. property in Hazelwood. The rail transportation company wants to construct a $9 million,
three-quarter-mile-long test track on the site to road test high-speed people movers. The existing half-mile-long West
Mifflin test track isn't long enough to test higher-speed vehicles. The track could be expanded to serve the entire Almono
site and "our future hope is to carry passengers from the site to Oakland and, ultimately, to downtown Pittsburgh, "
Bombardier spokesman Kathryn Nickerson told the Tribune-Review. To help move the project forward, the Urban
Redevelopment Authority of Pittsburgh has approved Bombardier's application for a $500,000 grant through the state's
Redevelopment Assistance Capital Program. Another $500,000 grant through the same program could be made available,
Bombardier spokesman Paul Overby said. "We are continuing to seek additional state funds through that program and
their there is a possibility of getting federal funds through the administration's stimulus funding plan," Overby said
Thursday. Yesterday, Bombardier opened the doors to its facility at 1501 Lebanon Church Road to reporters, politicians
and area chambers of commerce representatives to help kick off TradeRoots PA, a new multi-year, private sector program
that hopes to raise local support and public awareness about the importance of international trade to the state. Despite the
recession, Bombardier Transportation is in a steep growth mode. Its revenues for the fiscal year ended Jan. 31, totaled
$9.8 billion, up 25 percent from the previous year. Earnings before interest and taxes hit $515 million, compared to $177
million for the previous year. The unit's order backlog stood at $24.7 billion at Jan. 31. Congress' approval of $13.1 billion
in passenger rail spending over the next five years could mean more work for Bombardier. Amtrak, for example, gets
most of its rail cars from Bombardier.

                                        Chamber leads delegation to Washington
                                      Plattsburgh Press Republican – May 22, 2009

The Plattsburgh-North Country Chamber of Commerce recently led a local delegation through three days of advocacy in
Washington. "I found this year's trip by our delegation to be one of the most satisfying ones to date," Chamber President
Garry Douglas said. That's because the relationships with the area's representatives and their staffs have reached a level of
maturity and respect that allows the chamber and its delegation to punch above its weight, he said. "We don't have to do as
much of a hard sell as we have in the past." The visit included meetings with U.S. Sens. Chuck Schumer and Kirsten
Gillibrand and U.S. Reps. John McHugh and Scott Murphy.
STRAND THEATER - One of the priorities this year was to seek funding for the Strand Theater restoration project. The
North Country Cultural Center for the Arts needs $800,000 in funding in 2010 to help complete the project. Douglas said
the chamber and others see it as a critical component of workforce development and retention. The lack of a vibrant arts
scene is quoted as a detriment to those efforts by local employers, he said. "The Strand would be a huge and positive
answer to that problem."
MASS TRANSIT - Another priority this year was to secure funding for mass-transportation equipment manufacturing and
other initiatives under the transportation authorization bill expected to pass Congress later this year. That bill will define
transportation spending for the next five years or more, Douglas said. With companies such as Bombardier, Nova Bus and
Curtis Door in the transportation-equipment manufacturing business, he said, it's imperative for the North Country that the
bill create maximum metropolitan contract opportunities.
RAILROAD - The delegation pushed for improvements that could be made to the Albany-Montreal rail corridor, shared
by freight trains and Amtrak. The line isn't able to support true high-speed rail but could certainly allow faster traffic,
Douglas said. Quebec Premier Jean Charest and other Quebec officials support such changes. Work also needs to be done
to speed passenger-train customs clearance on both sides of the border, Douglas said, since it now can sometimes take up
to a couple of hours for trains to clear.
FLU RESEARCH - Trudeau Institute Vice President for Institutional Advancement Terry Gach was part of a request for
$8 million to be included in the 2010 Defense Authorization and Appropriation bill. That money would be used to
continue the Saranac Lake-based institute's involvement with the U.S. Navy in development of pandemic influenza
vaccines. Douglas said the regional congressional officials were receptive to that request.
OTHER PROJECTS - There was also a request for $2.5 million to create a transportation and global supply chain
research center at Plattsburgh State, $26 million for the final three phases of the Adirondack Scenic Railroad and funding
for road and parking-lot improvements at Plattsburgh International Airport. The chamber advocated for the CBN Connect
Inc. broadband network to receive $26.2 million in federal stimulus funding, expected to be announced soon. Douglas said
he will undertake follow-up visits to Washington in July and September as congressional leaders take action on the
funding bills. He said the annual visits to Washington have led to about $200 million in federal investments in the North
Country during the last several years.

