Unit 5 – Motherboards Teacher: Joe Beers Subject/Course: CompTIA A+ Grade/Level: 9-12 Unit Topic/Focus: Motherboards Integration with other content areas (if applicable): N/A Estimated time for implementation: 1 ½ weeks – 2 weeks Connections to previous/future learning: Units 1-12 Build on each Previous Unit Standards (see Combined Curriculum Documents and others): Academic Expectations Program of Studies Core Content for Assessment 1.1-4, 1.10-13, 1.15-16 Computer Support Practical Living Essentials 2.30 2.1-3, 2.8, 2.10, 2.20, 2.30, 2.36-37 Help Desk Vocational Studies 2.36 3.1, 3.3-4, 3.7 Computer Maintenance & Support Services 2.37 4.1-2 Networking Consumerism 5.1-5 PL-HS-3.1.1 Web Design PL-HS-3.1.2 6.2-3 Multimedia Publishing Vocational Studies PL-HS-4.1.4 Computer & PL-HS-4.1.5 Technology Applications Communication/Technology PL-HS-4.3.1 Technology Other Standards (e.g., national, district, English language proficiency, Kentucky World Languages Framework, technology, Kentucky Occupation al Skill Standards, etc.): ISTE National Technology Standards Unit 5 – Motherboards Unit Organizer: A statement or question that: Focuses on realistic issues or problems Communicates the content standards in a way that engages students Connects learning to prior knowledge, experiences, skills, beliefs, and customs Unit 5 covers motherboards. In the first section, motherboard form factors are reviewed and the criteria for selecting motherboards are laid out. Following the introduction, three configurable motherboard components are presented: the bus, expansion slots, and other connectors. In this portion of the chapter, greatest emphasis is placed on the description of bus functions, the evolution of the bus, and types of buses. After outlining the important components of the motherboard, the focus shifts to practical applications. Firstly, configuration techniques involving DIP switches, jumpers, and CMOS RAM are demonstrated. Next, procedures for replacing the motherboard are illustrated. The final sections explain how to troubleshoot problems with the motherboard. Part 1: Unit Planning Template Essential Questions (3-5 questions that guide lesson planning/focus): Each question reflects Selected content standards Connection of learning with living Thinking, Problem-Solving, Application of Learning Engaging, Student-Centered Instruction 1. What are the different types of motherboards and how do you select one? 2. How do you support and configure a motherboard? 3. How do you install or replace a motherboard? 4. How do you troubleshoot a motherboard and processor? Connections to Literacy: Literacy includes, reading, writing, and the creative and analytical acts involved in producing and comprehending text. . Students will read chapter 5 to understand the basic concepts of the unit. Students will listen to prepared lessons. Students will write lab reports. Students will write Work Orders. Connections to Career/Workplace: These are the skills necessary for a successful transition to postsecondary education or work and a desire for life-long learning in a global society. Unit 5 – Motherboards 1. Team Work – students will work in groups to complete work and labs. 2. Individual learning – students will organize and pace themselves basic on given assignments. 3. Real World Experience – students will be responsible for taking care of the technology in our building. 4. Communications – Study will train or help teachers with technology in our building. 5. Labs – students will practice computer work skills. 6. Presentations – students will communicate learning to other students through research, technology and prior knowledge. Culminating Activity/Assessment: A product or performance that Allows learner to demonstrate their knowledge of targeted content standards through a variety of formats (Universal Design). Offers choice to meet learners differentiated needs. Directs the development of instructional strategies and activities. Includes scoring guide/rubric to inform learners of expectations. 1. Pretest. 2. End of Unit Test. 3. Labs for student practice. 4. Remove and replace a Motherboard. 5. Write a Work Order for real world experience. 6. Work Experience – help take care of problems in the building. Resources/Technology: Resources to be used that support teaching and learning within the unit of study. Resources should include multiple means to access curriculum (i.e., audio, visual, multi- media, technology). SmartBoard Projector Computer Internet Various software (ITunes, Word…) Computer Parts Vocabulary: Vocabulary to be used that support teaching and learning within the unit of study. Unit 5 – Motherboards audio/modem riser (AMR): A specification for a small slot on a motherboard to accommodate an audio or modem riser card. A controller on the motherboard contains some of the logic for the audio or modem functionality. communication and networking riser (CNR): A specification for a small expansion slot on a motherboard that accommodates a small audio, modem, or network riser card. dual inline package (DIP) switch: A switch on a circuit board or other device that can be set on or off to hold configuration or setup information. Industry Standard Architecture (ISA) slot: An older slot on the motherboard used for slower I/O devices, which can support an 8-bit or a 16-bit data path. ISA slots are mostly replaced by PCI slots. jumper: Two wires that stick up side by side on the motherboard and are used to hold configuration information. The jumper is considered closed if a cover is over the wires, and open if the cover is missing. on-board ports: Ports that are directly on the motherboard, such as a built-in keyboard port or on-board serial port. power-on password: A password that a computer uses to control access during the boot process. riser card: A card that plugs into a motherboard and allows for expansion cards to be mounted parallel to the motherboard. Expansion cards are plugged into slots on the riser card. spacers: Another term for standoffs. standoffs: Round plastic or metal pegs that separate the motherboard from the case, so that components on the back of the motherboard do not touch the case. startup password: Another term for power-on password. user password: password enabling you to logon to the operating system. wait state: A clock tick in which nothing happens, used to ensure that the microprocessor isn’t getting ahead of slower components. A 0-wait state is preferable to a 1-wait state. Too many wait states can slow down a system. To Do List: 1. Remove and replace a motherboard. 2. Teach how to purchase a motherboard.