VIEWS: 80 PAGES: 14 POSTED ON: 2/25/2010
DRAFT Idaho Comprehensive Wild Turkey Management Plan Idaho Demographics In 2005, the US Census Bureau estimated the population of Idaho to be 1,429,096 people, a 9.5 percent increase from 2000. Over ten years from 1990 to 2000, Idaho saw a 22.2 percent population increase. The average population density in this state is 17.1 people per square mile (US Census Bureau 2005). Of the 53,467,836 acres of land in the state, over 69% percent (over 37 million acres) is publicly owned with USFS, BLM and Idaho Division of Lands (lands having public access) owning almost 35 million acres, while 30 percent (16,158,363 acres) is privately owned (Idaho CWCS). The vast majority of the state is characterized as rangeland (38 percent) and timberland (33 percent). Only one percent of Idaho is considered urban. Land Stewardship As of 2005, there were approximately 11.8 million acres in agricultural production in Idaho (USDA 2006). In 1982 there were approximately 13.9 million acres in agricultural production which amounts to a 15 percent drop in twenty-four years. The average farm in Idaho was approximately 472 acres in size in 2005, which has not changed since 1997 (USDA 2006). The market value of agricultural products sold in 2005 totaled over $3.9 million with top outputs in potatoes, hay, wheat, and barley production. Idaho mining industry produced over $446 million in 2004 (US Department of the Interior 2005). The most common non-fuel mineral production in Idaho includes: molybdenum concentrates, phosphate rock, sand and gravel, silver and Portland cement. According to results of the US Forest Service Forest Inventory Analysis (FIA) published in 2002, 21.6 million acres of land in Idaho is forested, including 18.3 million acres in pubic ownership and 3.4 million acres privately owned. Timberland ownership has remained relatively stable over the last 50 years. Climate Idaho‘s climate is diverse and influenced by weather patterns off the Pacific Ocean. Generally, the northern part of the state receives more precipitation than southern Idaho, which has warmer summer temperatures. The highest annual average temperatures for Idaho are found in the lower elevations of the Clearwater and Little Salmon River Basins and in the stretch of the Snake River Valley from the vicinity of Bliss downstream to Lewiston, including the open valleys of the Boise, Payette, and Weiser Rivers. In the basin of the Snake River and its tributaries, between Twin Falls and Idaho Falls, monthly mean temperatures of 32° F or lower persist from December through February, while downstream from Twin Falls, at the lower elevations, monthly mean temperatures are freezing or below only in December and January. Low-level areas like Riggins and Lewiston show no month in the year with mean temperature of 32° F or lower. IDAHO COMPREHENSIVE WILD TURKEY MANAGEMENT PLAN -1- To a large extent, the source of moisture for precipitation in Idaho is the Pacific Ocean. In summer, there are some exceptions to this when moisture-laden air is brought in from the south at high levels to produce thunderstorm activity, particularly in the eastern part of Idaho. Sizeable areas in the Clearwater, Payette, and Boise River Basins receive an average of 40 to 50 inches per year, with a few points or small areas receiving in excess of 60 inches. Large areas including the northeastern valleys, much of the Upper Snake River Plains, Central Plains, and the lower elevations of the Southwestern Valleys receive less than 10 inches annually. Snowfall distribution is affected both by availability of moisture and by elevation. Annual snowfall totals in North Idaho have reached nearly 500 inches in the past. The greatest long- term (1942-56) seasonal average was 182 inches at Mullan Pass, while the greatest snow depth (also 182 inches) was recorded at that station on February 20, 1954. The major mountain ranges of the state accumulate a deep snow cover during the winter months, and the release of water from the melting snowpack in late spring furnishes irrigation water for more than two million acres, mainly within the Snake River Basin above Weiser. The annual average percentage of possible sunshine ranges from about 50 in the north to about 70 in the south. Winter, with its frequent periods of cloudy weather, has about 40 percent of possible sunshine in the large open valleys of the south and less than 30 percent in the north. In July and August the average percentage rises to the upper 80s in the southwest and to near 80 in the east and north. Wild Turkey Species Merriam’s Wild Turkey Rio Grande Wild Turkey Historical Restoration and Conservation Efforts Trap & Transfer The initial wild turkey restoration efforts began in 1961. From 1961 through 2006, a total of 5,521 Merriam‘s, Eastern and Rio Grande