                                             Canada's tallest hotel is a sellout
                                              Buffalo News – May 27, 2009

A 53-story tower that claims the title of the tallest hotel in Canada sold out its available rooms during its opening last
weekend. The Hilton Hotel & Suites — Niagara Falls Fallsview, an expanded lodging on Fallsview Boulevard, is
scheduled to fully open in late June. The new tower — which eclipses the HSBC Center in Buffalo by 15 stories — is the
tallest building between Toronto and New York City. It was initially planned as a 58-story tower, but was scaled back. I
think it was really just cost at the end of the day, said Anthony Annunziata, vice president for marketing and development
for Hilton Niagara Falls Fallsview. It made sense at 53, and we didn't actually need to go to 58. The building is the tallest
hotel in Canada and is taller than all but nine hotels in the United States, Annunziata said. Four of the nine taller hotels in
the U.S. are still under construction in Las Vegas, he said. The Hilton Fallsview is attached to the Fallsview Casino
Resort, near the Horseshoe Falls. Across the border in Niagara Falls, N.Y., the Seneca Niagara Casino & Hotel is the
tallest building at 26 stories. The new tower in Niagara Falls, Ont., doubled the number of rooms in the Hilton from about
500 to 1,000, and added two new restaurants. The Hilton opened 240 of the tower's suites on Friday and sold all of them
the first night, Annunziata said. Additional suites will continue to open in the tower throughout the next month. Each suite
features a sitting room with a fireplace. We'll be bringing more online every day, Annunziata said. The $150 million
(Canadian) project also added a 375-seat Romano's Macaroni Grill to the hotel. A Brazilian steakhouse will open next
month. A second phase of the Hilton expansion project will include 40,000 square feet of conference and meeting space
and a 40,000-square-foot themed recreational pool and spa. The second phase is scheduled to be completed in the spring
of 2012. The Hilton hotel complex is owned by Hospitality Resorts, founded by Vincent DiCosimo Sr. I have to tell you,
we're very proud of the very committed and very aggressive private sector, said Mayor Ted Salci. The DiCosimo family
epitomizes what has happened since Niagara Falls has taken advan tage of the introduction of casino gamingcq in 1996.
Salci said city leaders have carefully crafted local laws that address building heights in recent years to protect views of the
falls and the iconic nature of the Skylon Tower, while still allowing for new development to take place. To build to 53
stories, the Hilton paid about $1.25 million in fees that will be used toward the construction of a $37 million, four-rink
public ice complex scheduled to open next year, Salci said. The Hilton might not remain the tallest in the city for long.
Salci said the city will consider an application in June for a proposed 57-story building. The city also has approved five
applications for new hotels of various heights that have yet to be built.

                                         Whirlpool Jet Boat status still unsettled
                                             Buffalo News – May 27, 2009

