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									                                                          CEN/TC 292 Business Plan N1093rev.1
                                                                             Date: 21-04-2008
                                                                            Version:     final
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1 BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT OF THE CEN/TC

1.1 Description of the Business Environment
The following political, economic, technical, regulatory, legal, societal and/or international
dynamics describe the business environment of the industry sector, products, materials,
disciplines or practices related to the scope of this CEN/TC, and they may significantly influence
how the relevant standards development processes are conducted and the content of the resulting
standards:

1.1.1 Scope of CEN/TC 292
CEN/TC 292 was established in 1991. The general scope of CEN/TC 292 is to develop and
provide standards that describe procedures to determine the characteristics of waste, including
raw wastes and waste behaviour. This includes sampling, pre-treatment, leaching properties,
determination of total content of species, determination of sum parameters, assessment of
ecotoxicity, proposition of test reports and subsequent terminology. Setting of limit values,
specification of products and processes, radioactive waste, exhaust gases, waste water,
explosives and animal carcasses are excluded from the scope of CEN/TC 292, since this is a
responsibility of member governments.
Historically the activities in CEN/TC 292 were largely related to the development of standards for
the implementation of the EU landfill directive. Currently, this scope is broadened to include all
aspects of characterization of waste both from a regulatory and commercial point of view. As
waste plays an important role in the chain of materials and products, this approach necessitates
an active approach to achieve optimal cooperation with other CEN/TC in the environmental field.
In CEN/TC 292, a strategic discussion on the future activities has been ongoing and finalized.
Elementary definitions for standardization are given in Annex 1 while the strategy to meet the
objectives of CEN/TC 292 is given in section 4.2.

1.1.2 Parties involved
CEN/TC 292 is currently convened by an independent chair, Mr Beltman (The Netherlands). The
secretariat is held by the Dutch Standardization Institute (NEN, secretary Mr. de Brouwer). The
technical work and development of standards in CEN/TC 292 is carried out in WorkGroups (WG‟s)
that are centered around different themes that are relevant to the characterization of waste.
Currently eight workgroups are established under CEN/TC 292. These are:

           WG 1 “Sampling”
           WG 2 “Leaching procedures”
           WG 3 “Analysis and digestion methods”
           WG 4 “Terminology” (dormant)
           WG 5 “Analysis of waste / Selected group parameters”
           WG 6 “Basic characterization tests for leaching behaviour”
           WG 7 “Exotoxicological properties”
           WG 8 “Wastes of the extractive industry “

In its activities, TC 292 aims to include representations of all stakeholders to participate in the
standardization process. Furthermore, it seeks to have expert delegations covering all interested
European Member States. The participants in the work of TC 292 cover representation of the
following stakeholders groups:
     national governments/legislators
     research institutes
     laboratories
     private companies dealing with production, (trans-national) transport or treatment of waste
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    companies dealing with use of secondary raw materials
    owners of landfills or incineration plants
    environmental organizations
The work of CEN/TC 292 is embedded in the broader environmental arena that includes different
environmental fields. Within the CEN structure communication between the environmental fields
takes place in the Environmental TC‟s Cooperation Team (ENV-TC-CT) and the Strategic Advisory
Board for the Environment (SABE). Meetings are organized every six moths to discuss topics
relevant to the broader environmental field such as cooperation between TC‟s and development of
standards that cross environmental fields (horizontal standards).

1.1.3 Political and legal factors
The activities in CEN/TC 292 have to a large extent been driven by requirements for harmonized
approaches in light of EU-legislation in the field of waste. Such standards enable the consistent
implementation and enforcement of legislation throughout the European Union. For this purpose a
5 year mandate was issued by the EC to develop a set of standards to instrument implementation
of the EU-landfill directive. Recently, requirements for the mining waste directive are also subject
to standardization in CEN/TC 292 WG 8, again supported by an EC mandate issued to CEN
In 2007 many of the ongoing activities in relation to instrumentation of the landfill directive come to
an end. Standards have been developed in the fields of terminology, sampling, leaching,
extraction and analysis of waste. At the same time there is a need for additional standards in
relation to Annex II requirements, also bearing in mind the proposal for revision of the landfill
directive. Part of this work relates to the validation of methods that are currently described in TR‟s.
These activities are important and required to realize conversion of TR‟s to EN‟s.

