Research Template for Grades 9-12

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					                      Research Template for Grades 9-12
Name: _______________________________________________________________________

Project Title: __________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

The following resources will be helpful as you use this template: your writing handbook
(available in print & online), McDougal Littell’s Writing Research Papers, Writers INC, Write
for College, and the online resources through the school web site.

By the end of this project, each student will demonstrate an understanding of the following
standards:

Content Area




Information/                      WI Information and Technology Literacy
Technology
Literacy          Standard A, Media and Technology: Students will select and use
                  media and technology to access, organize, create and communicate
                  information for solving problems and constructing new knowledge,
                  products and systems.

                  Standard B, Information and Inquiry: Students will access, evaluate,
                  and apply information efficiently and effectively from a variety of
                  sources in print, non print, and electronic formats to meet personal and
                  academic needs.
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                          Step 1: Formulate the Question

Preliminary Topic/Question: What is the question to be answered or the problem to be solved?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________


Teacher/librarian signature: _________________________



                        1. On the next page, list what you already know about this question or
                           problem. (Fill in the first column on the next page – What I Know.)

                        2. Create questions about what you need to know. (Fill in the second
                           column on the next page – What I Want to Know.)

                        3. Leave the third column blank for now. (What I Learned)




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                                              KWL Chart

        What I Know                     What I Want to Know   What I Learned




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Focused Research Question: Revise and narrow your information problem or question based on
what you listed in the K and W columns.
______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

Teacher/librarian signature: _________________________




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May, 2005
                          Step 2: Plan A Search Strategy

1. Brainstorm possible sources of information. Think about print, non-print, electronic, human,
and community.




2. For this project I need _______ (#) sources. In the above chart, put a star next to the sources
you think will best meet your needs. Remember to keep the following questions in mind: Is the
source current? Is the source reliable? Is the source unbiased? Do I have a variety of sources?

Why did you star the 3 sources you did?

______________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________


3. List 6 keywords (or key phrases) that may help you conduct your search.




4. Preliminary outline: Create a Roman-numeral-level outline for your paper, with the major
sections you anticipate your paper will need. Remember, your ultimate goal is to thoroughly
answer your research question on page 4.




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May, 2005
                Step 3: Find & Evaluate Potential Sources
    1. Look for at least _______ (#) potential sources from
              Books
              Encyclopedias & other reference materials
              Online databases
              Magazines/journals
              Newspapers
              Websites
              Interviews
              Other _______________________________

    2. Look through each source of information. Scan the table of contents and index (or the
       article/website) to find keywords or major concepts that would answer your research
       question.

    3. Evaluate each potential source to see if it (1) will be useful to answer your information
       problem or question, and (2) meets the criteria below:


                    Criteria

                    Authority
                    Who is responsible for the information?
                    Can you verify this?

                    Accuracy
                    Are there any references that support the information?
                    Is the information free from errors? (including grammatical ones)

                    Objectivity
                    What is the purpose?
                    Why is it being presented? (what is the author’s reason for writing this)
                    Are there any advertisements in the material?

                    Currency
                    How current is the information? (publication year)
                    Has the information been revised?

                    Coverage
                    How thorough is the source?
                    Is it well organized?




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May, 2005
                            Step 4: Create Source Cards
Having selected useful, reliable sources, create a source card for each one. Use the citation style
(MLA, APA, etc.) required by your teacher. Use your writing handbook for models.




                                     Step 5: Take Notes

Record information in your own words or in quotation marks on information cards. This project
requires _______ (#) information cards. Be sure to follow all directions for creating information
cards.




                           Step 6: Organize Information
    1. Using your preliminary outline (page 5) and the slugs/guidelines from your information
       cards, organize your cards into the major sections of your paper.

    2. Within each section, organize the cards in the order you plan to present the information in
       your paper.

    3. Use these card piles to write your outline. See your writing handbook for outlining
       guidelines.




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                          Step 7: Synthesize Information
    1. Go back to Step 1 (page 4) and review the question to be answered or the problem to be
       solved.

    2. Does the information you have gathered answer the question or solve the information
       problem?

                YES or NO

                If NO ----- Go back and look for more information. Fill in the gaps. Proceed to
                the next step only when you are able.

3. When YES ----- Write a one-sentence answer to the research question. Your Thesis:

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________


4. Fill in Column 3, Learned, of your KWL chart (page 3) with information you have gathered
evaluated, recorded, organized, and synthesized through your researched.




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May, 2005
                                   Step 8: Write a Draft
The requirements for the final product / presentation will be given to you by your teacher.

        1. Use these guidelines to create a draft of the body of the paper/product.
        2. Use your writing handbook to create the works cited section.
        3. Create the title page.


                                                     OR
If the final product or presentation is going to be determined by you, consider the following:
                1. Determine the audience and purpose for the product/presentation.
                2. Identify possible communication or production formats.
                3. Select a presentation format appropriate to the topic, audience, purpose,
                    content, and technology available.
Considering these factors, the best original product/presentation that will address the information
problem or question is:
______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________




                                   Step 9: Revise & Edit

Your teacher will give you the guidelines for revision and editing. Remember to always have at
least one other person give you feedback on your work.




                    Step 10: Communicate to an Audience

Your teacher will give you the guidelines for communicating your research to an audience. The
final product—a paper, a presentation, or a project— must be shared with others, perhaps your
teacher, your classmates, or the community.




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                                 Step 11: Self-Evaluate

1. How would you improve your research process and/or your final product with your next
research project?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

2. Did you enjoy learning about your subject / topic? Why or why not?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________


3. How well does your product show what you have learned? Explain.

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________




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May, 2005
Checklist:                                                    Name:___________________________

   Step                                      Criteria                             Student   Teacher
    1        Information that is already known has been recorded.
    1        General and specific research questions have been formulated.
    1        The information problem or question is revised or narrowed as
             needed.
    2        Identifies possible sources, such as print, nonprint, electronic,
             human, and community.
    2        Evaluates possible sources.
    2        Identifies keywords to use.
    2        Creates a preliminary outline that could answer the research
             question.
    3        Looks for information using appropriate search strategies.
    3        Uses online catalog and common reference tools in both print and
             electronic formats to locate information.
    3        Uses search engines to locate appropriate Internet resources.
    3        Looks for keywords and major concepts in each information source.
    3        Determines if information is timely, accurate, valid, relevant.
    3        Locates authority for all sources.
    3        Analyzes and evaluates all information presented including charts,
             graphs, etc.
    3        Selects resources appropriate to information need, content, and
             usefulness.
    4        Source cards have necessary parts.
    4        Source cards have accurate citations.
    5        Information cards have all necessary parts.
    5        Cards are an appropriate combination of paraphrases, summaries, &
             quotes.
    5        There are an adequate number of information cards.
    6        Information cards are used effectively to plan the paper.
    6        The outline presents an organized plan for the paper.
    6        The outline follows general rules.
    7        Compare and integrates new information with prior knowledge.
    7        Analyzes whether additional information is needed.
    7        Gathers additional information if needed.
    7        Draws conclusions that address the information problem/question.
    7        Writes an articulate, thoughtful, comprehensive thesis statement.
    8        Creates a draft appropriate to topic, audience, purpose & course.
    8        Creates an accurate works cited section.
    8        Creates an appropriate title page.
    9        At least one other person has provided feedback on the
             paper/product.
     9       The feedback has been used to make revisions.
     9       Editing changes have been made.
    10       Research findings have been communicated to an audience
    11       Determines how well the final product shares the knowledge gained.
    11       Assesses the process & final product.
    11       Summarizes ways in which the process and product can be improved

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