List of texts for Volterra database by hcj


									                              91AHG026: PROGRAMME 2008-9

1. Introduction: the medieval and modern reception of the Corpus Iuris Civilis in Latin Europe
2. Rome’s first law code: the XII Tables and pre-Roman precedents
3. Sources of law and courts of justice in the Roman republic: leges, plebiscita, magistrates and
4. Standing courts and criminal trial in the late Republic: Cicero, Verres, and the lex
5. Extra sources of law and courts of justice in the early empire: senatus consulta, imperial
        constitutions, juristic opinion; senate, emperor, and imperial advisors

       READING WEEK (no meeting)

6. From ad hoc compilation to organised code: the lex Flavia municipalis
7. Stabilisation and description of civil law in the second century AD: Salvius Julianus’ Edictum
        perpetuum and the Institutes of Gaius
8. Civil law in action in the high empire: familia, wills, and inheritance in Roman society
9. Papinian, Paul, Ulpian: jurists in the service of imperial justice and the authority of the
10. Emperor and subject: petition and response from the Apokrimata Sept. Severi to the
        Gregorian and Hermogenian Codes


11. The courts of the high empire: advocacy and procedure
12. Law and religion from Diocletian to Theodosius II: Fragmenta Vaticana, Collatio,
       Sirmondian constitutions
13. Suggestio and response: compilation and editing the Codex Theodosianus
14. The Codex Theodosianus: publication and its aftermath; the post-Theodosian novels,
       Consultatio, leges saeculares
15. Roman law beyond the empire: the Breviarium of Alaric and the Lex Romana Burgundionum
       (cf. the Code of Euric and the Lex Burgundionum)

       READING WEEK (no meeting)

16. Justinian’s project I. The compilation of the Digest: C. Deo Auctore, C. Tanta
17. Justinian’s project II. The Institutes (v. Gaius): C. Imperatoriam maiestatem
18. Justinian’s project III. The Codex Justinianus: C. Haec, C. Summa (1st ed.), C. Cordi (2nd ed.)
19. Justinian’s project IV. The teaching of law: C. Omnem, the role of translations and the
        collection of Novels
20. Manuals and monographs: ‘Byzantine’ law from Justinian to the Basilica

91AHG026: Codes and Practice: The World of Roman Law
       from Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages
This is a dedicated MA course (field of study) for offer to the University of London MA courses
in Ancient History, Classics, and Late Antique and Byzantine Studies, and the UCL History
Department MAs in Medieval Studies and European History.

The course will be team-taught by Drs R.W.B. Salway ( and S.J.J. Corcoran
( of UCL, with the assistance of Prof. M.H. Crawford (emeritus UCL; Classes will take place from 11.00 a.m. to 1.00 p.m. on Thursdays
beginning 2 October, normally in room B.18, UCL History Department (House 23, Gordon
Square: entrance via rear at ground level).

As the inspiration for the Civil Law codes of modern Europe, the body of Roman law as received
and studied in western Europe since the later Middle Ages gives the impression of a stable and
static system. This course aims to provide students with an introduction to the shape of the living
body of Roman law from classical antiquity to the early Middle Ages and the historical issues
that raises. For in fact, of course, the classic texts of Roman law developed over a millennium or
more in response to changing social and political environments as the society to which they
related developed from a modest central Italian city republic into an imperial superstate before
setting out on divergent paths in the aftermath of the fall of the western empire. This course
charts the relationship between the production of normative texts, legal interpretation, and legal
practice against this shifting social and political background. At various junctures the
development of this legal system was punctutated by attempts to codify certain sections. The
core of this course comprises the analysis of the surviving or partially surviving codifications
(e.g. the Theodosian and Justinianic Codes, the Breviarium of Alaric, and the Digest) as well as
those reconstructed from later sources (e.g. the XII Tables and the Edictum Perpetuum) against
their historical context so as to expose students to the full complexity of the texture of the source
material. Interspersed are sessions analysing the actual practice and social impact of Roman law
based on specific case studies.

