Public Health

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					What is Public
  Health?
What does public
  health do?
       Protects our food supply




USDA/Larry Rana
Protects our water




                     CDC
Protects our air
Protects us on our jobs




     USDOL/OSHA           CDC
Protects us from injuries




                   CDC/James Gathany
Responds to disasters
Protects us from dangerous
           toxins




                             CDC
   Protects us from
communicable diseases




                        CDC
  Promotes
good nutrition




                 USDA
       Promotes exercise and
            recreation




CDC/James Gathany       USDA/Ken Hammond
Provides health education for
      behavior change




                  CDC
Promotes adequate and safe
         housing
       Promotes healthy living
           communities
 For example, concern about adverse health effects of
  urban sprawl
   Is concerned with many other
  determinants of health, such as
employment and safe neighborhoods
   The Unseen Story
The Essential Public Health
         Services

  – what public health does
      behind the scenes
Monitor health status to identify
community health problems




                           CDC/Barbara Rice
Diagnose and investigate health
problems and health hazards in
the community




                            CDC/NCID
                            Anthony Sanchez
      Inform, educate, and empower
          people about health issues




CDC
Mobilize community partnerships
  to identify and solve health
  problems




                            CDC/EOC
Develop policies and plans that
  support individual and
  community health efforts
Enforce laws and regulations that
   protect health and ensure
   safety




 US Customs Service/James Tourtellotte; US District Court Northern District of Iowa
Link people to needed personal
   health services and assure the
   provision of health care when
   otherwise unavailable




               UB
Assure a competent public and
   personal health care workforce




                       UB
Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility,
   and quality of personal and
   population-based health services




                          UB; CDC/Dr. Edwin P. Ewing, Jr.
Research for new insights and
   innovative solutions to health
   problems




                                    UB
 Public Health’s Mission

   To fulfill society's interest in
assuring conditions in which people
           can be healthy
Public health carries out its mission
through organized, interdisciplinary
efforts that address the physical,
mental and environmental health
concerns of communities and
populations at risk for disease and
injury.
  The Population Approach of
        Public Health

 Public health’s focus is on entire
  populations rather than on
  individuals
Communities need public
 health all of the time in
 order for people to stay
         healthy.


                        UB
Prepared by
Dr. Dennis Bertram
School of Public Health and Health
Professions
University at Buffalo