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English KS3 SATs Resources

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									Alternative Booster Materials
These materials, based on an article about Ellen MacArthur,
were devised by the Birmingham Secondary English Team.
There are four sections, each of which has accompanying
worksheets and can be used as a complete revision session or
as a starter activity.




              Overview of Lesson Materials
Section A : Using the fifteen minutes of reading time
efficiently & understanding the question .

PowerPoint presentation takes pupils through a series of reading
activities to help them make the most of the fifteen minutes reading
time at the start of the reading paper.

Resources :

PowerPoint presentation - using the fifteen minute reading time.
Pupil booklet - printed off slides from the PPT presentation
Any practice SATs paper.



Section B : Understanding the Reading Assessment Focuses

Using the Booster Presentation or other display of the assessment focuses
for reading, pupils are reminded of the reading assessment focuses and
asked to match questions from the sample paper used last lesson to the
assessment focuses using the grid/worksheet ' What will the examiners be
looking for?'.

Resources:
B1. What will the examiners be looking for?



Section C: Applying strategies for reading time &
understanding the question

Teacher models the skim reading of an article about Ellen MacArthur.
Pupils are given 2 minutes to read again in silence for 3 minutes and do
CLAP analysis: Content, Language, Audience, Purpose. Pupils are then
asked to attempt to answer the 2 and 3 mark questions and the answers are
checked as a class.

Resources:
C1. Ellen MacArthur article
C2. Sample shorter questions




Session D : Answering 5-mark questions

Pupils are given a handout about how to interpret the question and
answer 5 mark questions. Then they are asked to mark a sample
answer, applying the criteria. Once this has been reviewed as a
class, pupils are asked to attempt a different five-mark question, for
which a writing frame is provided.



Resources:
D1. Guidance sheet 'Answering 5 mark questions'
D2. Marking a 5 mark question

D3 Sample answer to 5 mark question

D4. Practice 5 mark question


D5 Practice 5 mark question - writing frame
Worksheet B1
What will the examiners be looking for?
In English, the KS3 tests are designed to test your ability in certain English skills,
known as ASSESSMENT FOCUSES. The table below lists the Assessment Focuses
(AFs) and gives examples of question types for each one.

Now see if you can identify which questions address which assessment focus on a sample
practice paper.



Assessment    You will be judged on your            Example question:                    Question
  Focus       ability to:                                                                number

     1            -   read accurately               Unlikely to appear in KS3 SATs
                                                    paper

     2            -   understand, select and/or     Write down the names of the
                      retrieve information,         three countries currently applying
                      events or ideas from a        for EU entry.
                      piece of writing

     3            -   deduce, infer or interpret    From paragraph 5, what can you
                      information                   tell about John's character?



     4            -   identify and comment on       In paragraph 4, the mood
                      the structure and             changes. Summarise the mood of
                      organisation of texts eg      the two parts and comment on
                      layout, design or             how this has been achieved.
                      paragraphs

     5            -   explain and comment on        How does the writer create a
                      the writer's use of           tense and exciting atmosphere?
                      language/choice of words      Support your answer with
                      or phrases                    quotations.

     6            -   comment on the writer's       In extract 3, how does the
                      viewpoint and the effect      journalist want us to view the
                  of the text on the reader   parents she describes? Support
                                              your answer with quotations.

    7         -   comment on the social,      Compare the different attitudes
                  cultural or historical      to parenthood in the 3 extracts.
                  context of a text or        Comment on:
                  compare two or more             - the parents' view
                  texts with each other.          - the childrens' view
                                                  - the government's view



Ellen MacArthur                                            Worksheet C1
Yachtswoman Ellen MacArthur reveals
how her grandmother inspired her to
fulfil her dreams.

My grandmother was an amazing woman, a huge inspiration to me
- she had a dream and never let it go, and achieved it despite
incredible odds. She is someone who was very important to me,
she made a big difference in my life and she also played a crucial
role in my sailing career. Sure, I went and raced round the world
and that was a big thing to undertake and a lot of people were
interested in it, thank goodness. But to do something incredible,
you don't have to do that. Many people in this country do incredible
things and nobody ever hears about it, and my Nan's an example
of that.