A grass-roots group seeking to bar the Whirlpool Jet Boat company from using a dock in Niagara-on-the- Lake, Ont., won
a two-year battle in court last week but found more turbulence Monday night when the fight over the operation landed
back before the Town Council. Ontario Superior Court Justice J. W. Quinn, in a decision issued last week, said the jet
boats are an “exciting, wet and exhilarating amusement ride that would be lawful and welcome” in many places, but “the
dock [at Niagara-on-the Lake] is not one of them.” The town renewed a nonconforming lease last year with Whirlpool Jet
Boat owner John Kinney to continue to use dock space at the foot of Melville Street. Quinn ruled the lease was granted
improperly. Niagara-on-the-Lake Lord Mayor Gary Burroughs said Town Council members met behind closed doors
Monday night and voted 5-4 to appeal the ruling, after “quite a debate.” Burroughs said he was the deciding vote in the
town’s decision to move forward in the legal battle. No date was set for the appeal, the mayor said, but without an appeal
the Jet Boat company could have been out of business in Niagara-on-the-Lake within a few weeks. Whirlpool Jet Boat
employs 130 people on eight high-speed boats in a fleet that sets off from Niagara-on-the Lake and Queenston, Ont., on
the Canadian side of the Niagara River, and Lewiston on the American side, soaking its riders with river spray and
information about the region on a trip into the Whirlpool Rapids. “[With the] economy imploding around us in Western
New York and Southern Ontario,” Kinney told The Buffalo News, “we better do what we can do to secure our tourism.”
What kind of tourism, wondered Mary Mursell, chairwoman of the Niagara River Coalition, the group that brought the
lawsuit. She and her group wish that visitors and residents alike could enjoy “passive public leisure time” on the river.
“Right now an individual can’t even pull up in a canoe,” Mursell said. “They are terrified. No one can reach their docks.”
Kinney first began the Jet Boat company in Niagara-on-the- Lake and has been there for the past 17 years. “What the
town of Niagara-on- the-Lake does with the water will be decided by the people, not a municipal judge,” Kinney said. “If
it wants to have a Jet Boat, it will have to rezone.” Mursell said she was “saddened to see the town voting to spend even
more public funds [on an appeal] for the benefit of a private concern.” She said the Niagara River Coalition represents
more than 200 people concerned with safety and environmental matters on the river. The group tried to get the town to
listen and to stop the lease from going forward, she said, but were banned from speaking at Town Council meetings. “A
court case was the last thing we wanted,” Mursell said. “Of course the Jet Boat is important, but public input is
important,” Burroughs said. He said town officials are working on a community plan for the Old Town and looking at
how the jet boats fits into the plan. “If the community is dead set against [jet boats], then I will respect that,” Burroughs
said. Kinney said he was confident the town will win on appeal. Mursell disagreed. “Right now,” she said, the Niagara
River “is just a highway for 50-mile-per-hour jet boats. It once was very peaceful.” The judge said that by locking the
gates, putting a fence up and charging admission for jet boat rides, the dock could not be considered a public waterfront
park. But Kinney said the fence had been up since 1968 and said locking gates at docks is something that is done as part
of border security. “You just can’t come and go as you like anymore on any waterway. It’s just not done anymore. How
can anybody have valuable property and not have security,” Kinney said. He also said that many docks and parks charge
fees. Kinney’s company is also the subject of a court battle in Queenston from wary residents who are trying to stop the
Jet Boat expansion at the Sand Dock and are now appealing the Niagara Escarpment Commission decision to allow
Whirlpool Jet Boat to double the size of its current building there. “We are a small historic village, and since 1998 the Jet
Boat has been very quietly ramping up,” said James Armstrong, president of the Queenston Community Association.
“This is not a minor addition, and if they lose their lease on Melville Street [at Niagara-on-the- Lake], we will be
inundated.” Lewiston Mayor Richard F. Soluri said Kinney has a major investment in the village, and said he felt Kinney
has tried to address and speak to individuals with concerns. Soluri called the company a “good corporate citizen,” and said
the company’s lease on the village waterfront will continue for another 15 years.

                                      Convention business up, visitor count down
                                       Business First of Buffalo – May 29, 2009

While the Buffalo Niagara Convention & Visitors Bureau is looking at softer hotel occupancy numbers, the future looks
brighter. CVB officials said the bureau has booked 108 new conventions, meetings, special events or amateur sporting
events since the beginning of the year — a 27 percent increase from the 85 bookings it made during the same period in
2008. The new bookings come as the hospitality and tourism industry - both nationwide and locally - suffering from the
effects of the economy. Hotel occupancy, according to Smith Travel Research of Nashville, is down 11 percent though
April while in Buffalo and Erie County it was off 9.8 percent, falling from 59.4 percent to 53.6 percent. Nationally, hotel
occupancy dropped from 59.1 percent to 52.6 percent. It also comes at a time when the CVB is under fire from Erie
County Executive Chris Collins, who wants the organization to be more proactive and aggressive. CVB President and
CEO Richard Geiger resigned from the bureau, effective Friday, and a national search for his replacement is only just
beginning. The 108 definite bookings will bring in a projected 59,911 visitors in the coming months and years, up 60.6
percent from the 37,293 visitors that are predicted as part of the 85 bookings landed in the first part of 2008. The
economic impact from the new bookings is pegged at $28.84 million. Last year’s bookings produced or will produce
$22.19 million in local spending. The CVB sales and marketing staff is courting another 180 groups or events that, if
booked, could bring in 88,575 visitors. That’s the good news. The bad news is the visitor count for those potential
bookings is down 24.3 percent. Last year, the CVB made a pitch to 169 groups that could have brought in 117,105 people.
The drop in potential visitors is clearly tied to the economy, said Michael Even, CVB vice president of sales and services.
“Meeting planners are making few commitments,” he said. “And, they are promising less delegates (visitors) than ever

    B.          Border Communications

Van Loan and Napolitano successfully conclude their first high-level
border meeting
Ottawa, May 27, 2009 — Minister Van Loan made the following statement after the meeting with U.S.
Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano. The twice yearly meetings are a major positive step forward for
Canada to strengthen relations with the U.S. and create opportunities for both countries to facilitate trade, jobs,
and economic growth while improving security at the border.

