EPHESIANS 1 3 - 14 by tyndale

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									                                             EPHESIANS 1: 3 - 14
                                      In & through Christ we have begun
                                  to enjoy every spiritual blessing of heaven.

I         The focus of praise is on the Father (v.3) (see v.6, 12b, 14b)
                    ∙ For being willing to work through Christ
                    ∙ For His wisdom in planning the ―Christ way‖ (substitutionary atonement)
                    ∙ For His love that motivated Him to act
                    ∙ For His grace
              NOTE: Of course, the Son is worthy of praise too: for his obedience, his courage, his love
II        Spiritual blessings enable us to taste heaven‘s joys while still on earth (v.3)
          A         The focus and promise of Old Covenant blessings were material in nature - relating to life
                    here on earth (e.g. Deut. 28:2-8)
                        NOTE: these material blessings and promises function as signs of ultimate new
                         covenant realities (see: Handout: Jesus and The Land)
          B         The NT stresses that New Covenant blessings are spiritual!
                    1       Non-material - so their joy and benefit go with us into eternity where their
                            blessedness will ultimately be experienced
                    2       Ours as a result of being united to Christ who is seated and ruling in heaven
                            a         ―In the heavenly realms..‖ - means (a) the blessings originate there
                                      since they come through our union with Christ and (b) the enjoyment of
                                      these blessings will only truly be realized there.
                    3       WHY are New Covenant blessings primarily spiritual? BECAUSE this material
                            world is not our home!
                            a         John 15:19
                            b         Phil 3.19b - 20
                            c         1Peter 1:1
                                         “It is not surprising that those who have been chosen by God are
                                          seen as strangers in the world (from the one word parepidēmois, that
                                          emphasizes both foreign nationality and temporary residence; cf.
                                          2:11). Christians, whose citizenship is in heaven (cf. Phil. 3:20), live
                                          in the midst of a pagan society as aliens and sojourners, displaced
                                          persons whose thoughts should often turn toward their true home.”

Teacher: Rev R D Scott                             EPHESIANS                                             Page 13

I         Holy (set apart from sin) and Blameless before God (Eph. 1:4)
          A         In Christ we can come into God‘s presence without sin, fault, or blame! (Col. 1:21-22)
                    1       HOW? - We are ―clothed‖ with Christ! (Gal 3:26-27) (Positional Holiness)
                            a         Imputed righteousness (Rom. 5:18-19) - when God looks at our ―file‖ it
                                      contains perfect obedience - the ‗downloaded‘ perfect obedience of
                                      Jesus. (cf. 2Cor 5:21; 1Cor. 1:30)
                            b         Therefore - to enjoy being who we are we must live holy i.e. consecrated
                                      to the Lord by living set-apart from sin and self (absorption, centeredness, etc.)
                                            Was the same for the OT people of God - Lv.11:44 (29-30); 20:26
          B         Set apart by the Spirit so that we can obey Jesus Christ (I Peter 1:1,2) (Behavioral Holiness)
                                ―made a holy people by his Spirit, to obey Jesus Christ‖ [TEV]
                                ―…sanctified by the Spirit to be obedient to Jesus Christ.. [NRSV]
                                ―…set apart by the Spirit for obedience‖ [HCSB]

          C         Set apart to live like Jesus ( I Peter 1:14-16 )
                        What did Jesus do? Jesus revealed God (Jn 14:9-10)
II        Adopted (Eph. 1:5)
          A         NOTE: Only Paul uses this concept (Rom. 8:15,23; 9:4, Gal. 4:5 ; Eph. 1:5)
                    1       Why? Paul had more contact with the Roman world than the other N.T. authors.
                            He used legal terms that he borrowed from Roman Law.
                    2       Term ―adoption‖ does not occur in the O.T. No provision for adoption in OT
                            Israelite law.
                            a         But Israel understood that they had been chosen to be God‘s ―son‖
                                      (i)        Ex. 5:21-23; Hosea 11:1
                                      (ii)       Paul referred to Israel being God‘s ―son‖ in terms of ―adoption‖
                                                 (Rom. 9:4)
          B         Adopted because of God's love for us - through Jesus. (Eph. 1:4b-5)
          C         Adopted sons of God follow the Holy Spirit's lead. (cf. Romans 8:14, 15)
                    1       v.14 Notice that ―sons of God” are not identified by testimonials to what they
                            claim to believe or don‘t believe.
                                Sons of God are those who follow the leading of the Spirit of God – i.e.
                                 Obedience - (cf. Matt. 7:21; 12:46-50)
                    2       v.15      Pre-adoption (i.e. non-Christian) humans are slaves (i.e. bound)
                                      (i)        Slaves to Satan - 2Tim 2.25 , sin - Rom 6:6 , self - 2 Pt 2:19
                                      (ii)       ―spirit‖ - Evil spirits work to keep these ―slaves‖ bound by fear –
                                                 terror, dread