        It is very desirable for students to have or to develop quickly a working knowledge of
Latin. Desirable also is some basic reading knowledge of (Ancient) Greek, Italian, French, and

Assessment and deadlines:
        This course is assessed entirely by coursework. Each student is required to submit three
essays of around 4,000 words each (to a total of 12,000 words overall), on topics negotiated
individually and agreed with the course teacher(s). For example, students might wish to write
essays on topics that they researched for class presentations.
        Students ought to decide on what topic they wish to write their first essay mid November
and submit this by 15 January 2009. This first essay may be submitted to course teachers in full
draft and will be returned with comments but without a mark, and may then be revised for final
submission. Ideally students ought to have agreed a topic for the second essay by the middle of
the spring term and then identify the topic for their last essay to be written over the Easter
vacation. Students should bear in mind that the final deadline by which all MA coursework is
due (in two copies) is 1 June. Refer to the ‘Red Book’ for full details of coursework submission

Required non-assessed work:
       In addition to the normal reading expected for each meeting, students will be required to
prepare up to four short individual assignments (presentations and/or book reviews) for
discussion in the seminar classes.

Schedule of topics/meetings:
The course will be taught in 20 two-hour seminar classes during the first two terms. For a
schedule of meetings see the inside of the front cover of this booklet.

Aims and objectives:
        This course aims to provide students with an introduction to the shape of the living body
of Roman law from classical antiquity to the early Middle Ages and the historical issues that

Intended learning outcomes (knowledge and understanding):
        By the end of the course students should have acquired a good knowledge of the
development of the Roman legal system, the nature and range of sources, editions, and
handbooks, and an understanding of the potential and limits of these materials so as to be
equipped to ask sensible questions about the relationship between Roman law, politics, and
society over this period.

       This is a select general bibliography for the course (emphasising availability in English).
More detailed reading lists may be specified for individual classes. A version of this list is
accessible at:

Basic orientation:
M.C. Alexander, ‘Law in the Roman Republic’ in N. Rosenstein & R. Morstein-Marx (edd.), A
        Companion to the Roman Republic (Blackwells Companions to the Ancient World; Oxford,
        2006), ch. 11
S.J.J. Corcoran, ‘Latin Legal Texts’ in E.H. Bispham et al. (edd.), The Edinburgh Companion to Ancient
        Greece and Rome (Edinburgh, 2006), 433-438
J.F. Matthews, ‘Roman law and Roman history’ in D.S. Potter (ed.), A Companion to the Roman Empire
        (Blackwells Companions to the Ancient World; Oxford, 2006), 477-491

Textbooks of Roman law:
A. Borkowski & P. du Plessis, Textbook on Roman Law, 3rd ed. (Oxford, 2005)
W.W. Buckland (rev. P.G. Stein), A Textbook of Roman Law from Augustus to Justinian (3rd ed.,
       Cambridge, 1963)
B. Nicholas, An Introduction to Roman Law (Oxford, 1962)

C. Ando, Clifford & J. Rüpke, (edd.), Religion and Law in Classical and Christian Rome (Potsdamer
       Altertumswissenschaftliche Beiträge 15; Stuttgart, 2006)
R.A. Bauman, Lawyers in Roman Republican Politics: A Study of the Roman Jurists in their Political
       Setting, 316-82 BC (Münchener Beiträge zur Papyrusforschung und antiken Rechtsgeschichte 75;
       Munich, 1983)
R.A. Bauman, Lawyers in Roman Transitional Politics: A Study of the Roman Jurists in their Political
       Setting in the Late Republic and Triumvirate (MBPaR 79; 1985)
R.A. Bauman, Lawyers and Politics in the Early Roman Empire: A Study of Relations between the
       Roman Jurists and the Emperors from Augustus to Hadrian (MBPaR 82; 1988)
A. Berger, Encyclopedic Dictionary of Roman Law (TAPhA n.s. 43.2; Philadelphia, 1953)

