What You Need To Know About Diabetes Disease

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					What You Need To Know About Diabetes Disease
Diabetes is a disease characterized by the body's inability to produce or use insulin the way that it should.


Insulin is a hormone that is naturally produced by the body. Your body needs insulin to change starches, sugars, and other foods into energy your
body can use. But when an individual's body does not process or produce insulin the way that it should, blood glucose levels can become higher than
normal.


This results in the disease called diabetes, and 23.6 million Americans suffer from diabetes. In addition, another 57 million people in the United States
have pre-diabetes, a condition characterized by irregular blood glucose levels.


Types of Diabetes:


Diabetes - Type 1


There are several types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body does not produce insulin or enough insulin. Approximately 5 to 10 percent
of Americans who have diabetes are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.


Diabetes - Type 2


Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body is unable to use insulin properly. It can also be caused when your body has an insulin deficiency. In either
event, your body becomes unable to process food into energy and your blood sugar is affected.


Gestational Diabetes


Diabetes may also be diagnosed as a temporary condition during pregnancy. This is called gestational diabetes. However, approximately 5 to 10
percent of women suffering from gestational diabetes will also be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes following childbirth.


Blood Lipids Research


In April, research was presented at the First International Congress on Pre-Diabetes. This research indicated beta glucan can reduce serum levels and
lower blood lipids in individuals with diabetes disease.


The study was completed over a six-week period using 79 women and 76 men between the ages of 25 and 73. All had hypercholesterolemia and had
been on a low fat diet for the four weeks prior to the beginning of the study. Subjects were selected randomly to go into one of the four different
treatment groups or into a control group. All underwent testing for blood lipids and CVD (cardiovascular disease) biomarkers. In the study, test groups
received either 3 g doses of LMW (low molecular weight) or 5 g doses of LMW or 3 g doses of HMW (high molecular weight) or 5 g doses of HMW
barley beta glucan (from Cargill) two times per day in juice and cereal.


After the six weeks all participants were again tested. Participants demonstrated improvements in LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, and
triglycerides as well as markers for glycemic control (glycosylated hemoglobin, HOMA model) and inflammation(hs-CRP).


The study showed improvements in blood lipids following a six-week treatment with both LMW and HMW barley beta-glucan-in both the 3 g and 5 g
dosages.


Testing for Diabetes


There are two tests physicians commonly use to test for diabetes. One is called a Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) and the other is called an Oral
Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). The FPG gets a faster result, costs less to administer, and is easier to use. Therefore, this is the test recommended
by the ADA.


When using the FPG test, results showing fasting blood glucose levels from 100 to 125 mg/dl are indicative of pre-diabetes. Any fasting blood glucose
level that exceeds 126 mg/dl indicates positive for diabetes.
The OGTT test takes a little longer to administer and get the results. First, a fasting blood glucose level is taken. Then the patient drinks a beverage
high in glucose and after two hours is re-tested. A two-hour blood glucose level from 140 to 199 mg/dl indicates pre-diabetes, while a level that
exceeds 200 mg/dl is positive for diabetes.


Approximately 7.8 percent of the American population-or 23.6 million men, women, and children-have diabetes disease today. Unfortunately, of this
number, an estimated 5.7 million have not been diagnosed. This means nearly one-fourth of those with diabetes do not even know they have it.


About the Author
Aida Amador is a student nurse with a passion for women's health concerns. To learn more about diabetes disease and other health topics, visit her
site at www.womens-health-first.com.


Source: http://www.articletrader.com

				
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