Orientation and Mobility Goal 11 ___ will complete the following objectives on orientation and mobility skills for children with visual impairments as evidenced by mastery of ___ of ___ objectives. MC01 - follow procedures for shopping in a grocery store. MC02 - call ahead to arrange for shopping assistance in a grocery store. MC03 - locate the entrance of the grocery store. MC04 - solicit assistance as needed from a clerk or customer service in a grocery store. MC05 - go through a turnstile in a grocery store. MC06 - push or pull a cart in a grocery store. MC07 - identify names or labels of items in a grocery store. MC08 - visually locate a specific item in a grocery store. MC09 - put items in a cart in a grocery store. MC10 - locate the cashier and the end of the line in a grocery store. MC11 - wait in line in a grocery store. MC12 - put items on the counter in a grocery store. MC13 - hand money to the cashier in a grocery store. MC14 - wait for change in a grocery store. MC15 - locate the exit in a grocery store. MC16 - follow procedures for shopping in a variety of stores. MC17 - obtain information about a business by using the telephone. MC18 - enter a store or business establishment. MC19 - obtain information about the store by using one’s senses. MC20 - use correct cane techniques within a store. MC21 - negotiate pedestrians, displays, and counters. MC22 - locate a clerk to aid in finding a desired item. MC23 - visually locate a specific department in a store. MC24 - obtain information from another customer. MC25 - independently locate a desired article. MC26 - locate the cash register and check-out line. MC27 - pay for store item(s). MC28 - exit from the store. MC29 - follow procedures for traveling in a shopping mall. MC30 - effectively solicit assistance in a shopping mall. MC31 - locate and use the directory in a shopping mall. MC32 - locate specific destinations in a shopping mall. MC33 - follow procedures for traveling in a post office or bank. MC34 - locate the end of the line in a post office or bank. MC35 - wait one’s turn in line in a post office or bank. MC36 - go to the counter when called and complete a transaction in a post office or bank. MC37 - put a letter in the mailbox in a post office or bank. MC38 - follow procedures for going to a restaurant. MC39 - accommodate to dim lighting in a restaurant. MC40 - locate a table in a restaurant. MC41 - locate and read a menu in a restaurant. MC42 - get assistance in reading the menu, if necessary in a restaurant. MC43 - order a meal independently in a restaurant. MC44 - locate objects on the table (e.g., salt and pepper, silverware, sugar, vase) in a restaurant. MC45 - eat without assistance in a restaurant. MC46 - use proper table manners in a restaurant. MC47 - locate the restroom in a restaurant. MC48 - pay the bill, including tip in a restaurant. MC49 - locate the exit in a restaurant. MM01 - demonstrates correct use of sighted guide. MM02 - demonstrate the following sighted guide techniques: proper arm, hand, and body position, correct position without letting go, stopping and going, changing surfaces, going up and down curbs, narrow passage technique, congested area technique, changing sides, changing directions (e.g., in auditorium, in crowds, in elevators), going through a closed door (e.g., hold the door, assist), ascending and descending stairs, escalator skills, hines break technique. MM03 - use hand trailing: for locating landmarks, for maintaining a line of direction, for determining place in space. MM04 - use forearm protective technique. MM05 - use lower body protective technique. MM06 - combine trailing with protective technique. MM07 - use squaring off technique. MM08 - use parallel alignment (direction taking). MM09 - locate dropped objects in a systematic manner. MM10 - travel using a sighted guide to all familiar locations. MM11 - use an adaptive mobility device to develop the concepts and motor skills needed for future long cane use: explore the device, maintain a grip on the device while standing or moving, maintain the device in front of the body, wtop when the device contacts obstacles, wtop when the device contacts drop-offs, negotiate doors, negotiate stairs, hold the device while traveling with a sighted guide. MM12 - demonstrate an awareness of different types of canes. MM13 - recognize and name parts of a cane. MM14 - demonstrate diagonal technique: arm position, hand position, grip, tip position. MM15 - demonstrate diagonal trailing technique: with cane only, with cane and hand trailing. MM16 - demonstrate verification cane technique: arm position, drip, tip position, application to various environmental conditions, response to information gained. MM17 - demonstrate touch technique: arm position, hand position, grip, wrist movement, arc width, arc height, rhythm and pace, in-step, in-step correction. MM18 - demonstrate trailing with the touch technique. MM19 - demonstrate touch and drag technique. MM20 - demonstrate touch and slide technique. MM21 - demonstrate shoreline/guideline technique. MM22 - demonstrate three-point touch technique. MM23 - demonstrate