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Life in Australia
Life in Australia Those immigrants who decided to make a life of it in the 'Bush' found that life there was going to be very hard. They had to build their own rough wooden huts with whatever they could find. They were plagued by flies and mosquitoes all the time but there were many other strange insects! Moths and spiders, grubs and beetles were all bigger and scarier than they would have seen in their own country. There were also poisonous spiders, scorpions and snakes. Families still dressed as if they were in Scotland but the temperatures could easily have been 30 or 35 degrees Celsius. The children probably hated being dressed like this, but for the adults it was a way of remembering their old life. Some men headed for the 'Goldfields'. This was the Gold Rush when many people tried to find a fortune by digging and panning for gold in the river beds. The first discoveries were made at Bathurst, and Ballarat and Bendigo in Victoria. Even the children had to work. Many families moved inland and went to work on the Australian 'Sheep Stations'. Others made a living from transporting the wool and live animals hundreds of kilometres to sell in the cities on the coast. Life was very hard and the sheep's fleece had to be cut off using blade shears. Because the Stations were 1 00 kilometres, across men went on horseback to round up the Merino sheep for clipping. There would be thousands of sheep and very few people to clip them. Australia's cities like Melbourne, Adelaide and Sydney were very new. The first settlers had landed in 1788. The cities were still small when the immigrants arrived and so many families stayed there to work in the first shops and businesses. Very hot weather in the summer caused Bush Fires which often spread to the towns. There was also the threat of Dust Storms, Cyclones and Floods. Use the information above to help you write a list of the advantages and disadvantages of life in Australia. Remember what the conditions were like at home. Now write a report on life in Australia. Remember to draw your conclusion as to whether emigration was a good idea.
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