Job Search JOB SEARCH by tlo13887


									                                                                             NETAC Teacher Tipsheet

Job Search SEARCH
“I am looking for a job.” These words can strike              important. Look at the student while speaking;
terror in the hearts of the most stalwart people. Like        don’t talk while chewing gum or food, or put
buying a house or a car, getting married, or having a         your hand over your mouth. Sit where the light is
baby, looking for a job is a challenge we experience          on your face, rather than at your back.
only a few times in our lives.                            •   Communicating with potential employers during
                                                              the job search: Questions that can be addressed
Nearly every job seeker will experience feelings of           here are: How will employers contact me? How
frustration, confusion, and the emotional roller              will I contact them? How will I handle the
coaster of hope and dashed hopes when the                     interview? Will I need an interpreter? There is no
inevitable rejection letters appear in the mailbox.           one set of correct answers as the student’s
Students who are deaf may experience additional               ability to communicate will vary with the
frustrations dealing with reluctant employers, who            individual.
may doubt their abilities, have erroneous stereotypes
concerning deafness, and inaccurate information           Disclosure
regarding accommodations. However, in spite of the        This issue concerns when and if students disclose
hard work that must go into a successful job search       their hearing loss to potential employers. The choice
and the accompanying negative emotions, looking for       will be up to the student. However, there are several
a job can be a rewarding, exciting, and growth-           options: in the cover letter, in the resume, when the
producing experience. Having the right perspective, a     employer calls for an interview, at the interview,
positive attitude, and adequate support can make all      when a job offer is made, and after the offer is
the difference.                                           accepted. There are pros and cons to each option. It
                                                          is often suggested that the student wait to disclose
Strategies for a successful job search do not vary for    until there is an offer for an interview. More
students who are deaf and hard of hearing. Therefore,     information about this topic can be found in Job
this information will not be repeated here. However,      Strategies for People with Disabilities by Melanie Witt.
there are some issues that should be considered if
the student is going to be successful. These are          Accommodations
communication strategies, disclosure as a job seeker      The Americans with Disabilities Act has information
who is deaf or hard of hearing, and accommodations.       that applies to all persons with disabilities. However,
                                                          it is necessary to disclose the need for
Communication                                             accommodation before the employer is obligated to
This topic has two areas of concern: How will             provide it.
support staff communicate with the student? How
will the student choose to communicate with               On-Campus Resources
potential employers?                                      • The Career Services Office can help with resume
• Communicating with the student: The best way               and cover writing skills, interviewing workshops,
     to settle this dilemma is to ask the student which      job postings, and on-campus recruiting. Some
     is his or her preferred form of communication.          centers offer career counseling, testing, and
     There is a wide range of communication abilities        academic planning. The Counseling Center will
     and preferences among people who are deaf and           offer career and personal counseling. If necessary,
     hard of hearing. Once a mode is decided upon, it        take the student and introduce him or her to the
     is important to remember that eye contact is            staff in these offices.
    •      Additional resources (World wide web)                                                          •      Print resources
           Sites for employers:                                                                                 – Witt, M.A. (1992). Job Search Strategies for
          – NTID’s Center on Employment:                                                                            People with Disabilities. Peterson’s Guides:
                                                                                    Princeton, NJ.
                                                                                                                – Ryan, D.J. (2000). Job Search handbook for
           Sites for people with disabilities:                                                                      people with disabilities. JIST: Indianapolis, IN.
          – Job Accommodation Network                                                                           – Job Search Handbook for People with
                                                                                           Disabilities, Ryan, D.J., 2000;
          – The President’s Committee on Employment of                                                          – Tips for Communicating with Deaf and Hard
              People with Disabilities                                                                              of Hearing People (available from NTID)
                                                                                – Let’s Communicate: Basic Signs and Tips for
          – Vocational Rehabilitation                                                                               Communicating with Deaf People (available
                                                                 from NTID)

           Sites concerning deafness:                                                                     •      Vocational rehabilitation: many students who
          – NTID’s Center on Employment                                                                          are deaf and hard of hearing have vocational
                                                                                 rehabilitation counselors who may be able to
          – National Deaf Education Network and                                                                  assist them in their job search. Check your local
              Clearinghouse                                                             phone book for the office nearest you. Look
              index.html                                                                                         under the heading, “State Government.” VR
          –                                                          programs may be found under various
              deafness                                                                                           departments: Education; Labor; Human Services;
          – Job seeking by deaf and hard-of-hearing people                                                       Rehabilitative Services, etc.

    For more information, contact:                                                                                                                                       This NETAC Teacher Tipsheet
    Northeast Technical Assistance Center                                                                                                                                was compiled by Debbie
                                                                                                                                                                         Fister, employment advisor,
    Rochester Institute of Technology                               585-475-6433 (V/TTY)                                                                                 National Technical Institute
    National Technical Institute for the Deaf                       585-475-7660 (Fax)                                                                                   for the Deaf, Rochester
    52 Lomb Memorial Drive                                          Email:                                                                                 Institute of Technology,
                                                                                                                                                                         Rochester, New York.
    Rochester, NY 14623-5604                              

This publication was developed in 2000 under a grant from the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) and produced through a cooperative
agreement between RIT and OSERS (H078A60004). The contents herein do not necessarily represent the Department of Education’s policy nor endorsement by the Federal Government.

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