Teacher: Rev R D Scott                                EPHESIANS                                               Page 14
                                             (a)       Fearful of death, of judgment, of the unknown, of the
                                                               future, of all the ―what ifs…‖
                    3       v.15    Christians are adopted ―sons‖
                                    (i)      The Spirit of God works to reassure them that God is their Father
                                    (ii)     "Spirit of sonship" (NIV) - Lit. "Spirit of adoption"
                                                  i.e. - the Holy Spirit creates in God's adopted children love
                                                   for their Father and confidence in his love enabling them to
                                                   address him as "Abba, Father" (Aramaic and Greek for
          D         Adopted sons have full rights and privileges of natural sons. (cf. Gal. 4:3-7)
                    1       Note: (Gal. 4:3) Enslaved is the ―elemental spirits‖ [ESV margin] ―elemental
                            forces” [HCSB] (see v. 8,9)
                                   The demonic spirit-world is actively manipulating, controlling, enslaving
                                humans. This spirit power is behind all false religion (v.10) and humanistic
                                spirituality – all that supplants or substitutes for worshipping, obeying,
                                loving, trusting God who created us.
                    2       (Gal. 4:4) God sent Jesus (He gave his son) to be the redemption payment –
                            freeing us from slavery to the dark side – the demonic
                               and then He adopted us as ―sons‖ (Gal. 4:5)
                               giving us full inheritance rights along with Jesus to all His wealth and assets!
                                (Gal. 4:6-7) (cf. Jn 1:12; 1 Jn 3:1,2)
                    3       cf. Romans 8:17 - ―if indeed we share in his suffering…‖ -
                            a       The sons of God constitute the present body of Christ.
                            b       Jesus, as the body of Christ, suffered to atone for sin and is now enjoying
                                    the glory of heaven.
                            c       The Church, as the body of Christ, suffers to carry the message of
                                    atonement to the world - one day it will enter the glory of heaven.
                                    (Colossians 1:24)
                            d       Note. "If.." if you reject the cost of Kingdom living during this life, you
                                    will not receive a full share in his glory in the coming age! (1Corinthians
                                    3:14, 15; 9:27)
          E         There is a future aspect to our adoption (cf. Rom. 8:23)
                    1       the redemption of our bodies - i.e. our bodies will be freed from the results of sin
                            – disobedience, independence, a detaching from God – no more decay, death,
                            sickness, pain, handicaps
                    2       The Holy Spirit is the first-fruit of the inheritance we have as God‘s sons.

Teacher: Rev R D Scott                             EPHESIANS                                               Page 15
III       Redeemed - released from bondage, oppression and slavery -- given freedom, deliverance and
          salvation through the paying of a ransom. (Eph. 1:7a)
          A         OT background - Redemption is cast against a background of helplessness. It addresses
                    those facing circumstances they cannot overcome. Only by the intervention of a third
                    party, namely a family member, can the person freed.
                    1. Firstborn - Ex. 13: 13-15; Num. 18:15-17
                               Since God spared the Jewish first-born from death during the last plague in
                                Egypt, he had a special claim on them. They were to be devoted to him.
                                Those that could not be sacrificed were redeemed by a substitute sacrifice or
                                through a payment made by the family.
                    2. Inherited Land - Lev.25:25-27
                               If forced to sell inherited land, redemption rights by close relatives remained
                                in place until the Year of Jubilee.
                    3. Jewish Slaves - Lev. 25:47-54
                               If forced to sell one's self, redemption rights by close relatives remained in
                                place until the Year of Jubilee.
                               NOTE: It was never a stranger who had the responsibility to come to the aid
                                of a person who was owned by another or burdened with an unpayable debt.
                                Only a near kinsman, with the resources to rescue, was able to act.
                    4. Deliverance from Egypt - Ex. 6:5-6
                               God's power and strength delivered them - the payment price was the life of
                                the innocent first born of Egypt
                               Note: God's redemption is seen as an affirmation of close kinship with his
                                covenant people. He acted because they were his family.
                    5. Deliverance from Babylon - Isa. 43:1-4
                               From God‘s vantage point, Cyrus - conqueror of Babylon and God‘s
                                instrument to deliver Israel - was given a portion of northern Africa as
                                compensation (or ransom) for releasing the Jews and letting them return to
                                their land.
          B         NT Teaching - By nature we are enslaved by our independence and rebellion against God
                    i.e., enslaved by sin, enslaved by Satan!
                    1. Scripture teaches everyone is in reality either a child of God or a child (slave) of
                       Satan (John 8:34-36)
                            a       Jesus / Paul - central message was the Kingdom of God -
                                        Mt. 4.17 (repent...Kingdom is near); Mk 1.15
                                        Acts 28.23, 30-31 (preached the Kingdom of God)
                            b       ‗K of G‘ means God‘s rule, the authority of God - his ruler-ship
                            c       Non-Christians are slaves (under Satan‘s rule) ! WHY?
                                        They are not surrendered / submitted to the authority and rule of
                                         God, the Creator-King. Mt 21.31-32

Teacher: Rev R D Scott                           EPHESIANS                                              Page 16
                         KINGDOM            In this district live very nice     Is this acceptable to the King? Does he
                          OF GOD            people - they watch out for         recognize their goodness?
                                            each other - hard working -         NO! Isa 64.6
                                            take care of the planet - they      WHY not? Isa 53.6 - Independence
                                            are independent and just            God is King! No one can be rightly related
                                            want to live life on their          to a King without accepting his rule, his
                                            own terms                           authority, his kingship.

