Aksel present. aer March 2007 - 2 by shimeiyan


									Sub-committee 1
”Sustainable development and rural policies

Working group
Sustainable Rural Development

1. Outcome of the working group meeting in
   Strasbourg of October 2006

2. Project for a Conference on rural areas in 2008

   Aksel Hagen, Deputy major in Oppland County, Norway
             Coordinator of the working group
            Strasbourg 3 October 2006
Follow up the meeting in Crete:

• A information guide on labels and the promotion of
  quality products
   - How regions can make use of European labels
   - Examples of best practice

• Existing studies on the impact of regional quality
  products and the use of label on local and regional
   – carry out our own study?
   – organise a workshop where researchers meet
     member regions
           Strasbourg 3 October 2006…

Topics from the members of the working group
  – e-services in the rural areas
  – acessibility: to improve attractiveness to investors and
  – employment – how to have local population stay in
     rural areas (women, young people…)
  – Rural Innovia project (Closing conference 12 and 13
  – A regular newspaper on the topic of rural

Working method
- mail, newsletter, … a future partnership pool!
             Oppland, proposed study:

                   Rural areas:
From living landscapes to recreational landscapes?
    Exemplified by second home development
                            Global trends
• Worldwatch Institute- State of the World 2007:
  Our Urban Future
   ”In 2008, half of the Earth’s population will live in urban areas, marking the
   first time in history that humans are an urban species”

• ”The leisure society”:
   Increased leisure time + increased mobility+ increased income
   = increased recreational pressure on rural areas from urban areas

• Rural areas:
   Declining population + reduced activity in traditional rural economics
  = need for developing new commercial activities

   Tourism has become a powerful force in rural economic development.
   Second homes are an integral component of tourism in rural and peripheral
                    Norwegian trends

• Increasing number of second homes (huge demand)

• Development of second homes is important for the local
  economy in many rural areas:
  - 2002: Expenditure per second home/year: Appr. 4.200 €
  - Employment effect: 3-5% of total employment in the municipalities
  studied (huge supply)

• Increasing quality of second homes:
  1985: Average second home: 60,6 m², 2006: 102,8 m²
  New second homes are larger than new residents
Old second homes

                   Example of a new second home
       Oppland                                                      42231
       Buskerud                                                    40958
       Hedmark                                          30937
      Hordaland                                   27225
   Sør-Trøndelag                                 27002
                                                                                   Number of
       Telemark                                 24902
                                                                                   second homes in
        Nordland                               23647
         Østfold                         19497
       Rogaland                        17204
Møre og Romsdal                       16393
                                                                                   January 2006
     Vest-Agder                       16163
     Aust-Agder                       15688
       Akershus                       15657
 Nord-Trøndelag                      14631
        Vestfold                     14142
                                                                    Oppland: 1 second home
          Troms                10805
       Finnmark               10237
                                                                    per 4.5 inhabitants
Sogn og Fjordane              9550
           Oslo        2300

                   0      10000        20000     30000          40000      50000
                Second home development
 represents both positive and negative impacts for the local

• Environmental impacts:
  Consumption of land and energy

• Economical impacts:
  - Positive impacts on local economy of development and use of
  second homes, taxes providing income to the local community, new
  “inhabitants” (new expertise, new ideas, money…),etc.
  - Negative impacts on community services: Do for example health
  care, the water and sewage system have to be dimensioned to a
  large number of users in peak periods?
                      Impacts, continued….

• Impacts on local identity:
  How to maintain a local identity when the number of visitors in periods may
  exceed the number of inhabitants?
  Or, - a positive impact: New ideas, life styles…

• Democratic impacts: Should “leisure inhabitants” have democratic
  rights if they pay local taxes?

• Impacts on the possibilities of uphold of the population of
  the local community:
  - In popular recreational areas residential houses/properties may be
  attractive as second homes, causing the prices to be too high for local
  youths or other who want to settle in the community permanently.
  - Transformation of second homes into permanent housing
Proposed study:

How can regional and municipal authorities
maximise the benefits,
and minimise the negative impacts of
second home development?
                Proposed study, continued…..
1.   Comparison of the status for second home
     development in different regions
     (Number, dispersion, major impacts and challenges etc.)

2.   Exchange of best practice:

     2.1 What policies, initiatives and interventions can be applied at
     local/regional level to maximise the benefits and minimise the
     negative impacts of second home development?
     (Regulation through planning systems and other
     agreements/laws, local taxes, reimbursement for infrastructure
     like roads and sewage, etc.)

     2.2 Innovative approaches for stimulation of the local economy
     through second home development
                  From talk to action,
                  included more talk

1.  Remember ourselves about what we said about
    working methods in Strasbourg
2. A working group meeting in September (Durres) or
   • A task force for the 2008 Conference

                    Who`s in?

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