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					1998 Wahoo War of the Minds
Round # 5
Packet by Penn A

Tossups

1. Though France was allowed to keep Calais, the fortresses in Turin, Saluzzo, and Pignerol, and control of the
bishoprics of Toul, Metz, and Verdun, Henry II had to renounce his hereditary claim to Milan, had to restore Corsica and
Genoa, and had to give Savoy and Piedmont to Emmanuel-Philibert, a close ally of Spain. The result was that the
Habsburgs of Spain would be the dominant power in Europe for the next 150 years. FTP, identify this agreement of
1559 that ended the Italian wars between France and Spain.
         Answer: The Peace of Cateau-Cambresis

2. Its chemical formula is Mg3Si2O5(OH)4. Found in such minerals as anthophyllite, crocidolite, and most commonly
serpentine, and is removed from these rocks after pulverization by a blowing process. Smaller particles were used in
paper products and some types of cement, while longer filaments were woven with cotton to make fibers for use in
brake linings, safety clothing, and insulation. FTP, name this substance which has since been proven to cause
mesothelioma, a rapid form of lung cancer, and which is no longer used for construction in the United States despite its
fire-resistant properties.
           Answer: asbestos

3. Originally a dependency of Allada, this state became an independent kingdom under Agaja. It conquered a tract of
coast, taking the commercial center of Ouida in 1721, but was unable to overrun the kingdom of Porto-Novo. It was
later attacked by the Oyo kingdom from the northeast in what is today Nigeria, and was forced to pay tribute beginning
in 1730. FTP, name this kingdom which reached its height under kings Gezo and Glele in the nineteenth century, which
eventually became the source of a previous name for the present-day nation of Benin.
          Answer: Dahomey (prompt on Benin)

4. The only thing we know for sure about his life is that he served in the staff of Memmius when he was governor of
Bithynia in 57 B.C. The only copy of his works that survived from antiquity turned up in his home town of Verona in the
fourteenth century, a text which was lost after being copied by Petrarch. FTP, name this Latin author of 117 surviving
poems, the best known of which are addressed to his lover Lesbia.
          Answer: Catullus

5. Its orbital period is two hundred million earth years and its orbital velocity is two hundred thirty kilometers per second.
Its apparent magnitude is negative 26.8, but its actual magnitude is 4.8. It has three levels of atmosphere, the
protosphere, the chromosphere, and the corona. FTP, identify this closest star to earth.
          Answer: The Sun

6. Although he was a noted religious conservative, his daughter, Ruth Rohde, was a noted feminist. She was closer to
her father in her career as a diplomat, becoming the first American woman to hold a diplomatic post in 1933. His
diplomatic career included a stint as Secretary of State, which ended when he resigned over the second Lusitania note.
FTP, identify this statesman, who lost Presidential elections to McKinley twice and to Taft once, best remembered for an
oration at the 1896 Democratic National Convention, the “Cross of Gold” speech.
         Answer: William Jennings Bryan

7. This group represents the extreme left wing of the 17th century English Puritan movement. The three chief
emphases of its founder were the immediacy of Christ's teaching and guidance, the application of Christ's teaching to
the whole of life, and the consequent irrelevance of special buildings or ordained ministers. Almost alone among
Christian bodies, this group has no form of outward observance of the sacraments. FTP name this group founded by
George Fox whose members were given their once derogatory name for their tendency to tremble before the word of
God.
         Answer: Quakers (accept Society of Friends)

8. In the wake of the Russo-Japanese war he wanted to launch a preemptive invasion of Russia while her forces were
concentrated in the Far East. His "dead hand," according to A.J.P. Taylor, "automatically pulled the trigger" that started
World War I. FTP name this Chief of the German General Staff from 1891 to 1905, whose war plan advocated a swift
takeover of France while Russia mobilized.
          Answer: Alfred von Schlieffen
9. Though there are three types, the lingual are well cleaned by mucous glands, rarely causing health problems.
Inflammation of the pharyngeal type can obstruct nasal breathing and drainage, and could lead to either sinus or inner
ear infections. The most problematic are the palatine type, which are believed to create antibodies to prevent infection
of the digestive system, but the possibility of debris collecting in lymph ducts on their surface often causes they
themselves to swell. FTP, identify these lymphatic structures which tend to decrease in size as the organism ages,
meaning that children are more prone to infection, and are thus more likely to have to undergo oral surgery for their
removal.
          Answer: tonsils

