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The Signs Before the Day of Judgement

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					    The Signs Before the Day of Judgement
                      By Imâm ibn Kathîr rahimahullâh
                        Translated by Huda Khattab

Contents

      Âyat and Ahadîth about the Hour
      General Description of the Fitan (Tribulations)
          o Divisions Within the Main Religious Groups
          o The Evils Which Will Befall the Muslim Ummah During The
             Last Days
      Greater Signs of the Hour
          o The Mahdi
          o Trials and Tribulations
          o Signs and portents
                  The Battle with the Romans
                  Appearance of Dajjal
                          Ahadîth about the Dajjal
                                The Hadîth of Fâtimah bint Qays
                          Warning against the Dajjal
                                The Hadîth of An-Nuwas ibn Sam'an al-
                                  Kilabi
                                A Hadîth Narrated from Abû Umamah al-
                                  Bahili
                                A Test for the People at the End of Time
                                       The Hadîth of al-Mughirah ibn
                                         Shu'bah
                                More Ahadîth about the Dajjal
                                Protection Against the Dajjal
                                The Life and Deeds of the Dajjal
                  The Descent of Jesus at the End of Time
                  Description of the Messiah Jesus Son of Mary, Messenger
                    of Allâh
                  The Appearance of Gog and Magog
                  The Destruction of the Ka'bah
                  Madînah will remain inhabited at the time of the Dajjal
                  The Emergence of the Beat
                  The rising of the Sun from the West
                  The Smoke which will appear at the End of Time
                  The Hour will not come until ...
                  Description of the People who will be alive at the end of
                    time

Âyat and Ahadîth about the Hour (Back to Contents)

Allâh - subhânahu wa Ta‟âla - said:

“They ask thee about the Hour, „When will be its appointed time?‟ Wherein art
thou (concerned) with the declaration thereof? With thy Lord is the Limit
fixed thereof. Thou art but a Warner for such as fear it. The Day they will see
it, (it will be) as if they had tarried but a single evening, or (at most till) the
following morn!” (an-Nâzi‟at 79:42-46)

“They ask thee about the (final) Hour - when will be its appointed time? Say:
„The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (alone): none but He can reveal as to
when it will occur. Heavy were its burden through the heavens and the earth.
Only, all of a sudden will it come to you.‟ They ask thee as if thou were eager in
search thereof: say: „The knowledge thereof is with Allâh (alone), but most
men know not.‟ ” (al-A„râf 7:187)

There are many Âyat and Ahadîth concerning this subject: Allâh said:

“The Hour (of Judgement) is nigh, and the moon is cleft asunder.” (al-Qamar
54:1)

The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, whilst pointing with his
index and middle fingers, “The time of my advent and the Hour are like these
two fingers.” In another report he said, “The Hour almost came before me.”
This indicates how close we are, relatively speaking, to the Hour.

Allâh said: “Closer and closer to mankind comes their Reckoning: yet they
heed not and they turn away.” (al-Anbiyâ‟ 21:1)

“(Inevitable) cometh (to pass) the Command of Allâh: seek, ye not then to
hasten it.” (an-Nahl 16:1)

“Only those wish to hasten it who believe not in it: those who believe hold it in
awe, and know that it is the Truth.” (ash-Shûra 42:18)

In Sahîh al-Bukhârî, there is a Hadîth which states that a Bedouin asked the
Prophet about the Hour. He said, “It will surely come to pass. What have you
prepared for it?” The man said, “O Messenger of Allâh, I have not prepared
much in the way of prayer and good works, but I love Allâh and His
Messenger.” The Prophet said, “You will be with those you love.” The Muslims
had never rejoiced as much they did when they heard this Hadîth.

Some Ahadîth report that the Prophet was asked about the Hour. He looked
towards a young boy and said, “If he lives, he will not grow very old before he
sees your Last Hour coming to you.” By this he meant their death and
entering the Hereafter, because everyone who dies enters the Hereafter; some
people say that when a person has died, his Judgement has begun. This
Hadîth with this meaning is "correct" (Sahîh). Some heretics comment on this
Hadîth and give it an incorrect meaning. The exact timing of the Great Hour
(as-Sâ‟at al-‟Uzma) is something which Allâh alone knows and which He has
not revealed to anyone, as is clear from the Hadîth in which the Prophet said:
“There are five things which nobody knows except Allâh;” then he recited,
“Verily the knowledge of the Hour is with Allâh (alone). It is He Who sends
down rain, and He Who knows what is in the wombs. Nor does anyone know
what it is that he will earn on the morrow: Nor does anyone know in what land
he is to die. Verily with Allâh is full knowledge and He is acquainted (with all
things).” (Luqmân 31:34)

When Gabriel (Jibrîl) - ‟alayhis salâm - came to the Prophet in the guise of a
Bedouin, he asked him about Islâm, Îmân (faith) and Ihsân (excellence of
faith); and the Prophet answered his questions. But when he asked him about
the Hour, he said, “The one questioned about it knows no better than the
questioner.” Jibrîl said, “Tell me about its signs.” Then the Prophet described
them, as we shall see later when we quote this Hadîth and others in full.

Hudhayfah said: “The Prophet stood up one day to speak to us, and told us
everything that was going to happen until the Hour, and left nothing unsaid.
Some of the listeners learnt it by heart, and some forgot it; these friends of
mine learnt it. I do not remember it completely, but sometimes it springs to
mind, just as one might remember and recognise the face of a man whom one
had forgotten, when one sees him.” (Abû Dâwûd, Muslim)

Imâm Ahmad reported via Abû Nudrah that Abû Sa„îd said: “One day the
Prophet led us in praying the afternoon prayer (Salâtul-‟Asr). Then he stood
and addressed us until sunset. He mentioned everything that was to happen
until the Day of Resurrection, and left nothing unsaid. Some of us
remembered it, and some of us forgot it. One of the things he said was: „O
people, this world is full of attractive temptations. Allâh has appointed you
as vicegerents (Khalîfah) in this world, and He will see how you will act. So
guard yourselves against the temptations of this world and of women.‟
Towards the end of this speech, he said, „The sun is about to set, and what
remains of this world, compared to what has passed, is like what remains of
this day compared to what has passed.‟ ”

'Alî ibn Zayd ibn Jad‟an al-Timi narrated some Gharîb and Munkar Ahadîth -
which could bring into question the validity of this Hadîth. But there are some
reports which are similar to this Hadîth, and which were transmitted with
different isnâds. Part of this Hadîth is in Sahîh Muslim, through Abû Nudrah
on the authority of Abû Sa‟îd. This Hadîth refers to something which is beyond
any doubt: what remains of this world, compared to what has passed, is very
little. In spite of that, no-one can know exactly how much time is left except
Allâh, and no-one can know exactly how much time has passed, except Allâh.

General Description of the Fitan (Tribulations) (Back to Contents)

Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman said, "People used to ask the Prophet - sallallâhu
‟alayhi wa sallam - about good things, but I used to ask him about bad things
because I was afraid that they might overtake me. I said, 'O Messenger of
Allâh, we were lost in ignorance (Jahiliyyah) and evil, then Allâh brought this
good (i.e. Islâm). Will some evil come after this good thing?' He said, 'Yes' I
asked, 'And will some good come after that evil?' He said, 'Yes, but it will be
tainted with some evil' I asked, 'How will it be tainted?' He said, 'There will be
some people who will lead others on a path different from mine. You will see
good and bad in them." I asked, 'Will some evil come after that good?' He
said, 'Some people will be standing and calling at the gates of Hell; whoever
responds to their call, they will throw him into the Fire.' I said, 'O Messenger
of Allâh, describe them for us.' He said, 'They will be from our own people,
and will speak our language.' I asked, 'What do you advise me to do if I
should live to see that?' He said, 'Stick to the main body (jama'ah) of the
Muslims and their leader (Imâm). I asked, What if there is no main body and
no leader?' He said 'Isolate yourself from all of these sects, even if you have to
eat the roots of trees until death overcomes you while you are in that state.'"

'Abdullâh ibn Mas'ud said: "The Prophet said, 'Islâm began as something
strange, and it will revert to being strange as it was in the beginning, so
good tidings for the strangers.' Someone asked, 'Who are the strangers?' He
said, 'The ones who break away from their people (literally, 'tribes') for the
sake of Islâm.' "

This Hadîth was narrated by Ibn Majah on the authority of Anas and Abû
Hurayrah.

Divisions Within the Main Religious Groups

Abû Hurayrah reported that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said:
"The Jews have split into seventy-one sects, and my Ummah will divide into
seventy-three."

'Awf ibn Malik reported that the Prophet said: "The Jews split into seventy-
one sects: one will enter Paradise and seventy will enter Hell. The Christians
split into seventy-two sects: seventy-one will enter Hell and one will enter
Paradise. By Him in Whose hand is my soul, my Ummah will split into
seventy-three sects: one will enter Paradise and seventy-two will enter Hell."
Someone asked, "O Messenger of Allâh, who will they be?" He replied, "The
main body of the Muslims (al-Jama'ah)." 'Awf ibn Malik is the only one who
reported this Hadîth, and its isnad is acceptable.

Anas ibn Malik said, "I shall tell you a Hadîth which I heard from the
Messenger of Allâh, and which no-one will tell you after me. I heard him say,
'Among the signs of the Hour will be the disappearance of knowledge and the
appearance of ignorance. Adultery will be prevalent and the drinking of
wine will be common. The number of men will decrease and the number of
women will increase until there will be fifty women to be looked after by one
man.' " This Hadîth was reported in the two Sahîhs from the Hadîth of 'Abd
Rabbihi.

'Abdullâh said, "The Prophet said, 'Just before the Hour, there will be days in
which knowledge will disappear and ignorance will appear, and there will
be much killing.' " (Ibn Majah; also narrated by al-Bukhârî and Muslim, from
the Hadîth of al-A'mash.)

Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman said, "The Prophet said, 'Islâm will become worn
out like clothes are, until there will be no-one who knows what fasting,
prayer, charity and rituals are. The Qur'ân will disappear in one night, and
no Ayah will be left on earth. Some groups of old people will be left who will
say, 'We heard our fathers saying La ilaha illa Allâh, so we repeated it.' Silah
asked Hudhayfah, "What will saying La ilaha illa Allâh do for them when they
do not know what prayer, fasting, ritual and charity are?" Hudhayfah ignored
him; then Silah repeated his question three times, and each time Hudayfah
ignored him. Finally he answered, "O Silah, it will save them from Hell", and
said it three times. (Ibn Majah)

This indicates that in the last days, knowledge will be taken from the people,
and even the Qur'ân will disappear from the Mushafs and from people's
hearts. People will be left without knowledge. Only the old people will tell
them that they used to hear people saying La ilaha illa Allâh; and they will
repeat it to feel close to Allâh, so it will give them some blessing, even if they
do not have any good deeds or beneficial knowledge. Knowledge will be taken
away from men and ignorance will increase during the last days, and their
ignorance and misguidance will increase until the end, as in the Hadîth of the
Prophet: "The Hour will not come upon anyone who says, 'Allâh, Allâh'; it
will only come upon the most evil of men."

The Evils Which Will Befall the Muslim Ummah During The Last
Days

'Abdullâh ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - came to
us and said, 'O Muhajirun, (emigrants from Makkah to al-Madînah) you
may be afflicted by five things; God forbid that you should live to see them. If
fornication should become widespread, you should realise that this has never
happened without new diseases befalling the people which their forebears
never suffered. If people should begin to cheat in weighing out goods, you
should realise that this has never happened without drought and famine
befalling the people, and their rulers oppressing them. If people should
withhold Zakat, you should realise that this has never happened without the
rain being stopped from falling; and were it not for the animals' sake, it
would never rain again. If people should break their covenant with Allâh and
His Messenger, you should realise that his has never happened without Allâh
sending an enemy against them to take some of their possessions by force. If
the leaders do not govern according to the Book of Allâh, you should realise
that this has never happened without Allâh making them into groups and
making them fight one another.' " (Ibn Majah).

'Alî ibn Abi Talib said, "The Prophet said: 'If my Ummah bears fifteen traits,
tribulation will befall it.' Someone asked, 'What are they, O Messenger of
Allâh?' He said, 'When any gain is shared out only among the rich, with no
benefit to the poor; when a trust becomes a means of making a profit; when
paying Zakat becomes a burden; when a man obeys his wife and disobeys
his mother; and treats his friend kindly whilst shunning his father; when
voices are raised in the mosques; when the leader of a people is the worst of
them; when people treat a man with respect because they fear some evil he
may do; when much wine is drunk; when men wear silk; when female
singers and musical instruments become popular; when the last ones of this
Ummah curse the first ones - then let them expect a red wind, or the earth to
swallow them, or to be transformed into animals.'" (at-Tirmidhî)
'Alî ibn Abi Talib said, "The Prophet led us in praying Salat al-Fajr (the
morning prayer). When he had finished, a man called to him: 'When will the
Hour be? The Prophet reprimanded him and said 'Be quiet!' After a while he
raised his eyes to the sky and said, 'Glorified be the One Who raised it and is
taking care of it.' Then he lowered his gaze to the earth and said, 'Glory be to
the One Who has outspread it and has created it.' Then the Prophet said,
'Where is the one who asked me about the Hour?' The man knelt down and
said, 'I asked you.' The Prophet said, 'The Hour will come when leaders are
oppressors, when people believe in the stars and reject al-Qadar (the Divine
Decree of destiny) when a trust becomes a way of making a profit, when
people give to charity (Sadaqah) reluctantly, when adultery becomes
widespread - when this happens, then your people will perish.'"

'Imran ibn Husayn said, "The Prophet said, 'Some people of this Ummah will
be swallowed up by the earth, some will be transformed into animals, and
some will be bombarded with stones.' One of the Muslims asked, 'When will
that be, O Messenger of Allâh?' He said, 'When singers and musical
instruments will become popular, and much wine will be drunk.'" (Narrated
by at-Tirmidhî)

[Note: "The main body of the Muslims (al-Jama'ah) means the people of the
Qur'ân, Hadîth, Fiqh and other sciences, who have agreed to follow the
Traditions of the Prophet in all circumstances without introducing any
changes or imposing their own confused ideas.]

Greater Signs of the Hour

AFTER the lesser signs of the Hour appear and increase, mankind will have
reached a stage of great suffering. Then the awaited Mahdi will appear; he is
the first of the greater, and clear, signs of the Hour. There will be no doubt
about his existence, but this will only be clear to the knowledgeable people.
The Mahdi will rule until the False Messiah (al-Masih al-Dajjal) appears, who
will spread oppression and corruption. The only ones who will know him well
and avoid his evil will be those who have great knowledge and îmân (faith).

The false Messiah will remain for a while, destroying mankind completely,
and the earth will witness the greatest Fitnah (tribulation) in its history. Then
the Messiah Jesus (alayhe sallam) will descend, bringing justice from heaven.
He will kill the Dajjal, and there will be years of safety and security.

