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									Research Period Report

                                 Research Plan Report

The research period is critical in the creation of a successful educational resource. The
research period for e-Bug has been allocated a time slot of 9 months, running through
months 3 – 11 (September 2006 – May 2007) and during this time a series of milestones
have been created/established to ensure a thorough use of this time

   -   The Inaugural meeting
   -   The Research Questionnaire
   -   Recruitment of Schools
   -   Teacher Focus Groups
   -   Student Focus Groups
   -   Conference/Meeting Attendance

The Inaugural Meeting
The initial phase of the research period began during the Inaugural meeting in London in
September 2006. Here partner countries were officially introduced to the e-Bug project and
given the opportunity to voice their opinions. The main aim of the meeting was to evaluate
each country’s expectations of e-Bug and to ensure a united overall objective. The meeting
was structured in such a way as to gain as much information as possible from each country
regarding, not only their views of the project as a whole, but also their opinions on how the
research period should progress. Each of these topics was addressed by interactive group
sessions as outlined below.

   1- Project focus

       To gain opinion of what was expected from e-Bug the partners were divided into
       groups of four and asked to focus on three main questions.

           a. What are the benefits of implementing e-Bug into a school education
           b. What will determine successful implementation of e-Bug in schools?
           c. How will e-Bug link in with other public education campaigns?

       Following individual group examination, groups collectively discussed each question
       taking into consideration the other partners points of view. This helped establish a
       more open minded and interactive discussion forum.

   2- The Research Period

       During the second day of the meeting an interactive presentation outlining the main
       areas of the research period was delivered to all partners. The five main sections
                  a) The science school curriculum content
                  b) Details of any public antibiotic or hand hygiene campaigns and
                     existing websites
                  c) Pattern of antibiotic use, infectious disease and countries’ customs
                     and cultures which may be relevant
                  d) Details of Stakeholders who would be interested in the use and
                     dissemination of the packs
                  e) Details of other pan-European school education campaigns

       Following this presentation it was decided by all partners that staff member A would
       create a questionnaire, to be completed by all associate partner countries, in order to
       make an informed decision on pack and website content. This questionnaire would
       be divided into the sections outlined above and be as comprehensive as possible.

Research Period Report

The Research Questionnaire

On 6th October 2006 a draft version of the questionnaire was sent to all partner countries for
comment. The final questionnaire was sent on 7th November 2006 with the fully completed
questionnaire due for return on 20th January 2007.

The main aim of the questionnaire is to gather detailed and accurate data from each country
under the headings of

   -    The science school curriculum in relation to micro-organisms, good and bad bugs,
        hand and respiratory hygiene and antibiotic use
   -    Details of any public antibiotic or hand hygiene campaigns and existing websites
   -    Pattern of antibiotic use, infectious disease and countries’ customs/cultures that may
        be relevant to the pack and website education
   -    Details of stakeholders in Department of Health and Education who would be
        interested in use and dissemination of the pack
   -    Details of other pan-European school education campaigns

Each of the above sections contains a series of detailed questions for the purpose of
gathering specific and accurate information which can be used in successful pack design.
Following collection of the questionnaires in January, staff members A and B will go through
each country’s responses and highlight and similarities and differences to be found. Each of
these sections are detailed below. In the UK, staff member A will be responsible for
examining the hard copy resources available whilst staff member B will be responsible for
the examination of the electronic resources

The Science School Curriculum
    What similarities are there for each country with regards to
                   Educational Structure
                   Science Curriculum
                   Student age groups
    Which educational establishments should the pack be aimed towards on the basis of
      maximum student penetration?
    Are there any other subjects in each country that the pack should be aimed towards?
    Which two age groups should the pack be aimed towards based on factors such as
      significant examinations which take place at each school level, the school curriculum
      at each age group and the school establishment to which the pack will be aimed.
    Which particularities should the pack and website cover based on the curriculum in
      each country and the teaching resources currently available?