An overview of relevant European legislation is given in Annex 2.

1.1.4 Economical factors
Transport of waste
Although bulk waste streams are not likely to be transported over large distances, trans-national
trade does take place, and thus an European concern exists. This trans-national transport is
subject to differences in environmental legislation in the member states. These differences
concern the limit values for treatment and disposal facilities and variations in prices of treatment
and final destination options as well.

Definition of waste
The divergent interpretation of the term “waste” gives rise to economical problems on a national
and European level regarding the status of materials (waste or product) and possible re-use.
In the last decade re-use of some waste streams has become increasingly important, like coal fly
ash in concrete which is often regarded as an industrial by-product.
Although the term “waste” has been defined in the Waste Framework Directive and this definition
has been clarified and completed by extensive jurisprudence of the European Court of Justice, the
divergent interpretation of the EU legal definition of waste is still a problem. A proposal for a
measure or guidance document on the definition of waste (in preparation) should solve this.

1.1.5 Environmental factors
CEN/TCs are required to assess the environmental impact of their standards. In the work of TC
292 the assessment and where possible estimation of impact of the methods described in
standards on the environment is part of the standardization process. In order to optimize the
integration of environmental issues into standardization, environmental organizations, such as
ECOS (European Environmental Citizens Organisation for Standardisation) participate as member
of CEN/TC 292.
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Waste management is increasingly subject to chain management of products and materials.
Activities of CEN/TC will therefore move closer to characterization of products (products may
become waste and visa versa) and legislation on substances in general. As any material can
potentially become a waste, the waste field has a wide coverage of possible conditions and
circumstances of materials. Therefore, characterization methods developed for waste have in
principal a wider potential use than material dedicated tests. These tend to ignore environmental
aspects that are not considered relevant for the material concerned, especially in relation to its
conversion to waste. As an example, within REACH, there is attention for the life cycle of products,
substances and materials. This involves the consideration of waste as a possible (end)-stage.

1.1.6 Technological developments
A key question for TC 292 is to identify and understand the need of clients in terms of
developments for which European standards are needed as well as in terms of associated quality
of such standards. Besides standardization of methods for the different phases of the waste
characterization process, technological developments in the waste field are subject to
standardization.This includes the use of secondary or alternative methods in relation to reference
methods specified in regulations or contracts. An extensive but by not necessarily exhaustive list
of potential new topics that are relevant to the work of CEN/TC 292 is given in Annex 3. Given the
strategy formulated in section 4.2 it should be emphasized that initiation of work along the lines
given in Annex 3 will only occur after support of 5 member states is reached.
Recently, a substantial number of (p)NWI‟s have been accepted by CEN/TC 292. Technical work
on the development of standards is therefore initiated and ongoing on various topics. These
include, for example, topics such as mining waste and on-site verification of waste.
Furthermore, the activities in projects HORIZONTAL are closely monitored in order to identify links
with the work in CEN/TC 292. Although waste is not within the scope of project Horizontal, the
activities are of major interest to CEN/TC 292.

1.1.7 Financial factors
Standardization is financed by the interested parties. Insufficient support to provide resources is
considered as an indication of a lack of client needs for development of standards on a particular
topic. The level and use of resources for developments of standards should be optimized by
selecting the appropriate and required quality level described in standards. Furthermore, it is
related to the use of standards in the different fields. Hence, cooperation between CEN/TC‟s can
contribute to such optimization of resources. In addition to the available resources, active
participation of experts at European and national levels is a prerequisite for effective
standardization.
A specific, and generally expensive part of standards development is validation. This is an
important part of the standardization process and needs to be an integral part of standards
development, where possible in a horizontal context. Activities that may lead to more accurate,
faster and easier validation of draft methods need to be supported. CEN/TC 292 needs to consider
the various funding opportunities for validation, where possible or necessary in conjunction with
needs for pre-normative research to aid future improvement of test procedures.
From a procedural point of view it is noted that the incorporation of validation activities in the CEN-
timeframe is currently problematic and inflexible. Structural solutions need to be found and allow a
realistic timeframe for execution of validation research.