constant contact technique: arm position, hand position, grip, wrist movement, arc width, rhythm and pace, in-step, in-step correction. MM24 - demonstrate three-point search technique. MM25 - ascend stairs (alternate or step-by-step). MM26 - descend stairs (alternate or step-by-step). MM27 - use the cane responsibly. MM28 - store and retrieve the cane at: table, chair, desk, sofa, booth, counter, car, auditorium, bus. MM29 - hold or use the cane appropriately with a sighted guide. MM30 - clear with the cane before stepping. MM31 - recognize the need for head-level protection areas in specific areas in residential travel (e.g., overhanging branches, head level signs, awnings). MM32 - use a modified forearm protective technique when needed in residential travel. MN01 - wear appropriate clothing to be visible at dusk and at night for traveling. MN02 - accommodate to a variety of lighting conditions (e.g., light to dark, dark to lighted room) for night travel. MN03 - detect obstacles in path of travel at night. MN04 - sees intersecting sidewalks at night. MN05 - detect drop-offs at night. MN06 - use shadows to gain information for night travel. MN07 - use a flashlight or other night vision device to enhance visual performance for night travel. MN08 - see walk signals and traffic lights during night travel. MN09 - see crosswalks during night travel. MN10 - compensate for glare distraction (e.g., from headlights, neon signs) during night travel. MP01 - seat self in a vehicle. MP02 - ride comfortably in a variety of vehicles. MP03 - take arranged public transportation using a learned procedure. MP04 - execute a given bus route. MP05 - solicit information to plan a bus route. MP06 - execute a simple route to a familiar location. MP07 - execute a route with one transfer to a familiar location. MP08 - execute a route with multiple transfers to a familiar location. MP09 - know emergency procedures if a planned stop is missed. MP10 - solicit information and execute a bus route to an unfamiliar location. MP11 - solicit information, purchase a ticket, and execute a route on intercity transportation. MP12 - develop the skills necessary to travel on public transportation. MP13 - follow procedures for traveling on a bus: obtain needed significant information, use a bus schedule, locate bus stops, read bus numbers, wait for the bus in an appropriate manner, board and exit, use the lift safely when using a wheelchair, pay or show ID to the bus driver, solicit assistance from the bus driver or other passengers, locate a seat, maintain orientation after disembarking, transfer to a second bus on the route, know an emergency procedure, if the planned stop is missed. MP14 - follow procedures for special transit: obtain an identification card for special transit, arrange for transportation pick up and drop off, board and exit, utilize a lift safely when using a wheelchair, pay or show ID to special transit driver, solicit assistance from the driver or other passengers, locate a seat, maintain orientation after disembarking. MP15 - follow procedures for taxicabs: arrange for taxicab pick up and drop off (e.g., time, location, estimated fare), wait for the taxicab in the designated place, pay and tip the driver upon arrival at the destination, maintain orientation after reaching the destination, solicit assistance from the driver for orientation at the destination. MP16 - follow procedures for traveling on mass transit systems: locate the entrance to a familiar mass transit station, locate the fare box, turnstile, and information booth, locate the edge of the platform for orientation purposes, locate the appropriate waiting area, locate the door and enter the train car, locate the seat or standing area in a crowded train car, follow emergency procedures, if necessary, exit the train car at the destination, maintain orientation after disembarking, exit the station and remain oriented, obtain sighted assistance when needed and in unfamiliar stations. MP17 - follow procedures for traveling on public transportation systems between cities: obtain travel information (e.g., schedules, cost), obtain ticket, travel to the station or airport, check baggage and obtain seat assignment, if appropriate, obtain assistance to gate or boarding area, board the plane, train, or bus, locate a seat, exit safely, make arrangements for further transportation upon arrival. MR01 - identify landmarks, clues, and hazards unique to rural areas: cattle guards, farmgates, electric fences, barbed wire fences, slatted cattle fences, creeks. MR02 - use cane techniques appropriate for rural area travel. MR03 - identify the distinct guideline and type of surface at the edge of a street or road (e.g., curb, shoulder, grassline, fence, gravel, dirt, blacktop, embankment) during rural travel. MR04 - demonstrate a modified cane technique for traveling on rough surfaces during rural travel. MR05 - follow the edge of a roadway with an intermittent curb or no curb during rural travel. MR06 - walk safely on the street edge facing on-coming traffic during rural travel. MR07 - walk safely on the street edge traveling