Argumentative Essays by wql24865

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									Argumentative Essays




     By James Abela


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            Today’s Outline



Brainstorming   Topic Sentence                  Building




  Intro              Types                 Conclusion
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        Love Triangles
               Bicycle




Train                                    Car


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Quick Planning - Mindmaps
                     Wide range of
                      uses: from
                      Internet site
                      design to
                      brainstorming in
                      meetings
                     Generate ideas
                      about 30% faster



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       Steps to planning!

 Draw a Mindmap as fast as possible
 Select 3-5 ideas (In an exam, just
  choose by instinct)
 Each of those ideas can then be made
  into a paragraph
 Once complete – reread your work
 Write a conclusion…
 Check grammar and spelling
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      Planning It…
For                Against




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          Speed Writing
 Use instinct…
 Use ideas generated
 Write as fast as possible
 Don’t go over word limit by too
  much…
 Allow time to check




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        Topic Sentences

I had a wonderful summer.
First, I started sleeping in every day.
I would then go swimming with my
  friends.
I stayed up late watching TV a lot, and
  I went to camp for a week.
I wished my summer would never end!


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    Topic Sentence - Answers
   a
   a
   d – story approach
   a
   d – 1st sentence to set context
   b – 1st sentence for interest
   b



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Building an Argument




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  Building an Argument
Smoking should be banned from public places


   Smoking is dirty.

                                 Leave ash

                          Leave cigarette butts

                                Smells bad

                       Causes irritation to the eyes

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  Building an Argument
Smoking should be banned from public places


Smoking is dangerous


                   Careless smokers cause fires


                   causes throat & lung cancer


                        Causes heart disease

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          Summarizing text

   Look for topic sentences
   Highlight them
   Look for other key facts
   Put together a short summary of this
    information

Key skill for PMR exams

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Cleaning the toilets…




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Argumentative – Brainstorm

Let’s make students clean the toilets…
•Do you agree?
•Does anybody else think the same as you?
•Why do you think that?
•Can you understand the other side?
•Why are they wrong?

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     Creating an Introduction
       For exams reword the question


Should students be made to clean the toilets ?

Students should be made to clean the toilets.




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       Add your Opinion…

 Students should clean the toilets.
 Students should not clean the toilets.




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       Add Background…
In Japan, students are expected to
  clean their own toilets and the
  government believes that this practice
  may encourage students to be more
  respectful of their school
  environment. I believe that students
  should be made to clean the toilets.




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   Argumentative – Order

Let’s make students clean the toilets…
•Introduce topic - agree / disagree
•Tell us why – ideas and examples
•Different opinions – not important or
not true
•Brief summary
STRONG LAST SENTENCE
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             Vocabulary
 First point - First of all / To begin with
  / To start with
 Connect points – And / Also
  /Furthermore / What’s more / As well
 Change sides – On the other hand /
  conversely / But / That said
 Conclude - In conclusion / Therefore
 Examples - For example / For
  instance
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Main Body – Types of
     Argument




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          Big Names
Important people or experts can
make your argument seem more
convincing.
 Example: Jackie Chan
 says that he enjoys the
 odd chocolate bar…




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  Facts and Numbers
Facts, numbers, and information
can be very convincing.

                           Example: A
                           Snickers bar has
                           280 calories and 30
                           grams of sugar.
                           That’s not very
                           healthy.

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            Emotions
Getting people to feel happy, sad,
or angry can help your argument.
  Example: Eating
  chocolate reduces
  the suffering of
  gingerbread men…




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         Research
Using reliable research can help
your argument seem convincing.
                    Example: A recent
                    study found that
                    students who eat
                    chocolate have
                    better
                    concentration.


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     Writing a conclusion
Three Strategies:
 Using Quotes
 So What?
 Summarising the points




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             A Quote…
 Whether you think you can or
  whether you think you can't, you're
  right. Henry Ford
 You see things; and you say 'Why?'
  But I dream things that never were;
  and I say 'Why not?' George Bernard
  Shaw
 Never look down on anybody unless
  you're helping him up. Jesse Jackson
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               So What…
A: Basically, I'm just saying that education
  was important to Douglass.
B: So what?
A: Well, it was important because it was a
  key to him feeling like a free and equal
  citizen.
B: Why should anybody care?
A: That's important because plantation
  owners tried to keep slaves from being
  educated so that they could maintain
  control. When Douglass obtained an
  education, he undermined that control
  personally.
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       Summarise points

 Look at your topic sentences
 Try to bring them altogether for a
  conclusion
 End with a final statement




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           Your Choice…
 Are neighbours helpful or a
  disturbance?
 Do branded clothes cause social
  cliques?
 Do uniforms help people to be more
  united?
 Do different cultures make it difficult
  for people to get along?


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           Conclusion

 Plan it
 Write a quick introduction
 Arguments
  Big Names, stats, research and
  emotions.
 Conclusion
  So what / Quote / Summarise
 Once complete – reread your work
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