Edinburgh’s Bold Vision for Growth Unveiled Presentation to EPIC by Cllr Trevor Davies, Convenor of the Planning Committee A Vision for Capital Growth: 2020 to 2040 sets out a compelling case for the sustainable planned growth of the capital. Some of the key ideas in the document include: Creating development corridors along strong public transport arteries Re-inventing the Green Belt Creating a network of strategic green wedges that people can use Developing more sustainable travel to work patterns Concentrating development closer to the city Harnessing development land value uplift for strategic infrastructure investment Cllr Davies said that Edinburgh will most likely run out of land to build homes in 10-15 years time. If we want Edinburgh to stay successful then we have to start thinking now about how to go about that. Do we send families out to other parts with a long drive to work? Do we cram more homes into the middle of the city harming the environment? Or do we expand the city as we did in the past with Colinton, Corstorphine and Craigmillar? The consultative Vision will be the City Council‟s input to the soon to be published Structure Plan Review consultation which will look at planning options across the Lothians to 2020 and beyond. The Council is determined to lead the market and set out a long term vision for the size and shape of the city. While this report provides a look at how this development could look it not a definitive piece of work. The Council will work with our Lothians partner authorities and also those in the Scottish Borders and Fife, to draw up an agreed spatial vision for the wider city region. Thinking Big - Planning for Capital Growth Presentation by Andrew Holmes, Director of City Development, City of Edinburgh Council. The City is currently consulting on three major planning documents; Draft Edinburgh City Local Plan- detailed site-specific proposals to 2015, Edinburgh City Local Plan Structure Plan Review- rolling the region‟s strategic plan forward to 2020, Edinburgh and the Lothians, Structure Plan Review 2020, Consultation Paper CEC‟s Vision for Capital Growth - an exciting picture of a thriving capital city region in 2040, A Vision for Capital Growth, 2020- 2040 Structure Plan Review 2020 Big reservoir of development land in planning pipeline: Waterfront, South East Wedge Enough housing sites to keep supply flowing to 2020. Opportunities well spread around the city and region. We need to alter, not replace, the current structure plan. Beyond 2020- The key questions Do you think that the Edinburgh city region should plan for significant growth for the period 2020-2040? If there is to be growth, should the emphasis be on concentrating it around Edinburgh or dispersing development around the city-region, or some other approach? How can we ensure that development on the ground is delivered as sustainably as possible and its full environmental impact assessed and migrated? Should we grow after 2020? “Capital Gains” scenario based on continuing growth international comparisons suggest size is a factor region‟s population needs to reach a critical mass labour supply shortage will worsen if we do nothing growth makes it easier to deliver affordable housing and other community services Edinburgh‟s growth is Scotland‟s success- the nation needs a thriving capital Where Should Growth Go? Recycled city land will play its part But not enough on its own- reducing “brownfield” contribution likely Limited opportunities in landward areas Limited sustainable options outside the Lothians Significant amounts of greenfield land needed Concentrating development in and close to city most sustainable ….. but that‟s where the Green Belt is A New Approach to City Growth city centre remains strong hub city allowed to “breathe out” along radial development corridors on train & tram lines continuous green belt replaced by network or strategic “green wedges” regional park status for some wedges- accessible, usable, permanent green lungs on city‟s doorstep not ribbon development by another name Clear Benefits Contains and minimises car-based travel Max city edge/ countryside interface Provides housing in the city people can afford Achieves internationally competitive critical mass Responds to market signals- allocations closer to jobs hub Efficient use of existing infrastructure Enables efficient public transport penetration Risks Communities could coalesce and lose their separate identity. Risk to quality of life. If not accompanied by major investment- more pressure on already stretched services and transport systems. Regenerating parts of region. Unavoidable loss of some green belt land. Reinventing our Green Belt Continuous Green Belts can…. Keep land around city open Preserve identity of communities But they can also -increase commuting -lead to “town cramming” -push up land & house prices -squeeze out detached family homes- rule out modern city edge campus sites for new economy” businesses Making It Happen Need to remove barriers to growth Crucial role of