wild turkeys were trapped from ten states (including Idaho) and released. Over 4,000 Merriam‘s wild turkey was released, four times greater than the other subspecies. Since 2003 the majority of the suitable habitat was considered occupied. (IDFG 2006) Fundraising Wild Turkey Super Fund, administered jointly by the National Wild Turkey Federation and the Idaho NWTF State Chapter, is used for projects that support the conservation of the wild turkey and preservation of the hunting tradition. Nationally, NWTF chapters and cooperating partners have raised and spent more than $224 million for wild turkey conservation. Since 1985 over $263,622 has been raised and spent by Idaho chapters on projects within the state (http://www.nwtf.org/in_your_state/superfund.php). Wild Turkey Management Population & Harvest The 2006 wild turkey population estimate for Idaho is 3,000 Rio Grande and 30,000 Merriam‘s Wild Turkey for a total of 33,000. The 2006 spring harvest was estimated at 3,814 gobblers with 26% of turkey hunters successfully harvesting a turkey. Harvest figures are based upon a questionnaires mailed to turkey hunters, followed up by a telephone call to non-respondents. IDAHO COMPREHENSIVE WILD TURKEY MANAGEMENT PLAN -2- Idaho had 252,024 general licensed hunters in 2005. There are 14,800 turkey hunters based on spring turkey tag sales. There are approximately 26,840 youth hunters age 17 years or younger based upon Junior and Youth License sales. Regulations http://fishandgame.idaho.gov/cms/hunt/rules/ Hunting Opportunities Approximately 69 percent of Idaho is in public ownership. Good populations of turkeys occur on public land open to hunters, most private timber company lands are open to hunting and many private landowners allow hunting by permission. The northern and northwestern portions of the state (where the majority of turkeys live) have open spring and fall hunting. The remainder of the state has either limited or no hunting. General season hunters may take two birds with the extra tag available in the general hunt areas. Trap & Transfer Trap and transfer efforts were all but completed in Idaho in 2003. Supplemental intrastate trap and transfers will be of limited application, but trapping on sensitive nuisance sites will continue. Idaho is open to supplementing other states with their wild turkeys. National Wild Turkey Federation Strategies The NWTF will work with IDFG to review regulations that will support Families Afield legislation and objectives. Habitat Idaho falls within the Intermountain West Joint Venture (IWJV) (http://iwjv.org/) and has three delineated Bird Conservation Regions (BCR). These BCR‘s include: Great Basin, Northern Rockies and Southern Rockies/Colorado Plateau. The Great Basin BCR covers most of southern Idaho, the Northern Rockies BCR covers north central Idaho and the Idaho Panhandle, and a small sliver of the Southern Rockies/Colorado Plateau BCR juts into southeastern Idaho. For practical purposes, given the small part of Idaho within the Southern Rockies/Colorado Plateau, the IWJV considers the state to be essentially within only the two larger BCRs for migratory bird planning and management. Idaho‘s Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy (CWCS) identifies five ecoregions and subdivides these ecoregions into 14 ecological sections. The ecoregions are: the Canadian Rocky Mountains in the northern part of the State, the Middle Rockies–Blue Mountains across the central part of the State, the Columbia Plateau that follows the Snake River across the State, the Utah– Wyoming Rocky Mountains along the southeastern boundary of the State, and the smaller Wyoming Basins in the southeastern corner of the State. The 14 ecological sections include: the Okanogan Highlands, Flathead Valley, Bitterroot Mountains, Blue Mountains, Idaho Batholith, Challis Volcanics, Beaverhead Mountains, Palouse Prairie, Owyhee Uplands, Snake River Basalts, Northwestern Basin and Range, Yellowstone Highlands, Overthrust Mountains, and Bear Lake. Canadian Rocky Mountains Ecoregion (CWCS 2005) The Canadian Rocky Mountains Ecoregion extends over a large portion of the Rocky Mountains from southeastern British Columbia and southwestern Alberta to northern Idaho and northwestern Montana. The Idaho portion of this ecoregion is comprised of 3 ecological sections: the Okanogan Highlands, Flathead Valley, and Bitterroot Mountains. Elevation in the entire ecoregion ranges from 915 m to 3,954 m (3,000 ft to 12,972 ft). Geologically, this ecoregion is complex, containing bedrock of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic origin largely characterized by steep glaciated overthrust mountains with sharp alpine ridges and cirques at higher elevations. Historic and current glaciation has sculpted the IDAHO COMPREHENSIVE WILD TURKEY MANAGEMENT PLAN -3- mountainous landscape filling many of the intermountain valleys with glaciofluvial deposits and moraines. Coniferous forests dominate vegetation in this ecoregion with structure largely dictated by elevation. This ecoregion is best recognized for its full complement of large mammals—one of the few places left in North America that can make this claim (Rumsey et al. 2003a). Middle Rockies–Blue Mountains Ecoregion (CWCS 2005) The Middle Rockies–Blue Mountains Ecoregion is characterized by a large mass of mountains and intermontane valleys covering major portions of Oregon, Idaho, and Montana, and a small part of Washington. Although the Middle Rockies–Blue Mountains ecoregion is consistent in terms of broad climate, physical and biological patterns, it is remarkably diverse when viewed at finer scales. In Idaho, four ecological sections are represented in this ecoregion: the Blue Mountains, Idaho Batholith, Challis Volcanics, and Beaverhead Mountains. The relatively arid lowlands of the Columbia Plateau and Northern Great Plains ecoregions lie to the west, south, and east, while the Canadian Rocky Mountains and Utah– Wyoming Rocky Mountains ecoregions lie north and south along the cordillera. The ecoregion covers 81,587 square miles (52,215,958 acres) and, by comparison, is only slightly smaller than the state of Idaho. While the ecoregion is topographically diverse, it can generally be characterized as rugged. Abrupt elevational changes of 3,000 to 4,000 feet from valley floors to mountain summits are not uncommon. At the extreme is Hells Canyon of the Snake River, along the Oregon–Idaho border, where, in the deepest part, the elevation drops 8,000 feet in just four miles. The lowest elevation in the ecoregion is 790 feet, where the Snake River flows out of Hells Canyon south of Lewiston, Idaho, while the highest occurs on Borah Peak at 12,662 feet, in the Lost River Range of central Idaho (TNC 2000). Columbia Plateau Ecoregion (CWCS 2005) The Columbia Plateau Ecoregion is characterized by a broad expanse of sagebrush covered volcanic plains and valleys, punctuated by isolated mountain ranges and the dramatic river systems of the Snake, Owyhee, Boise and Columbia. Covering 301,329 km², the Columbia Plateau stretches across the sagebrush steppe of southern Idaho, connecting the Columbia Basin of eastern Washington and Oregon to the northern Great Basin of Nevada, Utah and California. State representation in the ecoregion is varied with Oregon having the largest percentage of the area at 32%, followed closely by Idaho. Nevada and Washington have similar representations (17–18%) but California, Utah and Wyoming have only minor area within the ecoregion. Four ecological sections are represented in the Idaho portion of this ecoregion: the Palouse Prairie, Owyhee Uplands, Snake River Basalts, and Northwestern Basin and Range (Andelman et al. 1999). Utah–Wyoming Rocky Mountains Ecoregion (CWCS 2005) The Utah–Wyoming Rocky Mountains Ecoregion includes the mountains just north of Yellowstone National Park in south–central Montana, the Bighorn Mountains in northeast Wyoming, the Uinta mountains of northeast Utah and Northwest Colorado, Utah‘s Wasatch Range, and the mountains and valleys of the southeastern corner of Idaho, generally east of Interstate 15. Two ecological sections comprise the Idaho portion of this ecoregion: the Yellowstone Highlands and Overthrust Mountains. Embedded in this vast area is the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE), with Yellowstone National Park as its focal point. The GYE is considered one of the last intact temperate ecosystems on Earth, and the farthest south in North America. Yellowstone is an extraordinary place containing the greatest concentration of geysers, hot springs, and other thermal features in the world. Not surprisingly it is a World Heritage Site (Noss et al. 2001). Wyoming Basins Ecoregion (CWCS 2005) The Wyoming Basins Ecoregion comprises 51,605 square miles (33 million acres or 13.3 million hectares) of basin, plain, desert, and ―island‖ mountains in Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, Colorado, and Utah. Considered by Bailey (1995) as part of the Intermountain Semidesert Province, TNC scientists decided to detach the Wyoming Basins, in part because of the vegetational differences between Wyoming and points west. Although the entire area is dominated by sagebrush species, many of which are common, the Wyoming Basins contains blue grama grass (basically a great plains species) which the Great Basin IDAHO COMPREHENSIVE WILD TURKEY MANAGEMENT PLAN -4- deserts lack. Rhizomatous grasses like Western wheatgrass are more common in Wyoming than in the Great Basin desert. The separation from the Intermountain Province was also made to simplify TNC‘s ecoregional planning process. The ecoregion