DOCUMENTARY AV TEMPLATE by mimama

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									 COMM 696 TV Documentary
Prof. Brent Hurd

TELEVISION A/V SCRIPT TEMPLATE

VIDEO                                     AUDIO
The left side of the script is for        The right side is for narrative, nat
video and graphics and CG (super)         sound, and SoT (sound on tape)
information. Also give key info           or soundbites. Match Video to
to editor                                 Audio
                                          Your goal is to 'grab' the attention of the
                                          audience from the outset. You don't
                                          necessarily have a captive audience; so
BEST PICTURES FIRST                       don't save your best shots only for the
                                          crescendo. Also a good idea to begin
                                          your story with 2-3 sec of nat sound
                                      NARRATIVE VO – a chance to
                                      introduce a character, give factual
                                      information, e.g. xx number of
Lots of b-roll and sequences. TRY NOT
                                      refugees, five million Muslims in US,
TO USE THE SAME FOOTAGE OR
                                      and context to the story
SEQUENCE
                                      [Generally do not want more than 15 sec
                                      of b-roll before going to your first SoT].


                                          First Core SoT : Use first SoT and move
SoT                                       on. SoT between 15 and 20 sec –
CG: Ann Louise                            rarely 30 sec. Visual stories are kept
                                          alive by SoTs or nat sound.
                                          VO – keeps story moving and links one
Abundant b-roll
                                          SoT to the next
                                          Second SoT -- if character-drvien story,
SoT
                                          perhaps another from the main character
b-roll that editor can cut away to
                                          but not necessarily
Abundant b-roll                           VO
Abundant b-roll                           Third SoT
Abundant b-roll                           VO, ect.
                                          Closer – should be strong – do not end
                                          with SoT but with VO
                                          Some possibilities: summary, giving the
                                          story legs, twist
                                          NOT ALL DOCS FIT INTO THIS


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 COMM 696 TV Documentary
Prof. Brent Hurd

                                  MOLD, BUT HAVING A
                                  FRAMEWORK LIKE THIS WILL HELP
                                  YOU PRODUCE A BETTER DOC IN
                                  LESS TIME




SCRIPT WRITING ESSENTIALS



Good writing is rewriting what you have already rewritten.
The goal isn't to just tell it, but to tell it in the shortest,
clearest pithiest possible way.

Keep it simple so that anyone will understand the story.

Tell your story in language that is accurate, clear, simple,
direct and neutral. Does it make sense with your eyes
closed?

All facts double-sourced

For TV scripts, like radio, write as you speak

Time and space are up to you. Default would be to tell
stories chronologically. Think creatively – lede could be the
last event of the day followed by a flash back. You don't
have to follow the trail sequentially.




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