―I am delighted to announce that Secretary Napolitano and I have moved forward with measures which mark
the improving nature of our relationship. One advances the principles—agreed at our meeting in Washington in
March—of seeking opportunities for co-operation and sharing resources, and increasing security without limiting
trade across the border. Another measure is a commitment to work jointly in assessing the risks and threats at
our common border.

The Shiprider Agreement, which we signed yesterday in Detroit, will help both countries work together to
combat organized crime in shared waterways. With vessels jointly staffed by law enforcement personnel from
both countries, Shiprider will allow more effective and efficient policing of our maritime shared border. No
longer will criminals be able to take advantage of legal water boundaries to escape the long arm of the law.
Shiprider will strengthen our ability to deter, detect, and combat cross-border crime, such as the smuggling and
trafficking of illegal drugs, tobacco, guns and people. We are joining together with the United States to create a
safer, more secure, and more efficient border to enhance the safety and security of our citizens as well as the
North American economy.

Secretary Napolitano and I also agreed to a Framework for the Movement of People and Goods across the
border during and following an emergency. This framework will help ensure that first responders will not be
delayed at the border when emergency assistance is needed in either country. Furthermore, if the border is
closed for whatever reason, it will return to normal operations as quickly as possible.

These measures are a sign of the growing positive relationship that we are building with the United States, with
whom we share security and trade interests. They also stand as clear evidence that we can enhance security
and improve the flow of people and goods across the border at the same time. Those who say there is a trade-
off – that you cannot improve security without harming trade – are simply wrong.

A significant step forward was a further commitment of both countries to work together. We agreed to develop
a joint threat and risk assessment regarding the Canada-U.S. border. This is something long called for by those
with strong interests in trade across our borders.

It’s been called for by security advocates. It will build trust and co-operation between our countries. It will help
us focus resources where they are needed most – on real threats. It is a very positive step forward, illustrating
a new era of improving shared management of our border.

A further topic discussed was the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative. Citizens of both countries are reminded
of the need to have a passport or other compliant document to cross the U.S. border starting June 1.

In addition, we have issued a joint statement which reflects our shared commitment to strengthen border
cooperation. This will help guide our future discussions. The United States and Canada will continue to work
together to practice the good governance of our shared border.
A commitment to work together has been marked by deeds—and followed by further commitments to work
together towards a safe and secure border. This makes common sense. We share a common interest in
facilitating trade and the economic prosperity it brings both our countries. We share a common interest as
friends, neighbours and allies in co-operating and sharing resources to more efficiently and effectively improve
our security and trade.‖

See also:

               Joint statement on the Canada-U.S. border
               Canada-United States framework for the movement of goods and people across the border
       during and following an emergency
               Further information about WHTI travel document requirements for entry into the United States
       as of June 1, 2009

Joint statement on the Canada-U.S. border
OTTAWA, May 27, 2009 - The Honourable Peter Van Loan, Minister of Public Safety and the Honourable Janet
Napolitano, Secretary of Homeland Security recognize the unique nature of the Canada-United States border
and share a determination to tackle common threats that we face, including terrorism and organized crime.

We are working in partnership to ensure we manage the border in a way that contributes to the well-being of
our two countries and recognize that we can enhance our security without compromising trade.

Together, the United States and Canada create and trade over a billion dollars worth of goods and services each
day. We are committed to a collaborative approach to our border, one that enhances our security and public
safety while facilitating the trade and travel that connect our two countries.

Building on a longstanding relationship of cooperation and collaboration, we share the following goals and plan
to meet twice a year to monitor progress:

                 Develop joint threat and risk assessments to assist the two countries in forming a common
       understanding of the threats and risks we face.
                 Advance initiatives that manage risk while facilitating the movement of legitimate goods and
       people; and enhance our ability to assist one another in times of emergency.
                 Endeavour to share information relevant to preventing people or goods that threaten our
       mutual safety and security from entering either nation or from crossing our shared border, consistent
       with our respective laws, including our privacy laws.
                 Where our national laws inhibit or prohibit such sharing, we will strive to ensure that our
       separate systems prevent entry of dangerous people or goods to either country or across the shared
                 Expand integrated law enforcement operations along our shared border and waterways to
       prevent criminals and/or terrorists from using the border to evade enforcement or to inflict harm on our
       two countries.
                 Seek to leverage resources where possible by exploring models for joint or shared border
       facilities, equipment, and technology, as well as for cross-designation of personnel as appropriate.

For more information, please visit the website: www.publicsafety.gc.ca. or www.dhs.gov.

