all about brazil by Dijlistic

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									Amazon Jungle Brazil, South America


2007 Travel & Outfitting Guide
Important Phone Numbers:
THE FLY SHOP • Toll-free 800-669-3474 • Business 530-222-3555 Facsimile 530-222-3572 • Email: River Plate Anglers Office Montevideo, Uruguay • 011-5982-604 -4305 / 011-5982- 604-4306 / FAX 011-5982-601-9993 Brahma - Transfer Agent Manaus, Brazil: • 011-55 -92-9994-2779 Cellular number E-mail: • Fax: 011-55-92-3664-0623 Hotel Tropical, Manaus : 011 55 (92) 2123 5000 Av. Coronel Teixeira 1320 – Ponta Negra – CEP 69029-120 – Manaus Phone number: (92) 2123 5000

LOCATION OF BRAZIL: Brazil extends from the Amazonian equatorial plains at latitude 4 degrees North to cool uplands at 30 degrees South where frost occurs frequently. Brazil borders all South American countries except Chile and Ecuador. To the East, the Brazilian coastline runs 4,600 miles along the Atlantic Ocean. COUNTRY SIZE: Brazil’s land mass totals 3,285,632 square miles, more than all the European countries combined, or the United States. Brazil makes up for nearly half the total area of South America. Greatest width: 2,684 miles (almost the same distance from North to South 2,731). POPULATION: 169,799,170 (2001 est.) With nearly 170 million inhabitants, 70% are under the age of 30. LANGUAGES: Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, and French. ETHNICITY MIXES OF PEOPLE: 55% “white” (includes Portuguese, German, Italian, Spanish, Polish), 38% “mixed” (white & black), 6% “black,” and 1% “other” (includes; Japanese, Arab, Amerindian). RACES: There are three basic racial sources for the Brazilian people. To the original inhabitants (Indians), were added successive waves of Europeans (mainly Portuguese) and Africans (mostly from the sub-Saharan West coast). In the first half of the 20th century, as a consequence of war, or economic pressures, sizeable contingent’s of immigrants came to Brazil from parts of Western, Central, & Eastern Europe. In 1908, 640 immigrants came to Brazil from Japan. Because of the welcoming social environment, a Japanese migration trend was established. By 1969, 247,312 Japanese had emigrated to Brazil. Today, Brazilians of Japanese descent are the largest such group, outside Japan. THE PEOPLE OF BRAZIL: Brazilians are a young and friendly people, eager to show visitors the beauty and rich heritage of their country, region, or town. TYPES OF RELIGIONS: Roman Catholic (nominal) 90%. TYPE OF GOVERNMENT: Federal Republic. Politically, Brazil is divided into 26 states, and the Federal District of Brasilia, site of the nation’s capital. These states are divided into five regions, each with its own distinct characteristics. The marked social, cultural and geographical contrasts among these regions sometimes make it seem like each one of them is a different country within the country. INDEPENDENCE: 7 September 1822 (from Portugal). CHIEF OF STATE: President Luis Inacio Lula da Silva. FLAG DESCRIPTION: Green, with a large yellow diamond in the center bearing a blue celestial globe with 27 white fivepointed stars (one for each state and the Federal District) arranged in the same pattern as the night sky over Brazil. The globe has a white equatorial band with the motto: “ORDEM E PROGRESSO” (Order and Progress). ECONOMY: Economy overview: Possessing large and well-developed agricultural, mining, manufacturing, and service sectors, Brazil's economy outweighs that of all other South American countries and is expanding its presence in world markets. CURRENCY: “Real” (R$) = 100 centavos. 2.26 real equal $1 U.S. (06/08/2006). GEOGRAPHY OF BRAZIL: The country does not present wide extremes of topographical variation; most of its territory is less than 650 feet above sea level, distributed over elevated plateaus, low plains and extensive basins. The landscape of Brazil is dominated by two prominent features -- the Amazon, with its surrounding lowland basin of 1,544,400 sq. miles, and the Central Highlands, a plateau that rises Southward from the great river. Most of the Central Highlands consists of a tableland varying in altitude from 984 top 1,640 feet above sea level, broken by a number of low mountain ranges and cut by deep valleys. The highlands ascend steeply in the East, forming an escarpment, where several peaks attain an altitude of 8,202 feet or more, and then drop precipitously to a narrow Atlantic coastal plane. A network of high mountain ranges runs from the South of the country to the Northeast forming a continental divide between the Atlantic Ocean and the interior. Brazil’s highest peak, Pico da Neblina, reaching 9,888 feet, is in the North, close to the Venezuelan border.