is also characterized by unusual rock formations, sand dunes, and saltbush communities. Mountains rising from the basins are timbered with limber pine, Douglas fir, and stands of aspen. Only one ecological section occurs in the Idaho portion of this ecoregion—Bear Lake, which is home to 4 endemic fish species including Bear Lake whitefish, Bonneville cisco, Bonneville whitefish, and Bear Lake sculpin (Freilich et al. 2001). National Wild Turkey Federation 5 Year Plan - Goals and Strategies Goal - Expand and support private land CRP projects with NRCS and IDFG that improve forage conditions and hunter access in the four major Ecoregions. Strategy - Leverage ID Super Fund dollars to provide a match on NRCS and IDFG funding. Strategy - Seek cooperative funding through the NRCS to develop private land contracts supporting habitat management on CRP lands. Goal – Initiate urban/USFS interface habitat projects concentrating on Ponderosa Pine woodlands in the Canadian Rocky Mountains, and Middle Rockies-Blue Mountains Ecoregions Strategy - Identify counties with urban/USFS fire prevention grant funding and concentrate efforts in those areas. Strategy - Involve Idaho NWTF chapters and super funds in projects. Current and Potential Projects There are no current or potential projects identified. Focus areas will allow us to concentrate efforts into biological important areas across Idaho. Habitat Focus Areas (HFA) will concentrate on Ponderosa Pine habitats in key ecoregions. Access History and Present Status Over 69% of Idaho is in public ownership and the majority of these lands are open to public hunting. The Idaho State Chapter therefore, has not been active in allocating Super Fund dollars towards land purchases. As opportunities arise, the Idaho State Chapter would be active in easements that open access to public lands that are difficult to or have no access. To date, the chapter has spent $365 on land acquisitions or easements. (NWTF database – Tapley). Idaho Fish and Game Department has two access programs. Access Yes! and Accessible Idaho. Access Yes! compensates willing landowners that provide access to hunters and fishers. Currently the program has 102 properties with 620,215 acres costing $470,000 annually. The program initially received start up funding and has $150,000 going into the program annually. Locating more permanent funding for this program is a high priority for IDFG. The Accessible Idaho program partners with private landowners, Idaho counties and federal and state agencies to provide information on accessible areas and to incorporate accessible designs into facilities for hunting, fishing and wildlife viewing. Hunter numbers have decreased by 7% nationally from 1991 to 2001 (USFWS). Idaho hunters increased 2% during the same time period. In Idaho the hunter replacement ratio has been determined to be only 0.41; not enough to adequately replace hunter numbers (Families Afield). The Families Afield report has also identified Idaho as a ‗Very Restrictive‘ state in terms of youth recruitment because of their laws and regulations on the minimum age requirement for hunters. Nationally lack of access has been identified as the top-rated cause of hunter dissatisfaction. Idaho with over 69% public land however, is not likely to follow this statistic. Access 5-year Goals and Strategies Issue: Public land GOAL -Promote access and hunting in state, federal and local land management plans. STRATEGIES: - Develop process for making access and habitat related comments on management plans. - Identify public lands that are inaccessible to public access and develop an access plan. CURRENT AND POTENTIAL PROJECTS: Comments are made on all USFS management plans at appropriate times. IDAHO COMPREHENSIVE WILD TURKEY MANAGEMENT PLAN -5- Issue: Private lands GOAL – Work with corporate partners and industrial landowners to provide hunting opportunity. STRATEGIES: - Work with industrial forestlands and Timber Investment Management Organizations (TIMOs) on solutions to keep their property open to public hunting or to open their land for hunting. - Collaborate and coordinate plans with other organizations. - Through the Energy for Wildlife program work with landowners to provide additional access. - Develop framework and support grass-roots effort to influence legislation related to access and hunting especially at the state and local level. - Support conservation easement legislation at state and national level. - Support legislation that limits landowner liability related to hunting/public hunting access. - Utilize ―special opportunity‖ hunts for youth, disabled, women, etc., to gain access to closed properties. - Develop a marketing campaign that illustrates the benefits hunters provide to landowners and gives good PR to the landowner. - Find cooperative habitat projects