10. Born in 1872 in Dayton, Ohio, this African-American was the son of ex-slaves and classmate to two other Dayton
men who gained national prominence -- Orville and Wilbur Wright. Although he lived to be only 33 years old, this writer
was prolific, writing short stories, novels, librettos, plays, songs and essays as well as the poetry for which he became
well known. FTP, name this author, whose first work was the poetry collection Oak and Ivy, but is known best for such
poems as “We Wear the Mask,” “Negro Love Song,” and “Sympathy,” and the collection Lyrics of Lowly Life.
         Answer: Paul Laurence Dunbar

11. The man who coined this phrase co-founded the Democratic Review in 1837 and went on to found the New York
Morning News with future presidential hopeful Samuel Tilden 1844. In an 1845 editorial on Texas, John L. O’Sullivan
first introduced this two-word phrase, which summed up the expansionist spirit of the times. FTP, give this phrase,
which suggests that it was clearly inevitable that the United States would control North America.
           Answer: Manifest Destiny

12. In 1778 he became the first person to isolate methane. He is better known, however, for his work in physics, as in
1775, he invented the electrophorus as a tool to generate static electricity, and, prompted by Luigi Galvini’s completion
of a circuit using frog’s muscles, he developed a method for completing a circuit without the use of animal tissue. FTP,
name this Italian physicist who demonstrated in 1800 the first electric battery.
          Answer: Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta

13. The first academic department devoted to this field was established by Albion Small at the University of Chicago in
1892. One of its branches, symbolic interactionism, was based on the works of George Mead, Charles Cooley, and
John Dewey. Another branch, functional-structural analysis, was explored by Robert Merton, Talcott Parsons, and
Pitirim Sorokin to examine the structure and functions of organizations and groups. For ten points, identify this field,
separately defined from psychology by Emile Durkheim as the study of group interactions outside of the person, which
was given its name in 1838 by Auguste Comte.
         Answer: Sociology

14. Beginning with his work The Two Vanrevels, his novels would appear on the New York Times best seller list nine
times. A versatile and prolific writer, he won early recognition with the melodramatic novel The Gentleman from
Indiana, reflecting his disillusionment with the corruption in the lawmaking process he was to observe firsthand. FTP,
identify this author, best-known for his satirical and sometimes romanticized pictures of American Midwesterners, who
wrote Penrod, Alice Adams, and The Magnificent Ambersons.
          Answer: Booth Tarkington

15. The productivity or fertility of such an ecosystem increases as the amount of organic material that can be broken
down into nutrients increases. This material enters the ecosystem primarily by runoff from land that carries debris and
products of the reproduction and death of terrestrial organisms. Great concentrations of algae and microscopic
organisms often develop on the surface, preventing the light penetration and oxygen absorption necessary for
underwater life. FTP, this describes which ecological process, the gradual increase in the concentration of phosphorus,
nitrogen, and other plant nutrients in an aging aquatic ecosystem?
         Answer: eutrophication

16. Approximately 35,000 square miles in area, its irregular shape is formed by the large Kandalaksha, Onega, Dvina,
and Mezen gulfs. The largest islands in this body of water are Solovetskiye (so-lo-vet-SKY-ya) and Morzhovy, at the
entrance to the Gorlo Strait. It is the Gorlo Strait that connects this body of water to the larger Barents Sea. FTP,
identify this sea, heavily utilized through the canal linking it to the Baltic Sea, home to such port cities as Belomorsk and
Arkhangelsk.
           Answer: White Sea or Beloye More
17. As legend has it, this wood nymph was under the protection of Athena when a god developed a serious affection for
her. She fled him, going from her home in Arcadia to the river Lydon. Upon reaching the wide stream, she prayed to the
river nymphs of Lydon for safe passage and escape from Pan. FTP, identify this nymph, who was disguised as a reed
and turned into a musical instrument, the signature of the Greek god Pan.
         Answer: Syrinx