The Equator passes through the North of the country, near Macapá, and the Tropic of Capicorn passes through the South, near Sao Paulo. RIVERS: Brazil has one of the most extensive river systems in the world -- eight drainage basins. The Amazon and TocantinsAraguaia basins, in the North, account for 56% of Brazil’s total drainage area. The Amazon River is the world’s largest river in volume of water and the second longest, after the Nile River. It is 4,087 miles long and 2,246 miles of it are in Brazilian territory. The river is navigable by ocean steamers as far as 2,414 miles upstream, reaching Iquitos in Peru. The Paraná- Paraguai river system drains the area from the Southwestern portion of the state of Minas Geraís Southward, until it reaches the Atlantic through the River Plate (“Río da Prata”) near Buenos Aires, Argentina. Brazil’s two Southern most states are drained through the Uruguay River also into the Prata. The Sao Francisco River is the largest river [wholly] within Brazil, flowing for over 1,000 miles Northward, before it turns Eastward into the Atlantic. It rises, like the Paraná and the Tocantins in the Central Heights of the country. The upper river is navigable for shallow-draft riverboats in some areas, but only the last 172 miles of the lower river is navigable for oceangoing ships. CLIMATE PATTERNS: Since 93% of Brazil’s territory is located in the Southern Hemisphere, the seasons are the opposite of those in Europe and the United States. Brazil's climate ranges from typically tropical in the North where it never gets cold, to a more temperate climate in the South where it has even been known to snow during the winter, with all sorts of subtropical variations in between. Although 90% of the country is within the tropical zone, more than 60% of the population lives in areas where altitude, sea winds, or cold polar fronts moderate the temperature. There are five climactic regions in Brazil:equatorial, tropical, semi-arid, highland tropical, and subtropical. Plateau cities such as Sao Paulo, Basilia, and Belo Horizonte have very mild climates averaging 66°F. Rio de Janerio, Recife, and Salvador on the coast, have warm climates balanced by the constancy of the Trade Winds. In the Southern Brazilian cities of Porto Alegre and Curitiba, subtropical climate is similar to parts of the U.S. and Europe, with frosts occurring with some frequency. In this region temperatures in winter can fall below freezing. Despite the popular image of the Amazon as a region of blistering heat, temperatures of more than 90°F are rarely experienced. In fact, the annual average temperature in the Amazon region is in the range of 72 - 79°F, with only a very small seasonal variation between the warmest and the coldest months. The hottest part of Brazil is the Northeast where, during the dry season [between May and November], temperatures of more than 100°F are recorded frequently. The Northeast has greater seasonal variation in temperatures than does the Amazon region. Along the Atlantic coast, from Recife to Rio de Janerio, mean temperatures range from 73°F to 81°F. Inland, on higher ground, temperatures are lower, ranging from 64°F to 70°F. South of Rio, the seasons are more noticeable and the annual range of temperature, greater. The average temperature for this part of the country is in the range between 63°F to 66°F. AVERAGE ANNUAL RAINFALL: Brazil’s most intense rainfall is found around the mouth of the Amazon River near the city of Belém and in the vast upper regions of Amazonia, where more than 78 inches of rain falls every year. Another important region of heavy rainfall is along the edge of the great escarpment in the state of Sao Paulo. However, most of Brazil has moderate rainfall of between 39 to 59 inches a year, with most of the rain falling in the summer, between December and April. The winters tend to be dry. The driest part of the country is the Northeast, the so-called “polygon of drought”, encompassing 10% of the country’s territory. In this region, rainfall is undependable and the evaporation rate is very high, making it difficult to raise crops. Along the coastline, South from Recife, the mountains trigger rainfall from the Trade Winds. In some places behind the mountains, such as the region South of Salvador, the hinterland is dry because the rain is dumped on the mountains leaving very little for the area behind. The vast regions of the Amazon and La Plata river basins occupy about three-fifths of the total area. The country's main feature is the huge plateau, which rises from 1,000 to 3,000 feet (300-900 meters) above sea level between Sao Paulo and Río Grande do Sul. Although Brazil is immense in size and varies in topography from the sweeping sea-level Amazon basin South to the mountainous areas of Sao Paulo and Porto Alegre, the temperature range is slight. Summer is from December to February and the rainy season runs from October to March, but varies by region. SEASONS: Brazil’s seasons are the reverse of those in the U.S. and Europe: Spring -- September 22 to December 21 Summer -- December 22 to March 21 Autumn -- March 22 to June 21 Winter -- June 22 to September 21

NATURAL RESOURCES: Bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber. LAND USE: Arable land: 5% Permanent crops: 1% Permanent pastures: 22% Forests & woodland: 58% Other: 14%. HEAT & HUMIDITY: You’ll be fishing the Amazon Region during the dry season. Mid-day temperatures in the Amazon range between 90° - 100° F. You can expect occasional showers, especially during midday hours. Generally, there is little wind and intense tropical sun throughout the day. Pay particular attention to dehydration, and overexposure to the sun (sun stroke). Drink plenty of liquids, water and apply ample amounts of sunscreen to exposed body parts several times a day. At night, temperatures drop to a comfortable, 75 °F. INSECTS/NO-SEE-UMS: Depending upon water levels and recent rain levels, the Brazilian Amazon can have significant populations of biting gnats, especially in the early morning and evening hours. Socks, long pants, long sleeves, and a good brand of repellent (Muskol, Cutters, DeepWoods) are recommended. BEES: Occasionally, you will encounter bees. If you are allergic, please bring all necessary medications and alert your camp manager and fishing partner, in advance. COPING WITH JET LAG: Drink plenty of water and avoid consuming alcohol and caffeine during your flight. Take it easy your first few days in the country. INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL TO BRAZIL FROM U.S.A.: It is very important The Fly Shop be supplied with the information below at least 90 days prior to your scheduled arrival date with Rio Plate Anglers: 1) NAME as it appears on your passport 2) PASSPORT NUMBER 3) PASSPORT EXPIRATION DATE 4) ARRIVAL/DEPARTURE FLIGHT SCHEDULE In/Out of MANAUS, Brazil FISHING LICENSES: Rio Plate Anglers will take care of your Sportfishing License. However, in order for them to do so, it is IMPERATIVE THE FLY SHOP receives the above information from you at least four weeks prior to your departure date: Weight Restrictions: Please be aware, the luggage weight allowance is 30 lbs. per person. Passengers may take no more than 5 lbs. of hand-luggage (apart from the 30 lbs). LUGGAGE: Preferably your bags should be locked. In case of loss , report it immediately to your airline representative before you leave the airport. Your lodge representative can help with this and arrange for getting your bags to the lodge. Please pack as light as possible. Soft duffel bags are best. We recommend carrying a travel rod and reel with you on the plane in the unlikely event that your luggage is lost. ALCOHOL: Anglers should bring their own supply of hard liquor, such as bourbon, scotch, or vodka, which can be bought at the duty-free shop at the Miami Airport before boarding your international flight. Alcohol intake should be kept to a minimum in a hot, humid climate, (even beers). It is essential to rehydrate your body throughout your stay. GRATUITIES: Tipping is a personal decision. And, should be based on the level of service you received during your stay and your overall satisfaction with your trip. Generally, each satisfied client will leave a gratuity somewhere in the range of 7% 10% of total cost of the lodge package. Gratuities can be left with the camp host and will be divided among the entire staff. While in Amazon, it is customary to tip hotel staff and other service providers. Guidelines for typical gratuities in Brazil include: $1 - $2 per bag to bellmen, plus $1 - $2 for opening the room, $1 - $2 to doormen for assisting with a cab, $5 to concierge for special efforts & errands, and 10% of your total meal bill for wait staff or room service personnel. Airport chauffeurs may be tipped $1/per person, plus $1/per bag if help is given.

