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									                                                                     APPENDIX 1

Fraud Case Example 1:

This case involves a person who has claimed Incapacity Benefit, Housing and
Council Tax benefits, whilst working.

      Mr X was seen erecting scaffolding, when he was in receipt of Incapacity
       Benefit, for disabilities relating to his feet and back. An allegation was
       made, and an application for covert surveillance was made in compliance
       with the use of the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act.

      He was kept under surveillance for a period of time and was followed
       through the town from his home to his place of work.. He was seen
       erecting scaffolding, jumping with a degree of agility, from wooden boards
       to wooden boards, lifting sacks of potatoes, and riding a bicycle balancing
       sacks of potatoes across the handlebars.

      The person who employed Mr X was interviewed and although reluctant to
       make a statement, admitted that he did work for him, but did not get paid.

      Mr X was interviewed under caution and the video of him working shown
       to him. The video had a very clear picture of him and it was clearly the
       same man. Mr X denied that it was him, and when questioned further
       stated that it was a man who looked like him, dressing up in his clothes.

      It was put to him that the video could be shown in court and it would be up
       to the courts to make their decision. Mr X disputed the evidence, but
       withdrew his claim to benefits, and has not claimed since.
                                                                      APPENDIX 1

Fraud Case Example 2:

This case involves a woman claiming to be a single parent of three children, in
receipt of Income Support, Housing Benefits and Council Tax benefits.

      An allegation was received by the Fraud departments regarding a single
       parent Miss Y who had her partner Mr Z living with her who was in full time
       work as a lorry driver. A full description of the couple was given and it was
       disclosed that her partner worked for a local company.

      Following authorisation under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act,
       a brief surveillance was carried out and his vehicles were seen at the
       claimant’s drive. The police confirmed that one vehicle was registered to
       Miss Y at her address and the other vehicle was registered to the alleged
       partner, Mr Z at the same address.

      The alleged employer was visited and a statement taken from the
       transport manager stating that Mr Z did work for the company, and
       confirmed his address as being the same as that of Miss Y.

      Both Miss Y and Mr Z were interviewed under caution and were shown the
       evidence that had been obtained. Miss Y initially denied that her alleged
       partner Mr Z was living with her, and said that he only came to stay at
       weekends to see the children. She did not have an alternative address for

      She subsequently changed her story to say that her previous version of
       events was untrue, but said she could not afford all the things she wanted
       for her children just from her partner’s income, and because he worked
       away all week, didn’t think she would be found out.

      The case was put before the magistrates court and Miss Y was sentenced
       to 60 hours community service and ordered to repay the overpayment.

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