Then the appearance of Yajuj and Majuj (Gog and Magog) will take mankind
by surprise, and corruption will overtake them again. In answer to Jesus
faithful prayer to Allâh (Subhanahu wa Taala), they will die, and safety,
security, justice and stability will return.

This state of affairs will continue for some years, until the death of Jesus. The
Ulama differ concerning the order in which the other greater signs of the Hour
will come about. They are:

      The destruction of the Ka'bah and the recovery of its treasure.
      The rising of the sun from the west.
      The emergence of the Beast from the earth.
      The smoke.
      A wind will take the souls of the believers.
      The Qur'ân will be taken up into heaven.
      A fire will drive the people to their last gathering place.
      The Trumpet will be sounded: at the first sound everyone will feel
       terror; at the second sound all will be struck down; at the last sound all
       will be resurrected.

The Mahdi

THE Mahdi will come at the end of time; he is one of the Rightly-Guided
Caliphs and Imâms. He is not the Mahdi who is expected by the Shiah, who
they claim will appear from a tunnel in Samarra. This claim of theirs has no
basis in reality nor in any reliable source. They allege that his name is
Muhammad ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Askari, and that he went into the tunnel
when he was five years old. The matter we intend to discuss has been proven
by Ahadîth narrated from the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam -: that the
Mahdi will appear at the end of time. I believe that he will appear before Jesus
the son of Mary comes down, as the Ahadîth indicate.

Hajjaj said that he heard 'Alî say, The Prophet said, "Even if there were only
one day left for the world, Allâh would send a man from among us to fill the
world with justice, just as it had been filled with oppression and justice."
(Ahmad).

'Alî said, The Prophet said, "The Mahdi is one of us, from among the people of
my household. In one night Allâh will inspire him and prepare him to carry
out his task successfully." (Ahmad and Ibn Majah.)

'Alî said, whilst looking at his son al-Hasan, This son of mine is a Sayyid
(master), as the Prophet named him. Among his descendants there will be
man named after your Prophet. He will resemble him in behaviour but not in
looks. Then he told them the report which mentions that the earth will be
filled with justice. (Abû Dâwûd)

Abû Dâwûd devoted a chapter of his Sunan to the subject of the Mahdi. At the
beginning of this chapter he quoted the Hadîth of Jabir ibn Samrah, in which
the Prophet said, "This religion will remain steadfast until twelve caliphs
have ruled over you." (According to another report he said, "This religion will
remain strong until twelve caliphs have ruled over you.")

Jabir said, The people cheered and shouted Allâhu akbar! Then the Prophet
whispered something. I asked my father What did he say? My father said, He
said, All of them will be from Quraysh. Another report says that when the
Prophet returned to his house, Quraysh came to him and asked, What will
happen after that? He said, Then there will be tribulation and killing.
Abû Dâwûd reported a Hadîth from 'Abdullâh ibn Masud: The Prophet said,
"If there were only one day left for the world, that day would be lengthened
until a man from among my descendants or from among the people of my
household, was sent; his name will be the same as my name, and his fathers
name will be the same as my fathers name. He will fill the earth with justice
and fairness, just as it will have been filled with injustice and oppression. The
world will not end until a man of my household, whose name is the same as
mine, holds away."

'Abdullâh said, The Prophet said, "A man from my household, whose name is
like mine, will take power." (at-Tirmidhî.) In another report, from Abû
Hurayrah, the Prophet said, "If there were only one day left for this world,
Allâh would lengthen it until he took power." Abû Said said, The Prophet said,
"The Mahdi will be one of my descendants; he will have a high forehead and
a hooked nose. He will fill the earth with justice and fairness just as it was
filled with injustice and oppression, and he will rule for seven years. (Abû
Dâwûd)

Umm Salamah reported that the Prophet said, "People will begin to differ
after the death of a Khalifah. A man from the people of Madînah will flee to
Makkah. Some of the people of Makkah will come to him and drag him out
against his will; they will swear allegiance to him between al-Rukn and al-
Maqam. An army will be sent against him from Syria; it will be swallowed
up in the desert between Makkah and Madînah. When the people see this,
groups of people from Syria and Iraq will come and swear allegiance to him.
Then a man from Quraysh whose mother is from Kalb will appear and send
an army against them, and will defeat them; this will be known as the Battle
of Kalb. Whoever does not witness the spoils of this battle will miss much!
The Mahdi will distribute the wealth, and will rule the people according to
the Sunnah of the Prophet. Then he will die, and the Muslims will pray for
him." (Abû Dâwûd)

'Alî said, The Prophet said, "A man named al-Harith ibn Hirath will come
from Transoxania. His army will be led by a man named Mansur. He will
pave the way for and establish the government of the family of Muhammad,
just as Quraysh established the government of the Messenger of Allâh. Every
believer will be obliged to support him." (Abû Dâwûd)

'Abdullâh ibn al-Harith ibn Juz al-Zubaydi said, The Prophet said, A people
will come out of the East who will pave the way for the Mahdi. (Ibn Majah.)

'Abdullâh said, Whilst we were with the Prophet, some young men from Banu
Hashim approached us. When the Prophet saw them, his eyes filled with tears
and the colour of his face changed. I said, We can see something has changed
in your face, and it upsets us. The Prophet said, "We are the people of a
Household for whom Allâh has chosen the Hereafter rather than this world.
The people of my Household (Ahl al-Bayt) will suffer a great deal after my
death, and will be persecuted until a people carrying black banners will
come out of the east. They will instruct the people to do good, but the people
will refuse; they will fight until they are victorious, and the people do as they
asked, but they will not accept it from them until they hand over power to a
man from my household. Then the earth will be filled with fairness, just as it
had been filled with injustice. If any of you live to see this, you should go to
him even if you have to crawl across ice."

This text refers to the rule of the Abbasids, as we have mentioned above in the
text referring to the beginning of their rule in 132 AH. It also indicates that the
Mahdi will appear after the Abbasids, and that he will be one of the Ahl al-
Bayt, a descendant of Fatimah, the daughter of the Prophet, through Hasan,
not Husayn, as mentioned in the Hadîth from 'Alî ibn Abi Talib; and Allâh
knows best.

Thwaban said, The Prophet said, "Three men will be killed at the place where
your treasure is. Each of them will be the son of a Khalifah, and none of them
will get hold of the treasure. Then the black banners will come out of the
East, and they will slaughter you in a way which has never been seen before.
Then he said something which I do not remember; then, If you see him, go
and give him your allegiance, even if you have to crawl over ice, because he
is the Khalifah of Allâh, the Mahdi." (Ibn Majah.)

The treasure referred to in this text is the treasure of the Ka'bah. Towards the
end of time, three of the sons of the Khalifahs will fight to get hold of it, until
the Mahdi appears. He will appear from the East, not from the tunnel of
Samarra, as the Shiah claim; they believe that he is in this tunnel now, and
they are waiting for him to emerge at the end of time. There is no evidence for
it in any book or Saheeh tradition, and there is no benefit in believing this.

The truth of the matter is that the Mahdi whose coming is promised at the end
of time will appear from the East, and people will swear allegiance to him at
the Ka'bah, as some Ahadîth indicate. At the time of the Mahdi, there will be
peace and prosperity, with Abûndant crops and wealth, strong rulers, and
Islâm will be well-established.

Abû Said said, By Allâh every ruler we have had has been worse than the
previous one, and every year has been worse than the year before, but I heard
the Prophet say, Among your rulers will be one who will give out wealth freely,
without counting it. A man will come and ask him for money, and he will say
take; the man will spread his cloak out and the ruler will pour money into it.
The Prophet spread out a thick cloak he had been wearing, to demonstrate the
mans actions; then he gathered it up by its corners and said, Then the man
will take it and leave. (Ahmad)

Trials and Tribulations

Zaynab bint Jahsh said, The Prophet (sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam) got up from
his sleep; his face was flushed and he said, "There is no god but Allâh. Woe to
the Arabs, for a great evil which is nearly approaching them. Today a gap
has been made in the wall of Gog and Magog like this (Sufyan illustrated this
by forming the number of 90 or 100 with his fingers)." Someone asked, "Shall
we be destroyed even though there are righteous people among us?" The
Prophet said, "Yes, if evil increases." (al-Bukhârî).
Umm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet said, One night the Prophet got up and
said, "Subhan Allâh! How many tribulations have come down tonight, and
how many treasures have been disclosed! Go and wake the dwellers of these
apartments (i e his wives) for prayer. A well-dressed soul in this world may
be naked in the Hereafter." (al-Bukhârî)

Usamah ibn Zayd said, Once the Prophet stood over one of the battlements of
al-Madînah and asked the people, "Do you see what I see?" They said, "No."
He said, "I see afflictions falling upon your houses as raindrops fall." (al-
Bukhârî, Muslim.)

Abû Hurayrah (radiAllâhu anhu) said, The Prophet said, "Time will pass
rapidly, knowledge will decrease, miserliness will become widespread in
peoples hearts, afflictions will appear, and there will be much Harj." The
people asked, "O Messenger of Allâh, what is Harj?" He said, "Killing, killing!"
(al-Bukhârî)

Al-Zubayr ibn Adi narrated, We went to Anas ibn Malik and complained about
the wrong we were suffering at the hands of al-Hajjaj. Anas ibn Malik said, "Be
patient, For no time will come but that the time following it will be worse,
until you meet your Lord. I heard the Prophet say that." (al-Bukhârî)

Abû Hurayrah said, The Prophet said, "There will come a time of afflictions
when one who sits will be better than one who stands; one who stands will be
better than one who walks; and one who walks will be better than one who
runs. Whoever exposes himself to these afflictions, they will destroy him. So
whoever can find a place of protection or refuge from them, should take
shelter in it." (al-Bukhârî and Muslim.)

Hudhayfah said, "The Prophet told us two Hadîth, one of which I have seen
fulfilled, and I am waiting for the fulfilment of the other. The Prophet told us
that honesty came down into mens hearts (from Allâh); then they learnt it
from the Qur'ân, and then from the Sunnah. The Prophet told us that honesty
would be taken away. He said, Man will be overtaken by sleep, during which
honesty will be taken away from his heart, and only its trace will remain, like
traces of a dark spot. Then man will be overtaken by slumber again, during
which honesty will decrease still further, until its trace will resemble a blister
such as is caused when an ember is dropped onto ones foot: it swells, but there
is nothing inside. People will be carrying on with their trade, but there will
hardly be any trustworthy persons. People will say, There is an honest man in
such-and-such a tribe. Later they will say about some man, What a wise, polite
and strong man he is! - although he will not have faith even the size of a
mustard-seed in his heart. Indeed, there came a time when I did not mind
dealing with any one of you, for if he were a Muslim his Islâm would compel
him to pay whatever he owed me, and if he were a Christian, the Muslim
official would compel him to pay it. But now I do not deal with anyone except
so-and-so and so-and-so." (al-Bukhârî)

Ibn Umar said, The Prophet stood beside the pulpit, facing the east, and said,
"Afflictions will verily emerge from here, where the top of Satans head will
appear." (al-Bukhârî)
Abû Hurayrah said that he had heard the Prophet say, "The Hour will not
come until a man passes by someone's grave and says, Would that I were in
his place!" (al-Bukhârî)

Abû Hurayrah said, I heard the Prophet say, "The Hour will not come until the
buttocks of the women of Daws* move whist going around Dhu l-Khalasah."
Dhu l-Khalasah was an idol worshipped by the tribe of Daws during the
Jahiliyyah. (Hadîth from al-Bukhârî)

Abû Hurayrah also said, The Prophet said, "The Euphrates will disclose a
golden treasure. Whoever is present at that time should not take anything of
it." Abû Hurayrah said, The Prophet said, "The Hour will not come before the
Euphrates uncovers a mountain of gold, for which people will fight. Ninety-
nine out of every hundred will die, but every one among them will say that
perhaps he will be the one who will survive (and thus possess the gold)."
(Muslim.)

Abû Hurayrah said, The Prophet said, "The Hour will not come until the
following events have come to pass: two large groups will fight the another,
and there will be many casualties; they will both be following the same
religious teaching. Nearly thirty Dajjals will appear, each of them falsely
claiming to be a Messenger from Allâh. Knowledge will disappear,
earthquakes will increase, time will pass quickly, afflictions will appear, and
Harj (ie killing) will increase. Wealth will increase, so that a wealthy man
will worry lest no-one accept his Zakat, and when he offers it to anyone, that
person will say, I am not in need of it. People will compete in constructing
high buildings. When a man passes by someones grave, he will say, Would
that I were in his place! The sun will rise from the west; when it rises and the
people see it, they will believe, but, "No good will it do to a soul to
believe in them then, if it believed not before nor earned
righteousness through its faith..." (Al-Anam 6:158) The Hour will come
suddenly: when a man has milked his she-camel and taken away the milk,
but he will not have time to drink it; before a man repairing a tank for his
livestock will be able to put water in it for his animals; and before a man
who has raised a morsel of food to his mouth will be able to eat it." (al-
Bukhârî)

Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman said, "Of all the people, I know most about every
tribulation which is going to happen between now and the Hour. This is not
because the Prophet told me something in confidence which he did not tell
anyone else; it is because I was present among a group of people to whom he
spoke about the tribulations (al-Fitan). The Prophet mentioned three
tribulations which would hardly spare anybody, and some which would be like
storms in summer; some would be great and some would be small. Everyone
who was present at that gathering has passed away, except me." (Muslim.)

Abû Hurayrah said, I heard the Prophet say, "If you live for a while, you will
see people go out under the wrath of Allâh and come back under His curse,
and they will have in their hands whips like the tail of an ox." (Ahmad,
Muslim.)
Abû Hurayrah said, The Prophet said, "There are two types among the people
of Hell whom I have not yet seen. The first are people who have whips like
the tails of oxen, with which they beat people, and the second are women
who are naked in spite of being dressed; they will be led astray and will lead
others astray, and their heads will look like camels humps. These women will
not enter Paradise; they will not even experience the faintest scent of it, even
though the fragrance of Paradise can be perceived from such a great
distance."

Anas ibn Malik said, The Prophet was asked, "O Messenger of Allâh, (what
will happen) when we stop enjoining good and forbidding evil?" He said,
"When what happened to the Israelites happens among you: when
fornication becomes widespread among your leaders, knowledge is in the
hands of the lowest of you, and power passes into the hands of the least of
you." (Ibn Majah.)