International & Domestic Travel
STAYING HEALTHY WHILE TRAVELING IN BRAZIL: An easy way to ruin a vacation is to become paranoid about getting sick. Use common sense, and follow these guidelines: • Always wash your hands before eating. • When eating from open-air food stands, use discretion. • Drink plenty of non-alcoholic fluids and don’t get dehydrated! • Drink bottled water. • Take Pepto Bismol, yogurt or papaya enzyme tablets throughout your stay in Brazil. • Take it easy the first few days. • Take a "siesta" (nap) each afternoon. • Ease into local eating and drinking habits. • Go easy on the alcohol. For some reason, statistics show most people who become ill while on vacation do so on the third day of the visit. If you have problems, most So. American countries have excellent pharmacies (farmacias) which dispense prescription drugs (often without prescriptions) at a fraction of their cost back home. Anti-diarrhea drugs e.g. Lomotil are readily available. Note: Consult your physician before taking any prescription drugs. TELEPHONE SYSTEM: Good working system with domestic, extensive microwave radio relay system, and a domestic satellite system with 64 earth stations TELEVISION BROADCAST STATIONS: Brazil has the world's fourth largest television broadcasting system TRANSPORTATION: Railways: total: 27,418 km (1,750 km electrified) Highways: total: 1.939 million km Paved: 178,388 km Unpaved: 1,760,612 km Waterways: 50,000 km navigable MEDICAL SERVICES: Medical care varies in quality, particularly in remote areas. Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for health services. U.S. medical insurance is not always valid outside the United States. The Medicare/Medicaid program does not provide payment of medical services outside the United States. In some cases, medical insurance with specific overseas and medical evacuation coverage has proven useful. For additional health information, travelers may contact:
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention's International Travelers' Hotline: (404) 332 4559 * E-mail: Internet:

River Plate Anglers is situated in a remote area, so those who have serious health problems should think twice about going to a location where there are limited and only scattered medical facilities. We strongly recommend medical evacuation and trip cancellation/interruption insurance. Be sure to bring any prescription medications you may require. The camps are equipped with extensive first-aid kits and HV radios for emergency calls. Water at the camp is filtered water. INOCULATIONS: At the time this printing, yellow fever inoculation and preventative medication against malaria are recommended. However, consult your doctor about the most current recommendations of the World Health Organization (202) 861-3200. Anglers can also secure information about inoculations from: International Association for Medical Assistance to Travelers - IAMAT 1623 Military Rd. #279 Niagara Falls, NY 14304-1745 World Wide Web: CRIME INFORMATION: The incidence of crime against tourists tends to be greater in areas surrounding hotels, discos, bars, nightclubs and other similar establishments that cater to visitors, especially at dusk and during the evening hours. Incidents of theft on city buses are frequent, and such transportation should be avoided. Several Brazilian cities have established specialized tourist police units to patrol areas frequented by tourists. The loss or theft of a U.S. passport abroad should be reported immediately to the local police and the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate. Useful information on guarding valuables and protecting personal security while traveling abroad is provided by the Department of State and pamphlets such as,“A Safe Trip Abroad,” and “Tips for Travelers to Central & South America” are available via mail at: Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402

“The Peacock Bass, by nature is aggressive and its personality is downright belligerent. It is a fish so powerful, it can destroy tackle, and straighten hooks. The fiercest fighting fish in the world will smash and tangle lures, even break them apart, and then give you the battle of your life. It is impossible to exaggerate the strike and fight of this colorful gamefish. The larger it gets, in contradistinction to its North American cousins, the better it fights. The fish almost always jumps the second it is hooked, and after a head-shaking leap or two, they make an incredible run. Even a four or five pounder can wear a person out, and they probably grow to over 30 pounds.” - Larry Larsen in his comprehensive book, “Peacock Bass Explosions!”
Flyfishing for Peacock Bass is extremely exciting and a battle right down to the end. In most cases, large, baitfish- type flies with “noticeable” silhouettes are the ticket (see copy of article enclosed “The Peters Poly-fly,” by Don Peters). Seasoned fly fishers can catch as many, if not more peacocks as a conventional fisherman. FLY FISHING Flyfishing for peacocks is extremely productive but can be tiring if you're not used to blind casting (and then rapidly stripping) a heavy-weight rod all day long. If you don't think you have this type of endurance, we recommend you bring casting or spinning tackle to give yourself a break. Streamers fished on sinking lines seem to be most productive (not only in terms of overall numbers of peacocks, but for larger sized fish as well). Popular streamers include 6-inch (5/0) bi-colored, heavily-dressed buck tails in red/yellow, olive/white, black/white, and orange/black. Big Deceivers, Bunnies, Saltwater Zonkers, Clouser Minnows, and other flashy baitfish imitations all take fish. All patterns should have generous amounts of matching Flashabou or Crystal Flash. Big saltwater poppers are exciting to fish, but can be extremely exhausting to cast and retrieve for a prolonged period. Gaines saltwater popper in red/yellow and pearl/olive hold up well and are hard to beat in terms of their 'action' in water. 'Sliders' are productive in clear water situations. Popovic's 'Silicone Mullet' in olive and white is hard to beat. Fly SHADE seems more important than COLOR depending upon light conditions. For this reason have an adequate selection of light and dark patterns. We recommend you bring at least two dozen streamers (half light and half dark) and 8 - 10 poppers. Hooks should be razor sharp-dull hooks SIGNIFICANTLY reduce hookup rate. FLY RODS: Multi-piece 9 or 10 wt. fly rods, 9 ft length are the best choices. We like fast tapered saltwater rods with plenty of butt strength and the ability to cast wind-resistant flies. Nine weight fly rods seem to be the perfect match, but don’t be afraid to bring along the 10 weight. Good models to choose from include; Winston’s BIIX 4-piece, Sage RPLXI-II, G. Loomis Cross Current, and Scott Saltwater Heliply series, all in three, four, or five piece, for easy traveling. We highly recommend
bringing a backup rod.

