What you need to revise English Paper 1 Section A - Non-Fiction and Media texts This will be an unseen paper, so you will need to remember – To break the questions down into parts Makes sure that you look at the instruction words in the questions (Describe? Explain? Compare?) To look for the techniques that the writer has used – have they used adjectives, similes, metaphors, a particular style of writing, different types of sentences for different effects, alliteration etc. Have they used pictures for any particular reason– pick out details when commenting on layout Why have they used certain headings or subheadings? Only write about what the question wants – don’t waste time on writing everything you know if it is not relevant Answer all parts of the question Section B – Writing to argue, persuade, advise “Delightful vocabulary”/planned and sequenced ideas/ sentences and structure for effect. Argue – 1.Make sure you have ideas for your Introduction Both viewpoints Conclusion 2.What do points make? PARAGRAPHS! Each new point is a new paragraph. 3.Remember to vary your paragraph openings. 4.Remember how to show you are looking at the alternative viewpoint. 5.Use rhetorical questions/statistics and detailed comments. 6.Make sure your conclusion reflects the ideas you have discussed Persuade – 1.Address your audience personally – use “you”. 2.Use the word “we” – this is another way to get the audience on your side. It makes them feel as though you, the writer, and they, the reader, are working together to achieve a common goal. 3.Rhetorical questions – when you use one of these, you don’t have to say the answer – it gets suggested, and so you make the reader think how you want them to. 4.Emotive language – this is often used to make the reader feel sympathy or feel sorry for someone, or something. Be careful you don’t use too much of this, though, because if you overdo it, then it will have the opposite effect, of putting people off , as your poor, pitiful, pathetic efforts will seem sarcastic. See? 5.Odd one out/making someone feel guilty – this can sometimes be combined with emotive language, but it can also be used as a separate technique. It’s another way of making the reader sympathetic to the writer’s viewpoint. 6.Threats/Blackmail – they are a form of persuasion – they might not always work, but in some circumstances – where the writer is desperate – they might work. Be careful in using silly threats, because they will have the opposite effect on the reader, to the one you wanted. 7.Flattery – there’s no better way to get someone on your side than by being nice to them. Again, don’t go over the top, or you will have the opposite effect to the one you intend. 8.Three part repetition – this is often a good, memorable way to end your persuasive piece, as it’s a catchy and quite easy way of coming up with something that your readers will remember. Advise – you will need - 1. An opening, in which you state your purpose – what are you giving advice about? 2. Use of bullet points – these help to make your main pieces of advice clearer. 3. A section where you develop your basic advice and look at the outcomes or consequences of the advice. 4. Use of modal verbs and conditional phrases – you might not be definite about the advice you want to give, so you must phrase your ideas carefully, e.g. use “you could...” – not “you will…” 5. A conclusion, in which you sum up your advice and the reasons for it. Paper 2 Section A – Poetry from the Anthology – Other Cultures Remember that you will have to compare two poems You will need to learn your notes from all the poems, as in the GCSE exam , you will not have them. Break down the questions into parts. Look at the instruction words – compare/comment/analyse etc. Remember how to compare – look at a point from poem 1 (point/quote /comment) look at a point from poem 2 (point/quote/comment) Say what is similar or different about these points Then repeat another 3-4 times…. Remember – intro – briefly compare what the 2 poems are about Briefly compare the viewpoints Compare in more detail about 4 language points (more if you have time) Compare the purpose/message of the poems in your conclusion ATFQ!! Or – Look at one poem, focusing on what the question asks you Look at the other poem, focusing on what the question asks you Compare the two poems in detail Section B – Writing to inform, explain or describe “Delightful vocabulary”/planned and sequenced ideas/ sentences and structure for effect. You will need to remember what the features of each writing type are – some features apply to more than one type of writing. Common features of inform, explain, describe – 1. Plan what information you are going to put in your paragraphs – make a list – point per paragraph. 2. Use facts from your own experience, if there aren’t any in the stimulus material provided with the exam paper. 3. If you don’t now any statistics, then make some up – you are being tested on knowing about the correct writing style, not on knowing whether 46% or 47% of children fall asleep in front of the computer whilst doing Maths homework. If you have used reasonable sounding statistics, the examiner will appreciate and understand what you are doing and you will get credit. 4. Avoid slang – information texts are read by a wide audience, so you need to be formal, in order for the widest possible audience to understand what you have written. 5. Be careful with the lengths of sentences. Although you will need some complex sentences - if you have a very complicated explanation, don’t try to fit it all into one sentence. Readers can lose the sense of your explanation if you make your sentences too complex. Take it one step at a time, so that you – and the reader – knows what your reasons are. 6. Explanation writing sometimes needs to be chronological, if you have to explain things in the order in which they happen – watch out for occasions where that may be the case. Literature Exam For this exam, you need to revise “Of Mice and Men” For “Of Mice and Men”– Don’t write everything you know – focus on breaking down the question and making sure that you have answered all parts of the question. Remember – embedded quotation that relates to content and methods Try to put as much detail in your comments as possible. Pick out words from your quotations, to show exactly where you have got your ideas from. Name techniques as you go. Plan!!! ATFQ!