18. This composer was born in the English West Midlands in 1857. With early works such as Froissart, the Imperial
March, and the cantatas King Olaf and Caractacus, his reputation began to spread beyond the area immediately around
his native Worcestershire. FTP, name this composer, whose most famous for works such as Variations on an Original
Theme , The Dream of Gerontius, and Pomp and Circumstance.
          Answer: Sir Edward Elgar

19. At 16 he composed a treatise on spherical trigonometry. As a Savilian Professor of Astronomy, he developed a
graphical method of representing the course of a comet. Newton classed him with Huygens and Wallis as one of the
leading geometers of the day. This English “renaissance man”, however, narrowed his focus after the Fire of London.
FTP, name this architect, who designed the Royal Naval College, the Old Royal Observatory in Greenwich, and Saint
Paul’s Cathedral in London.
         Answer: Christopher Wren

20. In her 39 years, she wrote 32 short stories, 2 novels, and reviews and commentaries collected in Mystery and
Manners and The Habit of Being. She spent most of her life in rural Georgia, except for five years divided between Iowa
and New York, making it no surprise that most of her works focused on Southern life. FTP, name this author, who is
famous for such works as Everything That Rises Must Converge, The Violent Bear it Away, and A Good Man is Hard to
Find.
         Answer: Mary Flannery O’Connor

21. Nietzsche called him “the first philosophic author of the ancients.” He reportedly was the first person known to
suggest that the Earth was not supported in the heavens, but that it rested at the center of the universe, as it had no
reason to go anywhere else. It is also reported that he hypothesized an imperceptible substance called aperion that
was a synthesis of contrasting qualities such as hot and cold and wet and dry. FTP, identify this pre-Socratic
philosopher, who thought that unity was at the base of all multiplicities, a Miletian follower of Thales.
         Answer: Anaximander

22. It is formed by the confluence of the Weisser and the Roter and flows southwesterly around the northern end of the
Frankische Mountains to Bamberg. Form there it flows to Wurzburg and then to Gemunden. It then turns south and then
flows west into the Rhine. A canal between the Danube and this river has created a continuous inland water route from
the North Sea to the Black Sea. FTP name this river which could form part of the full name of Frankfurt.
           Answer: Main River

Beginning in 1883 as an artist-decorator in association with his brother and Franz Matsoh, this artist later proved his
eclectic talents by creating mural decorations for staircases at the Burgtheater and the Kunsthistorisches Museum in
Vienna. A co-founder and the first president of the Vienna Secession, this artist also led the modern movement of Art
Nouveau in his native country. FTP, name this Austrian artist, who is celebrated for his mosaic series Beethoven Frieze
and his painting The Kiss.
          Answer: Gustav Klimt

Set in a darkly mysterious masked ball, this one-act ballet tells the story of a Poet who pays suit to a Coquette, who is
escorted by the Host. After a series of exotic divertissements, the elegantly attired guests go in to supper, leaving the
Poet to himself. An apparition in white enters. Entranced, the Poet tries repeatedly to wake her, but she eludes him.
The jealous Coquette informs the Host of the Poet's advances to her; enraged, he stabs the Poet. This is the plot of,
FTP, what ballet with book written by Vittorio Rieti, which is based on an opera by Bellini with the same name?
          Answer: La Sonnambula (or The Sleepwalker)