FLY REELS: (minimum 150 yards of 30 lb. or larger high-visibility backing) Reels specifically designed for saltwater fly fishing are the ticket. Smooth disk drags, plenty of backing capacity, and sturdy, machined aluminum anodized frames are features to look for in a reel. Models to consider are: Tibor, Abel, Galvin Torque Series, and Ross Canyon 4 or 5. LEADERS: Peacocks are not the least bit leader shy. Most fly anglers use a straight shot (approx 6 ft) of 20-50 lb. monofilament leader material. Anything lighter will be snapped off like sewing thread when that 15 'pounder' runs you into a tree or rock pile. You’ll go through a lot of leader material, because of the peacock's extremely abrasive teeth. We recommend buying a 1/2-pound spool of Ande 'Tournament' monofilament or equivalent. If you're trying for a IGFA record, you'll have to follow their leader specifications. Stiff leader material is the way to go, brands to consider are Maxima, Ande, Mason Rio I.G.F.A or Seaguar Fluorocarbon. We like to run 6 feet of 40 – 50 mono or Fluorocarbon right off our fly line, tied directly to the fly with a loop knot.

NOTE: A Small Cotton Minnow Seine, or a stripping basket, is a must to keep your fly line from tangling in the boat's seats, floorboards, rods etc.
FLY LINES: You should bring three fly lines: 1) Weight-forward floater (Scientific Anglers Mastery FLOATING Bonefish or Tarpon Taper) 2) 24’ 200 or 300 grain sink-tip 3) Intermediate (Scientific Anglers Mastery SINKING Bonefish or Tarpon Taper) A couple spare fly lines are highly recommended.

STREAMERS: In general, peacock bass are completely piscivorous, so your fly selection should thoroughly represent LARGE, flashy, baitfish. Some kind of flashy material (Flash-A-Bou or Krystal Flash) should be incorporated in your flies. To choose the proper fly in any given condition, fly fisherman should follow similar guidelines as outlined for the conventional fisherman. Don’t be afraid of big flies -- up to 6 inches in length, with LARGE/WIDE profiles. Flies of this size are representative of the natural baitfish peacocks feed on. It is not uncommon for a 5 lb bass to eat a 15 inch baitfish. COLORS: The general rule for color selection is normal. If it is bright outside and the water is clear, than a bright fly should be used. When the water is calm, and visibility not too cloudy, than a subtle color fly with little flash should be used. If it is dark outside, low light conditions, or if you are fishing over a dark bottom, than a dark fly should be used. Combinations of green/yellow/red and blue/white red work very well. Flies with BIG eyes are a must! FISHING STREAMERS: Streamer fishing is an important and major component of Peacock Bass fishing. As a general rule, if the water is clear, the fly should be stripped quickly and aggressively. On the other hand, if the water you are fishing is murky or stained, slow down your retrieve and use the brightest, flashiest fly in your box. FLIES: (Sizes 3/0 & 4/0 hooks – very sharp!) • Tropical Punch (2/0) • BIG Clousers (2/0) • Puglisi Tinker Mackerel (3/0) • Cabra Streamer (2/0) Sardine, blue/white, red/yellow • Peters Poly-fly (see article) • CF Baitfish Fire Tiger • Lefty’s Deceiver - blue, green, red, yellow (3/0) • Peacock Agitator (1/0) • Lefty’s Shark & Cuda Fly • Blue Horizon Tarpon Clouser (3/0) • Flashtail Whistlers (3/0) • Alf Baitfish (3/0

TOPWATER FLIES: No strike is as savage and exhilarating as a peacock bass hitting a top-water fly. It has to be experienced to be believed! The slurping, popping, chugging, gurgling action of a popper aggressively stripped along the surface closely imitates the action of a wounded or struggling baitfish and something most peacocks find irresistible. Standard saltwater poppers with stout hooks are a perfect choice. Top-water flies should be cast long and stripped aggressively, crating the maximum amount of noise and action possible. Keeping the rod tip low to the water for maximum line control and hook setting attitude is critical. FLIES: • Enrico’s Flex Popper • Tiger Poppers (2/0) • Snook-A-Roo- red/white or yellow (3/0) • Swimming Baitfish - redhead, yellow, or shad (1/0) • Gaines saltwater poppers - assorted colors (2/0)

