World AIDS day 2008

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					World AIDS Day Briefing 2008


      Information for professionals running
   a local campaign in Norfolk and Waveney




          Produced by the Sexual Health Promotion Unit 2008
         World AIDS Day Briefing 2008
                       Monday December 1st




           Together we can end HIV prejudice
                     www.worldaidsday.org - Respect & Protect
                               www.avert.org.uk


According to UNAIDS estimates, there are now 33.2 million people living with HIV,
including 2.5 million children. During 2007 some 2.5 million people became newly
infected with the virus. Around half of all people who become infected with HIV do
so before they are 25 and are killed by AIDS before they are 35.

Around 95% of people with HIV live in developing nations. But HIV today is a threat
to men, women and children on all continents around the world.

Started on 1st December 1988, World AIDS Day is about raising money for various
charities, increasing awareness, fighting prejudice and improving education. World
AIDS Day is important in reminding people that HIV has not gone away, and that
there are many things still to be done.

HIV facts & statistics

The number of people living with HIV is continuing to rise in every part of the
world - including in the UK. There are now 33 million people living with HIV
worldwide and 80,000 people living with HIV in the UK. For more statistics visit the
National AIDS Trust and AVERT websites.
WAD: 21 years

Twenty-one years ago, a summit of health ministers realised that a united global effort
was required to halt the spread of HIV. As a result, World AIDS Day emerged as the
first international health day in December 1988.

The aim of World AIDS Day is to bring to people's attention the worldwide
challenges and consequences of the epidemic - ultimately halting the spread of HIV
and improving the lives of people living with the virus.

Each year the campaign is an opportunity for organisations throughout the world to
highlight the HIV pandemic in order to raise awareness and bring about change

The Theme for World AIDS Day 2008

The UK theme for World AIDS Day 2008, "Respect & Protect", is inspired by the
UNAIDS and World AIDS Campaign ongoing international theme, "Leadership". The
international theme is developed as an overall theme which each country is
encouraged to adapt to suit more specific issues around the epidemic in their region.

Each year NAT translates the international theme into a slogan to reflect HIV issues
in the UK, developing a theme and call to action relevant to HIV in the UK, and
producing new and unique visuals and materials to accompany the theme. By
consulting our customers, young people and people living with HIV, Respect &
Protect translates the global theme "Leadership" for a UK audience, setting out an
agenda for individuals to take the lead in their own life.

Respect & Protect is inclusive and highlights the responsibility everyone has to
transform attitudes to HIV and encourage actions that stop its spread.

Respect & Protect inspires individuals to consider the different roles they can play:

      Show respect by always treating people living with HIV fairly, respecting their
       confidentiality and challenging prejudice wherever it occurs.
      Respect themselves and their partners by always practising safe sex to protect
       their sexual health.
      Find out the facts about HIV, spread the Respect & Protect message and
       encourage others to do the same.

The National AIDS Trust role in World AIDS Day

The National AIDS Trust has played a co-ordinating role for World AIDS Day in the
UK since 1988. Each year it has worked with people living with HIV and other
organisations to develop an appropriate theme for World AIDS Day, design posters
and information resources and develop and manage the World AIDS Day website, the
main source of information for World AIDS Day in the UK.
Information on World AIDS Day events going on throughout the UK can be found on
the events section of the NAT website. World AIDS Day posters, leaflets, red ribbons
and other campaign materials produced by NAT are available by ordering a pack via
the HERON website at www.heron.nhs.uk, and may be displayed in a wide range of
community settings including health centres, youth clubs, schools and GP surgeries
around the county.

The wearing of red ribbons to mark World AIDS Day

The red ribbon is worn as a sign of support for people living with HIV. Wearing a red
ribbon for World AIDS Day is a simple and powerful way to challenge the stigma and
prejudice surrounding HIV and AIDS that prevents us from tackling HIV in the UK
and internationally.

The red ribbon has been an international symbol of AIDS awareness since 1991. The
Red Ribbon Project was created by the New York based organisation Visual AIDS,
which brought together artists to create a symbol of support for the growing number
of people living with HIV in the US.

The red ribbon is the result of collaboration between community artists who wanted to
create a non-copyrighted image that could be used as an awareness-raising tool by
people across the world.

Schools and Education

 It is important that young people are encouraged to have a better understanding of the
realities of living with HIV and to know how to protect themselves from infection.