See also:

              Canada-United States framework for the movement of goods and people across the border
       during and following an emergency

CBP Commits to Flexible, Practical Implementation of June 1
Document Requirements for U.S. and Canadian Citizens at Land and
Sea Ports of Entry
(Wednesday, May 27, 2009)

Washington - U.S. Customs and Border Protection assured U.S. and Canadian citizens today that, if otherwise
admissible, they will be able to re-enter the United States when the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI) is
implemented for land and sea travel on June 1.

“CBP’s mission is to protect our borders,” said CBP Acting Commissioner Jayson P. Ahern. “WHTI implements a key 9/11
Commission recommendation by requiring secure travel documents while facilitating entry. We will be practical and
flexible in implementing WHTI using the same informed compliance approach that proved successful during other major
changes at our borders over the last two years.”

CBP is committed to working with travelers to ensure they have access to and can obtain appropriate travel documents.
U.S. and Canadian citizens who lack WHTI-compliant documents are encouraged to continue with their travel plans and
to obtain WHTI travel documents as soon as possible to further expedite future border crossings.

WHTI documents for land and sea travel include:

        U.S. or Canadian Passport;
        Trusted Traveler Card (NEXUS, SENTRI, or FAST/EXPRES);
        U.S. Passport Card;
        State or Provincial Enhanced Driver’s Licenses (when and where available)

U.S. and Canadian citizen children under age 16 arriving by land or sea from Canada, Mexico, or the Caribbean need
only present proof of citizenship, such as an original or copy of his or her birth certificate, a Consular Report of Birth
Abroad, a Naturalization Certificate, or a Canadian Citizenship Card.

Document requirements for lawful permanent residents of the United States do not change under WHTI; lawful permanent
residents should continue to present their Permanent Resident Card (I-551) when entering the United States. A passport
is not required.

The Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative is the joint Department of Homeland Security- Department of State program
that implements a key 9/11 Commission recommendation and Congressional mandate to establish document
requirements for travelers entering the United States who were previously exempt, including citizens of the United States,
Canada and Bermuda. WHTI document requirements for air travel went into effect in 2007.

For more information, visit the WHTI Web site. ( Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative )

U.S. Customs and Border Protection is the unified border agency within the Department of Homeland Security charged
with the management, control and protection of our nation's borders at and between the official ports of entry. CBP is
charged with keeping terrorists and terrorist weapons out of the country while enforcing hundreds of U.S. laws.

Lee Announces Permanent Passport Office Coming to Western New York

Tuesday May 26, 2009

Lawmaker Applauds State Department’s Decision to Establish Passport Issuance Agency in the Region; Currently Only 14 Such
Offices in the United States

ROCHESTER – Congressman Chris Lee (NY-26) held a press conference this afternoon at the Monroe County Clerk’s Office to
announce that the State Department is taking steps to open a permanent passport issuance agency in Western New York.

The lawmaker has been fighting to bring a one-stop shop for travel documents to the region as part of an extensive effort to prepare for
the implementation of new travel rules that go into effect next Monday, June 1st. Under the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative
(WHTI), U.S. citizens will be required to present a passport or other valid travel document at all land-based ports of entry.

Congressman Lee first petitioned Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on this issue in late March. At present, Western New Yorkers have
to drive several hours to the nearest issuance agency – either in downtown Manhattan or Detroit – to obtain a passport in short order.
Additionally, applications filed at local postal facilities and county clerks’ offices take weeks to process.

“There are only 14 passport offices in the entire country, so to make it on to that list is a great accomplishment for Western New York,
which relies so heavily on cross-border commerce for jobs and economic development,” Congressman Lee said. “I will continue to work
with federal, state, and local officials to ensure the implementation of these new travel rules goes as smoothly as possible for local
residents and businesses.”

Through several surveys, Congressman Lee has found that most constituents are still unprepared for the new rules to take effect. Every
day, Western New Yorkers head into and out of Canada at one of four locations – the Rainbow, Whirlpool, Peace, and Lewiston-
Queenston bridges. Nearly 500,000 New York jobs supported by Canada-U.S. trade. The two nations trade $535 billion in merchandise



100 Year-Old Breakwater Wall Protects Ship And Harbor From 12 Foot Waves And Other Dangerous Open Sea Conditions; All
                         Shipping And Recreation At Port Would Cease If Wall Were To Crumble

                     Schumer Fights For Federal Funding To Repair Wall, Save Shipping At Port Of Oswego

                               Port Provides Jobs And Almost $6 Million In Revenue For The Region

United States Charles E. Schumer today announced a major push to secure funding to repair and replace an absolutely critical
breakwater at the Port of Oswego. The wall, over 100 years old, protects the port from violent sea conditions. If it were to collapse, as
it is in danger of doing, shipping and recreational activities at the port would be impossible, causing regional economic devastation.
Schumer is working to secure over $4 million in federal funds to repair and replace the wall. Schumer noted that the port directly
provides jobs and generates almost $6 million in direct revenue for the region, so this is investment is critical.