Tackle & Equipment
CONVENTIONAL TACKLE It is usually best to start out with a top-water lure. If the water is off color or there is a slight
chop, a propeller-type top-water lure (like the 6-3/4" Big Game Wood Chopper) will attract the fish's attention. If the water is completely calm (and/or clear), it may be wise to try a more subtle top-water lure like a 4-1/2", 3/4 oz. Heddon 'Zara Spook'. If the fish refuse to take top-water, switch to a subsurface lure. If the water is clear, lures WITHOUT a sound chamber (i.e. Cotton Cordell's 7", 1oz. 'Red Fin') seem to be productive. If the water is off color, use a lure with a sound chamber (Bill Luis 3/4 oz. 'Mag-Trap', or 1-1/2 oz. 'Super-Trap') In hot/bright light conditions, a deep-diving lure such as a Bill Luis 'Rattle Trap' (3/4 oz. 'Mag-Trap', or 1-1/2 oz. 'Super-Trap') may be your best choice. A good supply of 1/2 oz. buck-tails (tied on saltwater hooks) will illicit strikes from spawning fish which are not in the feeding mode. Try varying the retrieve until you start getting strikes. Everyone has their favorite tackle. We highly recommend bringing 3 or 4-piece spin, casting, and fly rods that you can carry on the plane. The cumbersome one-piece models often get lost or broken in transport, no matter how well they are packed. Bait casting and spinning rods used in Venezuela and Brazil should be LONG-HANDLED/medium-heavy action models designed with plenty of backbone for hook setting/pressuring big fish (recommended for 1-3 ounce lures). Bait casting reels should have a high-speed retrieve ratio, as lures are normally worked at an extremely fast rate. Bring at least two rods and reels, because you might break a rod or strip the gears in one of your reels. Because of this, most anglers prefer to use casting rods instead of spinning models. The precise, direct presentation of the level-wind casting reel is generally much more accurate than the high-arching lob of a spinning reel.

The most popular tackle combinations are: • BAIT CASTING RODS: (6’ 6”) - (7’ 6”) medium/heavy action, long handled trigger-stick rods • All Star (6’ 6”) Hvy-Trigger Cast • G. Loomis IMX (7’) Casting • IM6 All Star(6 ’6”) Hvy- Trigger Cast • G. Loomis Travel 7’) (3-piece rod) • G. Loomis IM6 (7’) Casting • Spinning RODS: • G. Loomis (7’) 10/20 lb. (3 piece rod) • G. Loomis (7’) Med-Heavy action 8/15 lb REELS: (Casting) Abu Garcia 5500-C3 and 6500 C Syncro Abu Garcia SM5600C or 5500 C (2-speed) Quantum Iron IR3W (Spinning) Penn Spinfisher 450 SS Zebco Great white Series GW60 Finor AHAB #8 or #12 • G. Loomis (7’) Heavy action 10/17 lb. • Fenwick Lunkerstik 6’6” Med-Hvy Shimano Bantam Beastmaster BBm 111 Shimano Calcutta 200 or 250– Very Nice!

Shimano Sustain SA6000FA Diawa BG 20

Tackle & Equipment
30-pound MONOFILAMENT has proven most reliable under stressful situations. All monofilament stretches to some degree, which makes top-water angling a little more tedious (but weak spots are easy to detect). Braided lines are great for fishing big top-water baits, but many anglers are frustrated with them because they cut into themselves and bury into the spool. Frays and weak spots are difficult to detect (break-offs often occur because of this). Your safest bet is to go with monofilament but braided lines are a lot less effort to fish with. IGFA does NOT accept braided lines for LINE-CLASS records. LINES: Clear, fresh, premium monofilament, (30 lb. line class). Brands to consider: Ande, Maxima, Berkley Trilene- Big Game, Stren. Fluorocarbon (the best choice) Seaguar Braided: PowerPro 50 pound SNAP SWIVELS: 60-lb. test cross-lock Sampo ball bearing swivels snapped directly to the top-water bait. Plan on bringing at least one dozen. SPLIT RINGS: Sampo Stainless Steel Split Rings HOOKS: Gamakatsu Treble Hooks: size 1, 2, 4, 6, 1/0, 2/0 WIRE LEADERS: Under some circumstances, you’ll be fishing Peacocks in the main channel of the river where piranhas can be a problem. So, wire leaders are a handy item to have! A dozen Sampo Black Beauty Leaders, 30 lb. 12” leaders will do the job. Make sure to bring AT LEAST the minimum number of recommended lures listed in front of each lure type - in a mixture of BOTH light and dark colors/shades (i.e. 10 of the 'propeller-type' top water, 8 of the minnow/jerk bait, etc.) Angling conditions will have you going through a lot of tackle. In many cases, there are several brands of lures listed under each classification. Those listed first are the most popular, although the order could be a topic of serious dispute among Peacock 'veterans'. TOPWATER LURES: • 4 - Luhr Jensen Big Game Woodchopper 6-3/4” Colors: Frog and silver/black • 2 - Jerk’N-Sams, size 100 & 300 Colors: Yellow/red, polka dot, silver/black, silver/blue, black/gold, orange
belly cut-throat

• 2 - Zara 2- Spooks, 4-1/2”, 3/4oz. Colors: Assorted • 2- Jumpin Minnow size: T-20 Colors: Hot orange, black silver, old bass • 4- Cotton Cordell Red Fin 4 1 /2” - 1 1/2 oz. • 4- Luhr Jensen Peacock Bass Lure 4” -3/4 oz. • 2- Rebel Super Pop “R” 3 3/4” - 7/16 oz.

