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					             IWRM
            SERVICE DELIVERY
          COMMUNITY PROJECTS
          FUNDERS CONFERENCE
RIGHTS BASED APPROACH ETHEKWINI MODEL
            OVERVIEW

• INTRODUCTION
• INDEMNITY
• DEDICATION
• ETHICS AND CODES OF CIVILISATION
             CONTEXT

• CONSTITUTION
• WHITE PAPER – LOCAL GOVERNMENT
• INTERGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLANS
• STATUTORY / LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK
                CONTEXT
           FOOD SECURITY & THE
              CONSTITUTION
• Adequate food
• Rights to :freedom of assembly and expression , safe
    drinking water, information & education , highest
    attainable standard of health
•   International treaties
•   UN – “the availability of food in a quantity and quality
    sufficient to satisfy the dietary needs of individuals free
    from adverse substances and acceptable within a given
    culture The accessibility of such food in ways that are
    sustainable and do not interfere with the enjoyment of
    other human rights”.
FOOD SECURITY & THE S A
CONSTITUTION
• Bill of Rights – The right to adequate food and an
  obligation by the State to ensure the same.
• Legislative framework on the right to food recommended
  by HRC and monitored accordingly via CSP’s.
• Terms of Reference has emanated directly from our
  constitution
• Obligation of the State to achieve the progressive
  realization of everyone’s right to have access to
  sufficient food & water & to provide for the right of
  every child to basic nutrition.
FAO : The Right To Food in
Practice (2006 )
• Reaffirming the Right to Food
• Practice & Implementation
• Training
• Information & Assessment
• Legislation & Accountability
• Strategy & Co-ordination
• Benchmarks & Monitoring
THE CONSTITUTION AND WHITE PAPER
(LOCAL GOVERNMENT)
INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLANT (IDP )
*Constitutional mandate to create and sustain
  humane, equitable and viable human
  settlements
*It is necessary to redesign & adequately equip
  this sphere to fulfill this development mandate.
* With democratisation of Local Government, a
  fundamental transformation is required to avoid
  previous era structures that undermine this
  system
CONSTITUTION &WHITE PAPER
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
• The Local Government is that which
 interacts closest with communities and is
 responsible for services and infrastructure
 that is essential to our peoples well being
 & is tasked with ensuring growth and
 development of communities in a manner
 that enhances community participation &
 accountability
INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT
PLANS
• IDP budgeting and performance management are powerful tools
    which assist municipalities to develop an integrated perspective on
    development in their area .
•   This enables municipalities to focus on priorities within an
    increasingly complex and diverse set of demands.
•   This will also enable the direction of resource allocations and
    institutional systems to a new set of development objectives.
•   This plan must essentially translate the municipalities vision into
    action. It must optimise the alignment between the vision, strategy
    and actual delivery.
•   The municipality adapts to national initiatives and expresses
    priorities that must be addressed.
INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN

• THE DELIVERY SYSTEM is through an action plan which
    is outlined as follows :
•   Sustaining our natural & built environment
•   Economic development & job creation
•   Quality living environments
•   Safe, healthy and secure environments
•   Empowering our citizens
•   Celebrating cultural diversity
•   Good governance
•   Financial viability and sustainability.
INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN

• These plans are then processed and attempt to
    give life & meaning to those principles &
    development values
•   The process also systematically filters every
    program, project and initiative in terms of the
    chosen values.
•   Filters apply to programmes & projects as well
    as to methodologies and the delivery of
    programmes and projects.
INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN

• The value filter screens development to ensure
    that our core values are supported.
•   These are listed as :
•   SUSTAINABILITY
•   ECONOMICALLY SUCCESSFUL CITY – JOB
    CREATION
•   POVERTY REDUCTION
•   SMART CITY
•   CARING CITY
•   DEMOCRATIC & EQUAL CITY
ACTION PLANS & VALUE FILTERS
STRATEGIC FOCUS AREAS
•   CATCHMENT BASED PLANNING
•   INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT
•   FOCUS ON RENEWABLE ENERGIES & DEVELOPMENT
•   POLLUTION REDUCTION
•   PROMOTING ECO-TOURISM
•   GREENING OF THE ENVIRONMENT
•   RECYCLING OF WASTE (RAINWATER HARVESTING)
•   PROGRAMMES ON SUSTAINABILITY & ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
•   KNOWLEDGE PROCESS
•   DEVELOPMENT OF PARTNERSHIPS
•   COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
        CHALLENGES

