# Guidance on levelling children's ability to solve word problems

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```							                              Guidance on levelling children's ability to solve word problems extracted from the
Framework for teaching mathematics from Reception to Year 6
(Further guidance is expected from the Strategy on finer grade levels and tracking back problem solving objectives)
Yearly                                                Objectives                            Level guidance              Reference to          Reference to
teaching                                                                                                                Supplement of          Standards in
programme                                                                                                                   examples            mathematics
Section 1 page 42         Section     Pages          Page(s)
R                Use developing mathematical ideas and methods to              No guidance in Framework         4      20 – 21    59 – example
solve practical problems involving counting and               Key objectives are Early                           problems teacher
comparing in a real or role play context.
Learning Goals                                     might set
 Begin to understand and use the vocabulary related to
money.
Sort coins, including the £1 and £2 coins, and use them in
role play to pay and give change.
Y1                Choose and use appropriate number operations and              Level 1 and start on level 2     5      60, 66,    61
mental strategies to solve problems.                                                                  68, 70
 Use mental strategies to solve simple problems set in
'real life', money or measurement contexts, using
counting, addition, subtraction, doubling and halving,
explaining methods and reasoning orally.
 Recognise coins of different values.
Find totals and change from up to 20p.
Work out how to pay an exact sum using smaller coins.
Y2                Choose and use appropriate operations and efficient           Consolidation of level 2         5      61, 67,    63 - Alex
calculation strategies (eg mental, mental with jottings) to   and start on level 3                    69, 71
solve problems.
 Use mental addition and subtraction, simple multiplication
and division, to solve simple word problems involving
numbers in 'real life', money or measures, using one or
two steps.
Explain how the problem was solved.
 Recognise all coins and being to use £.p notation for
money (for example, know that £4.65 indicates £4 and
65p).
Find totals, give change, and work out which coins to pay.

EDSVR1/DATA: (S;)PDC/Carol/JL/Problem solving/word problem level guidance                            26/02/10
Yearly                                                Objectives                           Level guidance           Reference to        Reference to
teaching                                                                                                            Supplement of        Standards in
programme                                                                                                               examples          mathematics
Section 1 page 42      Section     Pages        Page(s)
Y3                Choose and use appropriate operations (including             Revision of level 2, but      5      61, 67,    65 - last three
multiplication and division) to solve word problems,         mainly level 3                       69, 71     examples
and appropriate ways of calculating: mental, mental with
jottings, pencil and paper.
 Solve word problems involving numbers in 'real life',
money and measures, using one or more steps, including
finding totals and giving change, and working out which
coins to pay.
Explain how the problem was solved.
 Recognise all coins and notes. Understand and use £.p
notation (for example, know that £3.06 is £3 and 6p).
Y4                Choose and use appropriate number operations and             Consolidation of level 3,     6      74, 82,    ? 68, 69
appropriate ways of calculating (mental, mental with         and start on level 4                 84, 86,
jottings, pencil and paper) to solve problems.
88
 Use all four operations to solve word problems involving
numbers in 'real life', money and measures (including
time), using one or more steps, including converting
pounds to pence and metres to centimetres and vice
versa.
Y5                Choose and use appropriate number operations to solve        Revision of level 3, but      6      75, 83,    ? 70, 71
problems, and appropriate ways of calculating: mental,       mainly level 4                       85, 87,
mental with jottings, written methods, calculator.
89
 Use all four operations to solve simple word problems
involving numbers and quantities based on 'real life',
money and measures (including time), using one or
more steps, including making simple conversion of pounds
to foreign currency and finding simple percentages.
Explain methods and reasoning.
Y6                Choose and use appropriate number operations to solve        Consolidation of level 4,     6      75, 83,    72 - omitting
problems, appropriate ways of calculating: mental, mental    and start on level 5                 85, 87,    'area' problem,
with jottings, written methods, calculator.
89         74 – test question,
 Identify and use appropriate operations (including
combinations of operations) to solve word problems                                                           75 – test question
involving numbers and quantities based on 'real life',
money or measures (including time), using one or more
steps, including converting pounds to foreign currency, or
vice versa, and converting percentages such as VAT.
Explain methods and reasoning.

EDSVR1/DATA: (S;)PDC/Carol/JL/Problem solving/word problem level guidance                           26/02/10

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