                    2       Satan rules a Kingdom - Lk. 11:18; Eph 2.2
                            a       Rebellious humanity is under Satan‘s control - 1 Jn 5.19; 3.10 ..children of
                                    the devil

                                    (i)         Originally Satan captured and enslaved the human race through
                                                lying and deceit, tempting them to rebel against God - their
                                                Creator, their King. Throughout history he has used the righteous
                                                demands of the law of God as chains to hold people in bondage
                                                through their fear of death and condemnation. No one can
                                                escape his power and domination without divine aid.
                                    (ii)        All religions - apart from ‗Christ‘-ianity - are Satan inspired
                                                systems of bondage as men try to obey laws in order to placate
                                                God to avoid judgment.
                    3       From Jesus‘ perspective Calvary was a military campaign - it brought about
                            Satan‘s defeat - Jn 14.30 then 12.31 (cf. 1Jn 3.8 - ―destroy the Devil‘s work‖)
                            a       Through Christ, God redeems us and delivers us from bondage and
                                    slavery to Satan (united to Him through our faith we benefit from his Calvary victory)
                                    (i)         HOW SO? - Since the law can no longer condemn us - its
                                                demands have been met, its price paid - Satan has no more
                                                control over us
                                                    Col. 1.13-14 - God has rescued us - God has redeemed us
                                    (ii)        God uses human witnesses, preachers, teachers - Acts 26 .15-18
          C         Only God the Son can set sinner's free (John 8:36).
                    1       WHY-1? - Gospel truth is often repugnant to sinners (v.43) “..you cannot bear to
                            hear my word.” ESV

                    2       WHY-2? - Belong to Satan, their spiritual Father - not God (v.41, 44)
                            a       ―belong to” = he owns them, they are his possession (1Jn 3:12)
                            b       cf. v. 47 - ―do not hear‖ b/c “do not belong to God”
                    3       NOTE: emphasis on truth - how Jesus frees us! (vv.32, 34, 40, 44, 45, 46)
          D         The ransom God paid was the life of his son - ―through his blood” (Ephesians 1: 7b).
                    1       "Blood" signifies death - it signifies one life taken so another can live
                    2       This is the Gospel - this is God's grace-based salvation plan. (Romans 3:22-26)
                            a       All who put their faith in the substitutionary death (blood) of Christ
                                                ..are declared not guilty and in right-standing with God
                            b       Christ, God's son, was sent (given) by God as the only adequate sacrifice
                                    and payment that was sufficient to ―turn away his wrath‖. (1Pt. 1:17-20)

Teacher: Rev R D Scott                              EPHESIANS                                                            Page 17
IV        Forgiven (1:7)
          A         “riches of God’s grace‖ - Redemption and forgiveness come from the richness of God‘s
                    grace - His freely-given and undeserved favor!
                    1         God accepts Christ‘s shed blood (indicative of death) as a substitute for ours
                    2         God‘s grace grants forgiveness and enables repentance (Acts 5:31; 11:18; 2Tim.
                                  ?? - Acts 5:31 “..to give the people of Israel an opportunity to turn from their sins and turn to
                                   God so their sins would be forgiven.” NLT
                                  Is it just the opportunity or the actual enablement that God gives? Answer - enablement!
                                  Matthew Henry (1710) on - Acts 5:31 - “Secondly, It is Jesus Christ that gives, and is
                                   authorized to give, both repentance and remission. Whatsoever is required in the gospel-
                                   covenant is promised. Are we appointed to repent? Christ is appointed to give repentance, by
                                   his Spirit working with the word, to awaken the conscience, to work contrition for sin, and an
                                   effectual change in the heart and life. The new heart is his work, and the broken spirit a
                                   sacrifice of his providing; and, when he has given repentance, if he should not give remission
                                   he would forsake the work of his own hands. See how necessary it is that we repent, and that
                                   we apply ourselves to Christ by faith for his grace to work repentance in us”

          B         ―sins‖ - paraptoma - trespasses - ―Deviations from the prescribed course or path‖
                    1         cf. 2:1 - paraptoma + harmartia (sins)
                    2         harmartia - a broader, more general term - ―missing the mark‖
                              What MARK??
                              a         God‘s will, God‘s design for His image bearers - the glory man had
                                        before the fall; before he chose independence & autonomy (Rom. 3:23)
          C         “forgiveness” - aphesis - to free from guilt and punishment
                        Only available b/c Christ took our punishment - Rom 3:24-25
                        21 “But now God's way of putting people right with himself has been revealed. It has nothing to do with
                         law, even though the Law of Moses and the prophets gave their witness to it. 22 God puts people right
                         through their faith in Jesus Christ. God does this to all who believe in Christ... 24 But by the free gift of
                         God's grace all are put right with him through Christ Jesus, who sets them free. 25 God offered him, so
                         that by his sacrificial death (blood) he should become the means by which people's sins are forgiven
                         through their faith in him.” GNB
                        “Yet now God in his gracious kindness declares us not guilty. He has done this through Christ Jesus, who
                         has freed us by taking away our sins. 25 For God sent Jesus to take the punishment for our sins and to
                         satisfy God’s anger against us. We are made right with God when we believe that Jesus shed his blood,
                         sacrificing his life for us.” NLT