Abû Hurayrah said, The Prophet said, "Woe to the Arabs from the great evil
which is nearly approaching them: it will be like patches of dark night. A
man will wake up as a believer, and be a kafir (unbeliever) by nightfall.
People will sell their religion for a small amount of worldly goods. The one
who clings to his religion on that day will be as one who is grasping an
ember - or thorns." (Ahmad)

Abû Hurayrah said, I heard the Prophet saying to Thawban, "O Thawban,
what will you do when the nations call one another to invade you as people
call one another to come and eat from one bowl?" Thawban said, May my
father and my mother be sacrificed for you. O Messenger of Allâh! Is it
because we are so few The Prophet said, "No, on that day you (Muslims) will
be many, but Allâh will put weakness (wahn) in your hearts." The people
asked, What is that weakness, O Messenger of Allâh? He said, "It is love for
this world and dislike of fighting." (Ahmad)

The Prophet said, "There will be a tribulation in which one who is sleeping
will be better than one who is lying down, one who is lying will be better
than one who is sitting, one who is sitting will be better than on who is
standing, one who is standing will be better than one who is walking, one
who is walking will be better than one who is riding, and one who is riding
will be better than one who is running; all of their dead will be in Hell." The
Companion of the Prophet who narrated this Hadîth said, O Messenger of
Allâh, when will that be? He said, "That will be the days of Harj." He asked,
When will the days of Harj be? The Prophet said, "When a man will not trust
the person to whom he is speaking." The Companion asked, What do you
advise me to do if I live to see that? He said, "Restrain yourself, and go back
to your place of residence." The Companion then asked, O Messenger of
Allâh, what should I do if someone enters my neighbourhood to attack me? He
said, "Go into your house." The Companion asked, What if he enters my
house? He said, "Go into the place where you pray and do this - and he folded
his arms, - and say My Lord is Allâh, until you die."

Abû Bakrah said, The Prophet said, "There will be a tribulation during which
one who is lying down will be better than one who is sitting, one who is
sitting will be better than one who is standing, one who is standing will be
better than one who is walking, and one who is walking will be better than
one who is running." Someone asked, O Messenger of Allâh, what do you
advise me to do? He said, "Whoever has camels, let him stay with them, and
whoever has land, let him stay in his land." Someone asked, What about
someone who does not have anything like that? He said, "Then let him take his
sword and strike its edge against a stone, then go as far away as possible."
(Abû Dâwûd; similar Hadîth in Muslim.)

At the time of the Fitnah of Uthman ibn Affans Khilafah (Caliphate), Sad ibn
Abi Waqqas said, I bear witness that the Prophet said, "There will come a
tribulation during which one who sits will be better than one who stands, one
who stands will be better than one who walks, and one who walks will be
better than one who runs." Someone asked, What do you advise if someone
enters my house to kill me? He said, "Be like the son of Adam (ie resign
yourself)." (Muslim, at-Tirmidhî.)

Abû Musa al-Ashari said, The Prophet said, "Before the Hour comes, there
will be a tribulation like patches of dark night. A man will get up a believer
and go to sleep a kafir, or will go to sleep a believer and get up a kafir. The
one who sits will be better than one who stands, and one who walks will be
better than one who runs. Break your bows, cut their strings, and strike your
swords against stones. If someone comes to kill any of you, then be like the
better of the two sons of Adam." (Abû Dâwûd)

Abû Dharr said, The Prophet was riding a donkey and sat me behind him. He
said, "O Abû Dharr, if the people were suffering from such severe hunger that
you could not even get up from your bed to go to the mosque, what would
you do?" I said, Allâh and His Messenger know best. He said, "Be decent and
restrain yourself." Then he said, "O Abû Dharr, if the people were suffering
from severe death (i e if a man were worth no more than a grave), what
would you do? If the people were killing one another, until Hajarat al-Zayt
(an area of Madînah) were submerged in blood, what would you do?" I said,
Allâh and His Messenger know best. He said, "Stay in your house and lock the
door." I asked, What if I am not left alone? He said, "Then be one of them." I
said, Should I take up my sword? He said, "If you did that, you would be
joining them in their activities. No - if you fear that the brightness of the
shining sword will disturb you, then cover your face with part of your
clothing, and let him carry his own sin and your sin." (Ahmad)

'Abdullâh ibn Amr said, We were on a journey with the Prophet...When the
Prophet's caller called for prayer, I went there. The Prophet was addressing
the people, saying: "O people, it has been the duty of every Prophet before me
to guide his people to whatever he knew was good for them, and to warn
them against whatever he knew was bad for them, but this Ummah has its
time of peace and security at the beginning; at the end of its existence it will
suffer trials and tribulations, one after the other. Tribulation will come, and
the believer will say, This will finish me, but it will pass. Another tribulation
will come, and he will say, This is it, but it will pass, and a third will come
and go likewise. Whoever wishes to be rescued from Hell, and enter
Paradise, let him die believing in Allâh and the Last Day, and treat the
people as he himself wishes to be treated. If anyone gives allegiance to an
Imâm, then let him obey him if he can (or on one occasion he said: as much
as you can)."

Abd al-Rahman (one of the narrators of this Hadîth) said, When I heard that, I
put my head between my knees and said, But your cousin Muawiyah is
ordering us to squander our wealth among ourselves in vanity, and to kill each
other, although Allâh has said, "O ye who believe! Squander not your
wealth among yourselves in vanity..." (Al-Nisa 4:29)

'Abdullâh (another narrator) put his head in his hands and paused awhile,
then he raised his head and said, "Obey him in that which is obedience to
Allâh and disobey that which is disobedience to Allâh." I asked him, Did you
hear that from the Prophet? He said, "Yes, I heard it with my ears and
understood it in my heart." (Ahmad, Abû Dâwûd, al-Nasai, Ibn Majah.)

'Abdullâh ibn Amr said, I heard the Prophet say, "If you see my Ummah
fearing a tyrant so much that they dare not tell him that he is a tyrant, then
there will be no hope for them." The Prophet said, "Among my Ummah, some
will be swallowed up by the earth, some bombarded with stones, and some
transformed into animals." (Ahmad).

FOOTNOTE:

      Daws: a tribe in Yemen; Dhul-Khalasah: a house full of idols - it is so
       called because they believed that whoever worshipped it or went
       around it would be purified (khallasa). This Hadîth means that the
       tribe of Daws will become apostates from Islâm and will go back to idol
       worshipping; even their women will exert themselves in worshipping
       the idol and running around it, so that their flesh will quiver.

Signs and portents

Abd'Allâh ibn 'Amr said, "I went to the Prophet (peace be upon him) one day
whilst he was performing Wudu' (ablution) slowly and carefully. He raised his
head, looked at me and said, 'Six things will happen to this Ummah: the death
of your Prophet - 'and when I heard that I was aghast,' - this is the first. The
second is that your wealth will increase so much that if a man were given ten
thousand, he would still not be content with it. The third is that tribulation
will enter the house of every one of you. The fourth is that sudden death will
be widespread. The fifth is a peace-treaty between you and the Romans: they
will gather troops against you for nine months - like a woman's period of
childbearing - then they will be the first to break the treaty. The sixth is the
conquest of a city.' I asked, 'O Messenger of Allâh, which city?' He said,
'Constantinople.' " (Ahmad)

Abû Hurayrah said, "The Prophet said, 'Hasten to do good deeds before six
things happen: the rising of the sun from the West, the smoke, the Dajjal, the
beast, the (death) of one of you, or general tribulation.' " (Ahmad, Muslim.)
Hudhayfah ibn 'Ubayd said, "The Prophet came upon us whilst, we were busy
in discussion He asked us, 'What are you talking about?' We said, 'We are
discussing the Hour.' He said, 'It will not come until you see ten signs: the
smoke, the Dajjal, the beast, the sun rising from the West, the descent of
Jesus son of Mary, Gog and Magog, and three land-slides - one in the East,
one in the West, and one in Arabia, at the end of which fire will burst forth
from the direction of Aden (Yemen) and drive people to the place of their
final assembly.' " (Ahmad)

THE BATTLE WITH THE ROMANS:

After the battle with the Romans, which ended with the conquest of
Constantinople, the Dajjal will appear, and Jesus son of Mary will descend
from Heaven to the earth, to the white minaret in the east of Damascus, at the
time of Salat al-Fajr (the morning prayer), as we shall see in the Saheeh
Traditions.

Dhu Mukhammar said, "The Prophet (pbuh) said, 'You will make a peace-
treaty with the Romans, and together you will invade an enemy beyond
Rome. You will be victorious and take much booty. Then you will camp in a
hilly pasture; one of the Roman men will come and raise a cross and say
"Victory to the Cross", so one of the Muslims will come and kill him. Then the
Romans will break the treaty, and there will be a battle. They will gather an
army against you and come against you with eighty banners, each banner
followed by 10,000 men.' " (Ahmad, Abû Dâwûd, Ibn Majah.)

Yusayr ibn Jabir said, "Once there was a red storm in Kufah. A man came who
had nothing to say except, 'O 'Abdullâh ibn Mas'ud, has the Hour come?"
'Abdullâh was sitting reclining against something, and said, 'The Hour will not
come until people will not divide inheritance, nor rejoice over booty.' Pointing
towards Syria, he said. 'An enemy will gather forces against the Muslims and
the Muslims will gather forces against them.' I asked, 'Do you mean the
Romans?' He said, 'Yes. At that time there will be very heavy fighting. The
Muslims will prepare a detachment to fight to the death; they will not return
unless they are victorious. They will fight until night intervenes. Both sides
will return without being victorious; then many will be killed on both sides.
On the fourth day, the Muslims who are left will return to the fight, and Allâh
will cause the enemy to be routed. There will be a battle the like of which has
never been seen, so that even if a bird were to pass their ranks, it would fall
down dead before it reached the end of them. Out of a family of one hundred,
only one man will survive, so how could he enjoy the booty or divide any
inheritance? While they are in this state, they will hear of an even worse
calamity. A cry will reach them: "The Dajjal has taken your place among your
offspring." So they will throw away whatever is in their hands and go forward,
sending 10 horsemen as a scouting party. The Prophet said, 'I know their
names, and the names of their fathers, and the colours of their horses. They
will be the best horsemen on the face of the earth on that day.' " (Ahmad,
Muslim).

Abû Hurayrah said, "The Prophet said, 'The Hour will not come until the
Romans camp at al-A'mash or Dabiq. An army, composed of the best people
on earth at that time, will come out from Madînah to meet them. When they
have arranged themselves in ranks, the Romans will say, 'Do not stand
between us and those who took prisoners from amongst us. Let us fight with
them.' One-third will run away, and Allâh will never forgive them. One-third
will be killed, and they will be the best of martyrs in Allâh's sight. One-third,
who will never be subjected to trials or tribulations, will win, and will
conquer Constantinople. Whilst they are sharing out the booty, after hanging
their swords on the olive-trees, Satan will shout to them that the Dajjal has
taken their place among their families. When they come to Syria, the Dajjal
will appear, while they are preparing for battle and drawing up the ranks.
When the time for prayer comes, Jesus the son of Mary will descend and lead
them in prayer. When the enemy of Allâh (i.e. the Dajjal) sees him, he will
start to dissolve like salt in water, but Allâh will kill him.' " (Muslim.)

The Prophet said, "The Hour will not come until the furthest border of the
Muslims will be in Bula." Then he said, "O 'Alî!" 'Alî said, "May my father and
mother be sacrificed for you!" The Prophet said, "You will fight the Romans,
and those who come after you will fight them, until the best people among
the Muslims, the people of al-Hijaz, will go out to fight them, fearing nothing
but Allâh. They will conquer Constantinople with Tasbih and Takbir (saying
"Subhan Allâh" and "Allâhu Akbar"), and they will obtain booty the like of
which has never been seen - they will share it out by scooping it up with their
sheilds. Someone will come and say, 'The Dajjal has appeared in your land',
but he will be lying. Anyone who takes notice of him will regret it, and
anyone who ignores him will regret it." (Ibn Majah.)

Nafi' ibn 'Utbah said, "The Prophet said, 'You will attack Arabia, and Allâh
will enable you to conquer it. Then you will attack Persia, and Allâh will
enable you to conquer it. Then you will attack Rome, and Allâh will enable
you to conquer it. Then you will attack the Dajjal, and Allâh will enable you
to conquer him.' " (Muslim)

When Mustawrid al-Qurashi was sitting with 'Amr ibn al-'As, he said, "I heard
the Prophet say, 'The Hour will come when the Romans will be in the
majority.' 'Amr asked him, "What are you saying?" He said, "I am repeating
that which I heard from the Prophet." 'Amr said, "If you say this, it is true,
because they have four good characteristics: they are the most able to cope
with tribulation, the quickest to recover after disaster and to return to the
fight after disaster, and are the best as far as treating the poor, weak and
orphans is concerned. They have a fifth characteristic which is very good; they
do not allow themselves to be oppressed by their kings." The Prophet said,
"You will fight the Romans, and Believers from the Hijaz will fight them after
you, until Allâh enables them to conquer Constantinople and Rome with
Tasbih and Takbir ("Subhan Allâh" and "Allâhu Akbar"). Its fortifications
will collapse, and they will obtain booty the like of which has never been
seen, so that they will share it out by scooping it up with their shields. Then
someone will cry, 'O Muslims! the Dajjal is in your country, with your
families', and the people will leave the wealth. Anyone who takes notice will
regret it and anyone who ignores it will regret it. They will ask, 'Who
shouted?' but they will not know who he is. They will say, you will hear about
his deeds.' So they will go and see, and if they see that everything is normal,
they will say, 'No-one would give a shout like that for no reason, so let us go
together to Ilya'.' If we find the Dajjal there we will fight him together, until
Allâh decides between us and him. If we do not find the Dajjal, we will go
back to our country and our families.' "

Mu'adh ibn Jabal said, "The Prophet said, 'The building of Bayt al-Maqdis (in
Jerusalem) will be followed by the destruction of Yathrib (Madînah), which
will be followed by the conquest of Constantinople, which will be followed by
the appearance of the Dajjal.' Then he put his hand on the thigh or the
shoulder of the one with whom he was speaking (i.e. Mu'adh), and said, 'This
is as true as the fact that you are here (or as true as you are sitting here).' "

This does not mean that Madînah will be destroyed completely before the
appearance of the Day, but that will happen at the end of time, as we shall see
in some authentic Ahadîth. But the building of Bayt al-Maqdis will be the
cause of the destruction of Madînah, as it was proven in the Hadîth that the
Dajjal will not be able to enter Madînah. He will be prevented from doing so
because it is surrounded by angles bearing unsheathed swords. Abû Hurayrah
said, "The Prophet said about Madînah: 'Neither plague nor the Dajjal can
enter it.' " (al-Bukhârî)

Appearance of Dajjal

First of all, we will quote the reports which mention the liars and "dajjals" who
will precede the coming off the Dajjal, or Antichrist, who will be the last of
them; may Allâh curse them and punish them with Hell-fire.

Jabir ibn Samurah said, "I heard the Prophet say, 'Just before the Hour there
will be many liars.'" Jabir said, "Be on your guard against them." (Muslim).