Public Health Campaigns
Countries have been asked to identify and comment on the overall success of past and
current campaigns for the general public, schools and health professionals under the
headings of respiratory hygiene, hand hygiene and antibiotic use. Staff member A and B will
examine each of the responses and highlight

       Key messages addressed in each of these campaigns
       Identify any well-known characters/slogans/logos from these campaigns

Staff members A and B will ultimately decide whether these slogans and characters should
be used in each country or a new set of character be designed. The examination of these
campaigns as well as the other educational resource will assist in the general design and
‘feel’ of the overall pack and website.

Pattern of antibiotic use, infectious disease and countries’ customs and cultures
Information gathered from this section will help evaluate the public’s general attitude to and
knowledge of antibiotics.

Research Period Report

Details of any stakeholders
To ensure pack use in each country it is essential that each country have the backing from
their Departments of Education and Health. Partners have also been asked to identify other
stakeholders in their country who are willing to assist in the development of e-Bug i.e.
educational outreach programmes, printing sponsors, etc.

Details of other pan-European school education campaigns
Although each of the partners have been asked to identify any pan-European school
education campaign, staff member A and B will be responsible for researching not only pan-
European school campaigns but other campaigns which have been used. The focus will be
on the overall success or failure of the campaigns and what factors contributed to this.

Recruitment of schools

The main stakeholders for e-Bug are the schools, not only during the evaluation period, but
also throughout the design of the pack and website. From previous experience, the
response from schools/teachers to direct mail contact is minimal; therefore, it will be
necessary to recruit the assistance of other educational stakeholders to initiate first contact.
During the initial phases of the research period staff member A will examine the various
educational stakeholders in the UK (Department of Education, Science learning centres,
Advanced skills teachers, the association for science education, Examination bodies, etc)
and make initial contact with each of these organisations. Through the assistance of the
Science Learning Centre (SLC) and the Association for Science Education (ASE) a variety
of schools will be contacted in England via telephone, e-mail, mail and internet web
advertising. A range of both primary and secondary schools will be recruited to act as an
inner forum of teachers with others recruited to take part in the evaluation phase of the

Teacher Focus Groups

During mid February meetings will be arranged with focus groups of teachers recruited from
both primary and secondary schools. Due to the differences in learning styles and
curriculum content for each of these age groups two separate focus groups of teachers will
be created comprising of 5 teachers from primary schools and five teachers from secondary
schools. Up to £200 will be awarded to each school for travel and supplement teacher
recruitment for the day.

The meetings will be held in two consecutive days in the SLC at Bristol and will run from
9.30 am to 3.30pm. During these meetings the science teachers will be given the
opportunity to express their requirements from the e-Bug educational resource. Area to be
discussed during the meeting will include

       Assessment of school (primary and secondary) requirements from e-Bug
       Examination of what has contributed to the success/failure of other educational
       Examination of teaching resources already in use
       Obtain teacher opinion on a variety of past and new activities
       Assess IT usage in schools within science
       Gain teacher opinion on pack and website content, design and layout
       View teaching plans already in use in schools

A series of meetings will follow the initial focus group meeting in Bristol where staff
members A and B will work closely with the teachers, particularly throughout the design of
the pack and website. Prior to the meeting, staff members A and B will have examined hard

Research Period Report

copy and IT educational resources from the UK and associate partner countries; these will
be used as a basis for teacher interaction and opinion.

Student Focus Groups

A series of student focus groups will be established, mainly from the schools taking part in
the teacher focus groups. The student groups will take part at the teacher’s discretion, either
during class hours or after school hours. During these sessions, staff members A and B will
work closely with the students and ask opinion on various pack and website activities and
trial these activities. Student focus groups will also be used during graphic design and pack

Conference/Meeting Attendance

ASE hosts a variety of conferences for science teachers throughout the year on topics
ranging from curriculum issues through recommended resources and teaching facilities. The
conference stands area at these conferences present an ideal opportunity to present e-Bug
to the education community and also view other resources currently in place. ASE
conferences for 2007 are to be held in January, March, May, and June.

