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					                               ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH CAROLINA, INC.
                                              WWW.ASSC.NET


                                      Island Archaeology
                                        The Newsletter of Hilton Head Island Chapter
                              November 2007                        Ian deNeeve, Editor                            Volume 4 Number 8
                                Opinions expressed in this newsletter do not necessarily reflect those of the Archaeological Society, the
                               Chapter or its board of directors. Articles, comments, and responses to items contained herein are invited .


           This Month’s Speaker: Martha Zierden, Curator at The Charleston Museum
                         on “Colonial Markets in Historic Charleston”
                          _______________________________________________________

                                                                           Martha Zierden: “Urban Foodways
         Message from the V.P.                                               and Markets: Archaeology of
„Dear Friends,                                                                 18th Century Charleston
If you have not had a chance to visit the Honey Horn                   The season‟s series continues with us welcoming
Discovery House -- the new home of the Coastal                         Martha Zierden. She will be talking with us further about
Discovery Museum -- you are in for a treat. Great                      a topic that is near and dear to many archaeologists
renovation job! Also a nice new board walk and                         (from a strictly research perspective ): Foodways and
marsh overlook. We participated in the Grand                           the market. We are happy to welcome her to speak to
Opening 27 October. We had a large table on which                      us at our get-together.
we placed a picture display from ASSC, a number of
artifacts and literature about the Society and                         The meeting will be at the Coastal Discovery
membership forms. A number of folks showed good                        Museum from 7:00 to 8:30, Tuesday November
interest and hopefully we will gain some new                           20th.
members.

I have a 1798 penny from the Bloody Point site on
Daufuskie Island ( 38BU165 ) that I would like to
add to our display case. I did add a 1815 penny last
week. However the 1798 penny is well tarnished and
hard to read. I have sought advice about cleaning
methods -- coin enthusiasts say do not touch it --
loses value. So, anyone have a suggestion? Send
me your ideas and we will discuss the issue at the
Tuesday 20 November meeting.

Remember we will pick the date for the Christmas
social at the next meeting. The last two years we
have held it early in December because many folks
are not available later in the month.


Sincerely,
George Stubbs
Vice President'


                                                                                   Excavations during the summer of 2005
                                                          2
Martha Zierden is Curator of Historical Archaeology at        In colonial Charleston, wild and domestic animals
The Charleston Museum, a position she has held since          contributed to a unique lowcountry cuisine. Some of
1981. She graduated from Florida State University with        these animals lived in the city, where their activities
a B.A. and an M.A. in Anthropology.          She has          shaped – and were shaped by – the urban landscape.
conducted archaeological research and excavated               Many aspects of the city environment were designed to
numerous sites in Charleston and the surrounding              accommodate and restrict urban wildlife and livestock.
lowcountry. Research interests include the historic
                                                                                      th
landscape, foodways and provisioning, refinement and          Excavations at two 18 century sites, as well as a host
material expression, and urban life.                          of previous studies, provide a view of the changing role
                                                              of animals in the cuisine and the urban landscape.
She has published articles in the journals Historical         Charleston‟s colonial market is located beneath the site
Archaeology and South Carolina Antiquities.       Her         of City Hall, built in 1800. Renovation of this building in
research also appears in edited books, including              2004 provided an opportunity to excavate colonial
“Another’s Country: Archaeological and Historical             deposits beneath the basement of the building.
Perspectives on Cultural Interactions in the Southern         Archaeologists expected the site to be compromised by
Colonies”, “Unlocking the Past: Celebrating Historical           th
                                                              19 century construction; instead, the opposite was
Archaeology in North America”, and “Carolina’s                true. Excavation revealed multiple undisturbed layers
Historical Landscapes”.                                       of soil, filled with artifacts and bone reflecting marketing
                                                              activity. The undisturbed soil layers, together with
Martha is active in the Society for Historical                detailed documentary evidence, provided details on the
Archaeology, where she served on the Board of                 goods available to colonial Charlestonians.
Directors from 2002 to 2004. In 2006 she was recipient
of the Whitelaw Founders Award in Historic
Preservation from the Historic Charleston Foundation.
In 1988 she received the Outstanding Service Award
from the ASSC.

                             Martha Zierden/Ian deNeeve



   Urban Foodways and Markets:
Archaeology of 18th Century Charleston
An often overlooked aspect of the urban colonial
experience is the quality and variety of animals that
contributed to the urban landscape, and to regional
foodways.




                                                                                   Urban Excavation

                                                              The Charleston Museum‟s Heyward Washington House
                                                                                                                    th
                                                              was the scene of three occupations during the 18
                                                              century. Like the Market, the archaeological record at
                                                              the Heyward house was very well preserved, and
                                                              deposits could be related to documented events at the
                                                              property.      Moreover, faunal and material remains
                                                              recovered from the excavations provided new details on
                                                              diet and foodways at urban townhouse sites. Together,
                                                              the two projects provide a view of animals in the urban
                                                              landscape and changes in their usage from the period
                                                              of initial settlement through Charleston‟s development
                                                              as a commercial and social center of trans-Atlantic
                                                              trade.

