*Earthquake* Presented by: *Satoko Masuda *Yuri Murakami *Maki Yamashita What is an earthquake? An earthquake is caused by a sudden slip on the fault. The slip happens when the stresses in the earth’s outer layer push the side of the fault together. The slip produces energy, and shakes the ground. Under the earth’s surface How it happens? Kinds of earthquakes There are two kinds of earthquakes. 1. The earthquake which happens in the sea. 2. The earthquake which happens in the ground. The earthquake which happens in the sea The plate under the sea is forced further underground. By this action, the plate above is dragged. And this makes a warp. The earthquake which happens in the sea The warp becomes bigger and bigger, and finally the plate above tries to return to its original position. This movement is an earthquake. The earthquake which happens in the ground The cause is the same as the earthquake in the sea. The warp makes energy. It shifts the ground and breaks the plate. This is called a fault. Four kinds of faults Preparation for Earthquake 90 % of death in the earthquake is… being crashed by collapsed buildings or houses We can survive for… Three Days Survival UP!…If… Rate will be 1. you check the safety of your house Is the earthquake – resistance of your house enough? Do you put some dangerous things in high places? ( such as objects made of glass or metal) 2. you prepare the following items Ｎon-Perishable food Drinking water in Bottles Clothes Flashlight with batteries Portable radio 3. you discuss with your family Make sure your family knows ● Where to evacuate and ● How to contact one other What to do during an earthquake… ★INDOORS★ Do not go near the windows. Stay under a sturdy furniture. NEVER GO TO THE KITCHEN!!! Stand against an interior wall. Do not use elevators because it can stop. Do not turn on lights or strike a match, because… gas can leak! What to do during an earthquake… ★OUTDOORS★ Move to an open area without tall trees, buildings, etc. Move away from beaches (tsunami) or mountains (mudslides or falling rocks). If in cars, move to the side of the road and stop the car. Fasten your seat belts until the shaking stops. What to do after an earthquake… ALWAYS BE PREPARED FOR AFTERSHOCKS!!! Open the window in case of leaking gas. Check if you have injuries. Use cell phone only if it’s an emergency. Cooperate with neighbors and friends. If you can, check if your family or friends are safe. *The END* Thank you for your attention!!!
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