Based on the fighting syles of the Menangkabau (may-nang-KAH-bau) peoples of Sumatra, the free-form discipline has
evolved into a training method for self-defense. The practice centers around the belief that inner force radiates from the
solar plexus. In this discipline, the master bapak smashes objects such as bricks, coconuts, and pipes against the
abdomen of the practitioner, who is often being choked simultaneously. Many stances are modeled after the
movements of animals, as over 800 distinct styles of this sport have emerged. FTP, identify this martial arts practice of
Indonesia, whose biannual world championships feature participants from over 45 countries.
         Answer: silat (SIGH-lat)
Penn A Boni

1. Given a brief description of a Jane Austen novel, provide the title of the book, for ten points each:
1. Written around 1798 under the title “Susan”, this work was published posthumously in 1817. Catherine Morland, the
protagonist of this novel, gains worldly wisdom at the title location of this novel, where she learns not to interpret the
world through her reading of Gothic thrillers.
         Answer: Northanger Abbey
2. Published in 1814, this novel is centered around Fanny Price, a self-effacing and unregarded cousin cared for by the
Bertrams who struggles to gain complete acceptance into their family.
         Answer: Mansfield Park
3. Austen’s last novel, it tells the story of a second chance, the reawakening of love between Anne Elliot and Captain
Frederick Wentworth, whom seven years earlier she had been swayed from marrying.
         Answer: Persuasion

2. For five points each, plus an additional five for all correct, identify the following subatomic particles as either a
baryon, lepton, meson or none of the above.
1. electron                          Answer: lepton
2. proton                            Answer: baryon
3. neutron                           Answer: baryon
4. pion                              Answer: meson
5. neutrino                          Answer: lepton

3. Answer the following questions regarding the Thirty Years’ War for the stated number of points.
1. First, FFP, provide the common name of the event that began the Thirty Years’ War, where two catholic officials were
heaved out of a castle window, falling 70 feet before landing in a soft pile of horse manure.
          Answer: The Defenestration of Prague
2. FTP, the victory of the Habsburg Counter-Reformation there and the defeat of Czech Protestantism were a
consequence of this 1620 battle. Here, Catholic forces humiliated the armies of Frederick of the Palatinate, whereafter
he was stripped of the crown of Bohemia.
          Answer: The Battle of White Mountain
3. For fifteen points, ending in a decisive victory for the forces of the Holy Roman Empire and Spain over the Swedes,
this 1634 battle led to the dissolution of the Heilbronn alliance, ended Swedish domination in southern Germany, and
forced Cardinal Richelieu to bring France into active participation in the war.
          Answer: The Battle of Nšrdlingen

4. For ten points each, name the pre-Socratic thinkers from the description.
1. Often called the first philosopher of Athens, this mentor of Socrates is best remembered for discovering the true
nature of eclipses.
          Answer: Anaxagoras
2. Although little of the work of this pre-Socratic Ionian has survived, his view that fire forms the basic material principle
of an orderly universe was often cited by later thinkers.
          Answer: Heraclitus
3. Hailing from Miletus, this thinker refuted Thales’ notion that water was the basic building block of all matter. His
writings center primarily around the existence of a substance he called aer, though they did not survive past the
Hellenistic age.
          Answer: Anaximenes

5. Answer the following related questions from chemistry for the stated number of points.
1. First, FTP, this term refers to any property of a substance that depends on, or varies according to, the number of
particles (molecules or atoms) present but does not depend on the nature of the particles.
          Answer: colligative property
2. Now, for five points each, plus a bonus five for all correct, identify the three colligative properties of matter.
          Answer: osmotic pressure, freezing point depression, increase in boiling point (accept equivalents)

6. Identify these pornographic cartoonists from descriptions for fifteen points each.
1. Among his more famous characters were Devil Girl, Mr. Natural, and Mr. Snoid
          Answer: Robert Crumb
2. This homosexual artist’s most famous character is a man named Kake (cake) to whose exploits more than a dozen
volumes are devoted
          Answer: Tom of Finland
7. Identify the following Nazi commanders on a 5-10-15 basis.
1. 5 points: Known as the Desert Fox, he was in charge of the Army Group defending Normandy in June of 1944.
          Answer: Erwin Rommel
2. 10 points: The general most associated with Blitzkrieg, he replaced Halder as Chief of the General Staff in 1943 and
ended the war in that position.
          Answer: Heinz Guderian
3. 15 points: Chief of the Navy until 1943, it was his idea to invade Norway and use it as a base for the German
submarine fleet.
          Answer: Erich Raeder

