How to Incorporate Quotations into Your Essay by sdfsb346f

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									How to Incorporate Quotations into Your Essay


Short Quotations
To indicate direct quotations of fewer than four (4) lines in
your text, enclose the quotation within double quotation
marks. Provide the author’s last name and specific page
citation in the text, and include a complete reference in the
reference list. Punctuation marks, such as periods, commas,
and semicolons, should appear after the parenthetical
citation.
Examples:
     (Cheek & Buss 332)
     (Shimamura 3)
Examples of short quotations:
   She stated, "Students often had difficulty using MLA
    style," (Jones 199), but she did not offer an
    explanation as to why.
   According to Jones "Students often had difficulty
    using APA style, especially when it was their first
    time" (199).




Long Quotations (block quotes)
Place direct quotations longer than four (4) lines in a free-
standing block of typewritten lines, and omit quotation
marks. Start the quotation on a new line, indented five (5)
spaces from the left margin and type the entire quotation on
the new margin, single spaced. The parenthetical citation
should come after closing punctuation mark.
Example:
The study found the following:
    Students often had difficulty using APA style,
    especially when it was their first time citing sources.
    This difficulty could be attributed to the fact that many
    students failed to purchase a style manual or to ask their
    teacher for help. (Jones 199)




Quotations from Drama
A reference to a play must refer to the act, scene, and line numbers,
as in the following case:

In Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Titania, enchanted
with Bottom, sees the world around her with romantic eyes. As she
says,
        The moon methinks looks with a watery eye;
        And when she weeps, weeps every little flower,
        Lamenting some enforced chastity. (3.1.202-04)
If it were only two lines long, it would be written in the body of the
essay in the following way, using quotation marks:

In Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Titania, enchanted
with Bottom, sees the world around her with romantic eyes. As she
says, “And when she weeps, weeps every little flower, /
      Lamenting some enforced chastity” (3.1.202-04).




From the JL Ilsley English Handbook

								
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