          D         Repentance is the pre-requisite for receiving God‘s forgiveness - Lk. 5:32
                        Jesus said both repentance and forgiveness must be preached - Lk. 24:47

          E         The Nature and Importance of Repentance
                    1         Conversion requires both repentance and faith! (Matthew 21:32, Mark 1:15,
                              Acts 20:21)

Teacher: Rev R D Scott                                 EPHESIANS                                                           Page 18
                         Simply put:
                                  Repentance = turning from self and sin
                                  Faith/belief = turning to / trusting in Christ as Lord and Savior
                                  Acts 3:19 [cf. Acts 26:20 repent, turn, prove (see 4a below)]

                    2    Repentance goes beyond the feeling of remorse
                         ―A Call to Repentance‖ (1962) - Bob Stokes - (Missionary with Trans World Radio)
                         It must be clearly understood that repentance is not remorse. Apparently to some, sin is not sin
                         until it is found out! We can all shed tears of remorse when our sins find us out, but some of us
                         would have been quite happy to have continued in them undisturbed otherwise. Remorse indicates
                         a kind of sorrow over what we have done, whereas repentance is the true realization of what we
                         are before a holy and righteous God (Isa. 6:5). It is not so much that our sins bring deep conviction,
                         but the fact that we are sinners by nature. This caused Job to cry out in despair, “wherefore I abhor
                         myself and repent in dust and ashes” (Job 42:6). Such deep conviction makes a religious sinner as
                         deeply repentant over his pride as an irreligious sinner over his immorality. The Bible clearly
                         teaches that I am not a sinner because I sin: I sin because I am a sinner. Paul's cry, even as a
                         Christian, “O wretched man that I am ...” is far from the present day exhibitionism of some
                         "sound" exponents of the Word who know nothing of the meaning of repentance. Remorse only
                         leads to a temporary natural reformation, whereas repentance leads to an eternal supernatural

                    3    Repentance is a change of mind; a turn-around in one's thinking that effects
                         change in one's behavior
                         a         Exodus 13:17 (compare      KJV - NIV)

                         b         Ezekiel 14:6; 18:30
                         c         Jeremiah 18:8-10; 26:3, 13, 19 (compare KJV - NCV)
                         d         What do we change our minds about?
                                   (i)       I am not okay, I am a sinner
                                   (ii)      I cannot save myself, I know only God can
                                   (iii)     I was not created to serve/please myself, but rather God
                                   (iv)      I am not the king of my life, God is

                    4    True repentance expresses itself in changed behavior (Acts 26:20)
                         Greek - axios - [deeds] befitting, corresponding to [repentance]
                             ―do the things that would show they had repented....‖ (TEV)
                             ―doing works worthy of repentance..‖ (ASV)
                             ―deeds appropriate to repentance..‖ (NASB)
                             ―the way they live must prove that they have turned away from their sin

Teacher: Rev R D Scott                           EPHESIANS                                                          Page 19
IV        Wisdom and Understanding (1:8-10)
          A         Translations differ on v.8
                    [Weymouth] - Eph. 1:7 --so abundant was God's grace, 8 the grace which He, the possessor of all wisdom
                    and understanding, lavished upon us, 9 when He made known to us the secret of His will.
                    [GNB] How great is the grace of God 8 which he gave to us in such large measure! In all his wisdom and
                    insight 9 God did what he had purposed, and made known to us the secret plan he had already decided to
                    complete by means of Christ.
                    [God’s Word] 8 He poured out his kindness by giving us every kind of wisdom and insight 9 when he
                    revealed the mystery of his plan to us.

                    [NIrV] - Eph. 1: 7 We have been set free because God's grace is so rich. 8 He poured his grace on us by giving
                    us great wisdom and understanding. 9 He showed us the mystery of his plan. It was in keeping with what he
                    wanted to do. It was what he had planned through Christ.

                        God‘s Word & NIrV are probably correct - Paul is referring to the wisdom and
                         understanding that are gifts of God‘s grace given to believers - not the wisdom of
                         God in making known to us the ―mystery of his will‖
                        How to decide which translation is correct? One way - Consider opinions of trusted
                              For example - F.F. Bruce in New International Commentary on NT
                              The unstinting bestowal of God's grace is accompanied by other spiritual gifts: wisdom and
                              understanding are mentioned here because of their relevance to what follows. Wisdom and
                              understanding are gifts of God, but they must be cultivated in order to become effective. Therefore
                              it is not inconsistent for Paul to pray, as he does in the parallel passage in Col. 1:9, that believers
                              may be filled "with all wisdom and spiritual understanding” (using a different word for
                              "understanding" from that which is used here). Indeed, a few sentences below in this very letter he
                              prays that those who have received wisdom and understanding along with God's abundant grace
                              may be given the "spirit of wisdom and revelation" (v. 17). At present, however, the "already"
                              aspect of the heavenly gift is emphasized; elsewhere the "not yet" aspect finds expression. The
                              Spirit whom believers have received is "the Spirit of wisdom and understanding" (as he is called in
                              Isa. 11:2), and it is through his ministry that the wisdom and understanding which he imparts are
                              to be increasingly appropriated.

