Safety Rules Flyer for Employers by qjp44028


									                   For Employers of Young Workers

What Employers Need                                                                     present multiple safety hazards because
                                                                                        they change so frequently. A wall, pipe, or
                                                                                        wire that wasn’t there yesterday may
to Know About Keeping                                                                   seem to appear overnight.
                                                                                              Usually, there are many different

Young Workers’ Safe                                                                     trades working simultaneously at one job
                                                                                        site, regardless of whether it is a residen-

                                                                                        tial or commercial job. Each trade uses its
Fact: Every year on                                he National Institute for Occupa-    own specific set of tools, equipment, and
                                                   tional Safety and Health (NIOSH)     products to get their piece of the job done.
average, roughly 4,500                             estimates that 200,000 young         Each of these different sets of tools and
young workers age 16-24                  people are injured on the job every year,      equipment poses its own set of safety
                                         and nearly 70 young people die each year       hazards. As the job progresses, these
are injured in Maryland.                 as a result of workplace accidents.            hazards change from day to day and hour
                                              As an employer, you have the              to hour.
                                         primary responsibility for protecting the            Young workers get hurt on construc-
As employers across                      safety and health of all your employees,       tion sites when they take on jobs for
Maryland hire young                      including young workers.                       which they’re not trained – sometimes
                                              Teaching young workers about safety       without being asked; when they don’t
workers for summer jobs,                 now can help them establish good work-         have appropriate supervision; when they
IWIF reminds them to take                place behaviors for the rest of their lives.   work with dangerous tools or equipment;
                                                                                        and when they perform tasks that violate
a moment to read about                                             Construction         youth employment laws.
the importance of safety                                              jobs pose               Due to the ever-changing nature of
training for young                                                      multiple        construction sites, it is important for
                                                                 safety hazards         employers and senior workers to model
workers.                                                     for young workers          good safety behavior and to teach young
                                                                                        workers the safest ways to do the job
                                              The construction industry, which                Everyone must wear PPEs (personal
IWIF can help develop an injury          employs fewer than 3% of all young             protective equipment). On a construction
prevention program for your particular   workers, still ranks 3rd in the number of      site, this may include hard hats, safety
business or industry. We also provide    work-related fatalities to youth – with        glasses or goggles, steel-toed boots, ear
workplace risk assessments and safety    14% of all occupational deaths to youth        protection, safety harnesses, and heavy-
training. For more information contact   under 18.                                      duty gloves. Also make sure all workers or call IWIF’s           Each year, thousands of young people      know the basics of lifting safely.
Loss Control dept. at 410-494-2000.      begin part-time or summer employment
                                         in construction jobs. Construction sites
                                                                                                                          Pg. 1 of 2
                         What Employer’s Need to Know
                         About Keeping Young Workers’ Safe cont.
                                                       of the child labor laws or who chooses to        should take the following
                                                       disregard them.
                                                            Exposure to harmful chemicals may           steps to protect their
                                                       also occur in restaurants. Chemicals             young workers:
                                                       commonly used for cleaning may cause
Work in restaurants and retail                         chlorine or ammonia gas to release when          ❐ Recognize the hazards. Reduce the
stores is second most                                  mixed improperly. Ensure that all                   potential for injury or illness among
                                                                                                           young workers by assessing and
dangerous for teens                                    employees are properly trained in the safe
                                                       use of cleaning chemicals.                          eliminating hazards in your workplace.
     The second highest number of                                                                          Make sure equipment used by young
workplace fatalities among workers                                                                         workers is safe and legal.
                                                       Agriculture jobs are extremely
younger than 18 occurs in retail stores and
                                                       hazardous for youth                              ❐ Supervise young workers. Make
     Between 1992 and 2000, 63% of                                                                         sure they are appropriately supervised
deaths in retail and restaurants were due                                                                  at all times while on the job. Make
to assaults and homicides associated with                                                                  sure supervisors and adult co-workers
robberies, according to NIOSH. Handling                                                                    are aware of tasks young workers
cash, working alone, and working in small                                                                  may or may not perform.
numbers, as well as working in the late
evening and early morning hours,                                                                        ❐ Provide training in hazard recogni-
contribute to the vulnerability of young                                                                   tion and safe work practices. Have
workers in storefront jobs.                                 Agriculture is the most dangerous              young workers demonstrate that they
     Non-fatal injuries among young                    industry for young workers, accounting              can perform assigned tasks safely
workers are also frequent in restaurants.              for 42% of all work-related fatalities              and correctly. Ask young workers for
NIOSH reports that more than half of all               between 1992 and 2000. Workers may                  feedback about the training.
nonfatal work-related injuries to young                legally perform any agricultural task after
workers occur in eating and drinking                   they reach age 16, whereas they are              ❐ Know and comply with the laws,
establishments. Restaurants employ some                prohibited from some jobs in other                  both federal and state. These laws
11.6 million people in the U.S.; nearly                industries until they reach age 18.                 include the child labor laws as well as
30% of this made up of young people                    Furthermore, child labor laws do not                the occupational safety and health
under 20 years of age.                                 cover workers under age 16 who work on              regulations that apply to your business
     In fact, many teens’ first work                   their parents’ or a relative’s farm.                or industry. Post these laws and
experience is in the restaurant industry.                   Agricultural work exposes young                regulations for all workers to read.
     Common hazards in restaurants                     workers to safety hazards such as over-
include knife cuts; burns from handling                sized farm machinery, confined spaces,           ❐ Develop an injury and illness
hot grease, scalding water, or working                 work at elevations, and work around                 prevention program. Involve
near hot surfaces; and slipping/falling on             animals, which can sometimes be                     supervisors and experienced workers
wet or greasy floors.                                  unpredictable or carry diseases. Young              in developing a comprehensive safety
     Employers should note that certain                workers may also be exposed to agricul-             program that includes an injury and
types of machinery that is prohibited for              tural chemicals such as pesticides and              illness prevention program and a
use by young workers under federal child               fertilizers, noise, respiratory irritants, and      process for identifying and solving
labor laws are commonly found in                       toxic gases.                                        safety and health problems.
restaurants. These include food slicers,
dough and batter mixers, and bread
                                                         Maryland’s Child Labor Laws:                   ❐ Involve young workers in their own
cutting machines.                                        Do You Know Them?                                 safety and health maintenance.
     Employers should also note that                     For more information about federal                Share these responsibilities with their
some young workers may choose to                         child labor laws, visit              teachers, if school is in session, and
operate unfamiliar or “off limits” machin-               For State of Maryland laws, go to                 with their parents as well. Ultimately,
ery to prove responsibility or maturity, or     Information about           safety is everyone’s responsibility.
                                                         OSHA regulations that apply to workers
they may have been instructed to do so by
                                                         of all ages is available at
a supervisory employee who is unaware
IMPORTANT: This article provides general overview information only. It may not list all hazards or                        
conditions needing correction or deemed unsafe. Safety and health remain your responsibility.
IWIF assumes no liability for identification or correction of conditions or hazards.                                                Pg. 2 of 2 5/2005

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