8.   Identify the poet from works, 30-20-10.
1.   “Porphyro in Akron,” “The Air Plant,” and “Royal Palm”
2.   “At Melville’s Tomb,” “For the Marriage of Faustus and Helen,” and Key West: An Island Sheaf
3.   The Bridge
            Answer: Hart Crane

9. Identify the following things concerning statutes of limitations for the stated number of points.
1. 5 points: This is an indictment rendered without actually having the criminal in custody.
          Answer: In absentia
2. 10 points: What is the three-year range on a statute of limitations for a felony?
          Answer: 5-7 years
3. 15 points: This term refers to an indictment rendered to extend the statute of limitations, and is based on a rough
description of the suspect.
          Answer: a "John Doe" indictment

10. Given a description of its location, identify the star for ten points each.
1. To find this winter star, follow the line described by Orion’s belt toward Perseus to locate this reddish first magnitude
star.
           Answer: Aldebaran
2. Visible beginning in March, follow a line from the two pointer stars at the end of the body of Ursa major away from the
north celestial pole in order to find this first magnitude double star.
           Answer: Regulus
3. Visible in the Northern hemisphere in spring and early summer, following a curve from the tail of Ursa Major will lead
to this fist magnitude orange star.
           Answer: Arcturus

11. In 842 AD Charlemagne's empire was split between his three grandsons by the Treaty of Verdun. FTP each given
the clue, name the grandson:
1. Noted for his hair, he received the western third of the empire.
          Answer: Charles the Bald
2. He inherited the middle third, which made him a prime target for attacks from either side.
          Answer: Lothair I
3. He inherited the eastern third of the empire and is known best for his nationality.
          Answer: Louis the German

12. Given the artist, name the movement. You will receive only 5 points if you need a more famous member of the
movement.
1. 10 points: AndrŽ Derain
   5 points: Henri Matisse
          Answer: Fauvism
2. 10 points: Jean Arp
   5 points: Marcel Duchamp
          Answer: Dadaism
3. 10 points: Berthe Morisot
   5 points: Camille Pissarro
          Answer: Impressionism
13. Identify the playwrights from works FTP each.
1. Beyond the Horizon and Ah! Wilderness
        Answer: Eugene O’Neill
2. Heartbreak House and Saint Joan
        Answer: George Bernard Shaw
3. Riders to the Sea and The Playboy of the Western World
        Answer: John M. Synge

14. FTP each answer the following questions about genetics:
1. If, in a system of plants, yellow is the dominant color and red, is the recessive color, what are the chances of mating
two hybrid yellow plants and obtaining red one?
           Answer: 25% (accept one in four)
2. For an additional ten points what are the chances of obtaining another hybrid yellow plant?
           Answer: 50% (accept one in two)
3. And, for a final ten points, name the table that can be used to determine possible heredity outcomes.
           Answer: Punnett Square

15. Identify the following figures from the Kennedy Administration on a 5-10-15 basis.
1. For 5 points, Attorney General
         Answer: Robert Francis Kennedy (or Bobby Kennedy, Bob Kennedy, RFK)
2. For 10 points, National Security Advisor
         Answer: McGeorge Bundy
3. For 15 points, Secretary of the Treasury
         Answer: Douglas Dillon

16. 30-20-10, identify the mythological Greek hero.
1. He was the grandson of either Pittheus, king of Troezen, or Poseidon, god of the sea.
2. His father, being childless, was allowed by Pittheus to have a child by Aethra.
3. He killed the Minotaur with the help of Ariadne, and was later King of Athens.
         Answer: Theseus