          B         What is wisdom and understanding (v.8) - cf. Col 1:9, 28
                    1         Wisdom = Objective understanding of God‘s will, God‘s ways and God‘s plans -
                              [Robinson: `knowledge that sees into the heart of things, that knows them as they
                              really are']
                    1. For this we have Scripture (2Tim. 3:15-17 AMP)
                                  ▪ Scripture was given through the Holy Spirit (2Pet. 1:20-21 AMP - cf. 3:15-16)
                                  ▪ We are enabled to understand by the Holy Spirit (2 Cor 3:14-17)
                    2         Understanding = Subjective insight into personal application - [Robinson:
                              'understanding which leads to right action']
                              a         How God‘s revelation applies to me! How then should I/we live?
          C         NOTE: God desires all Christians to understand his will for their lives (v.9)
                    (in addition to understanding his over-arching plans and purposes as this passage reveals)
                    1. For example - If we do not know his will - we cannot do his will! If we do not do
                       his will - then we cannot enter Heaven!

Teacher: Rev R D Scott                                 EPHESIANS                                                           Page 20
                            a    Matt. 7:21 - we cannot merely say Lord, Lord…
                            b    James 1:22; 2:14, 24, 26 - saving faith is obeying faith (cf. Rom. 1:5 -
                                 obedience comes from faith)
                    2. SO it is our duty to find out God‘s will - Eph. 5:8-10; 15-18
                    3. We are to let God transform our minds so that we will be able to ‗know‘ God‘s will
                       (to understand it - to want to do it - to experience the good of it) Rom 12:2
                            2 Do not conform yourselves to the standards of this world, but let God transform you inwardly by a complete
                            change of your mind. Then you will be able to know the will of God - what is good and is pleasing to him and is
                            perfect. TEV
                            2Adapt yourselves no longer to the pattern of this present world, but let your minds be remade and your
                            whole nature thus transformed. Then you will be able to discern the will of God, and to know what is good,
                            acceptable, and perfect. NEB
                             Don’t copy the behavior and customs of this world, but let God transform you into a new person by changing
                            the way you think. Then you will learn to know God’s will for you, which is good and pleasing and perfect. NLT

                    4. Discerning God‘s ‗individualized‘ will is tied to obedience to the generalized and
                       clear teaching of Scripture on God‘s will - ex. 1Thess. 4:3; 5:18; 1Pet. 2:15

          D         The ULTIMATE GRAND PURPOSE of ALL God is doing (v.10)
                    10 unto a dispensation of the fullness of the times, to sum up all things in Christ, the
                    things in the heavens, and the things upon the earth; [ASV]

                    10 as a plan for the fullness of time, to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things
                    on earth. [ESV]

                    10 with a view to an administration suitable to the fullness of the times, that is, the
                    summing up of all things in Christ, things in the heavens and things on the earth. [NASB]

                    10 It will all come about when history has been completed. God will then bring together
                    all things in heaven and on earth under one ruler. The ruler is Christ. [NIRV]

                    10 And this is the plan: At the right time he will bring everything together under the
                    authority of Christ—everything in heaven and on earth. [NLT]

                    1       “times will have reached their fulfillment”
                            a          Means the completion of an appointed period of time and the arrival of a
                                       new epoch
                            b          Gal 4:4 - the climax of salvation history was the coming of Christ - the
                                       end of the Old Covenant and the beginning of the New. We are in ―the
                                       fullness of the times‖ period now!
                            c          Christian era must run its course (as God has determined - Acts 1:6) and
                                       then God‘s eternal purposes will come to fruition

Teacher: Rev R D Scott                                EPHESIANS                                                                 Page 21
                    2    ―to bring… together”
                         a         Dr. Foulkes in Tyndale NT Commentaries - Ephesians writes:
                         For the Greek word anakephalaiosasthai (v.10) translated ―gather together” by AV, RV has “sum
                         up” , RSV “unite” [and NIV “bring.. together”]. The word was used of gathering things together
                         and presenting them as a whole. The Greek practice was to add up a column of figures and put the
                         sum at the top, and this name was given to the process. Three ideas are present in the word here—
                         restoration, unity, and the headship of Christ. Weymouth brings out all three when he translates 'the
                         purpose . . . of restoring the whole creation to find its one Head in Christ'. All things were created
                         in Christ (Col. 1:16).

