What is Job Stress by tlo13887


									What is Job Stress?

Job stress can be defined as the harmful physical and emotional responses that
occur when the requirements of the job do not match the capabilities, resources,
or needs of the worker. Job stress can lead to poor health and even injury.
Early warning signs include: headache, sleep disturbances, difficulty in
concentrating, short temper, upset stomach, job dissatisfaction, and low morale.

Stress or Challenge?

The concept of job stress is often confused with challenge, but these concepts
are not the same. Challenge energizes us psychologically and physically, and it
motivates us to learn new skills and master our jobs. When a challenge is met,
we feel relaxed and satisfied. Thus, challenge is an important ingredient for
healthy and productive work. The importance of challenge in our work lives is
probably what people are referring to when they say “a little bit of stress is good
for you.”

Reducing the Effects – A Two-sided Approach

A combination of stress management and organizational factors is often the best
approach for preventing stress at work.

Individual and situational factors that can help reduce the effects of stress at
work include:

           Balance between work and family or personal life
           A support network of friends and coworkers
           A relaxed and positive outlook

Organizational factors that can prevent or reduce workplace stress include:

           Aligning workload with workers’ capabilities and resources
         Design jobs with meaning, stimulation, and opportunities for workers to
          use their skills in mind
         Clearly define workers’ roles and responsibilities
         Give workers opportunities to participate in decisions and actions
          affecting their jobs
         Improve communications to reduce uncertainty
         Provide opportunities for interaction among workers
         Establish work schedules that are compatible with demands and
          responsibilities outside the job

from Stress... at Work NIOSH www.cdc.gov/Niosh/stresswk.html

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