         Lodge-Alley; 18th Century Neighborhood                                              Martha Zierden/Ian deNeeve
                                                             3
            Spring Hill Redoubt:                                 using modern GIS and topography equipment. We
                                                                 would like to thank Rita for her informative presentation
        A presentation by Rita Elliott                           and invite all of our members to visit the new battlefield
                                                                 park.
Rita Elliott from the Coastal Heritage Society of
Savannah Georgia gave us an update of the ongoing                                                                Paul Nevill
work at the Battle of Savannah archeological site. We
had a presentation and field trip to the battlefield about
3 years ago.
                                                                             Savannah, GA Artifact
In December, 1778 General Campbell and the British                              And Fossil Show
forces took control of Savannah.           The British
constructed an earthen wall around the city with several         Richard Smith and his daughter Elizabeth attended the
strategically placed redoubts. A redoubt is a fortified          1st Annual Savannah, GA Artifact and Fossil Show,
position like a watch post with cannons and troops on            October 27, 2007. They had some artifacts on display.
duty 24/7. There were approximately 2,400 British                They also had several copies of Legacy available as
troops in and around the city by October, 1789. Prior to         well as Features and Profiles. Many visitors asked
the ground assault, there was heavy bombardment of               about our ASSC decal. They directed many attendees
the city of Savannah from both naval and ground                  to our Web site WWW.ASSC.NET.
artillery. The Savannah civilian population was in
panic.

On the morning of October 9, 1789 approximately 1500
multi-national troops comprised mostly of French troops
and American patriots attacked the Spring Hill redoubt.
Although the walls of the redoubt were broached by the
attackers, the forces were never able to overpower the
British troops and loyalists.     After taking severe
causalities, the attackers withdrew.      The records
indicate that about 800 allied troops were killed or
wounded during the attack. The British casualties were
about 50.

In 2005 archeologists and volunteers from the Coastal
Heritage Society began searching for and successfully
located the remains of the Spring Hill redoubt which
was the pivotal point of the attack. They used modern                           Elizabeth manning the booth.
backhoes to start the dig until they located the original
trench and ditch works. Then the excavation focused              Aside from all that, THEY WON "BEST FEATURED
on a smaller area and shovel digging and screening               POINT TYPE-CLOVIS”!
began. Soon their efforts paid off and they began to
find artifacts to validate the site. A flintlock from an         It was a great show and a few of our members showed
artillery gun from one of the walls was followed by a            up. We hope to get a few new members for this effort.
brass side plate from a pistol. The dating of the
artifacts showed that they were from the Revolutionary                                                         Richard Smith
War era.

In 2006 Coastal Heritage Society started construction of
a replica of the Spring Hill redoubt on the battlefield                      Minutes of the Meeting:
site. The site is an open area next to the old train                           October 16, 2007
station on Martin Luther King Boulevard which now
serves as the Visitors Center and History Museum.                The President called the meeting to order at 7:00 pm
The battlefield was located between what is now                  and there was a quorum present. The minutes of the
Louisville Road and Harris Street. Construction of the           September 18, 2007 meeting were approved
replica was completed and a battlefield park dedicated           unanimously. The Treasurer reported $329.19 on hand
in 2007.                                                         as of the end of September.

In 2007 archeologists received a grant from the                  George Stubbs‟ work at Honey Horn Plantation was
National Park Service to locate additional areas of the          suspended until after the grand opening of the new
battle. The first use of the grant money will be for the         museum on October 27, 2007. George was going to be
purchase of old maps and convert them to documents
                                                               4
present to represent our chapter on opening day. He                 following slate of officers for next year: President,
will resume work on the artifacts in November.                      George Stubbs; Vice President, Mary Lou Brewton;
If interested in helping, please meet him at the site at            Secretary, Paul Nevill; and, Treasurer, Richard Smith.
1:00 pm each Wednesday except for the first                         This slate will be voted on at the November meeting
Wednesday of the month when he switches to 9:00 on                  and any member can volunteer for an office.
Monday.
                                                                    Our October speaker was Rita Elliott of the Coastal
The ASSC Annual Fall Field Day activities were                      Heritage Society who spoke about the construction of
                        th
scheduled for October 20 in Brattonsville near Rock                 the Spring Hill Redoubt replica and its role in the Battle
Hill, SC.                                                           of Savannah.

New Business: Paul Nevill will have more information                The meeting was adjourned at 8:30 pm.
on the purchase of a video camera and CD burner for                                                                Paul Nevill
the group at the November meeting. Please contact
him (me) if you have any questions or input.

The election of new officers for next year will be held in
November. The nominating committee presented the




            Archaeological Society of South Carolina – Hilton Head Chapter
Officers
President:               Jean Guilleux    (843) 298-1638 email: jfguilleux@earthlink.net
Vice-President:          George Stubbs    (843) 363-5058 email: skipjack585@roadrunner.com
Secretary:               Paul Nevill      (843) 757-3280 email: pnevill@hargray.com
Treasurer:               Richard Smith    (843) 301-7947 email: smithstem@aol.com
                            __________________________________________

Program Chairperson:     Jean Guilleux - We need a Volunteer
Communications:          Jean Guilleux, Mary Lou Brewton
Newsletter Editor:       Ian deNeeve email: ideneeve@bcgov.net