World AIDS Day Briefing 2008 Information for professionals running a local campaign in Norfolk and Waveney Produced by the Sexual Health Promotion Unit 2008 World AIDS Day Briefing 2008 Monday December 1st Together we can end HIV prejudice www.worldaidsday.org - Respect & Protect www.avert.org.uk According to UNAIDS estimates, there are now 33.2 million people living with HIV, including 2.5 million children. During 2007 some 2.5 million people became newly infected with the virus. Around half of all people who become infected with HIV do so before they are 25 and are killed by AIDS before they are 35. Around 95% of people with HIV live in developing nations. But HIV today is a threat to men, women and children on all continents around the world. Started on 1st December 1988, World AIDS Day is about raising money for various charities, increasing awareness, fighting prejudice and improving education. World AIDS Day is important in reminding people that HIV has not gone away, and that there are many things still to be done. HIV facts & statistics The number of people living with HIV is continuing to rise in every part of the world - including in the UK. There are now 33 million people living with HIV worldwide and 80,000 people living with HIV in the UK. For more statistics visit the National AIDS Trust and AVERT websites. WAD: 21 years Twenty-one years ago, a summit of health ministers realised that a united global effort was required to halt the spread of HIV. As a result, World AIDS Day emerged as the first international health day in December 1988. The aim of World AIDS Day is to bring to people's attention the worldwide challenges and consequences of the epidemic - ultimately halting the spread of HIV and improving the lives of people living with the virus. Each year the campaign is an opportunity for organisations throughout the world to highlight the HIV pandemic in order to raise awareness and bring about change The Theme for World AIDS Day 2008 The UK theme for World AIDS Day 2008, "Respect & Protect", is inspired by the UNAIDS and World AIDS Campaign ongoing international theme, "Leadership". The international theme is developed as an overall theme which each country is encouraged to adapt to suit more specific issues around the epidemic in their region. Each year NAT translates the international theme into a slogan to reflect HIV issues in the UK, developing a theme and call to action relevant to HIV in the UK, and producing new and unique visuals and materials to accompany the theme. By consulting our customers, young people and people living with HIV, Respect & Protect translates the global theme "Leadership" for a UK audience, setting out an agenda for individuals to take the lead in their own life. Respect & Protect is inclusive and highlights the responsibility everyone has to transform attitudes to HIV and encourage actions that stop its spread. Respect & Protect inspires individuals to consider the different roles they can play: Show respect by always treating people living with HIV fairly, respecting their confidentiality and challenging prejudice wherever it occurs. Respect themselves and their partners by always practising safe sex to protect their sexual health. Find out the facts about HIV, spread the Respect & Protect message and encourage others to do the same. The National AIDS Trust role in World AIDS Day The National AIDS Trust has played a co-ordinating role for World AIDS Day in the UK since 1988. Each year it has worked with people living with HIV and other organisations to develop an appropriate theme for World AIDS Day, design posters and information resources and develop and manage the World AIDS Day website, the main source of information for World AIDS Day in the UK. Information on World AIDS Day events going on throughout the UK can be found on the events section of the NAT website. World AIDS Day posters, leaflets, red ribbons and other campaign materials produced by NAT are available by ordering a pack via the HERON website at www.heron.nhs.uk, and may be displayed in a wide range of community settings including health centres, youth clubs, schools and GP surgeries around the county. The wearing of red ribbons to mark World AIDS Day The red ribbon is worn as a sign of support for people living with HIV. Wearing a red ribbon for World AIDS Day is a simple and powerful way to challenge the stigma and prejudice surrounding HIV and AIDS that prevents us from tackling HIV in the UK and internationally. The red ribbon has been an international symbol of AIDS awareness since 1991. The