using outside sources of funding to match Super Fund and other monies dedicated to these efforts. CURRENT AND POTENTIAL PROJECTS: Discussions with Idaho Power on the Energy for Wildlife program are currently in progress. GOAL -Promote hunter access to private agricultural lands. STRATEGIES: - Work with NRCS and IDFG to identify landowners that potentially will allow hunting. - Develop cooperative habitat projects with landowners using Conservation Program and Super Fund funding. - Educate landowners on hunting related issues. - Support legislation and programs that preserve hunting and/or reduce potential threat of urbanization of private lands. - Develop framework and support grass-roots effort to influence legislation related to access and hunting especially at the state and local level. - Support conservation easement legislation at state and national level. - Support legislation that limits landowner liability related to hunting/public hunting access. - Utilize ―special opportunity‖ hunts for youth, disabled, women, etc., to gain access to closed properties. - Utilize targeted educational efforts to reduce landowner concerns regarding hunting and access issues. - Educate landowners and promote existing liability protection laws. - Develop a marketing campaign that illustrates the benefits hunters provide to landowners. - Find outside sources of funding to match Super Fund and other monies dedicated to these efforts. CURRENT AND POTENTIAL PROJECTS: The State Chapter is assisting private landowners with CRP habitat projects as identified by the NRCS and IDFG. These landowners are allowing public hunting access. Issue: Politics and Legislation GOAL - Influence legislation and funding for programs at all levels of government will be critical to providing access and hunting opportunity over the long-term. STRATEGIES: - Utilize Families Afield initiative to promote legislation that will improve hunting access and opportunity. - Identify laws that limit access in Idaho and develop strategy specific to those issues to effect change. - Support IDFG in efforts to promote legislation and funding designations that will impact hunting and access in Idaho. - Support involvement with state sportsmen‘s caucuses. - Continue to encourage the State Chapter‘s support in the National Association of Sportsmen‘s Caucus and Idaho Sportsmen‘s Caucus Advisory Council. IDAHO COMPREHENSIVE WILD TURKEY MANAGEMENT PLAN -6- - Encourage legislators to join the caucus. - Develop framework and support grass-roots effort to influence legislation related to access and hunting, especially at the state and local level. - Encourage volunteers to become involved in political issues - Provide volunteers with information needed to effectively engage in the legislative issues and carry a common message. CURRENT AND POTENTIAL PROJECTS: - The Idaho State Chapter supports both the Idaho and National Sportsmen‘s Caucuses. NWTF volunteers are president and treasurer of the Idaho Sportsmen‘s Caucus Advisory Council. Issue: Collaboration GOAL – Collaboration among the many groups interested in access is important to ensure a unified voice, reduce duplication of effort, and secure significant funding. STRATEGIES: - Organize appropriate groups and agencies into an Access Partnership to share information, identify key issues, and coordinate activities associated with access. - Actively engage in partnerships to increase political influence, take advantage of organizational strengths, expand educational and outreach efforts to other user groups, and secure significant funding for programs. - Work with appropriate NGO‘s to distribute common messages regarding hunting and access to their memberships. CURRENT AND POTENTIAL PROJECTS: There are no current or potential projects identified. Research (IDFG 2006) Turkey Populations Reductions in SW Idaho: There has been a perceived or real population reduction in southwest Idaho. Turkey hunters and biologists have expressed their concern. Speculations have included poor winter survival, excess fall harvest, poor poult survival, change in wintering location, lack of supplemental winter-feeding, and change in management. Research is intended to determine limiting factors and what management changes (if any) are likely to effect populations. Effects of the Forest Health Initiative (FHI) on Wild Turkeys: Idaho has seen a significant effort to reduce catastrophic fire potential through implementing the FHI. Evaluating what effect does FHI habitat changes have on wildlife, and what specific actions improve or limit the health of wildlife will provide direction for future FHI projects. The NWTF will work with the IDDNR, USDA Forest Service, and land grant universities (Boise State University, University of Idaho, etc…) to identify additional funding sources to compliment