17. Given a description of a theorem from economics, identify it FTP each.
1. The general statement of this theorem is that countries tend to export goods whose production is intensive in factors
with which they are abundantly endowed.
          Answer: Hechscher-Ohlin theorem
2. This expansion on the Hechscher-Ohlin theorem states that at constant prices, an increase in one factor endowment
will increase by a greater proportion the output of the good intensive in that facture and will reduce the output of the
other good.
          Answer: Rybczynski (rib-CHIN-ski) theorem
3. Counter to the predictions of the Hechscher-Ohlin theorem, countries do not, in fact, export goods whose production
is intensive in factors with which they are abundantly endowed. First to observe this paradox was this Russian
economist, the winner the 1973 Nobel Prize for his refutation of the Hechscher-Ohlin theorem that lends his name to
this paradox.
          Answer: Leontief theorem or paradox

18. Given a region of France, identify its administrative capital for five points each and a five point bonus for all correct.
1. Rh™ne-Alpes                                Answer: Lyon
2. Centre                                     Answer: OrlŽans
3. Pays de la Loire                           Answer: Nantes
4. Franche ComtŽ (kon-TAY)                    Answer: Besan•on
5. Picardie                                   Answer: Amiens

19. Identify these terms found in Islamic law for fifteen points each.
1. This word refers to the body of scholars learned in Islam whose consensus was necessary to legitimize law.
         Answer: Ulema or Ulama
2. This term refers to a law that is against the sharia, but is necessary for the survival of the Muslim community. An
example is the admittance of permanent diplomats to the Ottoman Empire, against the shariah law that prohibits
entering into agreements with non-Muslim powers.
         Answer: Maslahah or Maslaha
20. The nineteenth century saw six Chief Justices of the Supreme court. For five points each, name all six of these
jurists.
         Answer: Oliver Ellsworth, John Marshall, Roger B. Taney (pronounced Tawney), Salmon P. Chase, Morrison
         R. Waite, Melville W. Fuller

FTP each, given the gemstone, identify its number on the Moh's hardness scale.
1. Sapphire              Answer: 9
2. Peridot               Answer: 7
3. Tanzanite             Answer: 6.5

Given the author, identify the disease or illness that would claim his/her life, 10 points each:
1. For 5, John Keats                 Answer: Tuberculosis
2. For 10, Charlotte Bronte          Answer: Pneumonia (accept dehydration)
3. For 15, Lewis Carroll             Answer: Bronchitis

Given a style of ballroom dance, name the country of its origin, FTP each.
1. Samba                           Answer: Brazil
2. Tango                           Answer: Argentina
3. Paso Doble                      Answer: Spain

Identify the following Young Turks for the stated number of points.
1. (5 points) Born in what is now part of Turkmenistan, he had been governor of Benghazi, then led the Young Turks in
a coup d’etat in 1913. He was killed in the basmachi revolts in the Soviet Union in 1921.
          Answer: Enver Pasha
2. (10 points) Born in Edirne, he was Grand Vizier between 1917 and 1918, and after the capitulation of the Ottoman
Empire in the First World War, he was assassinated by an Armenian in Berlin.
          Answer: Talat Pasha
3. (15 points) Born in Constantinople, he founded the Committee of Union and Progress and was governor of Syria
during World War One. He was assassinated by an Armenian in Tblisi.
          Answer: Cemal (Jemal) Pasha

Given the description of a work of Soviet literature and its author or authors, identify the novel for ten points each.
1. By Venedikt Erofeev, this novel is about a drunkard on a train to visit the Kremlin
          Answer: Moscow to the End of the Line
2. By Valentin Kataev, this novel describes the breaking of the world record for pouring cement achieved during the
building of the city of Magnitogorsk.
          Answer: Time Forward!
3. By Ilia Ilf and Yevgeny Petrov, this novel concerns two men trying to overcome obstacles in the Soviet bureaucracy
to locate a set of potentially valuable furniture.
          Answer: The Twelve Chairs

				
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