1.1.8 Co-ordination with other committees
TC 292 holds liaisons with a variety of related committees and organization. These currently are:
   ISO/TC 190 Soil quality
   CEN/TC 51 Cement
   CEN/TC 104 Concrete
   CEN/TC 154 Aggregates
   CEN/TC 164/WG 3 Influence of cementicious products on water for human consumption
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   CEN/TC 223 Soil improvers
   CEN/TC 230 Water analysis
   CEN/TC 249/WG 9 Characterization of degradability of plastics
   CEN/TC 261/SC 4: Packaging and the environment
   CEN/TC 308 Characterization of sludge
   CEN/TC 343 Solid recovered fuels
   CEN/TC 345 Characterization of Soil
   EC/DG Env
   EC/DG Research Measurement and Testing Programme – Harmonization of leaching tests
   EUROSLAG
   CSNPE (Construction Sector Network Project Environment)
   ECOS (European Environmental Citizens Organisation for Standardisation)

Cooperation and coordination between other committees within the CEN-standardization field is
considered to be a primary focus of CEN/TC 292. An active role of CEN/TC 292 in identification
and structuring of common work items touching on the work of several environmental TC‟s is
envisaged. Possibly specific approaches developed in CEN/TC 292 can be intergrated to the
broader environmental field. Examples of these are the hierarchy of testing approach which allows
to emphasis on detail when it is needed (criteria development, treatment, technology
development) and to be pragmatic and efficient when possible (quality control and compliance
purposes).
With regard to the development of standards that cover multiple environmental fields (horizontal
standards), the EU-project HORIZONTAL shows the potential for harmonization of test methods
across multiple environmental fields. Although project HORIZONTAL does not directly affect the
scope of CEN/TC 292 (waste is not directly incorporated in HORIZONTAL), the followed approach
is considered to be an important development for future activities in the environmental TC‟s.
Future activities to include waste in the scope of HORIZONTAL standards are supported in
CEN/TC 292 and deserve closer examination. Thereby, it is recognized that horizontal standards
should be developed where possible. At the same time horizontal standardization will not provide
an overall solution and field specific standards will be necessary where horizontal standardization
is not feasible.
Development of horizontal standards and cooperation between environmental TC‟s are currently
not common standardization practise. These are however seen as important future developments
that will increase efficiency of the standardization process and will provide coherent and broadly
applicable standards. The current infrastructure for European standardization does not provide
adequate ways to routinely develop and maintain horizontal standards. Structural solutions are
needed for this problem and need to be a focus for all environmental TC‟s including CEN/TC 292.

1.2 Quantitative Indicators of the Business Environment
The following list of quantitative indicators describes the business environment in order to provide
adequate information to support actions of the CEN /TC:

EU production of waste
Each year 1.3 billion tonnes of waste is produced in the European Union alone– some 40 million
tonnes of it hazardous. The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development estimated
that between 1990 and 1995, the amount of waste generated in Europe increased by 10%. Most
of this waste is either burnt in incinerators, or dumped into landfill sites (67%). Additionally, the
OECD estimates a 45% increase in waste production in 2020 compared to 1995.

In respons to these figures the EU is aiming for a significant cut in the amount of waste
generated, through new waste prevention initiatives, better use of resources, and encouraging a
shift to more sustainable consumption patterns. The aims are to reduce the quantity of waste
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going to „final disposal‟ by 20% from 2000 to 2010, and by 50% by 2050, with special emphasis
on cutting hazardous waste.
The European Union‟s approach to waste management is based on three principles:
1. Waste prevention
2. Recycling and reuse
3. Improving final disposal and monitoring.

