Paint by Numbers Essay - DOC by ykg75146

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									                                             Paint by Numbers Essay


PARAGRAPH ONE                    Your first sentence(s) need(s) to grab the reader (lead). This should be an
• Introduction               interesting, on topic quote, interesting fact/statistic, or an anecdote – something that
         The Lead            gets reader's interest. You need to clearly relate it to your topic. You need to state
    The Thesis Statement     your opinion / answer the question clearly (thesis statement = controls what you are
       The subtopics         allowed to talk about in your essay) in one sentence. This is often the paragraph's last
                             sentence. Also introduce your subtopics (shoot for at least three ideas, reasons,
                             categories of thought… that will prove/support your thesis) without details. Save the
                             details for your body paragraphs.
Transition                   The first sentence of paragraph 2 should tie into the last sentence of paragraph 1.
PARAGRAPH TWO                   The topic sentence is built from either your strongest subtopic (support of thesis)
• First body paragraph       or your weakest (or some other organizational order that makes sense for the topic).
    The Topic Sentence       Do you want to build to the most important or get less intense? You tell your first
   Support #1, Example,      reason the support is true, using specific examples (precise nouns/events included)
         Explanation         and explaining how the example proves the point. Then go on to your second reason
   Support #2, Example,      and do the same thing -- and so on until the subtopic is developed to the best of your
         Explanation         ability.
          And so on
Transition                   The first sentence of paragraph 3 should tie into the last sentence of paragraph 2.
PARAGRAPH THREE               The topic sentence is built from either your strongest subtopic (support of thesis) or
• Second body paragraph      your weakest (or some other organizational order that makes sense for the topic). Do
    The Topic Sentence       you want to build to the most important or get less intense? You tell your first reason
   Support #1, Example,      the support is true, using specific examples (precise nouns/events included) and
         Explanation         explaining how the example proves the point. Then go on to your second reason and
   Support #2, Example,      do the same thing -- and so on until the subtopic is developed to the best of your
         Explanation         ability.
          And so on
Transition                   The first sentence of paragraph 4 should tie into the last sentence of paragraph 3.
PARAGRAPH FOUR               The topic sentence is built from either your strongest subtopic (support of thesis) or
• Third body paragraph       your weakest (or some other organizational order that makes sense for the topic). Do
    The Topic Sentence       you want to build to the most important or get less intense? You tell your first reason
   Support #1, Example,      the support is true, using specific examples (precise nouns/events included) and
         Explanation         explaining how the example proves the point. Then go on to your second reason and
   Support #2, Example,      do the same thing -- and so on until the subtopic is developed to the best of your
         Explanation         ability.
          And so on
Transition                   The first sentence each paragraph should tie into the last sentence of the previous one.
• Continue body paragraphs
until you have covered all   See paragraphs 2,3, and 4.
you subtopics.
Transition                   The 1st sentence of conclusion should tie into the last sentence of previous paragraph.
PARAGRAPH LAST                  The concluding paragraph reviews the subtopics. It also restates your thesis in
• Conclusion                 different words and wraps up with a quote or idea that is ON TOPIC and memorable
                             (called clincher). There should be NO new information / ideas in the conclusion.
                             Resist the temptation.  And do NOT say "in conclusion."


Do not write about your writing in your writing unless the topic is your writing. (No "In this essay…" or "the
subtopics are…" or "In conclusion… .")



                                                                                          (over)
Try an outline to help put information in the BEST possible order and make sure you stay on topic.

I. Introduction
          A. Lead =
          B. Thesis =
          C. Subtopics
                   1. =         Thesis is often the last sentence in the paragraph.
                   2. =          Subtopics have no details at this point. They are the reasons you know the thesis
                   3. =          is correct (proof).
II. Subtopic #1 =
          A. Support #1 =
                   1. Example =
                   2. Explanation =
          B. Support #2 =                      When discussing literature this will often be a quote with a page
                   1. Example =                reference in parenthesis () after it. The explanation tells how
                   2. Explanation =            the example proves the subtopic which is your proof of why the thesis
                                               is correct.
III. Subtopic #2
          A.
                   1.
                   2.
          B.
                   1.
                   2.
IV. Subtopic #3
          A.
                   1.
                   2.
          B.
                   1.
                   2.
V. Conclusion =
          A. Review of subtopics =
                   1.
                   2.
                   3.
          B. Restate thesis =
          C. Clincher =


Turn you outline into good sentences. Each Roman numeral gets its own paragraph. Don't forget to make your
writing flow, to revise and to edit. All done? Read the whole essay out loud and make final corrections.

Remember – only personal essays (about you) are in first person (I, we, me, us…). Otherwise you use third
person (nouns and he, she, it they…). Usually, you do not speak to your reader (you). Avoid using "you,"
including "you understood."

								
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