"Joint Publication 402 Synopsis"
Joint Publication 4-02, Health Service Support This document states the combatant commander is responsible for the execution of the FHP mission within his or her area of responsibility. The primary objectives of force health protection are to protect the health of and provide health service support to US forces and in doing so health service support (HSS) is related to three joint functions including sustainment, movement and maneuver, and protection. HSS promotes, improves, conserves, or restores health within a military system. HSS capabilities are employed across the range of military operations and include the ability to organize, train, and equip preceding deployment and enable the employment of physically fit personnel HSS. These capabilities span the operational environment from point of injury/illness to the appropriate capability of care. The purpose of HSS is to maintain the individual and group health needed to accomplish a military mission. The intent is to effectively and efficiently use medical capabilities and individual healthful practices to prevent and/or correct any human condition that would impair or preclude the joint force from achieving its objectives. Foremost is the role of sustainment – the provision of medical support required to maintain health during prolonged operations until successful accomplishment of the joint force objectives. HSS protection involves those measures taken to prevent hazards — natural environmental, occupational, or enemy-induced — from having an adverse effect on personnel. Finally, movement and maneuver for HSS includes the planning, routing, scheduling, and control of patients and attendant medical support over lines of communications and during operations. The Joint Force Surgeon (JFS) reports directly to the Joint Force Commander (JFC) and is responsible for coordinating all Force Health Protection (FHP) matters. These include but are not limited to: - Deploying health surveillance initiatives - Providing reachback support to components - Advising on preventive medicine initiatives to include protection of the force from natural, environmental, occupational, operational, industrial, and chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) warfare health threats - Reporting on medical intelligence preparation of the operational environment (MIPOE) - Delivering on medical laboratory services - Collecting FHP lessons learned data that provides change recommendations to current plans and policy - Implementing programs and processes that promote and sustain a healthy and fit force, prevent injury and illness, protect the force from health hazards - Advising on all theater FHP operations including the establishment of minimum FHP requirements for the theater - Assisting component commands with identifying FHP requirements and coordinate cross-Service support, where practical 1 - Advising on the health of the command as reflected by disease and non battle injury (DNBI)/battle injury (BI) rates and other medical factors that could affect operations, including medical health threat identification and protective measures involving appropriate countermeasures where applicable - Providing prevention and protection measures and procedures, including immunizations, field sanitation and hygiene, veterinary services support, prophylactic countermeasures, and other risk management procedures. The FDPMU is well suited to support the JFS in many of his or her responsibilities to the JFC. 2