SUBSURFACE LURES: • 2 - Jerk & Husky by Normark size: H14 Colors: Clown and silver & black • 2 - Bomber A’s 16 & 16 J’s (jointed - not deep river), 6” 1 oz. Colors: Black/silver • 8 - Magnum Rat-L-Traps, 3/4 oz. Colors: Black/silver • 4 - Johnson Silver Minnows, 3”, 3/4 oz. • 6 - Blackmore Road Runner 4” - 1/2 oz. • 8 - Mister Twister Striper Jig 4” - 1/2 oz. • 2 - Tony Acceta Pet Spoon 5 1/2” - 1 1/8 oz The lures and baits listed below are a good cross-section of what will consistently take Peacock Bass. And, just as importantly, withstand the abuse these fish can dish out! Double check all your lures - especially, the split rings, eye screws, and hook rings. David King at “Waterbug” is happy to make the required baits and lures “Peakcock proof” for a small additional charge. When it comes to Peacock Bass, Davis is a great source of information for all spin and baitcasting. DAVID KING c/o WATERBUG P.O. Box 3898, Clarksville, TN 37043-3898 Phone: 800 346 5170 or 931 647 0259 Fax: 931 648 9696

01.25.07 Conventional Tackle:
The following sources, baits and recommendations come from a very experienced Brazil Peacock Bass fisherman. Lures: • Woodchopper: (colors: Peacock Bass, Black & Orange, Sunshine) • High Roller: (colors: Peacock Bass, Black & Orange, Sunshine) • 7” Cotton Cordell Red-Fin not jointed (colors: Silver sides & Black Back) • YoZuri Minnow 4 ½” or 5” (colors: Green Mackeral) • Super Spook (colors: Spectrum) • ½ - 5/8 oz Buck-tail Jig Heads with soft plastic tails in a variety of colors Peacock Bass Tackle Sources: QuesTackle Fieldstone Marina 3375-B Highway 76 W, Hiawassee, GA 30546 USA Phone (706)896-1403 ; toll free U.S. (888)891-3474 ; FAX (706)896-1467 e mail - website -;

Fishin' World 4609 West Lovers Lane Dallas, Texas 75209 store 214.358.4941 toll free 877.227.0402 fax 214.358.2930 service center 972.484.6505

Temperatures in Amazonia can range from 80° - 100°+ Fahrenheit during fishing season, with varying degrees of humidity. Protection from the sun's rays is very important. You can expect some wind and should be prepared in the event it rains. The following list of clothing and equipment should make for an enjoyable trip: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Hat with bill and neck protection (dark underside on hat bill) Polarized sunglasses (amber or brown, with side shields). Take an extra pair. Lens cleaner Bandanas (always handy for neck protection, etc.) Long sleeve shirts (light colors, light weight) Short sleeve shirts Tee shirts (several) Long pants Shorts (you'll wear these much of the time) Sandals or camp shoes Deck shoes (no laces, non-skid) Flats (wading) boots (not waders) - optional Raingear (very light) Sunscreen (at least SPF 25, waterproof, paba-free) Zinc oxide (good for nose, lips) Lip balm with sunscreen (highest SPF you can get) Insect repellent Camera, lots of film, extra batteries, lens paper Waterproof bag or Oven Zip-Lock Bags (to carry camera and other gear while in the boat) Small flashlight Sun gloves or golf gloves Garbage bags or waterproof bags for laundry Reading glasses Books/magazines Travel alarm Passport, Visa, and travel documents Copy of passport, Visa, and travel documents (packed separately) Airline tickets and itinerary Cash (small bills for tips, gift shopping, etc.), credit card, travelers' checks Notebook and pen Emergency telephone numbers and addresses Tobacco Liquor (if you wish other than wine and beer) Toiletries, including shampoo, hand lotion, bandages, roll of athletic tape Aspirin, other over-the-counter medications like antacids, anti-diarrhea Prescription medications - Lomatil, antibiotics Swimsuit Dry Gatoraid mix (important for intake of electrolytes)

The above list of suggested clothing and equipment is only limited by one’s personal needs and imagination. Please feel free to add or delete as you see fit. We strongly suggest using soft luggage, (duffel bags) as it is easier to pack and store. Please be sure that all your luggage is marked appropriately (luggage tags). Business cards are perfect and can be inserted into most luggage tags; use your business phone, NOT your home phone. Before leaving home, double check that you have a valid passport and visitors visa for Brazil with you. Have a terrific trip! Thank you.

Please note that this Consulate General does NOT accept applications for visas submitted by mail. The Consulate accepts only visa submissions brought in by the applicant in person or by a family member/third party properly identified. The same rule applies for picking up the passport (this office does NOT mail back passports). Applicants who cannot comply with those procedures may use the services of a visa agency. Visa Requirements 1. A valid passport showing at least six months validity from the date of intended arrival in Brazil. 2. One Visa Application Form, per applicant, completely filled out, provided by this Consulate, typed or printed, dated and signed by the holder of the passport. Parents should fill out and sign applications for their own children who are minors. 3. One passport-type photograph, in color or black and white, front view. Sorry, but snapshots will not be accepted. 4. A copy (please do NOT send the original) of round trip ticket/itinerary or a statement from a travel agency, addressed to the Brazilian Consulate, or an e-ticket confirmation containing the name of passenger, the confirmed itinerary, flight number and arrival/departure dates. 5. For minors under 18 years of age traveling alone, please send a notarized letter signed by both parents authorizing this Consulate to issue a visa. If the minor is traveling with only one parent, the other parent must also present (or send) to this Consulate a notarized authorization for the issuance of a visa for the traveling minor. A copy of the minor's birth certificate is also required. 6. A Certificate of vaccination against polio is required for children between ages of three months and six years. If the child cannot be inoculated, a notarized letter from the child's physician will be required. 7. US citizens must pay a $100.00 processing fee, which is charged in reciprocity for an identical fee paid by Brazilian citizens who apply for a visa to travel to the USA. Payments must be in cash or money order. 8. For holders of non-US passports a visa fee may apply. Please, request specific instructions. 9. Regardless of the nationality, there is a $10.00 fee if the application is not presented in person by the holder of the passport. All consular fees (see items 6, 8 and 9) must be paid in cash or money order made out to the Consulate General of Brazil. Please bring the exact amount. Sorry, but personal checks will not be accepted. 10. Consular officers will only receive applications from candidates who are able to comply with the above requirements. We require at least one business day to process visas delivered in person by the passport holder or by a visa service. 11. Tourists must enter Brazil within 90 (ninety) days of issuance of the visa. Please, do not apply for a visa earlier than one month before your planned departure. Initially, the tourist visa is valid for a 90 day stay. Applicants who wish to remain in Brazil for 90 additional days should request an extension at the local Brazilian Police Department (Delegacia de Estrangeiros). Tourist visas allow for a maximum stay of 180 days per year (consecutive) in Brazil. Please remember that bearers of tourist visas should not engage in gainful employment. Please Note that: The requirements listed above should not, in any way, be considered all inclusive. The Brazilian Consulate General in San Francisco reserves the right to apply additional requirements when they are deemed necessary. Brazilians who have acquired another nationality will only be issued a visa if the decree regarding the loss of their Brazilian citizenship has been published in the Brazilian official gazette (Diario Oficial da Uniao). Children of Brazilian citizens (mother and/or father) even if born abroad will be required to travel to Brazil with a Brazilian passport. Please ask for specific instructions on how to obtain such a document.