Jabir said, "I heard the Prophet say, 'Just before the Hour there will be many
liars; among them is the one in al-Yamamah, the 'Ansi in San'a', the one in
Himyar, and the Dajjal. This will be the greatest fitnah.''' (Ahmad)

Abû Hurayrah said, "The Prophet said, "The Hour will not come ... until
nearly 30 "dajjals" (liars) appear, each one claiming to be a messenger from
Allâh.'" (al-Bukhârî Muslim.)

Abû Hurayrah said, "The Prophet said, 'The Hour will not come until 30
"dajjals" appear, each of them claiming to be a messenger from Allâh, wealth
increases, tribulations appear and al-Harj increases.'" Someone asked,
'What is al-Harj?' He said, 'Killing, killing.' (Ahmad)

Abû Hurayrah said, "The Prophet said, 'The Hour will not come until 30
"dajjals" appear, all of them lying about Allâh and His Messenger." (Abû
Dâwûd)

Abû Hurayrah said, "The Prophet said, 'Just before the Hour, there will be 30
"dajjals", each of whom will say, I am a Prophet.'" (Ahmad)
Abû Hurayrah said, "The Prophet said, 'There will be "dajjals" and liars
among my Ummah. They will tell you something new, which neither you nor
your forefathers have heard. Be on your guard against them, and do not let
them lead you astray.'" (Ahmad)

Thawban said, "The Prophet said, 'There will be 30 liars among my Ummah.
Each one will claim that he is a prophet; but I am the last of the Prophets
(Seal of the Prophets), and there will be no Prophet after me.'" (Ahmad)

The Prophet said, "Verily before the Day of Resurrection there will appear
the Dajjal, and 30 or more liars." (Ahmad)

Ibn 'Umar said, "I heard the Prophet say, 'Among my Ummah there will be
more than 70 callers, each of whom will be calling people to Hell-fire. If I
wished, I could tell you their names and tribes.'"

Abû Bakrah said, "The people spoke a great deal against Musaylimah before
the Prophet said anything about him. Then the Prophet got up to give a
speech and said: '...as for this man about whom you have spoken so much -
he is one of the 30 liars who will appear before the Hour, and there is no
town which will not feel the fear of the Antichrist.'" (Ahmad)

In another version of this report, the Prophet said, "He is one of the 30 liars
who will appear before the Dajjal. There is no town which will escape the
fear of the Dajjal, apart from Madînah. At that time there will be two angels
at every entrance of Madînah, warding off the fear of the Antichrist." Anas
ibn Malik said, "The Prophet said, 'The time of the Dajjal will be years of
confusion. People will believe a liar, and disbelieve one who tells the truth.
People will distrust one who is trustworthy, and trust one who is
treacherous; and the Ruwaybidah will have a say.' Someone asked, 'Who are
the Ruwaybidah?' He said, 'Those who rebel against Allâh and will have a say
in general affairs.'" (Ahmad)

Ahadîth about the Dajjal

'Abdullâh ibn 'Umar said, "'Umar ibn al-Khattab went along with the Prophet
and a group of people to Ibn Sayyad, and found him playing with some
children near the battlement of Banu Maghalah. At that time Ibn Sayyad was
on the threshold of adolescence; he did not realise that anybody was near until
the Prophet struck him on the back. The Prophet (S) said to him: 'Do you bear
witness than I am the Messenger of Allâh?' Ibn Sayyad looked at him and
said, 'I bear witness that you are the Prophet of the unlettered.' Then Ibn
Sayyad said to the Prophet, 'Do you bear witness that I am the Messenger of
Allâh?' The Prophet dismissed this and said, 'I believe in Allâh and His
Messengers.' Then the Prophet asked him, 'What do you see?' Ibn Sayyad said,
'Sometimes a truthful person comes to me, and sometimes a liar.' The Prophet
said to him, 'You are confused', then he said, 'I am hiding something from
you.' Ibn Sayyad said, 'It is Dukh.' The Prophet said, 'Silence! You will not be
able to go beyond your rank.' 'Omar ibn al-Khattab said, 'O Messenger of
Allâh, shall I cut off his head?' The Prophet said, 'If he is (the Dajjal) you will
not be able to overpower him, and if he is not, then killing will not do you
any good.'"

Salim ibn 'Abdullâh said, "I heard 'Abdullâh ibn 'Omar say, 'After that, the
Prophet and Ubayy ibn Ka'b went along to the palm trees where Ibn Sayyad
was. The Prophet started to hide behind a tree, with the intention of hearing
something from Ibn Sayyad before Ibn Sayyad saw him. The Prophet saw him
lying on a bed, murmuring beneath a blanket. Ibn Sayyad's mother saw the
Prophet hiding behind a tree, and said to her son, "O Saf (Ibn Sayyad's first
name), here is Mohammad!" Ibn Sayyad jumped up, and the Prophet said, "If
you had left him alone, he would have explained himself.''

Salim said, "'Abdullâh ibn 'Omar said, The Prophet stood up to address the
people. He praised Allâh as He deserved to be praised, then he spoke about
the Dajjal: 'I warn you against him; there is no Prophet who has not warned
his people against him, even Noah warned his people against him. But I will
tell you something which no other Prophet has told his people. You must
know that the Dajjal is one-eyed, and Allâh is not one-eyed.'"

Ibn Shihab said: "'Omar ibn Thabit al-Ansari told me that some of the
Companions of the Prophet told him that on the day when he warned the
people about the Dajjal, the Prophet said: "There will be written between his
eyes the word Kafir (unbeliever). Everyone who resents his bad deeds - or
every believer- will be able to read it." He also said, "You must know that no
one of you will be able to see his Lord until he dies.'" (Muslim, al-Bukhârî).
Ibn 'Omar said, "The Prophet mentioned the Dajjal to the people. He said,
"Allâh is not one-eyed, but the Dajjal is blind in his right eye, and his eye is
like a floating grape.'" (Muslim) Anas ibn Malik said, "The Prophet said,
'there has never been a Prophet who did not warn his people against that
one-eyed liar. Verily he is one-eyed and your Lord is not one-eyed. On his
forehead will be written the letter Kaf, Fa, Ra (Kafir).'" (Muslim, al-Bukhârî)

Hudhayfah said, "The Prophet said, 'I know more about the powers which the
Dajjal will have than he will know himself. He will have two flowing rivers:
one will appear to be pure water, and the other will appear to be flaming
fire. Whosoever lives to see that, let him choose the river which seems to be
fire, then let him close his eyes, lower his head and drink from it, for it will be
cold water. The Dajjal will be one-eyed; the place where one eye should be
will be covered by a piece of skin. On his forehead will be written the word
Kafir, and every believer, whether literate or illiterate, will be able to read
it.'" (Muslim)

Abû Hurayrah said, "The Prophet said, 'Shall I tell you something about the
Dajjal which no Prophet has ever told his people before me? The Dajjal is
one-eyed and will bring with him something which will resemble Paradise
and Hell; but that which he calls Paradise will in fact be Hell. I warn you
against him as Noah warned his people against him.'" (al-Bukhârî, Muslim)

Mohammad ibn Munkadir said: "I saw Jabir ibn 'Abdullâh swearing by Allâh
that Ibn Sayyad was the Dajjal, so I asked him, 'Do you swear by Allâh?' He
said, 'I heard 'Omar swear to that effect in the presence of the Prophet, and
the Prophet did not disapprove of it.'" Some 'ulama' (scholars) say that some
of the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet) believed Ibn Sayyad to be the
greater Dajjal, but that is not the case: Ibn Sayyad was a lesser dajjal. Ibn
Sayyad travelled between Makkah and Madînah with Abû Sa'id, and
complained to him about the way that people were saying that he was the
Dajjal. Then he said to Abû Sa'id, "Did not the Prophet say that the Dajjal
would not enter Madînah? I was born there. Did not he say that he would not
have any children? - I have children. Did not he say that he would be a Kafir? -
I have embraced Islâm. Of all the people, I know the most about him: I know
where he is now. If I were given the opportunity to be in his place, I would not
resent it.'" (al-Bukhârî, Muslim)

There are many Ahadîth about Ibn Sayyad, some of which are not clear as to
whether he was the Dajjal or not. We shall see Ahadîth which indicates that
the Dajjal is not Ibn Sayyad, as in the Hadîth of Fatimah Bint Qays al-
Fahriyyah, although this does not mean that he was not one of the lesser
Dajjal; but Allâh knows best.

THE HADĪTH OF FATIMAH BINT QAYS:

'Amir ibn Sharahil Sha'bi Sha'b Hamdan reported that he asked Fatimah bint
Qays, the sister of Dahhak ibn Qays, who was one of the first Muhajirat, "Tell
me a Hadîth which you heard directly from the Prophet with no narrator in
between." She said, "I can tell you if you like." He said, 'Yes, please tell me,"
she said, "I married Ibn al-Mughirah, who was one of the best of the youth of
Quraysh in those days. But he fell in the first Jihad on the side of the Prophet.
"When I became a widow, 'Abd al-Rahman ibn 'Awf, one of the companions of
the Prophet sent me a proposal of marriage. The Prophet also sent me a
proposal of marriage on behalf of his freedman Usamah ibn Zayd. I had been
told that the Prophet had said, 'He who loves me should also love Usamah.'
When the Prophet spoke to me, I said, 'It is up to you: marry me to whomever
you wish.' "The Prophet said, 'Go and stay with Umm Sharik.' Umm Sharik
was a rich Ansari (Muslim originally from Madînah) woman, who spent much
in the way of Allâh and entertained many guests. I said, 'I will do as you wish.'
Then he said, 'Don't go. Umm Sharik has many guests, and I would not like it
if your head or leg were to become uncovered accidentally and people saw
something you would not wish them to see. It is better if you go and stay with
your cousin 'Abdullâh ibn 'Amr ibn Umm Maktum' ('Abdullâh was of the
Banu Fihr of Quraysh, the same tribe as that to which Fatima belonged).

"So I went to stay with him, and when I had completed my 'Iddah (period of
waiting), I heard the Prophet's announcer calling for congregational prayer. I
went out to the mosque, and prayed behind the Prophet. I was in the women's
row, which was at the back of the congregation. When the Prophet had
finished his prayer, he sat on the pulpit, smiling, and said, 'Everyone should
stay in his place.' Then he said, 'Do you know why I had asked you to
assemble?' The people said, 'Allâh and His Messenger know best.' "He said,
'By Allâh, I have not gathered you here to give you an exhortation or a
warning. I have kept you here because Tamim al-Dari, a Christian man who
has come and embraced Islâm, told me something which agrees with that
which I have told you about the Dajjal. He told me that he had sailed in a
ship with 30 men from Banu Lakhm and Banu Judham. The waves had
tossed them about for a month, then they were brought near to an island, at
the time of sunset. They landed on the island, and were met by a beast who
was so hairy that they could not tell its front from its back. They said, "Woe
to you! What are you?" It said, "I am al-Jassasah." They said, "What is al-
Jassasah?" It said, "O people, go to this man in the monastery, for he is very
eager to know about you." Tamim said that when it named a person to us,
we were afraid lest it be a devil." Tamim said, 'We quickly went to the
monastery. There we found a huge man with his hands tied up to his neck
and with iron shackles between his legs up to the ankles. We said, "Woe to
you, who are you?" He said, "You will soon know about me. Tell me who you
are." We said, "We are people from Arabia. We sailed in a ship, but the
waves have been tossing us about for a month, and they brought us to your
island, where we met a beast who was so hairy that we could not tell its front
from its back. We said to it, "Woe to you! What are you? and it said , "I am
al-Jassasah." We asked, "What is al-Jassasah?" and it told us, "Go to this
man in the monastery, for he is very eager to know about you." So we came
to you quickly, fearing that it might be a devil.' "The man said, "Tell me
about the date-palms of Baysan.' We said, 'What do you want to know about
them?" He said, 'I want to know whether these trees bear fruit or not.' We
said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Soon they will not bear fruit.' Then he said, "Tell me
about the lake of al-Tabariyyah [Tiberias, in Palestine].' We said, 'What do
you want to know about it?" He asked, 'Is there water in it?' We said, 'There
is plenty of water in it.' He said, 'Soon it will become dry.' Then he said, 'Tell
me about the spring of Zughar.' We said, 'What do you want to know about
it?' He said, 'Is there water in it, and does it irrigate the land?" We said, 'Yes,
there is plenty of water in it, and the people use it to irrigate the land.' "Then
he said, "Tell me about the unlettered Prophet ' what has he done?' We said,
'He has left Makkah and settled in Yathrib.' He asked, 'Do the Arabs fight
against him?' We said, 'Yes.' He said, 'How does he deal with them?' So we
told him that the Prophet had overcome the Arabs around him and that they
had followed him. He asked, 'Has it really happened?' We said, 'Yes.' He said,
'It is better for them if they follow him. Now I will tell you about myself. I am
the Dajjal. I will soon be permitted to leave this place: I will emerge and
travel about the earth. In 40 nights I will pass through every town, except
Makkah and Madînah, for these have been forbidden to me. Every time I try
to enter either of them, I will be met by an angel bearing an unsheathed
sword, who will prevent me from entering. There will be angels guarding
them at every passage leading to them.' Fatimah said, "The Prophet striking
the pulpit with his staff, said: 'This is Tayyibah, this is Tayyibah, this is
Tayyibah, [ie Madînah]. Have I not told you something like this?' The people
said, 'Yes.' He said, 'I liked the account given to me by Tamim because it
agrees with that which I have told you about the Dajjal, and about Makkah
and Madînah. Indeed he is in the Syrian sea or the Yemen sea. No, on the
contrary, he is in the East, he is in the East, he is in the East' and he pointed
towards the East. Fatimah said: I memorised this from the Prophet."
(Muslim).

'Abdullâh ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet (S) said, 'While I was asleep, I saw
myself a dream performing Tawaf (circumambulation) around the Ka'bah. I
saw a ruddy man with lank hair and water dripping from his head. I said,
'Who is he?" and they said, "The son of Mary." Then I turned around and saw
another man with a huge body, red complexion, curly hair and one eye. His
other eye looked like a floating grape. They said, "This is the Dajjal." The one
who most resembles him is Ibn Qatan, a man from the tribe of al-Khuza'ah'."
(al-Bukhârî, Muslim).

