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					                    Read Aloud Planner:
                 Spiders Are Not Insects
                         Allan Fowler
   Planning       This is a short nonfiction text that provides a
                  context to introduce finding the main idea.
Before Reading    I like to explore nature trails whenever I get the
                  chance. You usually get to see all sorts of interesting
                  things just off the trail. Some time ago, however,
   Prepare        while walking along a trail I hadn’t visited before, I
                  was in for a big surprise. Though I expected an easy
                  walk, I discovered instead that gigantic spiders had
                  strung their webs across the trail in many, many
                  places. Anyway, I was scared the entire time, and I
                  couldn’t focus my attention on the trail. Later, I
                  realized that I should learn more about spiders, so I
                  found lots of books about them.

                  I am going to read aloud a book that I found about
                  spiders. It is filled with information about spiders,
                  and I can’t remember all of the information. It
                  reminds me how important it is to find the main idea
                  when we read information books. The secret to
                  finding the main idea is to remember that authors
                  have a purpose for writing that reflects what they
                  think is important. Not every idea in a text is equally
                  important. The secret to finding the main idea is
                  deciding what’s really important by putting yourself
                  in the author’s place and examining words and
                  phrases for clues.

                  This book is called Spiders are not Insects. That
                  gives me a big clue about what is important to this
                  author. If the author wants me to know that spiders
                  are not insects, he is going to tell me about spiders
                  and about insects. So I have made a list of
                  characteristics of spiders and insects. While I read,
                  I want you to pay attention to information about
                  spiders and about insects. In your chart, put a plus
                  next to items that are true. Put a minus next to
                  items that are not true.
                 Spiders Are Not Insects

                         Spiders           Insects




   Eight legs



    Six legs



     Wings



Use hair to sense



Use antennae to
     sense



   Eat insects



  Eat spiders
During Reading   After page 5, Well I think the author is telling me
                 these thing so that I know that spiders are
                 everywhere. But that doesn’t tell me how they are
    Guide        different from insects. I think insects are
                 everywhere too. So that must not be the most
                 important detail, even though it’s interesting.

                 After page 6, the author wants me to make a
                 connection here. Spiders are arachnids, and
                 arachnids have 8 legs, so spiders have 8 legs. I really
                 have to think and search to do that. And that’s an
                 important detail about how spiders and insects are
                 different.

                 Fill in SFA with comparisons

                 After page 13, Well I think that the author is telling
                 me these things so that I can know more types of
                 spiders. But that’s not helping me to know how they
                 are different from insects, so it’s not the most
                 important thing. But it’s interesting!



After Reading    Turn to your neighbor and tell one interesting thing
                 that you learned about spiders.
                 Who can use their chart to help us to review the
   Extend        main idea here? It’s really useful during reading to
                 use different sorts of charts to keep track of
                 information. Then after reading, you can use the
                 information in the chart to help find the main idea.
 Vocabulary      There were some interesting words in that book that
                 I think we need to know.
   Lesson
                 The first one is sense. What word? Sense. In the
                 book, spiders used hairs on their bodies to sense the
                 world around them, and insects use antennae. Sense
                 means to find out about with your senses. For
                 example, when I came in today, I could sense that it
                 rained last because the room smelled musty. And
                 yesterday, I could sense that people were upset
after art class because I could see that their faces
looked sad. Can someone else tell a time when he or
she sensed something? You could say I sensed
_____ when _______.
What word are we working on?

Another word that I saw was silk. What word? In
the story, the author taught us that all spiders
produce silk. The silk that spiders produce is their
web, and silk means a fine thread. So when I went
into the woods, I was scared by the spiders and the
silk that they had produced to catch insects along
the trail. And some people can weave other kinds of
silk threads to make beautiful cloth.
Can someone use our word? You could say
I used silk to ____________.
What word are we working on?

Today we’ll put two new words up on our word wall:
sense and silk. Let’s see if we can find other authors
who use these words in their writing.
                  Read Aloud Planner:
                      Miss Rumphius
                     Barbara Cooney

   Planning      This is a beautiful piece of fiction with a strong
                 theme. The illustrations are beautiful and the
                 vocabulary is complex. It provides a context for
                 teaching children to summarize a story because it
                 has a very clear beginning, middle and end.
Before Reading   I have a favorite relative, my Aunt Anne. She is my
                 favorite because she used to read to me when I was
                 a little girl and she took me on lots of adventures.
   Prepare       When I was a young mother, she came to visit me and
                 to see my children. And now, she still makes time to
                 visit me and to send me cards. All along, I wanted to
                 be just like her. Do you have a favorite relative?

                 I am going to read a book to you called Miss
                 Rumphius. It really reminded me of my Aunt Anne.
                 While I am reading it to you, I want you to be
                 summarizing. Summarizing is one of the things that
                 good readers do. When you summarize, you use what
                 you know about stories and the parts of stories.
                 First off, stories have a beginning, a middle, and an
                 end. In the beginning we learn about the setting and
                 the characters. In the middle, one of the characters
                 usually has some sort of problem. And in the end the
                 problem is solved. Keep that in mind when you listen.




During Reading   After and “she was grown up”
                 Wow. That seems like a big transition. Let’s see
                 what we know about the beginning of the story. Who
    Guide        can tell me about the characters? What about the
                 setting? Do we know the problem?
                 So, in the beginning, a little girl named Alice who
                 lived with her grandfather was making some goals for
                 her life. She wanted to go to faraway places and to
                 live by the sea. And then she wanted to make the
                world a better place.

                After And it was, and she did.
                Well, that seems like a good place to stop and think
                about the middle of the story. What problem did
                Alice have? What did she do to solve it? What do
                you think she might do next, at the end of the story?



                At the end,
                How did the story end? How did Alice solve her
                problem about making the world a better place?


After Reading   Who can summarize? Remember when we summarize,
                we use what we know about stories to tell what
                happened at the beginning, the middle, and the end.
   Extend       In the beginning, we usually meet the characters and
                setting. In the middle one of the characters usually
                has some sort of problem and tries to solve it, and at
                the end the character usually solves the problem.

                If you had an Aunt like my Aunt Anne or like Miss
                Rumphius, how could you make the world a better
                place? Whisper to a neighbor.
 Vocabulary     There were some interesting words in that book that
                I think we need to know.
   Lesson
                The first one is curious. What word? Curious. In
                the book, the children were curious to see the old
                lady who had planted the lupines. Curious means
                eager to learn or know something. You know that I
                am very curious about Southern traditions. And Mike
                is curious about how women match their clothes
                without always wearing blue and red.

                Can anyone else use our word?
                You could say I am curious about _____ because
                _______.
                What word are we working on?

                Another word that I saw was wander. What word?
                In the story, the lupine lady wandered over the
fields planting her seeds. Wander means to move
about in a winding way, not to rush. When I go to a
bookstore, I wander through the aisles looking at
many different books. Or sometimes when I visit a
new city, I like to wander around and see how the
city works.
Can someone use our word?
You could say I like to wander _______ because
___________.
What word are we working on?

Today we’ll put two new words up on our word wall:
curious and wander. Let’s see if we can find other
authors who use these words in their writing.