Yellow fever vaccinations are required for travelers who have visited in the past 90 days or will visit one of these countries before entering Brazil: Angola, Benin, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ecuador, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Peru, Sierra Leone, Sudan and Venezuela. No other vaccination is required except as noted in item 6 above. Frequently asked questions about Visas: 1. How do I know if I need a visa? As a general rule, Brazil requests visas based on the principle of reciprocity of treatment given to Brazilian citizens. You DO need a visa (either for tourism or business) BEFORE entering Brazil if you are a citizen of the United States. 2. Can I apply for a visa by mail? No. The Consulate cannot accept applications by mail. You should apply in person. If you cannot come to the Consulate, you may use a visa service. 3. When I apply for a visa, can I present a copy of my passport? No. The Consulate needs the original passport to issue the visa. The Consulate only keeps the passport for the time necessary to process and issue the visa. 4. Can you fax my visa or send me an e-mail with the visa attached? No. The visa is stamped on a page of your passport. Therefore the Consulate needs the original passport to issue the visa. 5. Can I pay the visa fee with a credit card? No. The Consulate can only accept cash and money orders. Checks are not accepted either. 6. In my visa it is written that I have to enter Brazil within 90 days from the date the visa was issued, but I will not be able to travel within that time frame. Can you extend my visa? No. Once any visa is issued, it must be used within 90 days or it will expire. Then you will have to apply for another visa and pay another fee. If you are not yet sure about your travel plans, please do not apply for a visa. It is best if you wait until you have purchased your tickets. Also, it is best not to apply earlier than 60 days from the date of travel. 7. I plan to stay in Brazil for six months. Is it possible? Not necessarily. The tourist visa allows for multiple entries in Brazil for five years (American, Australian and Canadian citizens only) for stays up to 90 days. You may request the Federal Police in Brazil for an extension of stay, provided it does not exceed 180 days. However, you should not assume the Federal Police will grant the extension. But remember that unless you carry a special visa (student visa or a long-term work visa) you cannot stay in Brazil more than 180 days per year (consecutive). 8. I have gotten my tourist visa and traveled to Brazil within 90 days of the date the visa was issued. Is it still valid ? The tourist visa for Americans and Canadians is valid for multiple entries for five years from the date it was first used (unless otherwise noted in ink in the visa). So, if you entered Brazil within ninety days from the date it was issued, yes it remains valid for several other visits for five years. The only restriction is that you cannot stay in Brazil for more than 90 days each time you go (up to 180 days per year if an extension of stay after the 90 days are over is granted by the Federal Police in Brazil). For all other nationalities, the tourist visa is valid for only 90 days. The validity of business visas for all nationalities is generally limited to 90 days. The business visa for Americans and Canadians can be valid for up to five years; the decision is made on a case by case basis. 9. I am going to Brazil to attend some meetings but also for fun. Can I apply for a tourist visa? No. In this case, the main purpose of your trip is business; therefore you must apply for a business visa. Nevertheless, it is possible to tour the country with a business visa. 10. Can I get my visa upon arriving in Brazil? No, the visa has to be issued before you travel. Please, if you are a citizen of the one of the countries listed in item 1 above, do not even go to the airport if you do not have a valid visa. The airlines are not permitted to let you board a plane to Brazil if you do not have a visa. If they do, upon your arrival in Brazil the airline will be heavily fined and you WILL BE DEPORTED.

