Yr 7 Drugs Plans Teaching Guidance Drugs Section Learning Outcomes: Define a drug. To know that drugs can be legal or illegal, prescription and non prescription and suggest reasons why they fit into these categories. Skills from POS: Reflecting 4 Thinking Skills: Classifying Lessons: Use powerpoint provided at start middle and end of lesson. Make a class concept map of what is a drug. A drug is something we take into our body to change the way it works. Use concept map produced to agree as a class which effects are harmful/beneficial, which are legal/illegal etc. ( stress that some beneficial effects are only perceived effects, and are simply reasons why some people use them) Where can drugs be bought? Eg, doctor, pharmacy, internet, dealer, why would you buy from these? Would you trust them? Could HOT SEAT teacher on these or do True/False quiz provided. Caffeine Investigation Learning Outcome: To recognise caffeine as a legal drug by its effects on the body. Skills from POS: Enquiry 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 Thinking Skills: Fair Testing and Pattern Seeking Lessons: UP TO 4 LESSONS Show drinks cans or jars in tea, coffee, cola and energy drinks to find the caffeine content. Use powerpoint to stimulate and support class knowledge of ‘what is caffeine?’. Does caffeine affect taste? Could do a taste test demo using caffeinated and decaffeinated drinks using a few volunteers. Discuss experimental limitations, like small sample size, personal preferences of volunteers etc. Next lesson, plan an investigation to find out whether caffeine speeds up either pulse rate or reaction times. DO NOT DO the experiment, assess it for planning only. A powerpoint is available to prompt discussion of experimental limitations. A paper and electronic version of a level ladder to assess Fair Testing is available. Can be Peer assessed. Survey Lesson Plan Learning Outcome: To produce a workable survey which can be used to identify the number of pupils in school who use energy drinks. Skills from POS: Communication 2, Enquiry 5 Thinking Skills: Problem Solving, Lessons: Ask class who drinks energy drinks (not lucozade) What % of class is this? Is this a big enough SAMPLE SIZE to offer as fact for the whole school’s energy drink consumption? Tease out suggestions as how they could find out a better idea of how many pupils in SCHOOL use energy drinks. Design a survey in ICT in small groups. AfL = listen to whether pupils are discussing how they will analyse their results. A sample survey is on powerpoint to guide pupils who are struggling. Extension Opportunity Surveys could go to form groups (4 forms per yr group?) More able pupils can take charge of distributing and collecting which ensures a cross section of the school-Problem Solving and Working With Others. Analysis should be done next lesson depending on class ability. Use the the info to produce a poster showing the hypothesis, tally, bar chart and discussion on findings and dangers of overuse of caffeine. Insulin Lesson Plan Learning Outcome: To know the effects of insulin on the human body. To understand why it can be clased as a drug. Skills from POS: Enquiry 2 Thinking Skills: Enquiry (research) Lessons: Check if any pupils have diabetes or close family members. Show discretion here. Stress that it is quite a common condition. Discuss what is happening in the body of a healthy person who eats a biscuit, then discuss what happens differently in a diabetic person. If a diabetic person has to inject insulin to change the way their body normally works, it can now be classed as a drug. (would it be a drug if the body made it naturally?) Use the ask and check interactive powerpoint to get facts down for lesson. Summary and AfL, pupils write why insulin, although it is usually a natural hormone can be classed as a drug. 2nd lesson= research, see guide. Paracetamol Lesson Plan Learning Outcome To describe the uses and risks of every day drugs like paracetamol. Skills: communication 2, enquiry 1, Reflecting 4 Homework covers the USING MODELS thinking skill and is on powerpoint and paper resource. Lesson: Ask questions, like what is paracetamol, why use it, is it good or bad? The powerpoint should be used to prompt discussion. Discuss how it works and safe dosage, again powerpoint to prompt. Discuss what properties a ‘good’ painkiller should have, eg fast acting, non addictive, non allergy causing etc. Steroids Lesson Plan Learning Outcome: To distinguish between legal and illegal steroid use. To know that the effects of anabolic steroids are very similar to the effects of testosterone. Skills from POS: Communication 1, Reflecting 4 (link to sports injuries and doping) Thinking Skills: Applying Models Lessons: begin by finding out what pupils already know about steroids. Does anyone in class use steroids? No! Well if they use some eczema cream or inhalers then they do, shows that not all steroids are illegal. Discuss 2 types of steroids: corticosteroids used in medicines and creams. Anabolic, illegal, increase muscle growth, similar to testosterone. Power points can be used to guide whole lesson and prompt discussion and learning. Review what pupils now know at end. Tendon activity simply demonstrates overuse of steroids on tendons (weakens tendons, excess muscle puts too much strain on tendons) Practical guide included. Addiction Lesson Plan Learning Outcomes: To know that addiction is caused by a persons attempt to replace the natural pleasure responses of the nervous system with alternative methods. Skills from POS: Reflecting3, 4 Communication 1 Thinking Skills: Classifying, Pattern Seeking, Modelling Lessons: In silence, ask class to write about their favourite food in as much detail as possible, how they like it prepared, where and when do you enjoy eating it most? After 10 mins ask them if thinking abut that food has left them wanting it now? They have stimulated parts of the brain which links that food, smell, place with pleasure and the brain is now releasing happy chemicals. Link to drug addiction. Same stimulation, but over time brain produces less happy chemicals, but the desire to have the stimulus stays the same. Do the Sequencing activity. In small groups do the Pyramid Ranking. They must be prepared to explain why they put the top word at the top. Next lesson is ICT or library research on an addictive drug, use powerpoint to set the task. Example of one is provided. Report back in whatever way pupils choose. Homework and extension task provided.