“It is shocking that the only thing preventing the end of operations at the Port of Oswego is a crumbling, century old wall,” said
Schumer. “This is a situation that must be addressed immediately, so that the port can continue growing and providing vital economic
activity and jobs to Oswego and Central New York. I was recently able to convince the Army Corps to make resources available so that
dredging at the port could occur, and we must not allow the progress we have made to be reversed by a simple, aging wall.”

“I would like to thank Senator Schumer for taking the lead on this incredibly important issue,” said Port of Oswego Executive Director
Jonathon Daniels. “With his help, federal attention will finally be focused on overcoming this hurdle, working to repair the breakwater,
and continuing to grow the port for years to come.”

Offshore breakwaters are man-made walls built one hundred to three hundred feet off the coast, and are designed to prevent coastal
erosion and protect ships docked in- harbor. They do this by absorbing waves and currents, creating a body of still water between the
wall and the shore. The breakwater at the Port of Oswego was built in the late 1800s and has been protecting ships and the shoreline
ever since. If the breakwater were to fail, as it is in danger of doing, ships would not be able to safely dock in the port, and many of the
in-port structures lining the shore could be destroyed. This is a serious concern even in lake ports, as storms can generate waves up
to 12 feet, according to port officials.

Currently there are 1.94 miles of breakwater protecting the 280 acre port. Breakwaters degrade over time due to the freezing and
thawing process, and the natural corrosion caused by the continually crashing waves. To prevent the devastating consequences of a
breakwater breach, Schumer has requested that the Senate’s Energy and Water Development Subcommittee provide more than $4
million to the Army Corps of Engineers to repair the breakwater. The process of planning and repairing the wall could begin as soon as
next year, if the funding is approved.

Schumer has been a long time supporter of the Port of Oswego. Last year, Schumer was able to ensure the port received necessary
dredging by indentifying the existence of a $6.5 million pot of funding earmarked for Army Corps of Engineers (ACOE) to undertake
backlogged dredging projects throughout the Great Lakes, and then personally calling the Army Corps’ top commander, Lt. General
Robert L. Van Antwerp, to urge him to quickly steer money from that allocation to the Port of Oswego.

The absence of dredging in recent years had left the Port with increasingly shallow areas, especially around key access point for ships.
Data collected by the ACOE in May of 2007 showed that the main access point to the port -- the already narrow "Lake Approach
Channel" -- had shrunk to half its size because of silt accumulation. In addition, the water directly in front of the Port's East and West
Docks had grown dramatically shallow. In an area where the recommended water level is 21 feet, the Army Corp's own survey from
May 2007 found that several areas had depths between 16 and 17 feet. This decrease in water level meant that ships hulls must carry
lighter loads to remain more buoyant. The Port of Oswego has noted several instances where companies had to add another ship
because cargo had to be spread out among several vessels.

Due to Schumer’s intervention, dredging began last September. Otherwise, the port may have had to wait until later this year for the
dredging to begin, resulting in lost business and revenue.

Over the past three years, the port’s popularity with the shipping industry has exploded due to its status as the only deep water port on
the U.S. shores of Lake Ontario. The Port has transformed into a critical asset for retaining existing businesses reliant on shipments
and for attracting new growth opportunities to Central New York. Commodities shipped out of the port include soybeans, windmill
components, cement, chemicals, ores and minerals (particularly road salt). There was over 633,000 tons of material shipped or
received in 2006. Some of the major businesses taking advantage of the port throughout Central NY include NRG Energy, Sprague
Energy, Cargill, LaFarge Cement and Essroc Cement.