Jabir ibn 'Abdullâh said, "The Prophet said, 'The Dajjal will appear at the end
of time, when religion is taken lightly. He will have 40 days in which to
travel throughout the earth. One of these days will be like a year, another
will be like a month, a third will be like a week, and the rest will be like
normal days. He will be riding a donkey; the width between its ears will be
40 cubits. He will say to the people: "I am your lord." He is one-eyed, but
your Lord is not one-eyed. On his forehead will be written the word Kafir,
and every believer, literate or illiterate, will be able to read it. He will go
everywhere except Makkah and Madînah, which Allâh has forbidden to him;
angels stand at their gates. He will have a mountain of bread, and the people
will face hardship, except for those who follow him. He will have two rivers,
and I know what is in them. He will call one Paradise and one Hell. Whoever
enters the one he calls Paradise will find that it is Hell, and whoever enters
the one he calls Hell will find that it is Paradise. Allâh will send with him
devils who will speak to the people. He will bring a great tribulation; he will
issue a command to the sky and it will seem to the people as if it is raining.
Then he will appear to kill someone and bring him back to life. After that he
will no longer have this power. The people will say, "Can anybody do
something like this except the Lord?" The Muslims will flee to Jabal al-
Dukhan in Syria, and the Dajjal will come and besiege them. The siege will
intensify and they will suffer great hardship. Then Jesus son of Mary will
descend, and will call the people at dawn: "O people, what prevented you
from coming out to fight this evil liar?" They will answer, "He is a Jinn."
Then they will go out, and find Jesus son of Mary. The time for prayer will
come, and the Muslims will call on Jesus to lead the prayer, but he will say,
"Let your Imâm lead the prayer." Their Imâm will lead them in praying
Salat al-Subh (Morning prayer), then they will go out to fight the Dajjal.
When the liar sees Jesus, he will dissolve like salt in water. Jesus will go to
him and kill him, and he will not let anyone who followed him live'."
(Ahmad).

Warnings against the Dajjal

THE Hadîth OF AL-NUWAS IBN SAM'AN AL-KILABI

Al-Nuwas ibn Saman said, "One morning the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa
sallam - spoke about the Dajjal. Sometimes he described him as insignificant,
and sometimes he described him as so dangerous that we thought he was in
the clump of date-palms nearby. When we went to him later on, he noticed
that fear in our faces, and asked, 'What is the matter with you?' We said, 'O
Messenger of Allâh, this morning you spoke of the Dajjal; sometimes you
described him as insignificant, and sometimes you described him as being so
dangerous that we thought he was in the clump of date-palms nearby. "The
Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, 'I fear for you in other matters
besides the Dajjal. If he appears whilst I am among you, I will contend with
him on your behalf. But if he appears while I am not among you, then each
man must contend with him on his own behalf, and Allâh will take care of
every Muslim on my behalf. The Dajjal will be a young man, with short,
curly hair, and one eye floating. I would liken him to 'Abd al-Uzza ibn Qatan.
Whoever amongst you lives to see him should recite the opening Ayat of
Surat al-Kahf. He will appear on the way between Syria and Iraq, and will
create disaster left and right. O servants of Allâh, adhere to the Path of
Truth." "We said, 'O Messenger of Allâh, for the day which is like a year, will
one days prayers be sufficient? He said, 'No, you must make an estimate of
the time, and then observe the prayers." "We asked, 'O Messenger of Allâh,
how quickly will he walk upon the earth? He said, 'Like a cloud driven by the
wind. He will come to the people and call them (to a false religion), and they
will believe in him and respond to him. He will issue a command to the sky,
and it will rain; and to the earth, and it will produce crops. After grazing on
these crops, their animals will return with their udders full of milk and their
flanks stretched. Then he will come to another people and will call them (to a
false religion), but they will reject his call. He will depart from them; they
will suffer famine and will possess nothing in the form of wealth. Then he
will pass through the wasteland and will say, 'Bring forth your treasures,
and the treasures will come forth, like swarms of bees. Then he will call a
man brimming with youth; he will strike him with a sword and cut him in
two, then place the two pieces at the distance between an archer and his
target. Then he will call him, and the young man will come running and
laughing." "At that point, Allâh will send the Messiah, son of Mary, and he
will descend to the white minaret in the east of Damascus, wearing two
garments dyed with saffron, placing his hands on the wings of two angels.
When he lowers his head, beads of perspiration will fall from it, and when he
raises his head, beads like pearls will scatter from it. Every Kafir who smells
his fragrance will die, and his breath will reach as far as he can see. He will
search for the Dajjal until he finds him at the gate of Ludd*, where he will kill
him." "Then a people whom Allâh has protected will come to Jesus son of
Mary, and he will wipe their faces (ie wipe the traces of hardship from their
faces) and tell them of their status in Paradise. At that time Allâh will reveal
to Jesus: "I have brought forth some of My servants whom no-one will be
able to fight. Take My servants safely to al-Tur." "Then Allâh will send Gog
and Magog, and they will swarm down from every slope. The first of them
will pass by the Lake of Tiberias, and will drink some of its water; the last of
them will pass by it and say, "There used to be water here." Jesus, the
Prophet of Allâh, and his Companions will be besieged until a bull's head will
be dearer to them than one hundred dinars are to you nowadays." "Then
Jesus and his Companions will pray to Allâh, and He will send insects who
will bite the people of Gog and Magog on their necks, so that in the morning
they will all perish as one. Then Jesus and his Companions will come down
and will not find any nook or cranny on earth which is free from their putrid
stench. Jesus and his Companions will again pray to Allâh, Who will send
birds like the necks of camels; they will seize the bodies of Gog and Magog
and throw them wherever Allâh wills. Then Allâh will send rain which no
house or tent will be able to keep out, and the earth will be cleansed, until it
will look like a mirror. Then the earth will be told to bring forth its fruit and
restore its blessing. On that day, a group of people will be able to eat from a
single pomegranate and seek shelter under its skin (ie the fruit would be so
big). A milch camel will give so much milk that a whole party will be able to
drink from it; a cow will give so much milk that a whole tribe will be able to
drink from it; and a milch-sheep will give so much milk that a whole family
will be able to drink from it. At that time, Allâh will send a pleasant wind
which will soothe them even under their armpits, and will take the soul of
every Muslim. Only the most wicked people will be left, and they will
fornicate like asses; then the Last Hour will come upon them." (Muslim)

A Hadîth NARRATED FROM Abû UMAMAH AL-BAHILI

Abû Umamah al-Bahili said, "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam -
delivered a speech to us, most of which dealt with the Dajjal and warned us
against him. He said, 'No tribulation on earth since the creation of Adam will
be worse than the tribulation of the Dajjal. Allâh has never sent a Prophet
who did not warn his Ummah against the Dajjal. I am the last of the
Prophets, and you are the last Ummah. The Dajjal is emerging among you
and it is inevitable. If he appears while I am still among you, I will contend
with him on behalf of every Muslim. But if he appears after I am gone, then
every person must contend with him on his own behalf. He will appear on
the way between Syria and Iraq, and will spread disaster right and left. O
servants of Allâh adhere to the path of Truth. I shall describe him for you in a
way that no Prophet has ever done before. He will start by saying that he is a
Prophet, but there will be no Prophet after me. Then he will say, "I am your
Lord," but you will never see your Lord until you die. The Dajjal is one-eyed,
but your Lord, glorified be He, is not one-eyed. On his forehead will be
written the word Kafir, which every Muslim, literate or illiterate, will be able
to read. Among that which he will bring will be the Paradise and Hell he will
offer; but that which he calls Hell will be Paradise, and that which he calls
Paradise will be Hell. Whoever enters his Hell, let him seek refuge with Allâh
and recite the opening Ayat of Surat al-Kahf, and it will become cool and
peaceful for him, as the fire became cool and peaceful for Abraham. "He will
say to a Bedouin, What do you think if I bring your father and mother back
to life for you? Will you bear witness that I am your lord? The Bedouin will
say Yes, so two devils will assume the appearance of his father and mother,
and will say, "O my son, follow him for he is your lord." "He will be given
power over one person, whom he will kill and cut in two with a saw. Then he
will say, 'Look at this slave of mine, now I will resurrect him, but he will still
claim that he has a Lord other than me. Allâh will resurrect him, and this evil
man (the Dajjal) will say to him, 'Who is your Lord? The man will answer,
'My Lord is Allâh, and you are the enemy of Allâh. You are the Dajjal. By
Allâh, I have never been more sure of this than I am today."

Abû Said said, "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, 'That man
will have the highest status among my Ummah in Paradise." Abû Said said,
"By Allâh, we never thought that that man would be any other than 'Umar ibn
al-Khattab, until he passed away." Al-Muharibi said: "Then we referred to the
Hadîth of Abû Rafii, which said, 'Part of his Fitnah will be the fact that he will
pass through an area whose people will deny him, and none of their livestock
will remain alive. Then he will pass through a second area whose people will
believe in him; he will order the sky to rain and the earth to bring forth
crops, and their flocks will return from grazing fatter than they have ever
been, with their flanks stretched, their udders full. He will pass through
every place on earth - except Makkah and Madînah, which he will never
enter, for there are angels guarding every gate of them with unsheathed
swords - until he reaches al-Zarib al-Ahmar and camps at the edge of the
salt-marsh. Madînah will be shaken by three tremors, after which every
Munafiq (hypocrite) will leave it, and it will be cleansed of evil, as iron is
cleansed of dross. That day will be called Yawm al-Khalas (The Day of
Purification)."

Umm Sharik bint Abil-Akr said, "O Messenger of Allâh, where will the Arabs
be at that time?" He said, "At that time they will be few; most of them will be
in Bayt al-Maqdis (Jerusalem), and their Imâm will be a righteous man.
Whilst their Imâm is going forward to lead the people in praying Salat al-
Subh (the morning prayer), Jesus son of Mary will descend. The Imâm will
step back, to let Jesus lead the people in prayer, but Jesus will place his hand
between the mans shoulders and say, 'Go forward and lead the prayer, for
the Iqamah was made for you. So the Imâm will lead the people in prayer,
and afterwards Jesus - ‟alayhis salâm - will say, 'Open the gate. The gate will
be opened, and behind it will be the Dajjal and a thousand Jews, each of
them bearing a sword and shield. When the Dajjal sees Jesus, he will begin to
dissolve like salt in water, and will run away. Jesus will say, 'You will
remain alive until I strike you with my sword. He will catch up with him at
the eastern gate of Ludd* and will kill him. The Jews will be deflated with the
help of Allâh. There will be no place for them to hide; they will not be able to
hide behind any stone, wall, animal or tree - except the boxthorn (al-
Gharqarah) - without saying, 'O Muslim servant of Allâh! here is a Jew,
come and kill him!"

The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, "The time of the Dajjal will
be forty years; one year like half a year, one year like a month, and one
month like a week. The rest of his days will pass so quickly that if one of you
were at one of the gates of Madînah, he would not reach the other gate
before evening fell." Someone asked, "O Messenger of Allâh, how will we pray
in those shorter days?" He said, "Work out the times of prayer in the same
way that you do in these longer days, and then pray." The Prophet -
sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, "Jesus son of Mary will be a just
administrator and leader of my Ummah. He will break the cross, kill the
pigs, and abolish the Jizyah (tax on non-Muslims). He will not collect the
Sadaqah,* so he will not collect sheep and camels. Mutual enmity and hatred
will disappear. Every harmful animal will be made harmless, so that a small
boy will be able to put his hand into a snakes mouth without being harmed, a
small girl will be able to make a lion run away from her, and a wolf will go
among sheep as if he were a sheepdog. The earth will be filled with peace as
a container is filled with water. People will be in complete agreement, and
only Allâh will be worshipped. Wars will cease, and the authority of Quraysh
will be taken away. The earth will be like a silver basin, and will produce
fruits so Abûndantly that a group of people will gather to eat a bunch of
grapes or one pomegranate and will be satisfied. A bull will be worth so
much money, but a horse will be worth only a few dirhams." Someone asked,
"O Messenger of Allâh, why will a horse be so cheap?" He said, "Because it will
never be ridden in war." He was asked, "Why will the bull be so expensive?"
He said, "Because it will plough the earth. For three years before the Dajjal
emerges, the people will suffer severe hunger. In the first year, Allâh will
order the sky to withhold a third of its rain, and the earth to withhold two-
thirds of its fruits. In the third year, He will order the sky to withhold all of
its rain, and the earth to withhold all of its fruits, so that nothing green will
grow. Every cloven-hoofed creature will die except for whatever Allâh wills."
Someone asked, "How will the people live at that time?" He said, "By saying
La ilaha illa Allâh, Allâhu Akbar, Subhan Allâh and Al-Hamdu-lillah. This
will be like food for them." The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said,
"The Dajjal will come forth, and one of the Believers will go towards him.
The armed men of the Dajjal will ask him, 'Where are you going? He will say,
'I am going to this one who has come forth. They will say, 'Kill him! Then
some of them will say to the others, 'Hasnt your lord [ie the Dajjal] forbidden
you to kill anyone without his permission?" So they will take him to the
Dajjal, and when the Believer sees him, he will say, 'O People, this is the
Dajjal whom the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - told us about. Then
the Dajjal will order them to seize him and wound him in the head; they will
inflict blows all over, even in his back and stomach. The Dajjal will ask him,
'Dont you believe in me? He will say, 'You are a false Messiah. The Dajjal will
order that he be sawn in two from the parting of his hair to his legs; then he
will walk between the two pieces. Then he will say 'Stand! and the man will
stand up. The Dajjal will say to him, 'Dont you believe in me? The believer
will say, 'It has only increased my understanding that you are the Dajjal.
Then he will say, 'O people! he will not treat anyone else in such a manner
after me. The Dajjal will seize him to slaughter him, but the space between
his neck and collar-bone will be turned into copper, and the Dajjal will not be
able to do anything to him. He will take the man by his arms and legs and
throw him away; the people will believe that he has been thrown into Hell,
whereas in fact he will have been thrown into Paradise." The Prophet -
sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, "He will be the greatest of martyrs in the
sight of Allâh, the Lord of the Worlds." (Muslim).

FOOTNOTES:

*Ludd: the biblical Lydda, now known as Lod, site of the zionist states major
airport.

* "He will break the cross and kill pigs", ie Christianity will be annulled. "He
will not collect the Sadaqah (ie Zakat) - because there will be so much wealth,
and no-one will be in need of Sadaqah.

A Test for the People at the End of Time

THE Hadîth OF AL-MUGHIRAH IBN SHU'BAH

Al-Mughirah ibn Shubah said, "No-one asked the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi
wa sallam - more questions about the Dajjal than I did. He said, 'You should
not worry about him, because he will not be able to harm you.' I said, 'But
they say that he will have much food and water! He said, 'He is too
insignificant in the sight of Allâh to have all that.' (Muslim.)
Al-Mughirah ibn Shu'bah said, "No-one asked the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi
wa sallam - more questions about the Dajjal than I did." One of the narrators
said, "What did you ask him?" Al-Mughirah said, "I said, 'They say that the
Dajjal will have a mountain of bread and meat, and a river of water. The
Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, 'He is too insignificant in the
sight of Allâh to have all that.' (Muslim.)

From these Ahadîth, we can see that Allâh will test His servants with the
Dajjal and by the miracles which he will be permitted to perform: as we have
already mentioned, the Dajjal will order the sky to rain for those who accept
him, and will order the earth to bring forth its fruits so that they and their
livestock will eat of it, and their flocks will return fat and with their udders full
of milk. Those who reject the Dajjal and refuse to believe in him will suffer
drought and famine; people and livestock will die, and wealth and supplies of
food will be depleted. People will follow the Dajjal like swarms of bees, and he
will kill a young man and bring him back to life. This is not a kind of magic; it
will be something real with which Allâh will test His servants at the end of
time. Many will be led astray, and many will be guided by it. Those who doubt
will disbelieve, but those who believe will be strengthened in their faith.