                         Col. 1:16 - All was created for Christ!!
                         ▪ “ All was meant to serve His will, to contribute to his glory…Their whole being,
                             willingly or unwillingly, moves to Him; whether as his blissful servants, they shall be
                             as it were his throne; or as his stricken enemies, “His footstool’ “ H.C.G. Moule
                    3    “all things” - the whole universe (cf. usage in Heb. 1:2,3)
                         a         John Stott The Message of Ephesians on Eph. 1:10 "all things"
                         ―So Paul seems to be referring again to that cosmic renewal, that regeneration of
                         the universe, that liberation of the groaning creation, of which he has already
                         written to the Romans. (Rom.8:18ff) God's plan is that 'all things' which were
                         created through Christ and for Christ, and which hold together in Christ,
                         (Col.1:16-17) will finally be united under Christ by being subjected to his
                         headship. For the New Testament declares him to be `the heir of all things.(Heb.
                         ―So NEB translates verse 10, 'that the universe might be brought into a unity in
                         Christ', and J. B. Lightfoot writes of 'the entire harmony of the universe, which
                         shall no longer contain alien and discordant elements, but of which all the parts
                         shall find their centre and bond of union in Christ.
                         ―In the fullness of time, God's two creations, his whole universe and his whole
                         church, will be unified under the cosmic Christ who is the supreme head of both.
                         ―At this point it may be wise to pause a moment and consider how much all of us
                         need to develop Paul's broad perspective. Let me remind you that he was a
                         prisoner in Rome. Not indeed in a cell or dungeon, but still under house arrest
                         and handcuffed to a Roman soldier. Yet, though his wrist was chained and his
                         body was confined, his heart and mind inhabited eternity. He peered back `before
                         the foundation of the world' (verse 4) and on to 'the fullness of time' (verse 10),
                         and grasped hold of what 'we have' now (verse 7) and ought to 'be' now (verse 4)
                         in the light of those two eternities. As for us, how blinkered is our vision in
                         comparison with his, how small is our mind, how narrow are our horizons! Easily
                         and naturally we slip into a preoccupation with our own petty little affairs. But
                         we need to see time in the light of eternity, and our present privileges and
                         obligations in the light of our past election and future perfection. Then, if we
                         shared the apostle's perspective, we would also share his praise. For doctrine
                         leads to doxology as well as to duty. Life would become worship, and we would
                         bless God constantly for having blessed us so richly in Christ.‖

Teacher: Rev R D Scott                           EPHESIANS                                                           Page 22
                    4    So what is God‘s ULTIMATE GRAND PURPOSE for the fullness of time??
                         a      To establish a new creation characterized by a renewed order and
                                harmony of all the elements of the universe under the acknowledged
                                headship (rule, authority) of Christ
                                (i)     To restore all parts of creation to its original created harmony,
                                        unity and function under the Headship of Christ.
                                (ii)    The universe will once again ―Function According to Design‖ as
                                        it exists wholly submitted to the rule and lordship of Christ!
                         b      Dr. Foulkes in Tyndale NT Commentaries - Ephesians
                                Through sin endless disorder and disintegration have come into the
                                world; but in the end all things will be restored to their intended function
                                and to their unity by being brought back to the obedience of Christ.

                    5    SEE Handout: God's Ultimate Purpose - Dr. Martin Lloyd-Jones - Eph. 1:10

                    6    Macro Snapshot of Creation history from a Biblical perspective
                         a      Problem - Disorder, dysfunction, disharmony resulted from rebellion
                                (disobedience, independence) towards God Gen. 3:17ff; Rom. 8:19ff
                         b      Solution - Therefore the corrective requires submission to God‘s will
                                (i)     Goal of Great Commission - Mt. 28
                                (ii)    Whole duty of man - Eccl. 12:13
                                (iii)   Note: the obedience of Jesus saves us - Rom. 5:17; Jn. 17:4;
                                        Heb. 10:5-10
                         c      Process - Christ is restoring harmony and order and original function to
                                the universe by conquering (i.e., overcoming) rebellion!
                                (i)     The power of his love is restoring to the elect a willingness to
                                        submit, serve and obey Ezek. 36:26ff; Col.1:29; Phil. 2:13 -
                                        (cf. Jn. 17:2, 6)
                                        (a)       This is the age of Grace - (see; Rom. 9:22-24)
                                (ii)    The power of his might will eventually force all into submission
                                        and then eliminate all rebellion - 1 Cor 15:24-28
                                        (cf. Phil. 2:9 -11; Heb. 1:8-13)
                                        (a)       Christ dies for his sheep (Jn 10:11,14-16; 17:2)
                                        (b)       Christ destroys his enemies (2 Thess 1:7ff)
                    7    We are Christ‘s ambassadors committed with the message of reconciliation
                         a      2 Cor. 5:18 - 6:2 - Christ‘s ambassadors
                                (i)     we appeal to people, imploring them, urging them to be
                                        reconciled to God through Christ; explaining to them the Gospel
                                (ii)    the day of salvation, time of God‘s favor (grace) will end