• TRANSFORMATION
• ADAPTATIONS AND FLEXIBILITY
• NETWORKING & COMMUNICATIONS
• CAPACITATION
CHALLENGES & CONSTRAINTS
• LOW ECONOMIC GROWTH & HIGH RATE OF UNEMPLOYMENT
• ACCESS TO BASIC HOUSEHOLD & COMMUNITY SERVICES NOT
    OPTIMAL
•   RELATIVELY HIGH LEVELS OF POVERTY
•   LOW LEVELS OF LITERACY & SKILLS DEVELOPMENT
•   EXPOSURE TO UNACCEPTABLY HIGH LEVELS OF CRIME & RISK
•   MANY DEVELOPMENT PRACTICES STILL UNSUSTAINABLE
•   INEFFECTIVENESS & INEFFECIENCY OF INWARD –LOOKING LOCAL
    GOVERNMENT STILL PREVELANT
•   HIV/AIDS
FOOD SECURITY DELIVERY
CONSTRAINTS
• Lack of enthusiasm within structures to participate with passion
• Poor identification of potential beneficiaries –not chosen for their desire to be
    involved
•   A non-market approach to project development leads to surplus & exploitive business
    relationships
•   Lack of understanding of most consultants of what constitutes sustainable
    development & genuine sustainability
•   The inability of consultants to think outside the standard western models which are
    heavily reliant on capital , high costs and economies of scale
•   Lack of understanding that SA is a water scarce country , and given global climate
    change , this situation is unlikely to improve
•   Food security & linked cost increases of food due to distant production has yet to be
    contextualised.
•   The inability of consultants to understand that economic value must be added as far
    as possible up to & including retail & export , to increase the viability & income of
    identified stakeholders – failing which , establishing business reap the lions share of
    the income – defeating the aims of transformation of society.
•   Procurement policy
        POLICY AND PROCESS
• TERMS OF REFERENCE/BEST PRACTICE
    INITIATIVES
•   OBJECTIVES ,LEGISLATION & INSTITUTIONS
•   STAKEHOLDER ROLES & RESPONSIBILITIES
•   EMPOWERMENT
•   ESTABLISHMENT OF FORUM
•   IMPLEMENTATION & MANAGEMENT
PROCESS CHECKLIST
•   Site identification & GPS co-ordinates (Name)
•   Alpha numeric tag to underwrite ward & street
•   Size of area
•   Existing & proposed servitudes
•   Current town planning zoning
•   Ecological features
•   Soil type & depth
•   Rainfall & water availability
•   Infrastructure – existing & proposed
•   Social & recreational facilities
•   Crop types & surface preparation
•   Councillor & technicians details
•   Business plans & funding
•   Engagement of community & forum establishment
•   Gant chart for implementation
•   Use of digital technology to record progress / problems
PROACTIVE IMPLEMENTATION
MEASURES
• Necessary input of intensive zero waste
  multicultural activities that provide the
  community with multiple income streams
  based on economies of scope vs
  economies of scale
• Ensure that proposals tendered are sound
  & sustainable
PROJECTS
• Mushroom growing houses for export & medicine
• Bio-digestors to treat sewage effluent for secondary use as irrigaton
    & aquaculture
•   Methane gas used for heating / thermal energy
•   Partnership with academic institutes for treatment algae & bio fuel
    production at a sewer plant
•   Free range poultry using organic feed
•   Organic fruit & vegetable production
•   Bee keeping & honey production
•   Composting & vermi composting
•    Planting on trellises on steep land that cannot be ploughed
•   Aquacultural hatchery establishment
CO-ORDINATORS QUALITIES
•   Vision
•   Responsibility
•   Competence
•   Professional
•   Committed & dedicated
•   Dynamic & creative
•   Results orientated
•   Leadership & passion

				
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