Al-Qadi 'Iyad and others interpreted the phrase "He is too insignificant in the
sight of Allâh to have all that" as meaning that the Dajjal is too insignificant
to have anything that could lead the true believers astray, because he is
obviously evil and corrupt. Even if he brings great terror, the word Kafir will
be clearly written between his eyes; one report explains that it will be written
"Kaf, Fa, Ra," from which we can understand that it will be written
perceptibly, not abstractly, as some people say. One of his eyes will be blind,
protruding and repulsive; this is the meaning of the Hadîth: "...as if it were a
grape floating on the surface of the water." Other reports say that it is "dull,
with no light in it," or "like white spittle on a wall," i e, it will look ugly.

Some reports say that it is his right eye which will be blind; others say that it is
his left eye. He could be partly blind in both eyes, or there could be a fault in
both eyes. This interpretation could be supported by the Hadîth narrated by
al-Tabarani, in which he reports that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet -
sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, "The Dajjal is curly-haired and white-
skinned. His head is like the branch of a tree; his left eye is blind, and the
other eye looks like a floating grape. " One may ask: if the Dajjal is going to
cause such widespread evil and his claim to be a "lord" will be so widely
believed - even though he is obviously a liar, and all the Prophets have warned
against him - why does the Qur'ân not mention him by name and warn us
against his lies and stubbornness? The answer is:-

1. The Dajjal was referred to in the Ayah: "... The day that certain of the
signs of thy Lord do come, no good will it do to a soul to believe in
them then, if it believed not before nor earned righteousness
through its Faith..." (al-Anam 6:158)

Abû Hurayrah said, "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, 'There
are three things which, when they appear, no good will it do a soul to believe
in them then, if it believed not before nor earned righteousness through its
Faith. They are: The Dajjal, the Beast, and the rising of the sun from the
west.' "

2. Jesus son of Mary will descend from Heaven and kill the Dajjal, as we have
already mentioned. The descent of Jesus is mentioned in the Ayat: "That
they said (in boast), 'We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the
Apostle of Allâh; - but they killed him not nor crucified him, but so
it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full
of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to
follow, for of a surety they killed him not:- Nay, Allâh raised him up
unto Himself; and Allâh is exalted in Power, Wise;- And there is
none of the People of the Book but must believe in him before his
death; and on the Day of Judgement, he will be a witness against
them." (al-Nisa 4:157-9)

We think that the Tafsir (interpretation) of this Ayah is that the pronoun in
"before his death" (qabla mawtihi) refers to Jesus; i e, he will descend and
the People of the Book who differed concerning him will believe in him. The
Christians claimed that he was divine, while the Jews made a slanderous
accusation, i.e. that he was born from adultery. When Jesus descends before
the Day of Judgement, he will correct all these differences and lies. On this
basis, the reference to the descent of the Messiah Jesus son of Mary also
includes a reference to the Dajjal (false Mesor Antichrist), who is the opposite
of the true Messiah, because sometimes the Arabs refer to one of two
opposites and not the other, but mean both.

3. The Dajjal is not mentioned by name in the Qur'ân because he is so
insignificant: he claims to be divine, but he is merely a human being. His
affairs are too contemptible to be mentioned in the Qur'ân. But the Prophets,
out of loyalty to Allâh, warned their people about the Dajjal and the
tribulations and misguiding miracles he would bring. It is enough for us to
know the reports of the Prophets and the many reports from the Prophet
Mohammad - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam -.

One could argue that Allâh has mentioned Pharaoh and his false claims, such
as "I am your Lord, Most High" (al-Naziat 79:24) and "O Chiefs! No
god do I know for you but myself ..." (al-Qasas 28:38), in the Qur'ân.

This can be explained by the fact that Pharaoh and his deeds are in the past,
and his lies are clear to every believer. But the Dajjal is yet to come, in the
future; it will be a Fitnah and a test for all people. So the Dajjal is not
mentioned in the Qur'ân because he is contemptible; and the fact that he is
not mentioned means that it will be a great test. The facts about the Dajjal and
his lies are obvious and do not need further emphasis. This is often the case
when something is very clear. For example, when the Prophet - sallallâhu
‟alayhi wa sallam - was terminally ill, he wanted to write a document
confirming that Abû Bakr would be the Khalifah after him. Then he
abandoned this idea, and said, "Allâh and the believers will not accept anyone
other than Abû Bakr." He decided not to write the document because he knew
of Abû Bakr's high standing among the Sahabah (Companions) and was sure
that they would not choose anyone else.
Similarly, the facts about the Dajjal are so clear that they did not need to be
mentioned in the Qur'ân. Allâh did not mention the Dajjal in the Qur'ân
because He - subhânahu wa Ta‟âla - knew that the Dajjal would not be able to
lead His true servants astray; he would only increase their faith, their
submission to Allâh and His Messenger, their belief in the Truth, and their
rejection of falsehood.

For this reason the believer whom the Dajjal overpowers will say, when he
revives him, "By Allâh, it has only increased my understanding that you are
the one-eyed liar about whom the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam -
spoke."

MORE Ahadîth ABOUT THE DAJJAL

The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, "The Dajjal will emerge in a
land in the east called Khurasan. His followers will be people with faces like
hammered shields." Asma' bint Yazid al-Ansariyyah said, "The Prophet -
sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, 'During the three years just before the
Dajjal comes, there will be one year when the sky will withhold one third of
its rain and the earth one-third of its fruits. In the second year the sky will
withhold two-thirds of its rain, and the earth two-thirds of its fruits. In the
third year the sky will withhold all of its rain, and the earth all of its fruits,
and all the animals will die. It will be the greatest tribulation: the Dajjal will
bring a Bedouin and say to him, "What if I bring your camels to life for you?
Will you agree that I am your lord?" The Bedouin will say "Yes." So devils
will assume the forms of his camels, with the fullest udders and the highest
humps. Then he will bring a man whose father and brother have died, and
will ask him, "What do you think if I bring your father and brother back to
life? Will you agree that I am your lord?" The man will say "Yes," so the
devils will assume the forms of his father and brother. Then the Prophet -
sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - went out for something, and then returned.
The people were very concerned about what he had told them. He stood in
the doorway and asked, 'What is wrong, Asma'? I said, 'O Messenger of
Allâh, you have terrified us with what you said about the Dajjal. He said, 'He
will certainly appear. If I am still alive, I will contend with him on your
behalf; otherwise Allâh will take care of every Muslim on my behalf.' I said,
'O Messenger of Allâh, we do not bake our dough until we are hungry, so how
will it be for the believers at that time? The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa
sallam - said, 'The glorification of Allâh which suffices the people of Heaven
will be sufficient for them.' "

Abû Hurayrah (radiAllâhu anhu) said, "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa
sallam - said, 'The Hour will not come until the Muslims fight the Jews and
kill them. When a Jew hides behind a rock or a tree, it will say, "O Muslim, O
servant of Allâh! There is a Jew behind me, come and kill him!" All the trees
will do this except the box-thorn (al-Gharqad), because it is the tree of the
Jews.' " (Ahmad)

PROTECTION AGAINST THE DAJJAL
1. Seeking refuge with Allâh from his tribulation. It is proven in the Saheeh
(authentic) Ahadîth that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - used to
seek refuge with Allâh from the tribulation of the Dajjal in his prayers, and
that he commanded his Ummah to do likewise: Allâhumma inna naudhu bika
min 'adhabi jahannam, wa min 'adhabi 'l-qabr, wa min fitnati 'l-mahya'i wa'l-
mamat, wa min fitnati' l-masihi 'd-dajjal." "O Allâh! We seek refuge with You
from the punishment of Hell, from the punishment of the grave, from the
tribulations of life and death, and from the tribulation of the False Messiah
(Dajjal)." This Hadîth was narrated by many Sahabah, including Anas. Abû
Hurayrah, 'A'ishah, Ibn 'Abbas, and Sa'd.

2. Memorising certain Ayat from Surat al-Kahf. Al-Hafiz al-Dhahabi said,
"Seeking refuge with Allâh from the Dajjal is mentioned in many Mutawatir
Ahadîth (those with numerous lines of narrators). One way of doing this is to
memorise ten Ayat from Surat al-Kahf." Abûl-Dira reported that the Prophet -
sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, "Whoever memorises the first ten Ayat of
Surat al-Kahf will be protected from the Dajjal." (Abû Dâwûd)

3. Keeping away from the Dajjal One way to be protected from the tribulation
of the Dajjal is to live in Madînah or Makkah. Abû Hurayrah reported that the
Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, "There are angels standing at the
gates of Madînah; neither plague nor the Dajjal can enter it." (al-Bukhârî,
Muslim.) Abû Bakr reported that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam -
said, "The terror caused by the Dajjal will not enter Madînah. At that time it
will have seven gates; there will be two angels guarding every gate." (al-
Bukhârî) Anas said, "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, 'The
Dajjal will come to Madînah, and he will find angles guarding it. Neither
plague nor the Dajjal will enter it, in sha Allâh.' " (at-Tirmidhî, al-Bukhârî)

It has been proven in the Saheeh Ahadîth that the Dajjal will not enter
Makkah or Madînah, because the angels will prevent him from entering these
two places which are sanctuaries and are safe from him. When he camps at the
salt-marsh (Sabkhah) of Madînah, it will be shaken by three tremors - either
physically or metaphorically - and every hypocrite will go out to join the
Dajjal. On that day, Madînah will be cleansed of its dross and will be refined
and purified; and Allâh knows best.

THE LIFE AND DEEDS OF THE DAJJAL

The Dajjal will be a man, created by Allâh to be a test for people at the end of
time. Many will be led astray through him, and many will be guided through
him; only the sinful will be led astray. Al-Hafiz Ibn 'Alî al-Abar wrote in his
book of history (al-Tarikh) that the Dajjal's Kunyah (nickname or paternal
title) would be Abû Yusuf.

Abû Bakrah said, "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, "The
Dajjal's parents will remain childless for thirty years, then a one-eyed child
will be born to them. He will be very bad and will cause a great deal of
trouble. When he sleeps, his eyes will be closed but his heart (or mind) will
still be active.' Then he described his parents: 'His father will be a tall and
bulky man, with a long nose like a beak; his mother will be a huge, heavy-
breasted woman.' Abû Bakrah said, "We heard that a child had been born to
some of the Jews in Madînah. Al-Zubayr ibn al-Awam and I went see his pa,
and found that they matched the description given by the Prophet - sallallâhu
‟alayhi wa sallam -. We saw the boy lying in the sun, covered with a blanket,
murmuring to himself. We asked his parents about him, and they said, 'We
remained childless for thirty years, then this one-eyed boy was born to us. He
is very bad and causes a great deal of trouble. When we went out, we passed
the boy. He asked us, 'What were you doing?' We said, 'Did you hear us?. He
said, 'Yes; when I sleep, my eyes are closed but my heart (mind) is still active.
That boy was Ibn Sayyad." (Ahmad, at-Tirmidhî; this Hadîth is not very
strong.) As we have already seen in the Saheeh Ahadîth, Malik and others
think that Ibn Sayyad was not the Dajjal; he was one of a number of "lesser
dajjals." Later he repented and embraced Islâm; Allâh knows best his heart
and deeds.

The "greater" Dajjal is the one mentioned in the Hadîth of Fatimah bint Qays,
which she narrated from the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam -, from
Tamim al-Dari, and which includes the story of the Jassasah.

The Dajjal will be permitted to appear at the end of time, after the Muslims
have conquered a Roman city called Constantinople. He will first appear in
Isfahan, in an area known as the Jewish quarter (al-Yahudiyyah). He will be
followed by seventy thousand Jews from that area, all of them armed. Seventy
thousand Tatars and many people from Khurasan will also follow him. At first
he will appear as a tyrannical king, then he will claim to be a prophet, then a
lord. Only the most ignorant of men will follow him; the righteous and those
guided by Allâh will reject him.

He will start to conquer the world country by country, fortress by fortress,
region by region, town by town; no place will remain unscathed except
Makkah and Madînah. The length of his stay on earth will be forty days: one
day like a year, one day like a month, one day like a week, and the rest of the
days like normal days, i e his stay will be approximately one year and two and
a half months. Allâh will grant him many miracles, through which whoever He
wills will be astray, and the faith of the believers will be strengthened. The
descent of Jesus son of Mary, the true Messiah, will happen at the time of the
Dajjal, the false messiah. He will descend to the minaret in the east of
Damascus. The believers and true servants of Allâh will gather to support him,
and the Messiah Jesus son of Mary will lead them against the Dajjal, who at
that time will be heading for Bayt al-Maqdis (Jerusalem). He will catch up
with him at 'Aqabah 'Afiq. The Dajjal will run away from him, but Jesus will
catch up with him at the gate of Ludd, and will kill him with his spear just as
he is entering it. He will say to him, "I have to deal you a blow; you cannot
escape." When the Dajjal faces him, he will begin to dissolve like salt in water.
So Jesus will kill him with his spear at the gate of Ludd, and he will die there,
as many Sahîh Ahadîth indicate. Majma ibn Jariyah is reported to have said,
"I heard the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - saying, 'The son of Mary
will kill the Dajjal at the gate of Ludd.' " (at-Tirmidhî.)

FOOTNOTE:
"When he (Dajjal) sleeps, his eyes will be closed but his heart (or mind) will
still be active" - means that his evil ideas will still come to him even while he is
asleep.

