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					  Yr 7 Drugs Plans
  Teaching Guidance

Drugs Section            Learning Outcomes:         Define a drug. To know that drugs can be legal
                         or illegal, prescription and non prescription and suggest reasons why
                         they fit into these categories.

                         Skills from POS:         Reflecting 4
                         Thinking Skills: Classifying

                         Lessons:          Use powerpoint provided at start middle and end of
                         lesson. Make a class concept map of what is a drug. A drug is
                         something we take into our body to change the way it works. Use
                         concept map produced to agree as a class which effects are
                         harmful/beneficial, which are legal/illegal etc. ( stress that some
                         beneficial effects are only perceived effects, and are simply reasons why
                         some people use them) Where can drugs be bought? Eg, doctor,
                         pharmacy, internet, dealer, why would you buy from these? Would you
                         trust them? Could HOT SEAT teacher on these or do True/False quiz

Caffeine Investigation   Learning Outcome:        To recognise caffeine as a legal drug by its
                         effects on the body.

                         Skills from POS:         Enquiry 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
                         Thinking Skills: Fair Testing and Pattern Seeking

                         Lessons: UP TO 4 LESSONS Show drinks cans or jars in tea, coffee,
                         cola and energy drinks to find the caffeine content. Use powerpoint to
                         stimulate and support class knowledge of ‘what is caffeine?’. Does
                         caffeine affect taste? Could do a taste test demo using caffeinated and
                         decaffeinated drinks using a few volunteers. Discuss experimental
                         limitations, like small sample size, personal preferences of volunteers
                         Next lesson, plan an investigation to find out whether caffeine speeds up
                         either pulse rate or reaction times. DO NOT DO the experiment, assess
                         it for planning only. A powerpoint is available to prompt discussion of
                         experimental limitations. A paper and electronic version of a level ladder
                         to assess Fair Testing is available. Can be Peer assessed.

Survey Lesson Plan       Learning Outcome:       To produce a workable survey which can be
                         used to identify the number of pupils in school who use energy drinks.

                         Skills from POS:        Communication 2, Enquiry 5
                         Thinking Skills: Problem Solving,

                         Lessons:          Ask class who drinks energy drinks (not lucozade) What
                         % of class is this? Is this a big enough SAMPLE SIZE to offer as fact for
                         the whole school’s energy drink consumption? Tease out suggestions as
                         how they could find out a better idea of how many pupils in SCHOOL
                         use energy drinks. Design a survey in ICT in small groups. AfL = listen to
                         whether pupils are discussing how they will analyse their results. A
                         sample survey is on powerpoint to guide pupils who are struggling.
                          Extension Opportunity Surveys could go to form groups (4 forms per yr
                          group?) More able pupils can take charge of distributing and collecting
                          which ensures a cross section of the school-Problem Solving and
                          Working With Others.

                          Analysis should be done next lesson depending on class ability. Use the
                          the info to produce a poster showing the hypothesis, tally, bar chart and
                          discussion on findings and dangers of overuse of caffeine.

Insulin Lesson Plan       Learning Outcome:     To know the effects of insulin on the human
                          body. To understand why it can be clased as a drug.

                          Skills from POS:          Enquiry 2
                          Thinking Skills: Enquiry (research)

                          Lessons:         Check if any pupils have diabetes or close family
                          members. Show discretion here. Stress that it is quite a common
                          condition. Discuss what is happening in the body of a healthy person
                          who eats a biscuit, then discuss what happens differently in a diabetic
                          person. If a diabetic person has to inject insulin to change the way their
                          body normally works, it can now be classed as a drug. (would it be a
                          drug if the body made it naturally?) Use the ask and check interactive
                          powerpoint to get facts down for lesson. Summary and AfL, pupils write
                          why insulin, although it is usually a natural hormone can be classed as a
                          drug. 2nd lesson= research, see guide.

Paracetamol Lesson Plan   Learning Outcome        To describe the uses and risks of every day
                          drugs like paracetamol.

                          Skills: communication 2, enquiry 1, Reflecting 4
                          Homework covers the USING MODELS thinking skill and is on
                          powerpoint and paper resource.

                          Lesson: Ask questions, like what is paracetamol, why use it, is it good or
                          bad? The powerpoint should be used to prompt discussion. Discuss how
                          it works and safe dosage, again powerpoint to prompt. Discuss what
                          properties a ‘good’ painkiller should have, eg fast acting, non addictive,
                          non allergy causing etc.

Steroids Lesson Plan      Learning Outcome: To distinguish between legal and illegal steroid use.
                          To know that the effects of anabolic steroids are very similar to the
                          effects of testosterone.

                          Skills from POS: Communication 1, Reflecting 4 (link to sports injuries
                          and doping)

                          Thinking Skills: Applying Models

                          Lessons:          begin by finding out what pupils already know about
                          steroids. Does anyone in class use steroids? No! Well if they use some
                          eczema cream or inhalers then they do, shows that not all steroids are
                          illegal. Discuss 2 types of steroids: corticosteroids used in medicines
                          and creams. Anabolic, illegal, increase muscle growth, similar to
                          testosterone. Power points can be used to guide whole lesson and
                          prompt discussion and learning. Review what pupils now know at end.
                          Tendon activity simply demonstrates overuse of steroids on tendons
                          (weakens tendons, excess muscle puts too much strain on tendons)
                          Practical guide included.
Addiction Lesson Plan   Learning Outcomes:       To know that addiction is caused by a persons
                        attempt to replace the natural pleasure responses of the nervous system
                        with alternative methods.

                        Skills from POS:         Reflecting3, 4 Communication 1
                        Thinking Skills: Classifying, Pattern Seeking, Modelling

                        Lessons:         In silence, ask class to write about their favourite food in
                        as much detail as possible, how they like it prepared, where and when
                        do you enjoy eating it most? After 10 mins ask them if thinking abut that
                        food has left them wanting it now? They have stimulated parts of the
                        brain which links that food, smell, place with pleasure and the brain is
                        now releasing happy chemicals. Link to drug addiction. Same
                        stimulation, but over time brain produces less happy chemicals, but the
                        desire to have the stimulus stays the same. Do the Sequencing
                        activity. In small groups do the Pyramid Ranking. They must be
                        prepared to explain why they put the top word at the top.
                        Next lesson is ICT or library research on an addictive drug, use
                        powerpoint to set the task. Example of one is provided. Report back in
                        whatever way pupils choose. Homework and extension task provided.

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