Teacher: Rev R D Scott                        EPHESIANS                                              Page 23
                           b       2 Cor. 2:14 - 16 - this is a serious assignment!
                                   (i)     Eternal life vs. eternal death are at stake
                                   (ii)    2Cor. 3:4 - 6 - only God can make us competent to be faithful
                                           ‗message sharing‘ , not silent, ambassadors
V         Holy Spirit (1:13-14)
          A         The Holy Spirit was promised (Eph. 1:13)
                    1      Ezek. 36:27
                    2      Joel 2:28-32
                           a       Note: Joel is speaking to Israel (Joel 2:.27)
                                   (i)     Peter teaches that this prophecy comes true in the Church Age
                                           ▪ ―afterward‖ (Joel2:.28) = ―In the last days‖ (Acts 2:17)
                                   (ii)    Filling and enabling of Christians by the Holy Spirit fulfills
                                           Joel‘s prophecy (Acts 2:4)
                                   (iii)   Promise of Holy Spirit is to the whole Church – not just Jewish
                                           Christians (Acts 2:38,39)
                                   (iv)    Promises given to the O.T. people of God (Israel) are fulfilled by
                                           the N.T. people of God (Christians – the Church)
          B         The Holy Spirit is a seal (Eph. 1:13) - The indwelling Holy Spirit is the mark or the
                    ―brand‖ that identifies us as owned by God (―God’s possession‖- 1:14) cf. 2 Cor 1:21,22
                    1      1:14 - God‘s ―possession‖ in GK is peripoiesis
                           a       1Pt. 2:9 - peripoiesis - ―belonging to God‖
                                   (i)     For what purpose? My life is to be for his praise!
                           b       Titus 2:14 - periousios (sister term) - ―his very own‖
                                   (i)     For what purpose? My life is to be lived doing good!
                                   (ii)    What good? Eph. 2:10 - the good God has prepared for me
                                   (iii)   Motivated by what? Phil. 2:13 - HS gives desire & power
                    2      Eph 4:30 - The Holy Spirit is grieved when I use what belongs to God – my life,
                           my body – to dishonor God (cf. 1 Cor 6:18-20)
                    3      NOTE: The HS is the Spirit of Christ - Rom. 8:9 - 11
                           ▪ No Holy Spirit means I do not belong to God
          C         The Holy Spirit is a guarantee - God‘s guarantee; God‘s pledge (Eph. 1:14)
                    1      In modern Greek word used for engagement ring
                              Holy Spirit is God‘s gift to encourage us to trust his promise of our final
                               resurrection and reward.
                    2      First-fruit and down payment – The Holy Spirit‘s presence and ministry is a first
                           real taste of the coming inheritance. [Rom 8:23; 1 Pet 1:3b-4 – our resurrected
                           bodies and eternal inheritance]

Teacher: Rev R D Scott                         EPHESIANS                                               Page 24
                                                  Ephesians 1: 4, 5, 11
                                              God chose us in Christ
                                         Before the foundation of the world

I. The believer’s Election as taught in Ephesians 1:3 - 14
       1. Source             "the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.. For He chose us…" (v.3- 4)

       2. Fact               "we were also chosen, having been predestined according to the plan of him who
                             works out everything in conformity with the purpose of his will" (v. 11)
                             cf. v.4-5.

       3. Time               from eternity past, i.e., "before the creation of the world" (v.4) cf. 2Thess 2:13;
                             2 Tim. 1:9.

       4. Objects            "we" (v.7) or "us" (vv.3-6, 8-9). Paul viewed the elect both in their corporate
                             standing as the church and in their individuality (see Rom. 16:13)

       5. Sphere             "in Christ" (v.3-7, 9, 11; 3:11) cf. 2 Tim. 1:9

       6. Motive             "in love he predestined us" (v.4- 5).

       7. Impartiality       "in accordance with his pleasure and will" (v.5) cf. Rom. 2:11

       8. Goal               that believers might "be holy and blameless in his sight" (v.4), and that they
                             might live "to the praise of his glorious grace" (v.6 - cf. 12, 14)

II. 20 other N.T verses that speak of election (or of being chosen to salvation)
          1.   Matt. 22:14   "For many are invited, but few are CHOSEN."

          2.   Matt. 24:24   For false Christs and false prophets will appear and perform great signs and miracles to deceive
                             even the ELECT -- if that were possible.

          3.   Matt. 24:31   And he will send his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his ELECT from the four
                             winds, from one end of the heavens to the other.

          4.   Mark 13:20    If the Lord had not cut short those days, no one would survive. But for the sake of the ELECT,
                             whom he has CHOSEN, he has shortened them.

          5.   John 13:18    "I am not referring to all of you; I know those I have CHOSEN. But this is to fulfill the scripture:
                             'He who shares my bread has lifted up his heel against me.'

          6.   John 15:19    If you belonged to the world, it would love you as its own. As it is, you do not belong to the world,
                             but I have CHOSEN you out of the world.

          7.   Rom. 8:29     For those God foreknew he also PREDESTINED to be conformed to the likeness of his Son, that
                             he might be the firstborn among many brothers.

          8.   Rom. 8:30     And those he PREDESTINED, he also called; those he called, he also justified; those he justified,
                             he also glorified.

          9.   Rom. 8:33     Who will bring any charge against those whom God has CHOSEN? It is God who justifies.

          10. Rom. 11:5      So too, at the present time there is a remnant CHOSEN by grace.

Teacher: Rev R D Scott                               EPHESIANS                                                           Page 25
          11. Rom. 11:7     What then? What Israel sought so earnestly it did not obtain, but the ELECT did. The others were

          12. Col. 3:12     Therefore, as God's CHOSEN people, holy and dearly loved, clothe yourselves with compassion,
                            kindness, humility, gentleness and patience.