in the same direction as traffic during rural travel. MR08 - maintain a line of travel and relocate the guideline/shoreline after short breaks are encountered during rural travel. MR09 - re-establish a line of travel after negotiating puddles, leaf piles, or other obstacles during rural travel. MR10 - travel safely around parked vehicles during rural travel. MR11 - demonstrate efficient and safe travel along a dirt footpath and in various depths of grass during rural travel. MR12 - cross streets safely in rural areas during rural travel. MR13 - correctly cross a street in a rural area during rural travel. MR14 - identify and use rural landmarks and clues during rural travel. MS01 - follows 3 different one-step directions given without gestures. MS02 - responds to two-part simple requests. MS03 - demonstrates simple problem solving. MS04 - shows awareness of routine by preparing for next activity without reminder. MS05 - tells first and last name when requested. MS06 - follows rules in group games led by an adult. MS07 - carries out a series of 3 directions in correct sequence. MS08 - seeks and accepts help when needed. MS09 - faces person with whom s/he is speaking. MS10 - occasionally says "please," "thank you," 'excuse me," or "I'm sorry" without reminders. MS11 - listens to and follows directions given to group as a whole. MS12 - faces activity when sitting or standing in group of children. MS13 - states full name, address, and phone number. MS14 - states full name of at least one parent. MS15 - uses dial or pushbutton phone to make a call. MS16 - respond with “yes” or “no” to “Do you want to ___?" questions. MS17 - answer who, what, where questions. MS18 - answer why and how questions. MS19 - answer yes-no questions that require judgment (e.g., “Did you pass the water fountain?”). MS20 - demonstrate positive feelings and attitudes toward independent travel. MS21 - exhibit an acceptance of her visual impairment and recognize the need for mobility instruction. MS22 - cooperate with the instructor. MS23 - rely on self for travel needs. MS24 - exhibit confidence during travel. MS25 - exhibit appropriate behavior in public. MT01 - independently moves about in familiar room; may or may not explore inquisitively. MT02 - Independently explores familiar rooms in own home. MT03 – delivers items to familiar room when asked. MT04 - moves to destination quickly and easily in own home. MT05 - moves to appropriate area in classroom and finds an empty place. MT06 - moves to appropriate area in classroom (where activity is happening) and finds an empty place with little or no assistance. MT07 - walks to a familiar location within a block of home independently. MT08 - initiate any movement or exploration. MT09 - move toward a sensory cue (e.g., auditory, visual). MT10 - purposefully search for a specific objective. MT11 - locate specific rooms. MT12 - initiate appropriate use of objects and areas. MT13 - initiate purposeful movement. MT14 - function independently in the home/living setting. MT15 - travel indoors using rotely learned routes. MT16 - travel areas using to other campus or other buildings rotely learned routes. MT17 - create new routes between familiar places indoors. MT18 - execute a route, given a set of verbal directions to an unfamiliar location within one building. MT19 - execute a route, given a set of verbal directions to an unfamiliar location in another building. MT20 - locate an unfamiliar place by using numbering systems. MT21 - solicit assistance to orient self to a building. MT22 - solicit assistance to orient self to a high school campus or workplace. MT23 - solicit assistance to orient self to a college campus. MT26 - travel independently in a classroom setting: locate seat, utilize systematic search pattern in independent room orientation (e.g., peripheral, grid, zig-zag, object to object), travel in a room without contacting objects or people, safely locate pertinent areas and objects in a room, use protective techniques safely when traveling in a classroom; with cane, without cane, exit the classroom safely during an emergency situation. MT27 - travel independently to other rooms on campus (e.g., bathroom, gym, cafeteria, auditorium, dorm room). MT28 - accommodate to different lighting conditions during travel. MT29 - identify contrast changes (e.g., carpet, tile) and drop-offs visually during travel. MT30 - read signs, letters, or room numbers on a wall during travel. MT31 - wee other people and large objects during travel. MT33 - avoid contacting objects in path during travel. MT34 - detect stairs during travel. MT35 - go up and down stairs alone. MT36 - locate open/closed doors during travel. MT37 - open and close doors unassisted during travel. MT38 - hold objects while walking. MT39 - locate needed areas (e.g., class/bathroom, dorm). MT40 - safely maneuver around pedestrians. MT41 - use indoor numbering systems. MT42 - travel independently on the campus grounds. MT43 - name streets in the school vicinity. MT44 - stop at a street independently. MT45 - locate outdoor areas of the campus (e.g., playground, bus stop, track). MT46 - locate other buildings on campus. MT47 - negotiate pedestrian traffic safely on campus (e.g., during arrival and dismissal, at lunch, during recess). MT48 - travel to, from, and around the backyard. MT49 - travel to a car on the street or driveway. MT50 - travel to a mailbox. MT51 - travel in a residential area one or two houses away. MT52 - travel in a neighborhood involving a straight route and residential street crossings. MT53 - travel in a neighborhood using L-shaped routes and multicrossings. MT54 - travel in a neighborhood and locate a specific address. MT55 - gather location information and travel to a specific address in an unfamiliar area. MT56 - define a residential area. MT57 - develop the concept of a city block. MT58 - locate and identify common components of a residential area:, sidewalk, broken sidewalk, corner, house, lawn, bushes and trees, street, alley, cul-de-sac, parkway, curb, ramped curb cut, driveway (gravel, concrete, asphalt), gutter, path, blended curb, mailbox. MT59 - develop the concept of an intersection and its relationship to a city block. MT60 - develop the concept of a grid system. MT61 - maintain a straight line of travel on a sidewalk without excessive veering. MT62 - correct for veering on a sidewalk. MT63 - detect a curb, drop-off, ramped curb cut, or blended curb at the corner. MT64 - execute the following routes within one block: a straight line from corner to corner, an “L” shape, a “U” shape, around the block. MT65 - execute the following routes within a grid pattern: a linear route of consecutive blocks, an “L’ shaped route of consecutive blocks, a “U” shaped route around a series of blocks, a zig-zag route consisting of a series of blocks, a rectangular route. MT66 - react appropriately to warning signals or sounds in the environment (e.g., sirens, trucks backing up, railroad crossing bells, vehicles honking, audible traffic signals, car alarms). MT67 - use traffic for orientation purposes. MT68 - recognize the presence and absence of traffic. MT69 - identify parallel traffic. MT70 - identify perpendicular traffic. MT71 - identify when traffic is far or near. MT72 - identify fast and slow traffic. MT73 - identify traffic moving toward and away from self. MT74 - identify vehicles by sound (e.g., busses, trucks, cars, motorcycles). MT75 - travel safely and reorient on irregular sidewalks. MT76 - maneuver safely around obstacles in the travel path (e.g., trash cans, vehicles) and maintain the line of travel. MT77 - travel safely in areas without sidewalks or paths. MT78 - locate a down curb or ramped curb cut and stop at a safe distance from the street. MT79 - wait for assistance to cross the street, if applicable. MT80 - locate a crosswalk. MT81 - visually locate the opposite corner and/or stop signs. MT82 - visually judge the distance and speed of moving vehicles. MT83 - identify and define a stop-sign-controlled intersection (e.g., 2-, 3-, or 4-way stops). MT84 - maintain a line of direction at the corner. MT85 - position oneself correctly for crossing. MT86 - hold the cane in ready and waiting position. MT87 - wait on traffic when in question. MT88 - wave traffic on when in question. MT89 - cross in the absence of traffic using: line of travel, shoreline/grassline, curb alignment, auditory clues, visual clues. MT90 - cross in the presence of traffic using: line of travel, shoreline/grassline, curb alignment, auditory clues, visual clues. MT91 - safely navigate around an idling car. MT92 - correct for veering when crossing. MT93 - correct for veering after crossing. MT94 - locate the desired direction after crossing. MT95 - locate the central dividing line for north/south and east/west streets (0 or 100 blocks). MT96 - distinguish odd and even sides of streets. MT97 - locate specific destinations by address. MU01 - maintain a straight line of travel on the sidewalk. MU02 - solicit help in a proper manner. MU03 - identify and negotiate gas stations and parking lots. MU04 - identify the following street hardware: mailbox, trash can, public telephone, bus bench, bus shelter, bus sign, parking meter, dumpster, storm drain, display windows, pole, newspaper rack, recessed doorway, street sign, guy wire, outdoor stairs, alley, metal grate, access ramp, ramped curb cut. MU05 - travel safely past street hardware. MU06 - read simple signs and words. MU07 - locate specific destinations in a commercial area. MU08 - safely use escalators when traveling. MU09 - locate the escalator within a store or building. MU10 - approach the escalator safely. MU11 - determine the direction of movement of the escalator. MU12 - board the escalator safely. MU13 - exit the escalator safely. MU14 - locate the appropriate escalator to continue to the next floor if needed. MU15 - safely use revolving doors in travel. MU16 - approach the revolving door safely. MU17 - enter the revolving door compartment safely if still or if moving. MU18 - exit the revolving door safely and clear the path after exiting. MU19 - use an elevator safely. MU20 - locate and approach the elevator. MU21 - use the outside button to call the elevator. MU22 - clear before entering the elevator. MU23 - locate and use interior buttons. MU24 - ask for assistance. MU25 - clear before exiting. MU26 - recognize and safely cross railroad tracks when encountered in travel. MU27 - recognize the presence of railroad tracks. MU28 - select a landmark as a safe waiting point if a train is approaching. MU29 - cross the railroad tracks safely. MU30 - determine what to do if a train approaches while in the process of crossing the railroad tracks. MU31 - negotiate construction tunnels and construction areas. MU32 - find an alternative when a crossing is too confusing or unsafe. MU33 - identify parallel and perpendicular traffic surges. MU34 - see traffic lights. MU35 - see Walk/Don’t Walk signs. MU36 - locate and understand the use of crosswalk buttons. MU37 - identify and use audible traffic signals. MU38 - identify turning cars. MU39 - position body correctly at a corner for crossing. MU40 - align with traffic. MU41 - know the correct time to cross. MU42 - maintain a straight line of travel during crossing. MU43 - remain oriented to the desired direction of travel after crossing. MU44 - make multiple or double street crossings. MU45 - safely cross at a left turn light and other complex intersections. MU46 - identify T, Y, and offset intersections and make safe crossing decisions. MU47 - negotiate an intersection with a traffic control island. MV01 - develop the knowledge and skills necessary for traveling in adverse weather conditions. MV02 - demonstrate special travel skills needed in adverse weather conditions. MV03 - travel safely on familiar routes in adverse weather. MV04 - remain oriented to familiar routes in adverse weather. MV05 - remain calm as weather conditions change. MV06 - obtain and use sighted assistance in adverse weather conditions as needed. MV07 - interpret difficult travel situations and determine when to use alternative methods of travel (e.g., sighted assistance, calling a taxi). MV08 - recognize when auditory clues are masked or distorted (e.g., from wind, rain). MV09 - recognize when tactile clues are masked or distorted (e.g., from leaves, snow, ice). MV10 - wear appropriate clothing and gear for different weather conditions. MV11 - gather information in advance concerning travel conditions. MV12 - travel safely in unfamiliar areas in adverse weather. MV13 - demonstrate specialized skills needed for ice and snow travel. MV14 - maintain balance on ice and snow. MV15 - maintain stamina on ice and snow. MV16 - respond to tactile information received through hands and feet in cold weather. MV17 - stay on sidewalk while traveling in snow. MV18 - maintain a line of travel when sidewalk conditions change in snow MV19 - identify a curb in snow. MV20 - cross the street safely in snow. MV21 - maintain effective use of vision while traveling, when the glare of the sun on the snow is present. MV22 - identify drop-offs when there is a lack of contrast caused by snow. MW01 - demonstrate basic skills for wheelchair use. MW02 - safely transfer into and out of a wheelchair (e.g., setting brakes, swinging footrests away, releasing the seat belt, planning a transfer and positioning wheelchair to make a transfer, fastening the seat belt, noticing safety hazards such as slippery floors and furniture on wheels). MW03 - set brakes for transfers and stationary activities. MW04 - release brakes for travel. MW05 - propel the chair forward to reach a destination. MW06 - maneuver the chair backward for turns or to go through doors. MW07 - execute right and left turns safely. MW08 - stop or slow the movement of the chair: on indoor level surfaces at the destination, when traveling down an access ramp, as needed when traveling up an access ramp, when approaching another person, as needed, when approaching ramped curb cuts or blended curbs, make 90°, 1800, or 360° turns clearing walls and doors, carry objects. MW09 - maintain a line of travel using an indoor guideline (e.g., wall, rail, furniture): indoors, outdoors. MW10 - travel safely over irregularities in surfaces in a wheelchair (e.g., thresholds). MW11 - travel safely over various outdoor surfaces in a wheelchair (e.g., pavement, grass, gravel). MW12 - stay on the sidewalk traveling in a straight line in a wheelchair. MW13 - move around objects in a path efficiently. MW14 - open and close doors while in the wheelchair: on a flat plane, on an incline, push to open, pull to open, use door handle/knob to open. MW15 - use access ramps and ramped curb cuts: wet, dry, indoor, outdoor, familiar or unfamiliar, built to code or not to code. MW16 - travel along a curved shoreline. MW17 - demonstrate self-advocacy skills related to the wheelchair: ask for assistance when needed. Refuse help when not needed, alert other visually impaired persons of the presence of the wheelchair (e.g., verbally, using a noisemaker), instruct assistant in transfers. MX01 - demonstrate basic skills for using a walker. MX02 - make safe transitions from the floor or a chair into the walker (e.g., proper positioning of the walker for transfer, clearing obstacles from the immediate area to ensure