Embassy: Canada's Foreign Policy Newsweekly - http://www.embassymag.ca/

    C.          Editorials
                    On the borderline - Be prepared for new rules when coming back from Canada
                                             Buffalo News – May 25, 2009

They really mean it this time. Come June 1, a week from today, crossing the U. S.-Canadian border will require more than
a driver’s licence and a smile. A passport, passport card, NEXUS card or an enhanced driver’s license will be among the
few acceptable forms of ID for crossing the frontier under the terms of the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative, or
WHTI. Two questions now face us: Are the appropriate government agencies ready? Are you? If you are among the
frequent border-crossers who has the needed documentation of citizenship in hand, you might take careful note of how
long it takes to get across the border once the new rules are in place. Or you might arrange to be somewhere else that day.
There might still be a few bugs in the system. If you do not have the proper documentation, you should know by now to
stay away. Ad campaigns, including full-page ads in The Buffalo News, have joined government publications and Web
site countdowns in warning everyone that the new rules are about to take effect. First proposed in the wake of the 9/11
terrorist attacks, the rules have been years in the making—and in the delaying, as border-area politicians raised concerns
that the requirements would gum up the economically vital border crossings in Buffalo, Niagara Falls and other points
along what remains the world’s longest demilitarized border. Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano said the
other day that her own concerns about the readiness of the program, which likely have roots in her time as governor of the
border state of Arizona, have been assuaged in the four months she’s been in office. Rep. Louise Slaughter, D-Fairport,
has been among the sharpest skeptics of the program. She has been among those successfully pushing for delays in
implementation to be sure that the many border crossing stations have the equipment and the trained personnel to process
the new electronically enhanced paperwork. Now that fellow Democrats are in charge of the executive branch, Slaughter’s
incentive to criticize is lessened and her hopes that it will work as advertised have increased. But she’s still backing
legislation that would measure the impact the new procedures have on trade, tourism and security. If the border posts are
not ready to handle the new rules, that’s the government’s fault. If we aren’t ready, that’s ours.

    D.          Ciizens Views (write-in letters)
                                           State licenses ease cross-border travel
                                           Watertown Daily Times - May 26, 2009

Beginning June 1, major travel restrictions will be implemented by the federal government. On that date, all U.S. citizens
planning a trip to Canada, Mexico or the Caribbean by land or sea will be required to produce a passport or other federally
approved travel document for re-entry into the United States. In response to the need for these new documents, the New
York State Department of Motor Vehicles began issuing a federally approved Enhanced Driver License (EDL) in
September 2008. Since that time more than 65,000 New York state residents have applied for and received their EDLs.
Applying for an EDL is easy. Simply visit any DMV office with proof of citizenship such as a U.S. birth certificate, proof
of your Social Security number, two proofs of New York state residence and an additional proof of identity such as your
current New York driver's license or non-driver ID card. A complete list of acceptable documents of proof and additional
EDL information can be found on the DMV Web site at www.nysdmv.com. EDLs cost $30 more than a regular driver
license and are valid for eight years. For adults who do not have a driver's license and children of any age, an Enhanced
Non-Driver ID card, which is valid for 10 years, is also available. There is also no need to wait until it's time for your
license to be renewed to apply for the new EDL. The cost for an EDL will be pro-rated based on how much time you have
remaining on your current license or your license expiration date can be extended. Although you can certainly apply for
an EDL after June 1, anyone planning a cross-border trip in the near future should make sure to have the documents
needed to make travel easier. Your EDL should arrive in the mail within two weeks after you apply at a local DMV office.
And, one of the great things about having an EDL is that there is no need to remember to bring a special document on a
cross-border vacation or business trip because you always carry your license anyway. We are very pleased to be able to
offer New York citizens this economical, practical and secure alternative for proof of citizenship. For New Yorkers, it's
the smart way to travel. - David J. Swarts - The writer is commissioner of the state Department of Motor Vehicles.

                                    Last minute is here for securing new documents
                                            Buffalo News – May 23, 2009

