MODELS OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS_ IMPORTANT CONCEPTS

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MODELS OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS_ IMPORTANT CONCEPTS Powered By Docstoc
					INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS
DEFINED:

The confusing, changing welter of interactions
among the 86,743 diverse governments in the US
which cannot easily be comprehended by legal
theories, the Constitution, or any other general
statement about the way governments ought to relate
to each other.
MODELS OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL
RELATIONS: IMPORTANT CONCEPTS

The Coordinate Authority Model
The Inclusive Authority Model
The Overlapping Authority Model
Dual Federalism
Layer-Cake Federalism
Cooperative Federalism
Marble-Cake Federalism
Aid to Families with Dependent Children
MODELS OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL
RELATIONS:

  Coordinate Authority Model
  Inclusive Authority Model
  Overlapping Authority Model (This is the right
   one)
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE COORDINATE
AUTHORITY MODEL:

  Federal and state governments are essentially
   equal
  Federal and state governments are autonomous
   within their own spheres
  A sharp boundary separates federal and state
   authority– neither intrudes on the other’s
   business
  Local government and state government
   comprise a unitary system
CRITICISMS OF THE COORDINATE
AUTHORITY MODEL:

 1. There is no sharp boundary between federal
    authority and state authority as this model
    implies. If anything, the majority of powers are
    concurrent, shared by federal and state
    government.
 2. The flow of power in the intergovernmental
    system is not unidirectional from the states to
    the localities. States have legal power over
    localities, but localities balance state power by
    having political power.
THE INCLUSIVE AUTHORITY MODEL:

  State and local governments are subject to
   decisions made by national actors – either
   national political officials or large economic
   interests

  The independent powers of non-national
   institutions – governors offices, state legislatures
   – have shrunk to nearly nothing

  In effect, political functions in the United States
   have been fused into one centrally organized,
   hierarchical political system
CRITICISMS OF THE INCLUSIVE
AUTHORITY MODEL:

  Growth in government employment has been
   almost entirely at the state and local level
  Combined state and local budgets are now
   almost equal to the federal budget
THE OVERLAPPING AUTHORITY MODEL:

  Power is widely dispersed
  Levels of government are interdependent
  Each level of government has limited areas of
   exclusive autonomy
  Relationships between governments in the
   modern era tend to be both competitive and
   cooperative
FEDERAL GOALS AND STATE-AND-LOCAL
GOALS:

  Federal Goals: Egalitarian and Universalistic

  Local Goals: Particularistic
THE BASIS OF THE EXCHANGED BETWEEN
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND STATE-AND-
LOCAL GOVERNMENT:

  The federal government has: Money

  The federal government needs: Human and
   organizational resources and recipients of money

  The state governments have: Human and
   organizational resources

  The state governments need: Money
THE FEDS, THE STATES, AND SOCIAL
WELFARE, 1991-1992

While the federal government pursues the
universalistic and egalitarian goal of providing for the
poor, the states play a more self-interested game of
pursuing their immediate interests – in this case,
easing fiscal crisis. This demonstrates the main
characteristics of the Overlapping Authority Model –
dispersed power, interdependencies between the
states and the federal government, limited areas of
exclusive autonomy, and relationships that are both
cooperative and conflictual.
POLICY INTERDEPENDENCE IN THE U.S.
FEDERAL SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT:

“It is impossible to understand policy outcomes
without understanding the unique contribution to the
policy made by each level and unit of government.”

                                        Dr. Weiher
                                 September 16, 1997

				
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posted:2/25/2010
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