stability of the student and the walker). MX03 - walk forward with the walker to reach a destination. MX04 - make turns in the walker clearing obstacles without compromising balance. MX05 - control speed of movement when moving up or down an access ramp, ramped curb cut, or blended curb while using a walker. MX06 - reach forward or sideways to obtain an object slightly out of reach, maintaining a safe, upright position with stable balance while using a walker. MX07 - negotiate doorways while using a walker. MX08 - demonstrate skills for use of a sighted assistant while walking with a walker. MX09 - demonstrate safe indoor travel skills while using a walker. MX10 - travel over irregularities in surfaces (e.g., thresholds) while using a walker. MX11 - maintain a line of travel using objects in the environment (e.g., wall, rail, furniture) while using a walker. MX12 - use clues and landmarks while using a walker. MX13 - use hand trailing while using a walker. MX14 - demonstrate safe outdoor travel skills. MX15 - travel safely over various outdoor surfaces (e.g., pavement, grass, gravel) while using a walker. MX16 - stay on a sidewalk traveling in a straight line while using a walker. MX17 - use access ramps, ramped curb cuts, and blended curbs while using a walker. MX18 - negotiate curbs when necessary while using a walker. MX19 - make safe street crossings while using a walker. MY01 - demonstrate basic skills for using crutches. MY02 - make safe transitions from the floor or a chair to a standing position using crutches. MY03 - walk forward to reach a destination using crutches. MY04 - make turns using crutches, clearing obstacles without losing balance. MY05 - reach forward or sideways to obtain an object slightly out of reach, using graded movement and maintaining balance. MY06 - demonstrate skills for use of sighted assistants while walking with crutches. MY07 - maintain verbal, auditory, and/or visual contact with the assistant while using crutches. MY08 - request assistance appropriately while using crutches. MY09 - instruct the sighted assistant regarding the level and type of assistance needed while using crutches. MY10 - demonstrate safe indoor travel skills while using crutches. MY11 - travel over irregularities in surfaces (e.g. thresholds, carpeting, tiles) while using crutches. MY12 - scan visually or with a cane for obstacles on the floor that might interfere with crutch placement. MY13 - maintain a line of travel while using crutches. MY14 - negotiate doors and stairs while using crutches. MY15 - demonstrate safe outdoor skills while using crutches. MY16 - travel safely over various outdoor surfaces (e.g., pavement, grass, gravel) while using crutches. MY17 - stay on a sidewalk traveling in a straight line while using crutches. MY18 - use access ramps and ramped curb cuts while using crutches. MZ01 - demonstrate basic skills for using a support cane. MZ02 - make safe transitions from the floor or a chair to a standing position using a support cane. MZ03 - walk forward to reach a destination using a support cane. MZ04 - make turns using a support cane, clearing obstacles without losing balance. MZ05 - reach forward or sideways to obtain an object slightly out of reach maintaining a safe, upright position with stable balance using a support cane. MZ06 - demonstrate skills for use of sighted assistants while walking with a support cane. MZ07 - maintain verbal, auditory, and/or visual contact with the assistant using a support cane. MZ08 - request assistance appropriately using a support cane. MZ09 - instruct the sighted assistant regarding the level and type of assistance needed using a support cane. MZ10 - demonstrate safe indoor travel skills using a support cane. MZ11 - travel over irregularities in surfaces (e.g. thresholds, carpeting, tiles) using a support cane. MZ12 - maintain a line of travel using a support cane. MZ13 - negotiate doors and stairs using a support cane. MZ14 - demonstrate safe outdoor skills using a support cane. MZ15 - travel safely over various outdoor surfaces (e.g., pavement, grass, gravel) using a support cane. MZ16 - stay on a sidewalk traveling in a straight line using a support cane. MZ17 - use access ramps and ramped curb cuts using a support cane. OC01 - identifies familiar objects, toys, foods OC02 - identifies own personal possessions OC03 - arranges 3 items horizontally in order by size OC04 - uses open or closed as descriptors OC05 - identifies objects as long/short, hard/soft, rough/smooth. OC06 - places 5 objects in horizontal arrangement by size. OC07 - touches first, middle, last items in a row. OC08 - answers "where" questions with prepositional phrases using "in," "on," and "under." OC09 - arranges 4-5 objects in sequence by length, width, or height. OC10 - names ordinal position of objects (first, second, third). OC11 - describes similarities/differences in objects. OC12 - demonstrate the quantitative concepts of: big/little, short/long, narrow/wide, deep/shallow, tall/short. OC13 - demonstrate directional and positional concepts of: up/down, top/bottom, over/under, high/low, next to (or beside), center (or middle)/corner/side, through/around, forward/backward, parallel/perpendicular, in/out, in front of/in back of/behind, near/far, beginning/end, between, straight/crooked, open/closed, toward/away, other: ___. OC14 - demonstrate knowledge of the following shapes (name, point to, or match): circle, square, triangle, rectangle, oval, diamond, octagon. OI01 - touches 1-3 body parts on request. OI02 - names parts of own face. OI03 - demonstrates the concept of up/down by moving self or object. OI04 - touches smaller body parts. OI05 - touches body part when function is described OI06 - holds arms overhead, extended at shoulder- level, or behind body for 15 seconds without tiring OI07 - balances on either foot for 5 seconds OI08 - names 10 body parts OI09 - turns to face an object/person on request OI10 - follows a variety of directions involving moving the body with feet in one place (bend, squat) OI11 - touches own complex body parts on request (wrist, shoulder, ankle, waist) OI12 - touches and names left/right on own body OI13 - places objects across from, next to, beside, behind, in front, to the side, left and right of self on request OI14 - maintain hold on an object when walking (e.g., hold onto a cup). OI15 - identify facial parts (through touch, imitation, or functional use): nose, mouth, chin, eyes, cheeks, ears, forehead. OI16 - identify body parts (through touch, imitation, or functional use): head, upper arm, stomach, foot, trunk/torso, wrist, waist, toe, chest, elbow, hip, heel, back, hand, leg, neck, back of hand, thigh, shoulder, palm of hand, knee, arm, thumb, calf, forearm, finger, ankle. OI17 - identify body planes (through touch, imitation, or functional use): front of body, back of body, top of head, side of body, bottom of foot. OI18 - place objects in relation to body planes (i.e., side, front, back). OI19 - demonstrate a functional understanding of objects in relation to self (e.g., pulling a chair from a table to sit down, opening and going through a door, getting in and out of a car). OI20 - demonstrate left and right awareness. OI21 - demonstrate a functional understanding of sides. OI22 - demonstrate left and right upon request. OI24 - demonstrate laterality in relation to objects. OI25 - demonstrate body laterality using complex directions. OI26 - make a quarter or 90° turn upon request. OI27 - make a half or 1800 turn upon request. OI28 - make a whole or 360° turn upon request. OI29 - initiate turns as needed in independent travel. OI30 - identify left and right awareness when facing another person. OI31 - recognize directionality in relation to objects. OI32 - demonstrate application of directionality in a complex environment. OI33 - identify opposite directions of north/south, east/west. OI34 - read and use a compass correctly. OI35 - identify compass directions in relation to self. OI36 - use the sun to determine cardinal directions. OI37 - identify all directional relationships. OI38 - identify the directional side of a street. OI39 - identify the directional corner of an intersection. OI40 - execute a route of travel using cardinal directions. OM01 - walks independently OM02 - walks around or over obstacles OM03 - walks barefoot on grass and variety of surfaces OM04 - walks up stairs holding on to adults hand on railing OM05 - runs without stumbling OM06 - walks up stairs independently OM07 - walks down stairs holding on to adult's hand on railing OM08 - jumps in place with both feet OM09 - pushes chair or stool to counter and climbs up OM10 - walks, up and down stairs, alternating feet OM11 - climbs jungle gyms and ladders OM12 - runs smoothly, with changes in speed and direction OM13 - walks backwards and sideways on request OM14 - starts and stops locomotor movements on request OM15 - walks forward short distance on balance beam OM16 - walks in a line, either single file or with a partner OM17 - runs 40-50 yards without discomfort OM18 - skips on alternating feet OM19 - carries an object weighing 10-16 pounds OM20 - moves from one overhead bar to another swinging arms OM21 - jumps rope independently OM22 - coordinates several motor skills in one activity, i.e. jumping jacks, relay races, circle games OM23 - maintain head in upright position when walking. OM24 - maintain body in erect posture with pelvis, spine, and head in vertical alignment when standing. OM25 - maintain shoulders and arms in a relaxed position when walking. OM26 - position toes in direction of travel when walking (i.e., heel and toe straight ahead). OM27 - walk with a rhythmic, coordinated movement. OM28 - maintain adequate speed when walking with a group, independently, or using sighted guide. OM29 - move up or down on a curb or set of stairs with sufficient balance to be safe from falling. OM30 - demonstrate movement of the whole body (from a standing position): bend body forward, bend body backward, bend body to the side, squat down, bending at knees, stand up on tiptoes, jump, move to the side by stepping sideways. OM31 - orient self to an unfamiliar room. OM32 - enter and exit a vehicle safely. OM33 - open and close a vehicle door