Red Ribbon Project was created by the New York based organisation Visual AIDS, which brought together artists to create a symbol of support for the growing number of people living with HIV in the US. The red ribbon is the result of collaboration between community artists who wanted to create a non-copyrighted image that could be used as an awareness-raising tool by people across the world. Schools and Education It is important that young people are encouraged to have a better understanding of the realities of living with HIV and to know how to protect themselves from infection. NAT have produced a practical resource for teachers providing suggestions on how to integrate HIV into the national curriculum for different subjects within key stages three and four. It includes lesson plans, ideas for assemblies and HIV fact sheets. Sections of NAT’s HIV in Schools pack are available to download free from their website. At http://www.nat.org.uk/HIV-Facts/School-Packs.aspx and from HERON, including: HIV Facts Lesson plans - key stage 3 Lesson plans - key stage 4 Teaching about HIV in PSHE Assemblies and other ideas Living With HIV PowerPoint Living With HIV PowerPoint Speaking Notes All About HIV PowerPoint All About HIV PowerPoint Speaking Notes HIV Statistics PowerPoint HIV Statistics PowerPoint Speaking Notes HIV General Knowledge quiz HIV Facts quiz HIV World AIDS Day quiz Further information and resources Paper copies of the pack are available free of charge to secondary school teachers. Please contact Sheonaidh Johnston for more details: email@example.com / 020 7814 6729 or request a copy online. Angels in America Education Pack NAT, Headlong Theatre and the Lyric Hammersmith have also produced an education pack for schools exploring some of the questions raised by the Pulitzer Prize winning play Angels in America. The aim of this resource is to engage young people on subjects including HIV and homophobia through the medium of drama, and to encourage debate and discussion on the issues raised by Angels in America. The education pack is available free of charge to all secondary schools and can be downloaded from the NAT website. Local WAD Events 2008 Norfolk and Waveney (2005-7 HIV/AIDS Statistics People living with HIV in Norfolk and Waveney 2005-2007 (SOPHID data) How person probably acquired Total Total Total the virus Norfolk and Norfolk and Norfolk Waveney Waveney and Waveney 2006 2007 2005 Sexual intercourse between men 150 164 184 Sexual intercourse between men and 123 151 166 women Injecting drug use (IDU) 22 26 25 Blood factor (e.g. haemophiliacs) * * * Blood tissue transfer (e.g. transfusion) * * * Mother to child infected * * * Mother to child indeterminate (+) * * * Other/undetermined * * * TOTAL 312 354 386 225 male 256 male 115 female 87 female 98 female 271 male (* Numbers less than 10) (+) Indeterminate defined as “children aged less than 18 months when last tested positive for HIV-1 antibody and without evidence of HIV-1 infection.” On the basis of reports received it is not yet possible to determine whether these children are infected or whether their seropositivity is due to passive transfer of maternal antibody. How person probably acquired the virus Total Total Total (Norfolk and (Norfolk and (Norfolk and Waveney) Waveney) Waveney) 2005 (%) 2006 (%) 2007 (%) Sexual Intercourse between men 48 46 30 Sexual Intercourse between men and women 39 43 70 Injecting Drug use 7 7 6 Blood Factor (e.g. haemophiliacs) * * * Other e.g. IDU & Sexual Intercourse between * * * men, mother to child infected, mother to child indeterminate, undetermined Total 100 100 72% male 72% male FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT WORLD AIDS DAY, SEXUAL HEALTH RESOURCES AND INFORMATION LOCALLY PLEASE CONTACT: firstname.lastname@example.org TEL: 01603 221807 For web based information about HIV and AIDS and as a gateway to other useful sites via their links, visit the AVERT or NAT websites. These organisations recive donations in support of their work around HIV prevention. For details of more events in the eastern region visit www.redandalive.com If you wish to collect for a local HIV/AIDS charity EAST, which supports people whose lives are affected by HIV, has collecting boxes to loan out, receives donations and is itself running collections following performances of ‘Footloose’ at the Theatre Royal, Norwich , and at other selected pubs and venues across the region. Sexual Health Promotion Unit Information contained within this briefing has been reproduced with the kind permission of the National AIDS Trust.