Her name was Irene Lewis and she was my mum's mum. She was
warm, friendly, outgoing, very generous and very clever, but more
determined than anything else. Nan's great passion was studying.
When she was at school, she won a scholarship to go to
university, which in those days was very rare for someone from a
very poor family. But her father forbade her to go and forced her to
go out to work because the family needed the money. She was
desperately upset and frustrated at seeing her ambition stifled but
just got on with it.

So at 16 she began working as a secretary in a building society
and was soon providing for the family. But she did evening classes
in shorthand and typing just because she wanted to learn more
skills. After that, all her life she held on to this dream of going to
university and finally achieved it 66 years later.

She always worked like crazy so that her three daughters could go
to university, which they did. Then, later in her life, Nan began
studying again. She did A-level English and GSCE French at night
classes, even though she had a full-time job. After she retired, she
moved near to us in Derbyshire. When my brothers and I were still
kids and she was in her mid-70s, she became a pupil at our
school! She was in my brother Lewis's class for A-level German;
she did that in a year, which was awesome. It didn't seem that odd
that Nan was there, although other students obviously thought it
was. I thought it was cool.

After that, in 1994, she decided to do a degree in European
Studies and French at Derby University, even though she was
already 79. But midway through it she became very ill with a form
of lung cancer called fibriosis and developed pneumonia in her
lungs. It was a massive setback to suddenly find she had a
terminal disease, but it didn't stop her. Even though she couldn't
walk and was out of breath very easily, her specialist advised her
to go back to university and finish the degree, because he knew
that that would give her a great sense of achievement. Getting the
degree was her goal, and that's the one thing that kept her going
when she became very, very ill. The doctors said she shouldn't
have survived as long as she did.

Nan graduated in 1998 at the age of 82. She was thrilled not only
to receive her degree but to be asked to give the thank-you speech
on behalf of all that year's graduates. It was a fantastic speech,
hilarious, and raised the roof. It was pretty special to think that
someone so old and frail could do that with a bunch of students.
Sadly, Nan died three months later.

Nan had a dream and fulfilled        holidays when she was in her
it. I'm at the beginning of          seventies. But she's probably
achieving my dream. I only           watching from somewhere. In
wish she could have seen             fact, I'm sure she is.
what the money she left me in
her will led to - the start of the
fulfilment of my own dream. I
regret that she didn't live to
see me achieve what I have
since achieved. I think about
her a lot and that makes me
smile - her spirit, if you like. I
have strong memories of her,
sitting studying with her books
or joining us on family sailing
Ellen MacArthur                                       Worksheet C2
Answer questions 1 - 3 on your own. You have 10 minutes in which to do this.

   1     From the first pargraph, write down 2 ways in which the writer
         encourages readers to be interested in the article.
         ………………………………………………………………………………
         ………………………………………………………………………………
         ………………………………………………………………………………
         AF5 Writer's use of language                                  2 marks
   2     Using the information in the text, complete the grid below,
         summarising the main stages of MacArthur's grandmother's
         educational journey.
          Age                           What did MacArthur's grandmother
                                        do?


          16


          79
        82
    AF2 Extracting information                          3 marks


3      In paragraph 2 what does the reader learn about MacArthur's great
       grandfather? Support your answer with a quotation.
       ………………………………………………………………………………
       ………………………………………………………………………………
       ………………………………………………………………………………
       ………………………………………………………………………………
    AF3 Inference and deduction                                2 marks
          When answering a 5 mark question, it is important that you:
             stick to the PEE formula;
                  o Point
                  o Evidence
                  o Explain
             Address all of the bullet points in the question;
             Use the stem of the question to begin your answer;
             Identify the key words in the question and make sure you include
               these in your answer;
             Use appropriate connectives, eg if asked to compare you should
               use 'however', 'on the other hand' etc.
             Refer back to the question in your explanations. See the example
               below.

