Why have a peer mediation program? • IC 20-10.1-4-4.5 – Sec. 4.5. (6) Possessing the skills necessary to live peaceably in society and not resorting to violence to settle disputes, including methods of conflict resolution. Why peer mediation? • Indiana Academic Standards 2002 for Health Education – Standard 4: Students will demonstrate the ability to apply self-management skills to enhance health – Standard 6: Students will demonstrate the ability to utilize interpersonal communication skills to enhance health Why peer mediation? • Improved grades • Arguments decrease= more time learning • More friendly, relaxed classrooms • Confidence in ability to help themselves • Get along better at home and at school History of Project PEACE • Started in 1994 • Indiana Attorney General and the Indiana State Bar Association began a partnership • More than 200 elementary and middle schools trained • In 2001, the Indiana Department of Education became the coordinating partner Purpose of Project PEACE • Reduce conflict and violence in Indiana schools • Teach children how to alter their behavior, control their anger, and resolve their disputes peacefully. Project PEACE Goals • Promote conflict resolution as an important life skill • Develop experience with various mediation skills • Compare mediation with adjudication • Provide opportunities to network with attorneys and mediation professionals • Create a school-based plan to establish a peer mediation program Trainers • David Keller Trevaskis, Esq. • Karla Taylor-Temple • Mary Ellen Schaffer • Artemus Carter Participants • Elementary and middle school teams – Principals – Educators – Parents – Local attorneys Project PEACE Training • 2 days-June and July • Fatima Retreat House, Indianapolis • No cost to schools • Application information mailed in January Project PEACE Training • Conflict theory • The conflict management process • Communication skills • Implementation procedures and timelines @1992 The Community Board Program, Inc. Conflict Managers • A conflict manager is: • A conflict manager is NOT: – A police officer – A good listener – A person who interrupts – A good team worker or focuses attention on – A fair person him/herself – A helper – A judge – A dependable person – A person who gives orders or advice – A person you can trust – A person who talks about other students’ conflicts @1992 Community Board Program, Inc. Selecting Conflict Managers • Qualifications: – Leadership potential (negative or positive) – Respect of peers – Good verbal skills – Initiative – Willingness to try new things – Ability to sustain commitment to the program – Not necessarily honor roll students! Selecting Conflict Managers • School-wide kick-off celebration • Nomination/application • Parent permission What will conflict managers do? • Elementary school – Playground, recess and lunch – Upper 3 grades (3-5 or 4-6) – Peers and younger students (after the first year of the program) What will conflict managers do? • Secondary school – Special room or space – Referrals from teachers, staff, students or by appointment Conflict Manager Training • 15 hour training recommended • Elementary-best to train in the morning, every other day • Secondary-best to train within 2 week time span Conflict Manager Training • Philosophy – Conflict is natural – Students can solve their own problems* – Students are responsible people – Conflict can be resolved peacefully *Exceptions: • Physical conflict • Bullying @ 1992 Community Board Program, Inc. Conflict Manager Training • Understanding conflict: a new way to win • Conflict management process – Script • Active listening Keep Your Program Running! • Celebrate! • Evaluate • Regularly scheduled meetings • Record-keeping • Duty schedule Peace Pledge • I will attack the problem, not the person • I will listen carefully and with an open mind • I will be honest with my feelings and will respect the feelings of others • I will try to settle difficult situations by brainstorming solutions and compromise • I will take responsibility for my actions • We are all different and we are all the same • Only in togetherness will we build PEACE @ 1992 The Community Board Program, Inc.
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