The Descent of Jesus at the End of Time

'Abdullâh ibn 'Amr said, "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said,
'The Dajjal will appear in my Ummah, and will remain for forty - "I cannot
say whether he meant forty days, forty months or forty years." - Then Allâh
will send Jesus - ‟alayhis salâm -, the son of Mary, who will resemble 'Urwah
ibn Mas'ud. He will chase the Dajjal and kill him. Then the people will live for
seven years during which there will be no enmity between any two persons.
Then Allâh will send a cold wind from the direction of Syria, which will take
the soul of everyone who has the slightest speck of good or faith in his heart.
Even if one of you were to enter the heart of a mountain, the wind would
reach him there and take his soul. "Only the most wicked people will be left;
they will be as careless as birds, with the characteristics of beasts, and will
have no concern for right and wrong. Satan will come to them in the form of
man and will say, "Don't you respond?" They will say, "What do you order
us to do?" He will order them to worship idols, and in spite of that they will
have sustenance in Abûndance, and lead comfortable lives. "Then the
Trumpet will be blown, and everyone will tilt their heads to hear it. The first
one to hear it will be a man busy repairing a trough for his camels. He and
everyone else will be struck down. Then Allâh will send (or send down) rain
like dew, and the bodies of the people (ie the dead) will grow out of it. Then
the trumpet will be sounded again, and the people will get up and look
around. Then it will be said, "O people, go to your Lord and account for
yourselves." It will be said, "Bring out the people of Hell," and it will be
asked, "How many are there?" - the answer will come: "Nine hundred and
ninety-nine out of every thousand." "On that day a child will grow old
and the shin will be laid bare." (Al-Qalam 68:42) (Muslim)

Abû Hurayrah said, "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, 'The son
of Mary will come down as a just leader. He will break the cross, and kill the
pigs. Peace will prevail and people will use their swords as sickles. Every
harmful beast will be made harmless; the sky will send down rain in
Abûndance, and the earth will bring forth its blessings. A child will play with
a fox and not come to any harm; a wolf will graze with sheep and a lion with
cattle, without harming them.' (Ahmad)

Abû Hurayrah said, "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, 'By Him
in Whose hand is my soul, surely the son of Mary will come down among you
as a just ruler. He will break the cross, kill the pigs and abolish the Jizyah.
Wealth will be in such Abûndance that no-one will care about it, and a single
prostration in prayer will be better than the world and all that is in it.' "

Abû Hurayrah said, 'If you wish, recite the Ayah: "And there is none of the
People of the Book but must believe in him before his death; and on
the Day of Judgement he will be a witness against them ..." (Al-Nisa
4:159) (al-Bukhârî, Muslim)
Abû Hurayrah reported that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said,
"The Prophets are like brothers; they have different mothers but their
religion is one. I am the closest of all the people to Jesus son of Mary, because
there is no other Prophet between him and myself. He will come again, and
when you see him, you will recognise him. He is of medium height and his
colouring is reddish-white. He will be wearing two garments, and his hair
will look wet. He will break the cross, kill the pigs, abolish the Jizyah and call
the people to Islâm. During his time, Allâh will end every religion and sect
other than Islâm, and will destroy the Dajjal. Then peace and security will
prevail on earth, so that lions will graze with camels, tigers with cattle, and
wolves with sheep; children will be able to play with snakes without coming
to any harm. Jesus will remain for forty years, then die, and the Muslims
will pray for him." (Ahmad)

Ibn Masud reported that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, "On
the night of the Isra (night journey), I met my father Abraham, Moses and
Jesus, and they discussed the Hour. The matter was referred first to
Abraham, then to Moses, and both said, 'I have no knowledge of it. Then it
was referred to Jesus, who said, 'No-one knows about its timing except
Allâh; what my Lord told me was that the Dajjal will appear, and when he
sees me he will begin to melt like lead. Allâh will destroy him when he sees
me. The Muslims will fight against the Kafirs, and even the trees and rocks
will say, "O Muslim, there is a Kafir hiding beneath me - come and kill him!"
Allâh will destroy the Kafirs, and the people will return to their own lands.
Then Gog and Magog will appear from all directions, eating and drinking
everything they find. The people will complain to me, so I will pray to Allâh
and He will destroy them, so that the earth will be filled with their stench.
Allâh will send rain which will wash their bodies into the sea. My Lord has
told me that when that happens, the Hour will be very close, like a pregnant
woman whose time is due, but her family do not know exactly when she will
deliver'" (Ahmad, Ibn Majah)

DESCRIPTION OF THE MESSIAH JESUS SON OF MARY, MESSENGER OF
Allâh

Abû Hurayrah said, "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, 'On the
night of the Isra' (miraculous journey to Jerusalem) I met Moses - he was a
slim man with wavy hair, and looked like a man from the Shanu'ah tribe. I
also met Jesus - he was of medium height and of a red complexion, as if he
had just come out of the bath'" (al-Bukhârî, Muslim)

The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, "Whilst I was asleep, I saw
myself (in a dream) making Tawaf around the Ka'bah. I saw a brown-
skinned man, with straight hair, being supported by two men, and with
water dripping from his head.' I said, 'Who is this?' They said, 'The son of
Mary' I turned around and saw a fat, ruddy man, with curly hair, who was
blind in his right eye; his eye looked like a floating grape. I asked, 'Who is
this?' They said, 'The Dajjal' The one who most resembles him is Ibn Qatan."

Al-Zuhri explained: Ibn Qatan was a man from Khuzaah who died during the
Jahiliyyah (before the coming of Islâm). (al-Bukhârî)
THE APPEARANCE OF GOG AND MAGOG

They (two tribes or peoples) will appear at the time of Jesus son of Mary, after
the Dajjal. Allâh will destroy them all in one night, in response to the
supplication of Jesus. Abû Hurayrah reported that the Prophet - sallallâhu
‟alayhi wa sallam - said, "Every day, Gog and Magog are trying to dig a way
out through the barrier. When they begin to see sunlight through it, the one
who is in charge of them says, 'Go back; you can carry on digging
tomorrow,' and when they come back, the barrier is stronger than it was
before. This will continue until their time comes and Allâh wishes to send
them forth. They will dig until they begin to see sunlight, then the one who is
in charge of them will say, 'Go back; you can carry on digging tomorrow,
insha'Allâh.' In this case he will make an exception by saying insha' Allâh,
thus relating the matter to the Will of Allâh. They will return on the following
day, and find the hole as they left it. They will carry on digging and come out
against the people. They will drink all the water, and the people will entrench
themselves in their fortresses. Gog and Magog will fire their arrows into the
sky, and they will fall back to earth with something like blood on them. Gog
and Magog will say, 'We have defeated the people of earth, and overcome the
people of heaven. Then Allâh will send a kind of worm in the napes of their
necks, and they will be killed by it' 'By Him in Whose hand is the soul of
Muhammad, the beasts of the earth will become fat.'" Gog and Magog are
two groups of Turks, descended from Yafith (Japheth), the father of the
Turks, one of the sons of Noah. At the time of Abraham - ‟alayhis salâm -,
there was a king called Dhu'l-Qarnayn. He performed Tawaf around the
Ka'bah with Abraham - ‟alayhis salâm - when he first built it; he believed
and followed him. Dhu'l-Qarnayn was a good man and a great king; Allâh
gave him great power and he ruled the east and west. He held sway over all
kings and countries, and travelled far and wide in both east and west. He
travelled eastwards until he reached a pass between two mountains, through
which people were coming out. They did not understand anything, because
they were so isolated; they were Gog and Magog. They were spreading
corruption through the earth, and harming the people, so the people sought
help from Dhu'l-Qarnayn. They asked him to build a barrier between them
and Gog and Magog. He asked them to help him to build it, so together they
built a barrier by mixing iron, copper and tar. Thus Dhu' -Qarnayn
restrained Gog and Magog behind the barrier. They tried to penetrate the
barrier, or to climb over it, but to no avail. They could not succeed because
the barrier is so huge and smooth. They began to dig, and they have been
digging for centuries; they will continue to do so until the time when Allâh
decrees that they come out. At that time the barrier will collapse, and Gog
and Magog will rush out in all directions, spreading corruption, uprooting
plants, killing people. When Jesus (AS) prays against them, Allâh will send a
kind of worm in the napes of their necks, and they will be killed by it."

THE DESTRUCTION OF THE KA'BAH

At the end of time, Dhu'l-Suwayqatayn, who will come from Abyssinia (al-
Habash), will destroy the Ka'bah in order to steal its treasure and Kiswah
(cloth covering). The Ka'bah is the ancient building which was built by
Abraham, and whose foundations were laid by Adam. As Tafsir
(interpretation) of the Ayah "Until the Gog and Magog (people) are let
through (their barrier)" (al-Anbiya 21:96), it was reported from Ka'b al-Ahbar
that Dhu'l-Suwayqatayn will first emerge at the time of Jesus, son of Mary.

Allâh will send Jesus at the head of a vanguard of between seven and eight
hundred. While they are marching towards Dhu'l-Suwayqatayn, Allâh will
send a breeze from the direction of Yemen, which will take the soul of every
believer. Only the worst of people will be left, and they will begin to copulate
like animals. Ka'b said: "At that time, the Hour will be close at hand."
'Abdullâh ibn 'Amr said, "I heard the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam -
say, 'Dhu'l-Suwayqatayn from Abyssinia will destroy the Ka'bah and steal its
treasure and Kiswah. It is as if I could see him now: he is bald-headed and
has a distortion in his wrists. He will strike the Ka'bah with his spade and
pick-axe.' " (Ahmad)

It was reported from 'Abdullâh ibn 'Umar that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi
wa sallam - said, "Leave the Abyssinians alone so long as they do not disturb
you, for no-one will recover the treasure of the Ka'bah except Dhu'l-
Suwayqatayn from Abyssinia." (Abû Dâwûd, in the chapter on the
prohibition of provoking the Abyssinians)

Ibn 'Abbas narrated that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, "It is
as if I can see him now: he is black and his legs are widely spaced. He will
destroy the Ka'bah stone by stone." (Ahmad) The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi
wa sallam - said, "The Hour will not come until a man from Qahtan appears
and rules the people." (Muslim; similar Hadîth in al-Bukhârî) This man could
be Dhu'l-Suwayq, someone else, because this man comes from Qahtan, while
other reports say that Dhu'l-Suwayqatayn comes from Abyssinia; and Allâh
knows best. Abû Hurayrah said, "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam -
said, 'Day and night will not come to an end until a freed man called Jahjah
holds sway'" (Ahmad)

This could be the name of Dhul-Suwayqatayn from Abyssinia; and Allâh
knows best. 'Umar ibn al-Khattab reported that he heard the Prophet -
sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - say: "The people of Makkah will leave, and only
a few people will pass through it. Then it will be resettled and rebuilt; then
the people will leave it again, and no-one will ever return."

Madînah WILL REMAIN INHABITED AT THE TIME OF THE DAJJAL

It has been proven in the Saheeh Ahadîth, as already stated, that the Dajjal
will not be able to enter Makkah and Madînah, and that there will be angels at
the gates of Makkah to ward him off and prevent him from entering. It was
reported from Abû Hurayrah that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam -
said, "Neither the Dajjal nor plague will be able to enter Madînah." As
mentioned above, the Dajjal will camp outside Madînah, and it will be shaken
by three tremors. Every hypocrite and sinner will go out to join the Dajjal, and
every believer and Muslim will stay. That day will be called the Day of
Purification (Yawm al-Khalas). Most of those who go out to join the Dajjal will
be women. As the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, "Verily it
(Madînah) is good; its evil will be eliminated and its goodness will be
obvious."

Allâh - subhânahu wa Ta‟âla - said: "Women impure are for men
impure, and men impure for women impure, and women of purity
are for men of purity, and men of purity are for women of purity"
(Al-Nur 24-26)

Madînah will remain inhabited during the days of the Dajjal, and during the
time of Jesus son of Mary (AS), until he dies and is buried there. Then it will
be destroyed. 'Umar ibn al-Khattab said, "I heard the Prophet - sallallâhu
‟alayhi wa sallam - say, 'A rider will go around Madînah and say, There used
to be many Muslims here' " (Ahmad)

FOOTNOTE: *Dhu'l-Suwayqatayn: al-Suwayqatayn is the diminutive of al-
Saqayn (legs); his legs are described as being "small" because they are thin.
Thin legs are, in general, a characteristic of the Sudanese and people of the
Horn of Africa.

The Emergence of the Beast

AMONG the signs of the Hour will be the emergence of a beast from the earth.

It will be very strange in appearance, and extremely huge; one cannot even
imagine what it will look like. It will emerge from the earth and shake the dust
from its head. It will have with it the ring of Solomon and the rod of Moses.
People will be terrified of it and will try to run away, but they will not be able
to escape, because such will be the decree of Allâh. It will destroy the nose of
every unbeliever with the rod, and write the word "Kafir" on his forehead; it
will adorn the face of every believer and write the word "Mu'min" (true
believer) on his forehead, and it will speak to people.

Allâh - subhânahu wa Ta‟âla - said:

"And when the Word is fulfilled against them (the unjust), We shall
produce from the earth a Beast to (face) them: it will speak to
them..." (al-Naml 27:82)

Ibn 'Abbas, al-Hasan and Qutadah said that "It will speak to them"
(tukallimuhum) means that it will address them. Ibn Jarir suggested that it
means that the Beast will address them with the words "...for that mankind
did not believe with assurance in Our Signs..." (al-Naml 27:82 - latter
part of the Ayah).

Ibn Jarir reported this from 'Alî and 'Ata' It was reported from Ibn 'Abbas that
tukallimuhum means that the Beast will cut them, i e, it will write the word
"Kafir" on the forehead of the unbeliever. It was also reported from Ibn 'Abbas
that he will both address them and cut them; this suggestion incorporates
both of the previous suggestions; and Allâh knows best. We have already
mentioned the Hadîth of Hudhayfah ibn Usayd, in which the Prophet -
sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - is reported to have said, "The Hour will not come
until you see ten signs: the smoke; the Dajjal; the Beast; the sun rising from
the West; the descent of Jesus son of Mary; Gog and Magog; and three
landslides - one in the East, one in the West, and one in Arabia, at the end of
which fire will burst forth from the direction of Aden (Yemen) and drive
people to the place of their final assembly."

Abû Hurayrah said: "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, 'Hasten
to do good deeds before six things happen: the rising of the sun from the
West, the smoke, the Dajjal, the Beast, the (death) of one of you or general
tribulation.' " (Muslim.) Baridah said: "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa
sallam - took me to a place in the desert, near Makkah. It was a dry piece of
land surrounded by sand. The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said,
'The Beast will emerge from this place. It was a very small area.' " (Ibn
Majah)

It was reported from Abû Hurayrah that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa
sallam - said, "The Beast of the Earth will emerge, and will have with it the
rod of Moses and the ring of Solomon." It was also reported that he said,
"(The Beast) will destroy the noses of the unbelievers with the ring, - so that
people seated around one table will begin to address one another with the
words "O Believer!" or "O Unbeliever!" (i e, everyone's status will become
clear). (Ibn Majah.)

'Abdullâh ibn 'Amr said, "I memorised a Hadîth from the Prophet - sallallâhu
‟alayhi wa sallam - which I have not forgotten since. I heard the Prophet -
sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - say, 'The first of the signs (of the Hour) to
appear will be the rising of the sun from the West and the appearance of the
Best before the people in the forenoon. Whichever of these two events
happens first, the other will follow immediately.' " (Muslim).

That is to say, these will be the first extraordinary signs. The Dajjal, the
descent of Jesus - ‟alayhis salâm, the emergence of Gog and Magog, are less
unusual in that they are all human beings. But the emergence of the Beast,
whose form will be very strange, its addressing the people and classifying
them according to their faith or unbelief, is something truly extraordinary.
This is the first of the earthly signs, as the rising of the sun from the West is
the first of the heavenly signs.