          Question 11.
          In the text as a whole, what impression do you get of Dr Gordon?
          Write about:
             -     the way the journalist describes her appearance;
             -     what Dr. Gordon says about the SpaceDreams project;
             -     the language Dr. Gordon uses to describe the project.
                                                      Question taken from CGP Practice Paper Set C

     Key word from
     the question


  First
                                         The impression I get of Dr. Gordon is that she is very
  point                                  professional. For example, the journalist describes her
  Quotation to                           appearance as 'brisk and smart in a neat black suit'.
  support my point                       This gives me the impression that Dr. Gordon is very
                                         efficient and business-like. The journalist also refers
                                         to Dr. Gordon's hair as 'helmet-like', which gives me
    Explanation refers back              the impression that she is assertive and authoritative.
    to the question



Additional comment may
get me an extra mark
                   Worksheet D2
              Marking 5 Mark Questions
When answering a 5 mark question, it is important that you:
   stick to the PEE formula;
        o Point
        o Evidence
        o Explain
   Address all of the bullet points in the question.

These questions                               DO NOT knock marks
are only marked                               off for poor expression
on the content!                               or spelling.



Mark this answer by ticking the most appropriate boxes and adding up
the total.



Does this answer:                                       Yes or no Marks
   include explanations which are very simple?                   1

   include some relevant quotes for each of the                      2
    bullet points in the question?
   pick out and clearly explain relevant examples                    3
    for each of the bullet points?
   pick out and clearly explain relevant examples                    4
    for each of the bullet points, AND highlight
    some other interesting points in addition?
   pick out and clearly explain relevant examples
    for each of the bullet points, AND comment
    explicitly on the author's intention and use of
    language?

                                                              Total
Ellen MacArthur Question 5                           Worksheet D4

Answer the following question on your own. You have 10 minutes in
which to do this.

In the text as a whole, what impression do you get of Ellen MacArthur’s
grandmother?
Write about:
     The way MacArthur describes her personality
     How MacArthur was inspired to follow her own dream
     What effect her grandmother’s story has on the reader.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………




Sample Answer to Question 4              Worksheet D3
Ellen MacArthur

Answer the following question on your own. You have 10 minutes in
which to do this.

How does the structure of the text reflect the struggle MacArthur’s
grandmother went through to achieve her goal?

Comment on:
   The use of dates and significant events
   Repetition of her grandmother’s refusal to give up
        Opening and concluding paragraphs

         In the opening paragraph MacArthur tells the reader about how her
grandmother, Irene Lewis, achieved her dream despite it being a struggle:
" - she had a dream and never let it go , and achieved it despite incredible
odds."
         In paragraph two, MacArthur describes how her great grandfather
prevented Irene from going to university. Despite this frustration, Irene 'just
got on with it', got herself a job and took up evening classes to satisfy her
desire to learn. This establishes that Irene was a very determined character
and helps the reader to empathise with Irene's struggle.
         The structure of the text reflects Irene's journey to achieve her
ambition by describing significant events in chronological order. For
example, at the end of paragraph 3, we are told that Irene never let go of her
dream to get a university degree and 'finally achieved it 66 years later'.
         This introduces the next three paragraphs, which focus on her steps
towards her goal. For example, in paragraph 4, we are told about her
becoming an A level student alongside her grandson. Paragraphs 5 & 6
include significant dates, which emphasises the fact that Irene was quite
elderly before she received her degree. " Nan graduated in 1998 at the age
of 82."
         The concluding paragraph reiterates her grandmother's determination
and how she continues to be Ellen MacArthur's inspiration, even after her
death. "But she's probably watching from somewhere. In fact, I'm sure she
is."




Ellen MacArthur 5 Mark Question Writing Frame                Worksheet D5
Answer the following question on your own. You have 10 minutes in
which to do this.

In the text as a whole, what impression do you get of Ellen MacArthur’s
grandmother?
Write about:
     The way MacArthur describes her personality
     How MacArthur was inspired to follow her own dream
     What effect her grandmother’s story has on the reader.

…Ellen MacArthur describes her grandmother, Irene, as ………………
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………
This gives me the impression that Irene was ………………………… …
……………………………………………………………………………
Irene inspired Ellen by………………………………………………..
……………………………….…………………………….…………….
This gives me the impression that Irene was ……………………………
………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………
Irene's story has an ……………………impact on the reader. For example,
………… …………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………
This gives me the impression that Irene was ……………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………
In conclusion, I would say that the impression I get of Irene is
…………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………

								
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