The Cambridge Ancient History vol. X (1996) ch. 21; vol. XII (2005) chs. 7A&B; vol. XIV (2000) ch. 9
P. Collinet, Histoire de l’école de droit de Beyrouth (Paris, 1925)
J.A. Crook, Law and Life of Rome (London, 1967)
J.A. Crook, Legal Advocacy in the Roman World (London, 1995)
J.F. Gardner, Women in Roman Law and Society (London, 1986)
J.D. Harries, Law and Empire in Late Antiquity (Cambridge, 1999)
J.D. Harries & I.N. Wood, The Theodosian Code: Studies in the Imperial Law of Late Antiquity (London
A.M. Honoré, Gaius (Oxford, 1962)
A.M. Honoré, Tribonian (London, 1978)
A.M. Honoré, Ulpian (Oxford, 1982; 2nd ed. 2002)
A.M. Honoré, Emperors and Lawyers (2nd ed. Oxford, 1994)
A.M. Honoré, Law in the Crisis of Empire 379-455 AD (Oxford, 1998)
C. Humfress, ‘Law and legal practice in the age of Justinian,’ in M. Maas (ed.), The Cambridge
        Companion to the Age of Justinian (New York, 2005)
D. Johnston, Roman Law in Context (Cambridge, 1999)
H.F. Jolowicz (rev. B. Nicholas), Historical Introduction to the Study of Roman Law 3rd ed. (Cambridge,
M. Kaser, Das römische Privatrecht 2 vols. (Munich, 1971-5)
M.A. Lambiris, The Historical Context of Roman Law (North Ryde, N.S.W. 1997)
J.F. Matthews, Laying Down the Law. A Study of the Theodosian Code (New Haven, 2000)
E. Metzger, Litigation in Roman Law (Oxford, 2005)
E.A. Meyer, Legitimacy and Law in the Roman World: Tabulae in Roman Belief and Practice
        (Cambridge, 2004)
G. Mousourakis, The Historical and Institutional Context of Roman Law (Burlington, VT, 2003)
G. Mousourakis, A Legal History of Rome (London, 2007)
O.F. Robinson, The Criminal Law of Ancient Rome (London, 1995)
O.F. Robinson, The Sources of Roman Law: Problems and Methods for Ancient Historians (London,
O.F. Robinson, Penal Practice and Penal Policy in Ancient Rome (London, 2007)
A.A. Schiller, Roman Law: Mechanisms of Development (The Hague etc.; 1978)
P.G. Stein & A.D.E. Lewis (edd.), Studies in Justinian's Institutes in Memory of J.A.C. Thomas (London,
P.G. Stein, Roman Law in European History (Cambridge 1999)
O. Tellegen-Couperus, A Short History of Roman Law (London, 1993)
P. Vinogradoff, Roman Law in Medieval Europe, 3rd edn. (Oxford, 1961)
F. Wieacker, Römische Rechtsgeschichte 1 (Müllers HAW X.3.1; Munich, 1988)
A. Watson, Law Making in the Later Roman Republic (Oxford, 1974)
A. Watson, Legal Origins and Legal Change (London 1991)
A. Watson, Studies in Roman Private Law (London 1991)

