Concept map Assignment - Download as DOC by wql24865


									Concept map Assignment

Concept mapping is a technique for visualizing the relationships between
different concepts. A concept map is a diagram showing the relationships
between concepts. Concepts are connected with labelled arrows. The
relationship between concepts is articulated in linking phrases, e.g., "gives rise
to", "results in", "is required by," or "contributes to".


Concept maps are used to stimulate the generation of ideas, and are believed to
aid creativity. For example, concept mapping is sometimes used for brain-
storming. Although they are often personalized and idiosyncratic, concept maps
can be used to communicate complex ideas.

Formalized concept maps are used in software design, where a common usage
is Unified Modeling Language diagramming amongst similar conventions and
development methodologies.

Concept maps are widely used in education for notetaking and summarizing.

An example Concept Map

Here is an example of a concept map.
A basic Concept Map may be drawn in the following way:

   1. Take all of the terms and cut them out.
   2. Put each term down on a piece of paper and position it in relationship to
      all the other terms that are present. Feel free to pluralize terms, reuse
      terms, or add terms.
   3. Once they are all in place, glue them down or write them out.
   4. For each term draw a line from that term to the others that it is related to.
   5. Put a word on the line so that you can now read the connection between
      each term.
   6. Make the line into an arrow so you know which direction to read.

For example: blue, red, green, colour

       Blue         red            green


       Blue         red   is complementary to green

           Is a           is a   is a


A complete Concept Map may have main topic lines radiating in all directions,
with sub-topics and facts branching off from these, like branches and twigs from
the trunk of a tree. You do not need to worry about the structure produced - this
will evolve of its own accord.

Improving your Concept Maps
Your Concept Maps are your own property. Once you understand how to
assemble the basic structure you can develop your own coding and conventions
to take things further, for example to show linkages between facts. The following
suggestions, however, may help to enhance the effectiveness of your Concept

      Use single words or simple phrases for information:
       the majority of words in normal texts are padding - they ensure that facts
       are conveyed in the correct context to another person in a format that is
       pleasant to read. In your own Mind Maps single strong words and
       evocative phrases can convey the same meaning. Excess words just
       clutter the Concept Map, and take time to write down.
      Print words:
       joined up or indistinct writing can be more difficult to read and less
       attractive to look at.
      Use colour to separate different ideas:
       this will help your mind to separate ideas where that is necessary, and
       helps visualisation of the Concept Map for recall. Colour also helps to
       show organisation.
      Use of symbols and images:
       Where a symbol means something to you, and conveys more information
       than words, use it. Pictures help you to remember information.
      Use shapes, circles and boundaries to connect information:
       these are additional tools to help show the grouping of information.
      Use arrows to show cause and effect

The following site has free software for creating concept maps. You may decide
to use it. Remember that the goal here is not to learn the software but to create
your map. So apportion your time accordingly.

Create a concept map for the following terms. You may also add images to your
mindmap. Words may be used more than once.

Hydrocarbons             Functional groups         Hydroxyl
Carboxyl                 Amino                     Phosphate
Hydrophobic              Hydrophilic               Energy transfer
Phosphate                Monomer                   Polymer
Condensation reaction    Dehydration reaction      Hydrolysis reaction
Carbohydrates            Polysaccharides           Monosaccharides
Sugar                    Glucose                   Fuel
Starch                   Glycogen                  Cellulose
Chitin                   Lipids                    Fats
Glycerol                 Fatty acid                Saturated
Unsaturated              Adipose tissue            Energy storage
Insulation               Phospholipids             Membrane
Cholesterol              Steroids                  Hormones
Proteins                 Storage                   Transport
Amino acid               Antibodies                Polypeptide
Amino acid               r-group                   Shape
Function                 Denature                  Nucleic acid
Nucleic acid             Hereditary                Protein structure
RNA                      DNA                       Pentose sugar
Nitrogenous base         Pyrimidine                Cytosine
Thymine                  Uracil                    Purines
Adenine                  Guanine                   Deoxyribose
Ribose                   Double helix              Single strand

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