independently. OM34 - store a cane appropriately in a vehicle. OM35 - put on and take off a seat belt. OM36 - lock and unlock the vehicle door unassisted. OM37 - locate the passenger side and the driver side of a vehicle. OM38 - locate the front seat and the back seat of a vehicle. OM39 - identify and locate the door when the car is: parallel parked, diagonally parked, perpendicularly parked OS01 - attempts to search for toy which falls out of contact with body when toy has no continuous sound OS02 - explores cabinets and drawers in own home OS03 - maintains sustained search for dropped toy OS04 - names 10 objects or places OS05 – understands where things belong within own home OS06 - locates favorite play area in own yard OS07 - touches top, bottom, front, back, and sides of an object on request OS08 - moves body planes in relation to flat surfaces ("Put your back against the wall.") OS09 - places objects over/above, under/below, upon/inside, through, and away from other objects on request OS10 - identifies location of sound as front/back, left/right, near/far in relationship to own body OS11 - locates dropped object in immediate vicinity of feet OS12 - places objects across from, next to, beside, behind, in front, to the side, left and right of other objects facing in the same direction as self OS13 - can be oriented to new rooms with some instruction OS17 - demonstrate spatial awareness and movement of head, limbs, and trunk (from standing or sitting): straighten arm, bend arm at the elbow, lift arm high in the air, put arm out in front, put arm out to the side, put arm behind (or in back), atraighten leg, in front, bend leg at the knee. OS18 - name the four compass directions. OS19 - identify the front, back, left, and right side of a room in relation to the door. OS20 - identify the directional corners of a room (i.e., front right, front left, back right, back left). SA01 - identifies familiar object by its sound SA02 - shows anticipation of events when verbal cue is provided SA03 - identifies activities by sound in the home and neighborhood SA04 - repeats simple rhymes, songs, and fingerplays with words and actions SA05 - tells whether sound is loud/soft, high/low, long/short SA06 - uses auditory cues to orient self outside of own home SA07 - turn toward a voice or a noise. SA08 - reach for or move toward a noise stimulus. SA09 - attend to environmental sounds. SA10 - attend to speech. SA11 - localize a stationary sound. SA12 - move toward a stationary sound. SA13 - track a moving sound. SA14 - identify and label environmental sounds. SA15 - use sounds to orient to the environment. SA16 - apply spatial concepts to sound localization (e.g., water fountain is to my right, traffic is behind me). SA17 - use echolocation to determine the presence or absence of a wall or building. SA18 - use object perception to determine the presence of obstacles (e.g., walls, people). SA19 - recognize sound shadows and remain oriented. SA20 - follow one-step commands: stand up, sit down, walk forward (or toward me), stop, walk backward (or away from me), turn around, go around. SA21 - follow two-step related commands (e.g., “Locate the chair and sit down.” - “Take your coat off and hang it up.”). SA22 - follow two-step unrelated commands (e.g., “Pass the water fountain and stop at the first door.” - “Stand up and walk to the sink.”). SA23 - follow conditional commands (e.g., “If you hear a car, stop.”). SK01 - uses terrain cues to orient self outside of own home SL01 - knows the arrangement of furniture, doors, stairs within own home SL02 - avoids hazards when in familiar place SL03 - identifies common environmental features indoors/outdoors SL04 - locates drinking fountain and restroom in familiar public place SL05 - use landmarks for orientation. SL06 - use clues for orientation. SO01 - identifies activities by smell in the home and neighborhood SO02 - uses olfactory cues to orient self outside of own home SO03 - respond to olfactory information and cues. ST01 - recognizes own name when presented in print or braille ST02 - respond to a vibrating object (e.g., wind-up toy, hand- held vibrator, therapy vibrator with sponge). SV01 - look at a shiny object or light for at least 3-5 seconds. SV02 - reach for or move toward an object or light. SV03 - demonstrate knowledge of the following colors (name, point to, or match): red, orange, blue, black, yellow, white, green, purple, brown. SV04 - understand the purpose of the low vision device. SV05 - understand the basic principles of a distance low vision device. SV06 - maintain the low vision device properly. SV07 - use the low vision device in a safe manner. SV08 - focus the low vision device, if applicable. SV09 - spot specific items with a low vision device. SV10 - trace a specific line, contour, or edge in order to conceptualize an object using a low vision device. SV11 - scan with the low vision device to demonstrate efficient visual search patterns. SV12 - track with the low vision device to follow moving objects or people. SV13 - recognize problems with the low vision device (e.g., dirty lens, broken, scratched).