11. I am here at the airport and I was just informed by the airline that I do not have a visa. What can I do? Change your travel plans. You cannot board the plane without the visa and no visas can be issued while you are at an airport, be it in the U.S. or in Brazil. After making other travel arrangements, please apply for the visa in the nearest Brazilian Consulate, either in person or through a visa service. 12. I am divorced and I plan to travel with my children (under the age of 18) to Brazil? Do I need permission from their father/mother? Yes. A notarized letter from the children's other parent authorizing the Consulate to issue the visas for the minors must be presented together with the applications. There is only one exception to this rule: when the parent who is traveling is the sole guardian of the children as decided by a Judge (in that case, please present a certified copy of the Court order). 13. I am in a hurry. If I come to the Consulate with my passport and meet all the other requirements for a visa, can I have it issued on the same day? As a general rule, the visas are ready in 48 hours. Some visas (depending on the applicant's nationality or personal status) may require a longer processing time. A request for urgency can only be accommodated if it does not interfere with the regular flow of work. If the Consulate is busier than usual, the processing time for visas may be extended to three business days. The Consulate does not have an urgency fee. 14. My passport no longer has pages because I travel a lot. Can you issue me a visa on a separate sheet of paper? No. The Consulate needs a blank page on your passport in order to issue the visa. If you do not have a blank page, please have some more pages added to your passport or get yourself a new one. 15. I cannot come to the Consulate to pick up my passport. Can someone do it for me? Yes. But the person must bring a letter from you authorizing the Consulate to surrender the passport. Please note that this Consulate does NOT mail passports back. 16. Can someone apply for a visa in my name? Yes. The person applying on your behalf must bring all the necessary documents, including your passport. Please note that there is an extra fee of $ 10.00 when the traveler is not applying in person. 17. I heard that I need a Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate to enter Brazil. Is it true? Brazil is trying to prevent the dissemination of yellow fever. You do not need a Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate to enter Brazil if you are traveling directly from the United States. However, a Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate is required if you have visited on the past 90 days or if you will visit one of the following countries before entering Brazil: Angola, Benin, Bolivia, Cameroon, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ecuador, French Guyana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Peru, Sierra Leone, Sudan and Venezuela. 18. Do I need any vaccination to enter Brazil? No. The case when a Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate is needed is explained in question 17. The only other vaccination requirement applies to children aged from three months through six years who will have to present a vaccination certificate proving they have been immunized against polio. 19. I just received my new passport and it is not six months old. Does it mean I will not be able to get my visa? No. When we say "a valid passport showing at least six months validity from the date of intended arrival in Brazil" we mean that at the moment you enter Brazil your passport has to remain valid for at least six more months. For instance: if you are planning to arrive in Brazil on January 15, your passport has to be valid at least until July 16. If you still have a questions, please, send an e-mail to or call (415) 981-8170 extension 216.

(The Fly Shop strongly recommends using a VISA service to secure your Brazilian Tourist Visa)

WASHINGTON DC 1625 K Street NW, Suite 102 Washington DC 20006 Phone: (866) 788-1100 Fax: (202) 265-3061 Hours of Operation: Mon-Fri 8:30am-5:00pm EST SAN FRANCISCO 165 Post Street, 3rd Floor San Francisco, CA 94108 Phone: (866) 788-1100 Fax: (415) 495-4491 Hours of Operation: Mon-Fri 8:30am-5:00pm PST NEW YORK 60 East 42nd Street, Suite 1250 New York, NY 10165 Phone: (866) 788-1100 or (212) 258-5520 Fax: (212) 949-6544 HOUSTON Two Greenway Plaza, Suite 275 Houston, TX 77046 Phone: (866) 788-1100 Fax: 713-621-1512 CORPORATE HEADQUARTERS 165 Post Street, 3rd Floor San Francisco, CA 94108 Phone: (415) 962-4990 Fax: (415) 901-0815

Consulate General of Brazil in Houston:
1233 West Loop South, Park Tower North, Suite 1150 Houston, TX 77027 713-961-3063 tel. 713-961-3070 fax Website: E-mail: ( Visa Section ) ( Assistance to Brazilian nationals ) ( General Information ) Jurisdiction: Arkansas, Colorado, Kansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas

Other Brazilian consular services in the USA:
Consulate General of Brazil The Stattler Building 20 Park Plaza, Suite 810 Boston, MA 02116 617-542-4000 tel. 617-542-4318 fax Website: E-mail: Jurisdiction: Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont.

Consulate General of Brazil 401 North Michigan Ave., Suite 3050 Chicago, IL 60611-4207 312-464-0245 tel. 312-464-0299 fax E-mail: Jurisdiction: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wisconsin.

Los Angeles:
Consulate General of Brazil 8484 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 711 Beverly Hills, CA 90211 323-651-2664 tel. 323-651-1274 fax Website: E-mail: Jurisdiction: Arizona, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah and Wyoming. The counties in Southern California: Imperial, Kern, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara and Ventura.

Consulate General of Brazil 80 SW 8th street, 26th floor Miami, FL 33130 305-285-6200 tel. 305- 285-6240 fax Website: E-mail: Jurisdiction: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississipi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands

New York:
Consulate General of Brazil 1185 Avenue of the Americas, 21st floor New York, NY 10036-2601 212-827-0976 tel. 212-827-9225 fax Website: E-mail: Jurisdiction: Bermuda Islands, Connecticut, Delaware, New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania.

San Francisco:
Consulate General of Brazil 300 Montgomery Street, Suite 1160 San Francisco, CA 94104 415-981-8170 tel. 415-981-3628 fax Website: Jurisdiction: Alaska, Oregon and Washington. The counties of California: Alameda, Alpine, Amador, Butte, Calaveras, Colusa, Contra Costa, Del Norte, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Humboldt, Inyo, Kings, Lake, Lassen, Ladera, Marin, Mariposa, Mendocino, Merced, Modoc, Mono, Monterey, Napa, Nevada, Placer, Plumas, Sacramento, San Benidito, San Francisco, San Joaquim, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, Shasta, Sierra, Siskiyou, Solano, Sonoma, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, Trinity, Tulare, Tuolumne, Yolo and Yuba.

Embassy of Brazil Consular Service 3009 Whitehaven Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20008-3613 202-238-2837 tel. 202-238-2818 fax Website: E-mail: Jurisdiction: District of Columbia, Kentucky, Ohio, Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia.

4140 Churn Creek Road Redding, California 96002 BUS: 530.222.3555 ● TOLL FREE: 800.669.3474 ● FAX: 530.222.3572 ●

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