NAT have produced a practical resource for teachers providing suggestions on how to
integrate HIV into the national curriculum for different subjects within key stages
three and four. It includes lesson plans, ideas for assemblies and HIV fact sheets.

Sections of NAT’s HIV in Schools pack are available to download free from their
website. At http://www.nat.org.uk/HIV-Facts/School-Packs.aspx and from
HERON, including:

HIV Facts
Lesson plans - key stage 3
Lesson plans - key stage 4
Teaching about HIV in PSHE
Assemblies and other ideas
Living With HIV PowerPoint
Living With HIV PowerPoint Speaking Notes
All About HIV PowerPoint
All About HIV PowerPoint Speaking Notes
HIV Statistics PowerPoint
HIV Statistics PowerPoint Speaking Notes
HIV General Knowledge quiz
HIV Facts quiz
HIV World AIDS Day quiz
Further information and resources


Paper copies of the pack are available free of charge to secondary school teachers.

Please contact Sheonaidh Johnston for more details: sheonaidh.johnston@nat.org.uk /
020 7814 6729 or request a copy online.

Angels in America Education Pack

NAT, Headlong Theatre and the Lyric Hammersmith have also produced an education
pack for schools exploring some of the questions raised by the Pulitzer Prize winning
play Angels in America.

The aim of this resource is to engage young people on subjects including HIV and
homophobia through the medium of drama, and to encourage debate and discussion
on the issues raised by Angels in America. The education pack is available free of
charge to all secondary schools and can be downloaded from the NAT website.

Local WAD Events 2008
                 Norfolk and Waveney (2005-7 HIV/AIDS Statistics

      People living with HIV in Norfolk and Waveney 2005-2007
                                       (SOPHID data)


       How person probably acquired
                                    Total                        Total           Total
       the virus
                                                                 Norfolk and     Norfolk and
                                    Norfolk                      Waveney         Waveney
                                    and
                                    Waveney                      2006            2007
                                                      2005
       Sexual intercourse between men                  150             164             184
       Sexual intercourse between men and              123             151             166
       women
       Injecting drug use (IDU)                         22              26              25
       Blood factor (e.g. haemophiliacs)               *               *               *
       Blood tissue transfer (e.g. transfusion)        *               *               *
       Mother to child infected                        *               *               *
       Mother to child indeterminate (+)               *               *               *
       Other/undetermined                              *               *               *
       TOTAL                                          312             354            386
                                                   225 male        256 male       115 female
                                                   87 female       98 female       271 male

      (* Numbers less than 10)

      (+) Indeterminate defined as “children aged less than 18 months when last tested
      positive for HIV-1 antibody and without evidence of HIV-1 infection.” On the basis of
      reports received it is not yet possible to determine whether these children are infected
      or whether their seropositivity is due to passive transfer of maternal antibody.


How person probably acquired the
virus                                             Total          Total           Total
                                                  (Norfolk and   (Norfolk and    (Norfolk and
                                                  Waveney)       Waveney)        Waveney)
                                                  2005 (%)       2006 (%)        2007 (%)
Sexual Intercourse between men                          48               46             30
Sexual Intercourse between men and women                39               43             70
Injecting Drug use                                       7                7              6
Blood Factor (e.g. haemophiliacs)                        *                *              *
Other e.g. IDU & Sexual Intercourse between              *                *              *
men, mother to child infected, mother to child
indeterminate, undetermined
 Total                                                 100             100

                                                   72% male       72% male
   FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT WORLD AIDS DAY,
SEXUAL HEALTH RESOURCES AND INFORMATION LOCALLY
                 PLEASE CONTACT:
               suki.dell@norfolk.nhs.uk
                 TEL: 01603 221807

For web based information about HIV and AIDS and as a gateway
    to other useful sites via their links, visit the AVERT or NAT
websites. These organisations recive donations in support of their
                    work around HIV prevention.

       For details of more events in the eastern region visit
                       www.redandalive.com

  If you wish to collect for a local HIV/AIDS charity EAST, which
 supports people whose lives are affected by HIV, has collecting
     boxes to loan out, receives donations and is itself running
 collections following performances of ‘Footloose’ at the Theatre
Royal, Norwich , and at other selected pubs and venues across the
                                 region.




                                          Sexual Health Promotion Unit

   Information contained within this briefing has been reproduced with the kind
                     permission of the National AIDS Trust.

				
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