Standardization of methods and reference documents for the characterization of waste relates
directly to the taken EU approach for waste management. More specifically is connects to the
second principle of “recycling and reuse” and the third principle of “improving final disposal and
monitoring”
Since 2002, the activities of CEN/TC 292 have been directed to the third principle of improving
final disposal and monitoring. In this context the EU follows the approach that waste that cannot
be recycled or reused should be safely incinerated, and landfilling should only be applied as a
last resort. Strict guidelines for landfill management were approved in the the Landfill Directive.
The objective of this Directive is to prevent or reduce as far as possible negative effects on the
environment from the landfilling of waste, by introducing stringent technical requirements for
waste and landfills.
CEN/TC 292 has developed multiple standards to aid implementation of this Directive. A list of
standards produced by CEN/TC 292 is given in Annex 3


2 BENEFITS EXPECTED FROM THE WORK OF THE CEN/TC

Development of standards within CEN/TC 292 provides uniform standards for characterization of
waste and allows harmonization of methods on a European level. Thereby standardization creates
a level playingfield for assessment of waste, comparability of data and transparency in the waste
practice.
CEN/TC 292 supports European waste legislation by developing standards in relation to the
landfill directive (mandate M/326) and the mining waste directive (mandate M/395. Furthermore,
standards are developed in response to stakeholder demands in the broad waste field. Hereby
advantages and opportunities of horizontal standardization are considered. Where feasible, action
is taken to come to standards that cover multiple environmental matrices.

3 PARTICIPATION IN THE CEN/TC

All the CEN national members are entitled to nominate delegates to CEN Technical Committees
and experts to Working Groups, ensuring a balance of all interested parties. Participation as
observers of recognized European or international organizations is also possible under certain
conditions. To participate in the activities of this CEN/TC, please contact the national standards
organization in your country.


4 OBJECTIVE OF THE CEN/TC AND STRATEGIES FOR ITS ACHIEVEMENT

4.1 Defined objective of the CEN/TC
The objective of CEN/TC 292 is to support European parties in waste characterisation
(legislators, companies dealing with production, (trans-national) transport or treatment of waste,
laboratories), by providing them with CEN standardized methodology. This includes the relevant
standardized terminology as well as standardized and validated test methods to characterize the
wastes under consideration. Standards are developed underlying legal requirements as well as
commercial interests. This includes characterisation of wastes that may become secondary raw
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materials. The test results should enable European parties to verify that the considered waste
satisfies the criteria of the envisaged (final) destination of the waste, which may be treatment, re-
use, incineration or landfill.

4.2 Identified strategies to achieve the CEN/TC.s defined objectives.
The strategy of CEN/TC 292 to meet the objectives is based on three pillars
    1. Standard development
    2. Quality of standards
    3. Implementation and communication on standards

Standard development: here a division can be made between revision of existing standards to
incorporate new insights and development of new standards. In order to meet the objectives of
CEN/TC 292 standard development needs to be backed by support of national members and
stakeholders. Thereby, two critical requirements need to be fulfilled in order to proceed with
standard development
    1. presence of client needs
    2. presence of expertise and financial support
To ensure fulfillment of these requirements the procedure as shown in Figure 1 is adopted. In this
procedure three phases are distinguished, the phase of needs declaration (1), the support phase
(2) and the standardization phase (3). In the phase of needs declaration, possible topics for
standard development are identified by the stakeholders. stage does not involve standardization.
As potential items for standardization need to fulfill the requirements of client needs and financial
support, a broad support base should be found among the national members. This requires an
active role of national mirror committees for the identification of standard development. A minimum
interest of 5 member states as well as financial coverage of the involved costs is required to come
to the adoption of a preliminary work item (p)NWI and start the standardization process. In this
need declaration phase various aspects such as technical content, quality of standards and
relation to specific goals (e.g. relation to legislative criteria need to be considered.




Figure 1. Procedure to initiate standard development in CEN/TC 292.
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This approach provides clarity in terms of responsibilities of stakeholders, national mirror
committees and CEN/TC 292. As financial and national members support is confirmed prior to the
standardization phase, it also provides an efficient scheme to maintain standard development
according to the CEN-timeframe.

