Sub-committee 1 ”Sustainable development and rural policies Working group Sustainable Rural Development 1. Outcome of the working group meeting in Strasbourg of October 2006 2. Project for a Conference on rural areas in 2008 Aksel Hagen, Deputy major in Oppland County, Norway Coordinator of the working group Strasbourg 3 October 2006 Follow up the meeting in Crete: • A information guide on labels and the promotion of quality products - How regions can make use of European labels - Examples of best practice • Existing studies on the impact of regional quality products and the use of label on local and regional economies – carry out our own study? – organise a workshop where researchers meet member regions Strasbourg 3 October 2006… Topics from the members of the working group – e-services in the rural areas – acessibility: to improve attractiveness to investors and entrepreneurs – employment – how to have local population stay in rural areas (women, young people…) – Rural Innovia project (Closing conference 12 and 13 March) – A regular newspaper on the topic of rural development? Working method - mail, newsletter, … a future partnership pool! Oppland, proposed study: Rural areas: From living landscapes to recreational landscapes? Exemplified by second home development Global trends • Worldwatch Institute- State of the World 2007: Our Urban Future ”In 2008, half of the Earth’s population will live in urban areas, marking the first time in history that humans are an urban species” • ”The leisure society”: Increased leisure time + increased mobility+ increased income = increased recreational pressure on rural areas from urban areas • Rural areas: Declining population + reduced activity in traditional rural economics = need for developing new commercial activities Tourism has become a powerful force in rural economic development. Second homes are an integral component of tourism in rural and peripheral areas Norwegian trends • Increasing number of second homes (huge demand) • Development of second homes is important for the local economy in many rural areas: - 2002: Expenditure per second home/year: Appr. 4.200 € - Employment effect: 3-5% of total employment in the municipalities studied (huge supply) • Increasing quality of second homes: 1985: Average second home: 60,6 m², 2006: 102,8 m² New second homes are larger than new residents Old second homes Example of a new second home Oppland Oppland 42231 Buskerud 40958 Hedmark 30937 Hordaland 27225 Sør-Trøndelag 27002 Number of Telemark 24902 second homes in Nordland 23647 different Østfold 19497 Norwegian Rogaland 17204 counties, Møre og Romsdal 16393 January 2006 Vest-Agder 16163 Aust-Agder 15688 Akershus 15657 Nord-Trøndelag 14631 Vestfold 14142 Oppland: 1 second home Troms 10805 Finnmark 10237 per 4.5 inhabitants Sogn og Fjordane 9550 Oslo 2300 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 Second home development represents both positive and negative impacts for the local communities • Environmental impacts: Consumption of land and energy • Economical impacts: - Positive impacts on local economy of development and use of second homes, taxes providing income to the local community, new “inhabitants” (new expertise, new ideas, money…),etc. - Negative impacts on community services: Do for example health care, the water and sewage system have to be dimensioned to a large number of users in peak periods? Impacts, continued…. • Impacts on local identity: How to maintain a local identity when the number of visitors in periods may exceed the number of inhabitants? Or, - a positive impact: New ideas, life styles… • Democratic impacts: Should “leisure inhabitants” have democratic rights if they pay local taxes? • Impacts on the possibilities of uphold of the population of the local community: - In popular recreational areas residential houses/properties may be attractive as second homes, causing the prices to be too high for local youths or other who want to settle in the community permanently. - Transformation of second homes into permanent housing Proposed study: How can regional and municipal authorities maximise the benefits, and minimise the negative impacts of second home development? Proposed study, continued….. 1. Comparison of the status for second home development in different regions (Number, dispersion, major impacts and challenges etc.) 2. Exchange of best practice: 2.1 What policies, initiatives and interventions can be applied at local/regional level to maximise the benefits and minimise the negative impacts of second home development? (Regulation through planning systems and other agreements/laws, local taxes, reimbursement for infrastructure like roads and sewage, etc.) 2.2 Innovative approaches for stimulation of the local economy through second home development From talk to action, included more talk 1. Remember ourselves about what we said about working methods in Strasbourg 2. A working group meeting in September (Durres) or before? • A task force for the 2008 Conference Who`s in?