          13. 1Ths. 1:4     For we know, brothers loved by God, that he has CHOSEN you,

          14. 2Ths. 2:13    But we ought always to thank God for you, brothers loved by the Lord, because from the beginning
                            God CHOSE you to be saved through the sanctifying work of the Spirit and through belief in the

          15. 1 Tim. 5:21   I charge you, in the sight of God and Christ Jesus and the ELECT angels, to keep these instructions
                            without partiality, and to do nothing out of favoritism.

          16. 2Tim. 2:10    Therefore I endure everything for the sake of the ELECT, that they too may obtain the salvation
                            that is in Christ Jesus, with eternal glory.

          17. Titus 1:1     Paul, a servant of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ for the faith of God's ELECT and the
                            knowledge of the truth that leads to godliness-

          18. 1 Pet. 1:1    Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To God's ELECT, strangers in the world, scattered throughout
                            Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia,

          19. 1 Pet. 1:2    ..who have been CHOSEN according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the
                            sanctifying work of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ..

          20. 1 Pet. 2:9    But you are a CHOSEN people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people belonging to God, that
                            you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light.

III. Historic statements that describe the doctrine of election

     A. From the Belgic Confession - 1561                                                     Doomed to
          Article 16: The Doctrine of Election
                  All Adam's descendants having thus fallen into perdition and ruin by the sin of the first
          man -- God showed himself to be as he is: merciful and just.
                  He is merciful in withdrawing and saving from this perdition those whom he, in his
          eternal and unchangeable counsel, has elected and chosen in Jesus Christ our Lord by his pure
          goodness, without any consideration of their works.
                  He is just in leaving the others in their ruin and fall into which they plunged themselves.

     B. From the Canons of Dort - 1610
                   Election [or choosing] is God's unchangeable purpose by which he did the following:
                   Before the foundation of the world, by sheer grace, according to the free good pleasure
          of his will, he chose in Christ to salvation a definite number of particular people out of the entire
          human race, which had fallen by its own fault from its original innocence into sin and ruin. Those
          chosen were neither better nor more deserving than the others, but lay with them in the common
          misery. He did this in Christ, whom he also appointed from eternity to be the mediator, the head
          of all those chosen, and the foundation of their salvation. And so he decided to give the chosen
          ones to Christ to be saved, and to call and draw them effectively into Christ's fellowship through
          his Word and Spirit. In other words, he decided to grant them true faith in Christ, to justify them,

Teacher: Rev R D Scott                             EPHESIANS                                                         Page 26
          to sanctify them, and finally, after powerfully preserving them in the fellowship of his Son, to
          glorify them.
                   God did all this in order to demonstrate his mercy, to the praise of the riches of his
          glorious grace.              Ephesians 1:4-6; Rom. 8:30

IV. Quotes
     A. Charles Spurgeon (1834 – 1892)                   [Probably the most famous of British preachers. Still remains highly influential
          among Christians of different denominations, among whom he is still known as the "Prince of Preachers." In his lifetime, Spurgeon
          preached to around 10,000,000 people, often up to 10 times a week at different places]

                 "I have known men bite their lip and grind their teeth in rage when I have been preaching
          the sovereignty of God ... the doctrinaires of today will allow a God, but he must not be a King."
                 "Scarcely a minister looks on us or speaks favorably of us; because we hold strong views
          upon the divine sovereignty of God, and His divine electings and special love towards His
                 "The old truth that Calvin preached, that Augustine preached, that Paul preached, is the
          truth that I must preach today, or else be false to my conscience and my God. I cannot shape the
          truth, I know of no such thing as paring off the rough edges of a doctrine. John Knox's gospel is
          my gospel; that which thundered through Scotland, must thunder through England again."

     B.   John Stott (1921 --)          [Stott is one of the most influential Christian leaders in recent history, Pastor of All Souls Church,
          England for many years, and a noted leader of the worldwide evangelical movement.]

          The doctrine of election is a divine revelation, not a human speculation. It was not invented by
          Augustine of Hippo or Calvin of Geneva. On the contrary, it is without question a biblical
          doctrine, and no biblical Christian can ignore it. According to the Old Testament, God chose
          Israel out of all the nations of the world to be his special people. (Ex. 19:4-6) According to the
          New Testament he is choosing an international community to be his `saints' (Eph.1:1), his holy or
          special people (1Pet. 2:9-10). So we must not reject the notion of election as if it were a weird
          fantasy of men, but rather humbly accept it (even though we do not fully understand it) as a truth
          which God himself has revealed.

V. BENEFITS of understanding & accepting the doctrine of election
     A. Removes basis for pride and boasting                                        C. Promotes evangelism
          1. Deut. 7: 7-8                                                                 1. John 6:37, 44-45, 65
          2. 1 Cor. 1:26-30                                                               2. Acts 13:48
          3. Eph 2:8-9                                                                    3. 1 Cor. 1:21-25
     B. Encourages love for God                                                     D. Encourages perseverance
          1. John 10: 14 -16                                                              1. 2Thess. 2:13--17
          2. Rom. 5:8

Teacher: Rev R D Scott                                      EPHESIANS                                                                   Page 27

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