NWTF research support. The NWTF will work with the ID State Chapter to allocate a percentage of Super Fund dollars to support state research priorities if applicable. The NWTF work with IDFG and other agencies to identify similar research priorities to pool resources. Contact Information State and Federal Agencies Idaho Department of Fish and Game 600 S. Walnut Boise, ID 83712 Idaho Department of Lands 954 West Jefferson Boise ID 83720-0050 IDAHO COMPREHENSIVE WILD TURKEY MANAGEMENT PLAN -7- USDA-Forest Service Intermountain Region (South Idaho) 324 25th Street Ogden, Utah 84401 USDA-Forest Service Northern Region (North Idaho) Federal Building 200 East Broadway P.O. Box 7669 Missoula, MT 59807 USDA-NRCS Idaho State Office 9173 West Barnes Drive, Suite C Boise, ID 83709-1574 National Wild Turkey Federation Mike Blanton Wheelin' Sportsmen Regional Coordinator 9454 Long Branch Ave, South Inverness, FL 34452 Phone: (352) 637-3747 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Barnabas Koka Regional Director #5 Sunburst Horseshoe Bend, ID 83625 Phone: (208) 793-3070 Fax: (208) 793-3071 E-Mail: email@example.com Theresa Luna Women's Regional Coordinator 4320 Thornton Road Orofino, ID 83544 Phone: (208) 435-4464 Fax: (208) 435-4063 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org John Thiebes Regional Wildlife Biologist 1084 Castlewood Dr. Medford, OR 97504 Phone: (541) 772-9908 Fax: (541) 245-0170 E-Mail: email@example.com IDAHO COMPREHENSIVE WILD TURKEY MANAGEMENT PLAN -8- Appendix – Habitat Focus Area 1. DESCRIPTION & NARRATIVE: Idaho Batholith – Ponderosa Pine Management The Idaho Batholith is one of four ecological sections of the Middle Rockies-Blue Mountains Ecoregion. The Idaho Batholith section is characterized by extensive mountainous terrain; alpine ridges, cirques, and large U-shaped valleys with broad bottoms, and other features of glacial origins dominate many areas, such as the Sawtooth Mountains. Water bodies are predominant, including major portions of the Salmon, Clearwater, Payette, and Boise rivers. Many perennial streams and lakes are present, as well as a number of reservoirs. Elevation ranges from 425 to 3400 m (1400 to 11,000 ft). Soils are generally shallow to moderately deep loam and sand. Volcanic ash accumulations in some soils have caused them to be especially productive. Annual precipitation ranges from 51-203 cm (20-80 in), much of which falls as snow during the fall, winter, and spring. Climate is maritime-influenced with cool temperate weather and dry summers. Average annual temperature ranges from 2-7°C (35-46°F) but may be as low as -4°C (24°F) in the high mountains. The growing season lasts 45- 100 days. The northern portion of the section is primarily wilderness, with few small communities. Communities in southern areas are typically small and concentrated along rivers. Larger towns, such as Stanley and McCall are the focus of tourism and recreation. Timber harvest and recreation are dominant land uses, with livestock grazing and mining of local importance. The section is 59% timberland, 30% wilderness, and 8% rangeland. 2. LOCATION: (E.G. COUNTY, PUBLIC/PRIVATE, ARIAL MAP, TOWNSHIP, RANGE) The Idaho Batholith section is located (see map) in mid-Idaho, bordered to the north by the Salmon and Clearwater River drainages and to the south by the upper reaches of the Boise and Payette Rivers. 3. SPATIAL DATA: (E.G. CURRENT, NEEDED) Spatial data is available from the USFWS, IDFG, and TNC 4. MANAGEMENT PRACTICES, OBJECTIVES, & RECOMMENDATIONS: Management practices should focus on maintaining or expanding meadows and open woodlands, urban interface fire protection, riparian enhancement and open (older) pine forests. Management efforts should key in on lower elevations where turkey populations and private lands are most abundant. 5. PROJECT DURATION (E.G. TIMELINE): Management activities will be ongoing and continue indefinitely. 6. ESTIMATED FUNDING REQUIRED & FUNDING CURRENTLY AVAILABLE: No funding estimate is available. Funding could be available through the USFS Stewardship Program, National Wildland/Urban Interface Program, NRCS, County Governments, NWTF, USFWS and other conservation organizations. IDAHO COMPREHENSIVE WILD TURKEY MANAGEMENT PLAN -9- 7. CURRENT ACTIVITIES: Current activities are primarily through USFS Stewardship programs, National Wildland/Urban Interface Program, IDFG, and NRCS. 8. CURRENT & POTENTIAL COOPERATORS: Potential cooperators include: NWTF State and local chapters, RMEF, USFS and NRCS. 9. CURRENT & POTENTIAL NWTF STATE/LOCAL CHAPTER INVOLVEMENT: The NWTF Idaho State Super Fund and NRCS is funding some private land work on the northern edge of this ecological section. The greatest NWTF State and local chapter involvement potential is on the upper reaches of the Payette and Boise Rivers. 