The research involved in e-Bug will create a lot of data on a variety of areas of interest to
the scientific community. Conferences such as ECCMID create the opportunity to present
the findings of the e-Bug research as well as introduce the scientific community to e-Bug. A
poster entitled ‘Education in Europe: What are children being taught about antibiotic use
and hygiene?’ will be presented at ECCMID in March/.April 2007. A second poster detailing
the e-Bug project will also be available for viewing in the Network Corner at this conference.

The table below summarises in detail the various activities involved in the research period.

Research Period Report

                                                                                                                      Completion     Person
                                                              Aim and Objective                          Start date
                                                                                                                        date       Responsible
                                     To introduce each country to e-Bug
        Inaugural meeting            To unify partner opinion in ultimate aspiration of e-Bug            17/09/06      18/09/06      CMcN
                                     To identify each partners role in relation to the research period
                                     To gather detailed and accurate information from each country on
          Questionnaire                                                                                  06/10/06      20/01/07        DL
                                     each of the topics outlined in Annex 1
                                      -   Examine differences and similarities in education structure
                                          across each country
                                      -   Identify definite age groups for pack dissemination
                                      -   Identify school systems that pack will be aimed                                            DL / DF
                                                                                                         20/01/06      28/04/07
                                      -   Examine other resources in each country and highlight
                                          preferred graphics, teaching methods etc
                                      -   Examine all hard copy resources and develop pack content
                                      -   Examine all internet resources and develop website content
                                     Decide and purchase web domain name                                   11/06        12/06        PK / DL
                                     Create website complete with schools section                        20/11/06      30/12/06      PK / DF
               Logo                  Creation of logo                                                      11/06        02/07       CMcN / DL
                                     Focus group recruitment                                             03/01/07      01/02/07
        School recruitment                                                                                                          CMcN / DL
                                     Evaluation recruitment                                              03/01/07      01/07/07
       Teacher recruitment           Focus group recruitment                                             03/01/07      01/02/07     CMcN / DL
                                     Department of Health and Department of Education                    01/07/05      Ongoing
       Stakeholder contact                                                                                                             All
                                     Other stakeholders                                                  01/07/05      Ongoing

Research Period Report

         Printing of packs             Printing funding                                                   01/07/04   Ongoing
                                                                                                                                CMcN / DL
                                       Printing Tender                                                    03/01/07   01/05/07
                                       Examine European and Global Educational Packs                      01/10/06   01/09/07
                                       Examine European and Global Educational Websites                   01/10/06   01/09/07
                                       Highlight activities of interest                                   01/10/06   26/02/07
Activity design for pack and website   Select activities we would like to use                             01/02/07   28/04/07    DL / DF
                                       Gather teacher/student focus group opinion on pack activities      26/02/07   30/02/07
                                       Gather teacher/student opinion on website activities               26/02/07   30/02/07
                                       Generate pack/website ideas for partner evaluation                 26/02/07   28/04/07
                                       Obtain artwork previously used in Bug Investigators                 01/07      01/07      DL / DF
                                       Tender for design                                                  08/01/07   01/03/07    PK / DF
   Artwork for pack and website        Graphic designer employed                                          01/03/07                 All
                                       Examples of design concepts (colour scheme, characters, etc)       01/03/07   01/05/07    DF / DL
                                       Generate partner/school opinion on design concepts                 01/02/07   01/09/07    DL / DF
                                       Create and present report of questionnaire results                 20/01/07               DL / DF
                                       Create activity examples for pack                                   02/07                   DL
                                       Create activity examples for website                                02/07                   DF
 Research dissemination meeting        Create examples of pack general layout (colour, artwork, etc)       03/07     28/04/07      DL
                                       Create examples of website general layout (colour, artwork, etc)    03/07                   DF
                                       Obtain partner countries opinion on created examples                                        All
                                       Obtain partner countries ideas on activities and layout                                     All
           Paper writing                                                                                             Ongoing       All

Research Period Report


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