national infrastructure providers Harnessing increases in value of development land- new options needed Timing is every- build in clear phasing and triggers Going For Growth “Competitive cities make prosperous regions and sustainable communities”. Core Cities Working Group for ODPM Presentation to Edinburgh Partnership in Conference by Stephen Gallagher, Executive Director of Global Connections, Scottish Enterprise Edinburgh and the Lothians (SEE&L) Stephen pointed out that in a global economy, Edinburgh must see itself in a larger Metropolitan area to allow expansion and to remain competitive. Scottish Enterprise had commissioned BAK Basel Economics to look at the position of Edinburgh in comparison to similar cities that would be considered as possible competitors for investment. He summarised the current position below. Inter-relationship between Cities and their Regions Cities provide:- - majority of economic activity - knowledge based sectors which drive the economy - centres of trade and industry - highly paid jobs, services, concentrations of culture and retail Regions provide:- - larger workforce and skills base - space for larger physical developments - wider range of living options - leisure and countryside opportunities. Metropolitan Edinburgh‟s Contribution to Scotland‟s Growth is; Generates more than 25% of Scotland‟s Gross Value Added (GVA). One third of growth in number of firms from 2000-2003 Contributed more than 28,000 net new jobs in Scotland since 2000 (36%) In 2002, 84 (a third) of Scottish high-growth companies were based in Edinburgh and Lothian. Nearly half of Deloitte‟s survey of the 50 fastest growing companies in Scotland are in Lothian. Generates more than a quarter of Scotland‟s tourism expenditure and employs one fifth of tourism workers. Strategic Challenges for Metro Edinburgh are; Productivity challenge Economic diversity and specialisation Sustaining a high “quality of life and place” Developing and promoting international perspectives and connection Collaboration to achieve greater scale Importance of multi nodal development Improving strategic decision making capacity. Forecast for Metro Edinburgh Economy is; Slightly stronger GVA growth for Metropolitan Edinburgh than for Scotland and the UK between 2000 and 2015. Slightly higher growth in GVA per head/employed compared to Scotland and the UK. Proportionate and absolute increase in employment from 780,000 in 2005 to 820,000 in 2015. An increase in population from 1.53m to 1.6m and the working age population to reach 1 million. Conclusions In a Scottish and UK context, Metropolitan Edinburgh performs well on many indicators including GVA per head and employment. The area is bucking the Scottish trend of a declining population. However, in comparison with European city-regions, it performs well on quality of life/place and industrial structure, but poorly on:- Scale Productivity Innovation Connectivity Commercialisation & investment on R & D Seeking a secure balance between the needs of environment, community, quality of life and growth: a Green Belt Perspective Presentation to the EPIC by Duncan Campbell of the Green Belt Alliance Duncan spoke on behalf of the Edinburgh & Lothians Greenbelt Network, which has strong concerns about the adverse impacts on the Edinburgh Green Belt arising from the Edinburgh City Council‟s papers on the Edinburgh & Lothains Structure Plan Review Paper 2020 and the Vision for Capital Growth Paper 2020-2040. Conclusions The Network is not against growth per se- cities and towns need to be able to grow- but are concerned about the continued erosion of the Green Belt by development since its proposal in 1949 by Patrick Abercrombie and Derek Plumstead in their Civic Survey and Plan for Edinburgh. Nearly 4,000 acres have been lost over the past 50 years, the equivalent of 80 acres per mile of city edge. Over 8,000 acres o f land has also suffered severe and detrimental visual impacts from development. The Network considers that these losses have significantly eroded the rural character of Edinburgh‟s Green Belt. If the same degree of attrition were allowed over the next 50 years, as the Council‟s papers propose, this would jeopardise the character of the Green Belt and the effectiveness of its purpose. General concerns from the 2020-2040 Vision Both papers are unbalanced. There is a focus on growth options. The „Case for Lower Levels of Growth‟ is never progressed, especially as the papers make the point that the Structure Plan 2015 is based on over inflated figures. The papers do not consider other issues that influence growth; fuel shortages, low emission technologies for cars, global warming, housing for an increasing elderly population and the full range of sustainability criteria. The Green Belt Alliance asks:- For an environmental audit of the capacity of the Green Belt Consultation to be extended to include every household in the City Region More work be undertaken on the growth options and that this be balanced between growth and environmental issues.