10. FLORA & FAUNA SPECIES IMPACTED: (E.G. THREATENED, ENDANGERED, SPECIAL CONCERN, INDIRECT, DIRECT, POSITIVE, NEGATIVE) Species of Greatest Conservation Need in the Idaho Batholith: Pacific lamprey, white sturgeon, leopard dace, Umatilla dace, Westslope cutthroat trout, inland redband trout, steelhead, sockeye salmon, kokanee, chinook salmon, bull trout, Wood River sculpin, Woodhouse's toad, northern leopard frog, Idaho giant salamander, Coeur d'Alene Salamander, ring-necked snake, long-nosed snake, northern pintail, lesser scaup, Harlequin duck, greater sage-grouse, sharp-tailed grouse, mountain quail, red-necked grebe, western grebe, Clark’s grebe, American white pelican, great egret, black-crowned night-heron, bald eagle, Swainson’s hawk, ferruginous hawk, merlin, peregrine falcon, sandhill crane, American avocet, upland sandpiper, long-billed curlew, Franklin’s gull, California gull, Caspian tern, flammulated owl, burrowing owl, short-eared owl, boreal owl, Lewis’s woodpecker, white-headed woodpecker, American three-toed woodpecker, pygmy nuthatch, Brewer’s sparrow, grasshopper sparrow, black rosy-finch, lesser goldfinch, pygmy shrew, Merriam's shrew, dwarf shrew, coast mole, fringed myotis, spotted bat, Townsend's big-eared bat, pygmy rabbit, red-tailed chipmunk, Northern Idaho ground squirrel, Townsend's pocket gopher, gray wolf, kit fox, fisher, wolverine, Canada lynx, mountain goat. 11. IMPLICATIONS FOR WILD TURKEYS AND THE NWTF: Continued work on forest openings by expanding meadows and opening woodlands, working on urban interface fire protection with citizens, riparian enhancement and enhancing older pine forests will increase hunting opportunities for all game animals and improve NWTF’s image with the public. 12. REFERENCES AND SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION: (E.G. CWCS, TNC MAPPING, BCR PLAN, JV PLAN, PARTNERS IN FLIGHT, ETC…) IDFG CWCS, TNC MAPPING, TNC Canada, IMWJV , NABCI http://www.nabci-us.org/map.html, NatureServe, Designing a Geography of Hope: Guidelines for Ecoregion–based Conservation in The Nature Conservancy (TNC 1997), North American Waterfowl Management Plan (NAWMP), Partners in Flight – North American Landbird Conservation Plan, Idaho Bird and the Conservation Plan. IDAHO COMPREHENSIVE WILD TURKEY MANAGEMENT PLAN - 10 - 13. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: IDAHO COMPREHENSIVE WILD TURKEY MANAGEMENT PLAN - 11 - Appendix -- Land Protection Area 13. DESCRIPTION & NARRATIVE: Boise River The Boise River drains a rugged portion of the Sawtooth Range northeast of Boise, as well as part of the western Snake River Plain. The watershed encompasses approximately 4,100 mi² (10,600 km²) of highly diverse habitats, including alpine canyons, forest, rangeland, agricultural lands, and urban areas. The Boise River rises in three separate forks in the Sawtooth Range above an elevation of 10,000 ft (3000 m) and is formed by the confluence of its North and Middle forks. The North Fork is 50 mi. (80 km) long and originates in the Sawtooth Wilderness Area along the Boise- Elmore county line 60 mi. (100 km) northeast of Boise. It flows generally southeast through the remote mountains in the Boise National Forest. The Middle Fork (approximately 70 mi. or 110 km long) rises within 20 mi. (32 km) of the North Fork in the southern Sawtooth Wilderness Area in northeastern Elmore County. It flows WSW, joining the North Fork to form the Boise River approximately 15 mi. (25 km) southeast of Idaho City. The main stream flow southwest through Arrow Rock Reservoir before receiving the South Fork. The South Fork (100 mi. or 160 km) rises in northern Camas County in the Sawtooth National Forest, 60 mi. (100 km) east of Boise. It flows generally southwest, descending through a basalt canyon and passing through the Anderson Ranch Reservoir, then turns northwest in central Elmore County. It joins the main stream from the south as an arm of Arrow Rock Reservoir 20 mi. (32 km) east of Boise to form the main stream. Downstream from its confluence with the South Fork the river flows generally WNW, passing through Lucky Peak Reservoir and emerging from the foothills at Boise. It passes through downtown Boise, lined by an extensive recreational greenbelt, then flows northwest across the western end of the Snake River Plain, becoming a braided stream with a wide floodplain as it approaches the Snake. The Boise River is the primary channel bringing water to the Boise valley (called Treasure Valley), and a primary destination of ground water discharge. The basin has an average annual runoff of 2,005,000 acre-feet of water. Annual flooding has been reduced substantially since the construction of three major dams in the upper Boise River Basin – Anderson Ranch, Arrowrock, and Lucky Peak. Reservoirs created by these dams reduce flooding in