The Rising of the Sun from the West

Allâh - subhânahu wa Ta‟âla - says: "Are they waiting to see if the angels
come to them, or thy Lord (Himself), or certain of the Signs of thy
Lord? The day that certain of the signs of thy Lord do come, no
good will it do to a soul to believe in them then, if it believed not
before nor earned righteousness through its faith. Say: 'Wait ye: we
too are waiting.' " (al-Anam 6:158)

It was reported from Abû Sa'id al-Khudri that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi
wa sallam - explained, "The day that certain of the Signs of thy Lord do come,
no good will it do to a soul to believe in them then...", referring to the rising of
the sun from the West. (Ahmad)

Abû Hurayrah said, "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, 'The
Hour will not come until the sun rises from the West. When the people see it,
whoever is living on earth will believe, but that will be the time when - No
good will it do to a soul to believe in them then, if it believed not before' " (al-
Bukhârî)

It was also reported from Abû Hurayrah that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi
wa sallam - said, "The Hour will not come until the sun rises from the West.
When it rises and the people see it, they will all believe. But that will be the
time when 'No good will it do to a soul to believe in them then'" (al-Bukhârî)

It was reported from Abû Hurayrah that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa
sallam - said, "There are three things which, if they appear, 'No good will it
do to a soul to believe in them then, if it believed not before nor earned
righteousness through its faith' They are: the rising of the sun from the West,
the Dajjal, and the Beast of the Earth." (Ahmad, Muslim, at-Tirmidhî.)

Abû Dharr said, "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - asked me, 'Do
you know where the sun goes when it sets?' I said, 'I do not know' He said, 'It
travels until it prostrates itself beneath the Throne, and asks for permission
to rise again. But a time will come when it will be told, 'Go back whence you
came.' That will be the time when 'No good will it do to a soul to believe in
them then, if it believed not before nor earned righteousness through its faith'
" (al-Bukhârî)

'Amr ibn Jarir said, "Three Muslims were sitting with Marwan in Madînah,
and heard him say, whilst talking about the Signs of the Hour, that the first of
them would be the appearance of the Dajjal. The three went to 'Abdullâh ibn
'Amr, and told him what they had heard Marwan say concerning the Signs.
'Abdullâh said, 'Marwan has not said much.

I memorised a Hadîth like that from the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam
- which I have not forgotten since. I heard the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa
sallam - say: "The first of the signs will be the rising of the sun from the West,
and the emergence of the Beast in the forenoon. Whichever of the two comes
first, the other will follow immediately"

Then 'Abdullâh, who was widely-read, said, 'I think that the first to happen
will be the rising of the sun from the West. Every time it sets, it goes beneath
the Throne, prostrates itself, and seeks permission to rise again. A time will
come when three times it will seek permission and will receive no reply, until,
when part of the night has passed and it realises that even if it were given
permission, it would not be able to rise on time, it will say: "O my Lord, how
far the rising-point is from me! What can I do for the people now?" Then it
will seek permission to go back, and it will be told: 'Rise from where you are
now' - and it will rise from the West'" Then 'Abdullâh recited the Ayah: "No
good will it do to a soul to believe in them then, if it believed not before nor
earned righteousness through its faith." (Ahmad)

Some scholars interpret "the rising of the sun from the West" as meaning that
Islâm will appear in the West, as strong as it was in the beginning, and that
the people of the West will carry the flag of Islâm.

The Smoke which will appear at the End of Time

MASRUQ said: "While a man was giving a speech among the people of
Kindah, he said, 'There will be smoke on the Day of Resurrection which will
deprive the hypocrites of their hearing and sight, but the believers will only
suffer something like a cold' We were terrified, so we went to Ibn Masud, who
was reclining. When he heard about this, he became angry and sat up, and
said: 'O people, whoever knows a thing, let him say it; but whoever does not
know, let him say, "Allâh knows best." It is a part of knowledge, when one
does not know something, to say "Allâh knows best."

Allâh - subhânahu wa Ta‟âla - said to His Prophet Mohammad - sallallâhu
‟alayhi wa sallam -:

"Say: 'No reward do I ask of you for this (Qur'ân), nor am I a
pretender'" (Sad 38:86.)

"Quraysh were being slow in embracing Islâm, so the Prophet - sallallâhu
‟alayhi wa sallam - prayed against them, saying, 'O Allâh, help me against
them by sending seven years of famine like those of Joseph.' They were
afflicted by a year of famine in which they were destroyed, and ate dead
animals and bones. They began to see something like smoke between the sky
and the earth.

Abû Sufyan came and said, 'O Mohammad! You came to command us to keep
good relations with our relatives, and your people have perished, so pray that
Allâh may relieve them'" The Ibn Mas'ud recited, "Then watch thou for the
Day that the sky will bring forth a kind of smoke (or mist) plainly visible,
Enveloping the people: this will be a Penalty Grievous. (They will say:) "Our
Lord! Remove the Penalty from us, for we do truly believe! How
shall the Message be (effectual) for them, seeing that an Apostle
explaining things clearly has (already) come to them? Yet they
return away from him and say: 'Tutored (by others), a man
possessed! We shall indeed remove the Penalty for a while, (but)
truly ye will revert (to your ways)." (al-Dukhan 44:10-15)

Ibn Maud asked: "Will their punishment in the Hereafter be removed so they
can go back to their Kufr?" Allâh - subhânahu wa Ta‟âla - said:

"One day We shall seize you with a mighty onslaught: We will
indeed (then) exact Retribution!" (al-Dukhan 44:16)
"...and soon will come the inevitable (punishment)!" (al-Furqan
25:77)

These Ayat refer to the Day (Battle) of Badr. Allâh - subhânahu wa Ta‟âla -
said:

"Alif-Lam-Mim. The Romans (Byzantines) have been defeated - in a
land close by; but they, (even) after (this) defeat of theirs, will soon
be victorious - within a few years." (al-Rum 30: 1-3) (al-Bukhârî)

This speaker's suggestion - that the idea that the smoke would be on the Day
or Resurrection was not a good one - made Ibn Masud react angrily. But the
smoke will appear before the Day of Resurrection; it will be one of the signs,
which are: the Beast, the Dajjal, the Smoke, and Gog and Magog, as the
Ahadîth narrated from Abû Sarihah, Abû Hurayrah and other Sahabah
indicate. As mentioned in the Sahîh Ahadîth, the fire which will appear before
the Day of Resurrection will burst forth from the direction of Aden, and drive
the people to the place of their final assembly. It will move with them and halt
with them, and will devour any who lag behind.

The Hour will not come until...

IT was reported from Abû Sa'id al-Khudri that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi
wa sallam - said, "Thunderbolts will increase so much as the Hour
approaches that when a man comes to a people, he will ask, 'Who amongst
you was struck by a thunderbolt this morning?' and they will say, 'So-and-so
and so-and-so was struck.' " (Ahmad)

Heavy rain before the Day of Resurrection

It was reported from Abû Hurayrah that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa
sallam - said, "The hour will not come until there has been rain which will
destroy all dwellings except tents."

We have already mentioned many Ahadîth about the signs of the Hour. Now
we will turn our attention to some Ahadîth which could indicate that the Hour
is close at hand.

It was reported from Abû Hurayrah that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa
sallam - said: "The Hour will not come until the following events have come
to pass: people will compete with one another in constructing high buildings;
two big groups will fight one another, and there will be many casualties -
they will both be following the same religious teaching; earthquakes will
increase; time will pass quickly; afflictions and killing will increase; nearly
thirty dajjals will appear, each of them claiming to be a messenger from
Allâh; a man will pass by a grave and say, 'Would that I were in your place';
the sun will rise from the West; when it rises and the people see it, they will
all believe, but that will be the time when 'No good will it do to a soul to
believe in them then, if it believed not before...' (al-An'am 6:158); and
a wealthy man will worry lest no-one accept his Zakat." (al-Bukhârî,
Muslim)

It was reported from Anas that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam -
said: "Among the signs of the Hour are the following: knowledge will
decrease and ignorance will prevail; fornication and the drinking of wine
will be common; the number of men will decrease and the number of women
will increase, until one man will look after fifty women." (al-Bukhârî)
'A'ishah said, "I heard the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - say, 'Day
and night will not pass away until people begin to worship Lat and 'Uzza'
(two goddesses of pre-Islâmic Arabic). I said, 'O Messenger of Allâh, I thought
that when Allâh revealed the Ayah "It is He Who has sent His Apostle
with Guidance and the Religion of Truth, to proclaim over all
religion, even though the Pagans may detest (it)" (al-Tawbah 9:33), it
implied that (this promise) would be fulfilled'. The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi
wa sallam - said, 'It will happen as Allâh wishes. Then Allâh will send a
pleasant breeze, which will take everyone who has as much faith as a grain
of mustard-seed in his heart. Only those with no goodness in them will be
left, and they will revert to the religion of their forefathers'." (Muslim)

It was from Abû Hurayrah that one day, while the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi
wa sallam - was sitting with the people, a Bedouin came to him and asked him
about Iman and Islâm, then he asked, "O Messenger of Allâh, when will the
Hour be?" He said, "The one who is asked about it does not know more than
the one who asks, but I tell you about its signs. When a slave gives birth to
her mistress, and when the bare-footed and naked become the chiefs of the
people - these are among the signs of the Hour. There are five things which
no-one knows except Allâh." Then he recited: "Verily the knowledge of
the Hour is with God (alone). It is He Who sends down rain, and
He Who knows what is in the wombs. Nor does anyone know what
it is that he will earn on the morrow: nor does anyone know in
what land he is to die. Verily God is All-Knowing, All Aware."
(Luqman 31:34). Then the man went away, and the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi
wa sallam - said, "Call him back to me," but when the people went to call him,
they could not see anything. The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said,
"That was Gabriel, who came to teach the people their religion." (al-Bukhârî,
Muslim).

"The bare-footed and naked paupers will compete with one another in
constructing high buildings" means that they will become the chiefs of people.
They will become rich, and their only concern will be to compete in
constructing high buildings.

This is as in the Hadîth we shall see later: "The Hour will not come until the
happiest people in the world will be the depraved sons of the depraved." It
was reported from Abû Sa'id that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam -
said: "The Hour will not come until the time when a man will leave his home,
and his shoes or whip or stick will tell what is happening to his family."
(Ahmad)
It was reported from Abû Sa'id that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam -
said: "By Him in Whose hand is my soul, the Hour will not come until wild
animals talk to men, and a man speaks to his whip or his shoe, and his thigh
will tell him about what happened to his family after he left." Anas said, "We
were discussing the fact that the Hour would not come until there is no rain,
the earth does not produce crops, and fifty women will be cared for by one
man; and if a woman passes by a man, he will look at her and say, 'This
woman once had a husband'." (Ahmad)

Abû Hurayrah said: "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said: 'The
Hour will not come until time passes so quickly that a year will be like a
month, a month like a week, a week like a day, a day like an hour, and an
hour like the time it takes for a palm-leaf to burn'." (Ahmad)

Abû Hurayrah said, "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said: 'The
world will not pass away until the one who enjoys it the most is the depraved
son of the depraved'." (Ahmad)

Abû Hurayrah said, "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - said, 'Before
the Hour comes, there will be years of deceit, in which a truthful person will
be disbelieved and a liar will be believed; and the insignificant will have a
say'." (Ahmad)

Abû Hurayrah said: "I heard the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - say:
'The Hour will not come until the sheep with horns no longer fights the sheep
without horns'." (Ahmad)

It was reported from Abû Hurayrah that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa
sallam - said, "The Hour will not come until wealth increases so much that a
wealthy man will be worried lest no-one accept his Sadaqah: tribulations
will appear; and there will be much Harj." The people asked, "What is Harj",
O Messenger of Allâh?" He said, "Killing, killing" (Ahmad)

It was reported from Abû Hurayrah that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa
sallam - said, "By Him Who sent me with the Truth, this earth will not pass
away until people are afflicted with landslides, are pelted with stones, and
are transformed into animals." The people asked, "When will that be, O
Messenger of Allâh?" He said, "When you see women riding in the saddle,
when singers are common, when bearing false witness becomes widespread,
and when men lie with men and women with women".

Tariq ibn Shihab said, "We were sitting with 'Abdullâh ibn Mas'ud, when a
man came and told us that the time for prayer had come. So we got up and
went to the mosque. After the prayer, a man came to 'Abdullâh ibn Mas'ud
and said, 'As-salam 'alayka (Peace be upon you), O Abû 'Abd al-Rahman'.
'Abdullâh answered, 'Allâh and His Messenger have spoken the truth'. When
we went back, we asked one another, 'Did you hear the answer he gave? Who
is going to ask him about it? I said, 'I will ask him'; so I asked him when he
came out.
He narrated from the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam -: 'Before the Hour
comes, there will be a special greeting for the people of distinction; trade will
become so widespread that a woman will help her husband in business;
family ties will be cut; the giving of false witness will be common, while
truthful witness will be rare; and writing will be widespread.' (Ahmad)

DESCRIPTION OF THE PEOPLE WHO WILL BE ALIVE AT THE
END OF TIME

It was reported from 'Abdullâh ibn 'Amr that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi
wa sallam - said, "The Hour will not come until Allâh takes away the best
people on earth; only the worst people will be left; they will not know any
good or forbid any evil." (Ahmad)

'Abdullâh ibn Mas'ud said, "I heard the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam -
say: Eloquence can be bewitching; the worst of the people are those upon
whom the Hour will come while they are still alive, and those who turn
graves into mosques'." (Ahmad)

It was reported from Anas that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam -
said, "The Hour will not come until no-one on earth says 'La ilaha illa Allâh'."
(Ahmad) It was also reported from Anas that the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi
wa sallam - said: "The Hour will not come until no-one on earth says, 'Allâh,
Allâh'." (Ahmad) There are two suggestions as to the meaning of the phrase,
"until no-one on earth says 'Allâh, Allâh'":

1. It could mean that no-one will forbid evil, or try to correct another if he sees
him doing something wrong. We have already come across this in the Hadîth
of 'Abdullâh ibn 'Amr: "Only the worst people will be left; they will not know
any good or forbid any evil."

2. It could mean that Allâh will no longer be mentioned, and His Name will
not be known; this will be part of the prevalent corruption and Kufr, as in the
previous Hadîth, "Until no-one on earth says 'La ilaha illa Allâh'." 'A'ishah
said. "The Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - came in, saying 'O 'A'ishah,
your people will be the first of my Ummah to join me. When he sat down, I
said, 'O Messenger of Allâh, may I be sacrificed for you! When you came in,
you were saying something which scared me. He asked, 'What was that?' I
said, 'You said that my people would be the first of your Ummah to join you.'
He said, 'Yes' I asked, 'Why is that? He said, 'Death will be widespread among
them, and their relatives will be jealous of them.' I said, 'How will people be
after that?' He said, 'Like locusts: the strong will devour the weak, until the
Hour comes.' " (Ahmad)

'Alba'al-Salami said, "I heard the Prophet - sallallâhu ‟alayhi wa sallam - say:
'The Hour will only come upon the worst of the people'." (Ahmad)

				
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Description: The Signs Before the Day of Judgement