Major source texts:
Gaius, Institutes: parallel Latin/English versions by F. de Zulueta, The Institutes of Gaius vol. 1 Text and
        Translation (Oxford, 1946), vol. 2 Commentary (1953; both vols repr. 1963), based on Krüger,
        and W.M. Gordon & O.F. Robinson, The Institutes of Gaius: A Parallel Translation (London,
        1988), based on Kübler. French trans. J. Reinach, Gaius. Institutes (Budé, Paris; 4th ed. 1991).
Codex Theodosianus: main edition by Th. Mommsen and P. Meyer, Berlin 1905; incomplete edition:
        Books 1-8, P. Krüger (Berlin, 1923-1926). Complete English translation incl. Sirmondians and
        Novels, C. Pharr (Princeton, 1952; repr. Union NJ, 2002)
Justinian, Institutes: many editions; note esp. Corpus Iuris Civilis vol. 1 (ed. P. Krüger), this is the
        parallel text used in the most recent English translation (Birks/McLeod, London, 1987);
        commentary: E. Metzger (ed.), A Companion to Justinian’s Institutes (London, 1998)
Justinian, Digest: main edition by Mommsen (1868-72): 2 volume editio maior, but generally used in
        version of the Corpus Iuris Civilis vol. 1. English translation: A. Watson (ed.) 4 vols. Philadelphia,
        1985 [uses editio maior as parallel Latin text]; rev. ed. English only, 2 vols, 1998. Index: T. Honoré
        and J. Menner, Concordance to the Digest Jurists (Oxford, 1980) [microfilm]

Justinian, Codex Iustinianus: editio maior by P. Krüger (1877; repr. 1998); generally used in editio minor
        of Corpus Iuris Civilis vol. 2. No reliable English translation, but note S.P. Scott, The Civil Law
        (1932) vols. 12-15, to be used with caution. Available on-line at:

Translations of specific categories of source material:
M.H. Crawford (ed.), Roman Statutes 2 vols. (BICS suppl. 64; London, 1996) [Texts and English
        translations of leges]
E. Graser, ‘Diocletian’s Edict on Maximum Prices’ in T. Frank (ed.), Economic Survey of Ancient Rome
        vol. 5 (Baltimore, 1940) and Transactions of the American Philological Association 61 (1940),
        157-174 [English trans of text as then known]
T. Hauken, Petition and Response: An Epigraphic Study of Petitions to Roman Emperors 181-249
        (Bergen, 1998)
A.S. Hunt & C.C. Edgar, Select Papyri vol. 2. Non-Literary Papyri (Public Documents) (Cambridge
        Mass. & London, 1963)
M. Hyamson, Mosaicarum et Romanarum legum Collatio (London, 1913; repr. Buffalo, 1997)
A.C. Johnson, Coleman-Norton, F.L. Bourne, Ancient Roman Statutes (Austin, 1961) [English
        translations of leges, senatusconsulta, and pre-Justinianic imperial constitutions from
        documentary sources]
J.H. Oliver, Greek Constitutions of Early Roman Emperors from Inscriptions and Papyri (Philadelphia,
        1989) with V.I. Anastasiadis and G.A. Souris, An Index to Roman Imperial Constitutions from
        Greek Inscriptions and Papyri (Berlin/NY, 2000)
R.K. Sherk, Roman Documents From the Greek East: senatus consulta and epistulae to the Age of
        Augustus (Baltimore, 1969)
W.L. Westermann & A.A. Schiller, Apokrimata: Decisions of Septimius Severus on Legal Matters (New
        York, 1954; repr. Milan, 1973)

Thematic collections:
J. Evans Grubbs, Women and the Law in the Roman Empire: A Sourcebook on Marriage, Divorce and
        Widowhood (London, 2002)
B.W. Frier, A Casebook on the Roman Law of Delict (Atlanta, 1989)
B.W. Frier & T.A.J. McGinn, A Casebook on Roman Family Law (New York, 2004)
A. Linder, The Jews in Roman Imperial Legislation, edited with introductions, translations, and
        commentary (Detroit, 1987)

Principal journals
Iura                    Iura: rivista internazionale di diritto romano e antico
JJP                     Journal of Juristic Papyrology
Labeo                   Labeo: rassegna di diritto romano
RHD                     Revue d’histoire du droit = TvR
RHDFE                   Revue historique de droit français et étranger
RIDA                    Revue internationale des droits de l’antiquité
SDHI                    Studia et Documenta Historiae et Iuris
TvR                     Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis = RHD
ZRG/ZSS (RA)            Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte—romanistische Abteilung

Web portal to online resources:


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