the lower Boise River and store water for use during summer irrigation. However, flooding still occurs, from dam releases under full reservoir conditions and from surface water runoff from tributary basins in the Treasure Valley. The river is a popular destination for floating and whitewater rafting. On the lower (warmwater) course of the river, low summer flows and poorer water quality from agricultural runoff limit fishery production. The city of Boise formed a 10-mile recreational greenblet through the city center. IDAHO COMPREHENSIVE WILD TURKEY MANAGEMENT PLAN - 12 - 14. LOCATION: (E.G. COUNTY, PUBLIC/PRIVATE, ARIAL MAP, TOWNSHIP, RANGE) The Boise River basin lies in southwestern Idaho is approximately 75 mi. (120 km) long and contains about 4,100 square miles of land. The headwaters of the Boise River originate in the Sawtooth Mountains at elevations in excess of 10,000 feet. It flows in a westerly direction for about 200 miles through both the Sawtooth and Boise National Forests before emptying into the Snake River near Parma at an elevation of 2,100 feet. Major tributaries to the Boise River include the North Fork Boise River (382 square miles), the South Fork Boise River (1,314 square miles) and Mores Creek (426 square miles). Maps are available at http://www.idwr.state.id.us/waterboard/planning/Lower%20Boise/lower_boise.htm 15. PROJECT DURATION (E.G. TIMELINE): No specific project has been identified. 16. ESTIMATED FUNDING REQUIRED & FUNDING CURRENTLY AVAILABLE: The Lower Boise River has extensive agricultural use and development demands. Funding for acquisitions or easements will be costly. The average Idaho farm/ranch land acreage runs $784/acre according to a government survey. Farm listings along the Boise River can run $2,000 to $40,000 per acre. The Idaho State Chapter Super Fund has supported past and current projects along the Boise River. 17. CURRENT ACTIVITIES: The Intermountain West Joint Venture has identified the Lower South Fork of the Boise River as a Priority Bird Habitat Conservation Area and the Boise Foothills (including IBA Boise Ridge) as a Potential Bird Habitat Conservation Area. The city of Boise is continuing to acquire land for and manage the Boise River Greenblet within the city limits. The Idaho Water Resources Board has developed plans for the South Fork Boise River and Upper Boise River. A plan for the lower Boise River is currently being prepared. The NRCS and IDSWCD have developed plans with Boise River landowners. 18. CURRENT & POTENTIAL COOPERATORS: NRCS, NWTF, DU, Pheasants Unlimited, IDSWCD, USFWS, IDFG, and TNC. The greatest potential is to work with private landowners within NRCS programs. 19. CURRENT & POTENTIAL NWTF STATE/LOCAL CHAPTER INVOLVEMENT: NWTF State Super Fund and Regional program grants have gone towards private landowner habitat assistance along the Boise River and Boise River flood plain. Local NWTF Chapters have volunteered time working on conservation projects. 20. FLORA & FAUNA SPECIES IMPACTED: (E.G. THREATENED, ENDANGERED, SPECIAL CONCERN, INDIRECT, DIRECT, POSITIVE, NEGATIVE) IDAHO COMPREHENSIVE WILD TURKEY MANAGEMENT PLAN - 13 - Boise River State Threatened, Endangered and Candidate Species include: bald eagle, lynx, bull trout, southern Idaho ground squirrel, and yellow-billed cuckoo. 21. IMPLICATIONS FOR WILD TURKEYS AND THE NWTF: The Boise River’s 4,100 sq. mi. watershed contains a wide variety of habitats from alpine to urban. Over 60% Idaho’s human population lives within its drainage. A building Rio Grande turkey population lives within the river corridors. Working with landowners will improve NWTF’s image in Idaho’s core population area and increase hunting access. 22. REFERENCES AND SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION: (E.G. CWCS, TNC MAPPING, BCR PLAN, JV PLAN, PARTNERS IN FLIGHT, ETC…) Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boise_River State of Idaho - http://www.idwr.state.id.us/tvalley/Boise_River.htm Idaho State University - http://imnh.isu.edu/digitalatlas/geog/fishery/drainage/drain20.htm USGS - http://id.water.usgs.gov/projects/lwr_boise/ Idaho Water Resources Board – Boise River Comprehensive Basin Plans http://www.idwr.state.id.us/waterboard/planning/Lower%20Boise/lower_boise.htm USDA Real Estate Estimates - www.fca.gov/Download/agrealestate.pdf Intermountain West Joint Venture - http://www.iwjv.org/about.htm Idaho Conservation Data Center - http://fishandgame.idaho.gov/cms/tech/CDC/ 13. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: The Lower Boise River Bird Habitat Conservation Area contains the following Priority A Habitat Acres: Ponderosa Pine - 3,962; Aspen – 364; Sagebrush/Salt Desert Shrub – 35,838; Marshes, Lakes, Ponds – 6,107; Riparian – 5,031 IDAHO COMPREHENSIVE WILD TURKEY MANAGEMENT PLAN - 14 -
"South Carolina - DOC 1"