Your friend snags tickets to the Bills game in Toronto, your children beg to see African Lion Safari and your live-in
mother wants to join seniors on a bus trip to the Ontario casino. You’ve heard the warnings for months, but figured border
crossing changes will probably be delayed again. The June 1 deadline arrives, you never got around to applying for the
enhanced driver’s license or passport and now you are stuck. Sound like this could be you? Well, you are in good
company. Erie County has accounted for nearly 40 percent of the statewide total of enhanced driver’s licenses issued since
January. That translates into 25,000 motorists who have already acted. For those who never plan on driving or boating to
Canada, no action is needed. But for thousands of our residents who view Canada as a neighbor to be visited and are part
of the continuous flow of traffic and commerce across the four bridges, action is very definitely required. Preserving our
special binational relationship is good for both the Western New York and Southern Ontario economies, and we need to
ensure that after June 1, nothing changes other than what is in your hand when you arrive at the bridge. For those of you
who have waited until the last minute, that time is now. You can still apply for an enhanced license and have it in
approximately 10 days, but passports, which are also processed by the county clerk’s office, average four to six weeks
now. We have undertaken many initiatives to get the word out and to assist residents. For example, under a program we
call “Passports on the Move,” our staff goes on location to various businesses that have 20 or more employees who would
like to apply for passports all at once. This is a welcome perk for employees, while generating new revenues for county
taxpayers. Interested? Contact 858-7754 for more details, or stop by 92 Franklin St. in Buffalo to apply for your
individual passport. Otherwise, your best bet is to visit either the new Auto Bureau in the Rath Building or the
Cheektowaga Auto Bureau for your enhanced driver’s license. As predicted, lines are long now, but when you arrive you
can check our electronic wait-time display for an estimate of how long you will be with us. Plan to watch the news on
CNN, text your friends or bring a good book while you wait on our comfortable benches for your number to be called.
Last bit of friendly advice: If you are waiting for your license renewal to be up before you come in to apply for the
enhanced, don’t. The cost now is $30 plus the cost of your license. The 25 percent state fee increase for licenses begins
Sept. 1. Come in before then and you will avoid that fee increase. So what are you waiting for? - Kathy Hochul is Erie
County clerk.

                                     Canada embraces visitors from Pennsylvania
                                       Pittsburgh Post-Gazette - May 28, 2009

Never underestimate the power of ice hockey. I just got back from a quick trip to Canada. I had gotten so used to seeing
my breath at night and regretting my decision not to wear a parka every time the breeze hit me that I wasn't quite ready to
let go of that yet -- and Pittsburgh was warming up. I must thank the Penguins for a wonderful stay. With no team in the
playoffs, Canadians, who emerge from the womb in hockey skates (pretty tough on their mothers), must choose an
American team to root for or they'll lose the will to live and hurl themselves off an escarpment like very polite lemmings.
If that team is Pittsburgh's, and you are from Pittsburgh, you automatically become a celebrity in Canada. You may be
invited to join a conversation, quaff a free beer or tend goal for a youth team. (Leave your good teeth home.) I am the only
sentient creature in Pittsburgh who doesn't give a rat's rear about sports. I do realize when one of our teams is doing
something important, like winning the Super Bowl (I hear the amateur fireworks from my bath). Simply because I'm fully
conscious for some portion of each day, sports news finds me like ketchup finds white pants. But after frantic packing and
a long drive north, I wasn't thinking about hockey. It was nearly midnight, and I was thinking about passports and dental
floss. (I remembered both but forgot padded bike shorts, an oversight that would come back to bite me later on -- I won't
say where.) After crossing the border into Niagara Falls, I found myself standing in a dazed stupor in the lobby of a hotel,
weighted down with luggage but free of brain function. "You look like you've had a long drive," said the chipper desk
clerk, a nice way of saying, "You have rubbed off your makeup with your hair." "Where'd you come from?" Good
heavens, man, have you no respect for the dead? "Pittsburgh," I said. "Oh! Well, you'll be glad to hear that your Penguins
won tonight, 7-4." I blinked at him for a few seconds, wondering if he'd just switched to French. "What?" He repeated the
news, and I remembered that somewhere in the darkness outside Erie, my companion had received a text message: "Hat
trick." "Hat trick," I said helpfully. "I believe that was Malkin, but I'm not sure. I can look that up for you!" The clerk
hustled over to his computer. "Yes, Malkin had the hat trick," he confirmed a moment later. I had been in Canada no more
than 20 minutes, and I was having a conversation about hockey. But my eyes stopped rolling when further discussion of
the game led to a free upgrade to the Presidential Suite. Score! The next day, we came out of a restaurant in Niagara-on-
the-Lake to find a piece of paper on the car's windshield and a couple waiting for us. Uh-oh. Had they backed into the car?
Or was this an ambush to rough us up over tariffs and softwood lumber? They had seen the Pennsylvania tag and
Pittsburgh sticker. The note on the windshield said, "GO PENS, EH! ENJOY YOUR STAY." They wanted to
congratulate us on being from Pittsburgh. Or on our role in making the Pens win. They were very friendly. I began to wish
I'd brought a Pittsburgh sweat shirt or Pens jersey to wear; we wouldn't have had to pay for a single Labatt's all weekend.
Someone might have bought us an arena. The last thing we did before heading back over the border was stop at Cows for
ice cream. Cows has a lot of cow-themed merchandise, including a mug with a picture of a cow in skates and a Penguins
uniform named … Sidney Cowsby. There are many good reasons to travel to Canada. But if you go now, wear your Pens
hat. It's an instant icebreaker. - By Samantha Bennett, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

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