Quality of standards: quality aspects are important on three levels:
   1. the level of the standardization process: the quality of the standardization process needs to
        be safeguarded by adoption of a quality management approach to be implemented at TC-
        level. Other environmental TC‟s (e.g. CEN/TC 308, CEN/TC 343) have already adopted
        such an approach which can be used as a basis for CEN/TC 292.
   2. the level of the organization of documents: In CEN/TC 292 standards are developed
        covering the complete process of waste characterization. The coherence and coordination
        between the individual standards that form parts of the methodology in the full waste
        characterization cycle need to be described in a normative manner. For this purpose an
        umbrella standard describing the main steps of the waste characterization process,
        including its minimum requirements is being developed.
   3. the level of uncertainty of methods: a reliable indication of the uncertainty of standardizaed
        test methods is an important quality aspect, especially when a method is used in relation to
        legal requirements. This needs to be an integral part of standards describing measurement
        methodology. Quality elements that are relevant in this respect are validation (robustness,
        round robin tests), equivalency of methods and traceability of secondary methods of
        measurement to primary (reference) methods. TC 292 has decided that only test methods
        that are sufficiently validated wil be published as EN.

Implementation and communication on standards: Two aspects are relevant:
   1. Use and implementation of standards: use of standards developed in CEN/TC 292 should
      be promoted. The benefits of broad use of standard are manifold and include increased
      efficiency and comparability of methods. The basis for an extensive use of standards is in
      the development of standards based on a broad stakeholder support (see above).
      Furthermore, use and implementation of standards can be enhanced by informing the
      relevant markets of the existence and advantages of European standards, for example
      through publication of articles, web-alerts and organization of workshops. In another
      approach, daughter standards will be developed that provide a further elaboration on the
      use of standards under specific scenarios. This route is for example taken for sampling of
      waste.
   2. Benchmarking with other TC‟s: currently there is an interest and focus within the CEN-
      environmental field to enhance cooperation between TC‟s. Communication between
      environmental TC‟s is necessary to enable development of standards that cross
      environmental matrices (horizontal standards). Within CEN, procedures are being
      developed to allow development of horizontal standards within the CEN-rules. CEN/TC 292
      is actively involved in this process.

5 FACTORS AFFECTING COMPLETION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE
CEN/TC-WORKPROGRAMME

    Resources and market support for standardization
As indicated in section 4.2, standardization should meet the requirement of the presence of
sufficient client needs and the requirement that resources are available for development of a
standard. In this case, resources are both financial means and expert participation.
Standardization will only proceed when these requirements are met (see Figure 1).

   Funding for validation
See 1.1.7.
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   CEN time frame for development of standards
Due to the limited time frame now available for the development of standards, no mechanism for
accommodating slippage through securing of necessary funding (e.g. for validation work) is
provided, with the result that some Work Items become vulnerable to deletion from the TC work
programme.
Furthermore, an exception to the time frame for the development of standards is needed when a
Working Group is working towards a horizontal standard within the boundaries of the timetable of
Project Horizontal.

6 Relation of business plan with yearly action plan

The business plan is the underlying document for development of the action plan. An action plan
will be formulated yearly and will contain topics that need further attention and development in the
working programme of CEN/TC 292. Examples of topics that are identified by members of
CEN/TC 292 as potential items to be included in the action plan are given in Annex 4.
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ANNEX 1: SOME STANDARDISED DEFINITIONS
Definition in EN 45020 of “standard” : Document, established by consensus and approved by a recognised body,
that provides, for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines or characteristics for activities or their results, aimed at
the achievement of the optimum degree of order in a given context.
NOTE - Standards should be based on the consolidated results of science, technology and experience, and aimed at the promotion of
optimum community benefits

Definition in EN 45020 of “consensus” : General agreement, characterised by the absence of sustained
opposition to substantial issues by any important part of the concerned interests and by a process that involves seeking
to take into account the views of all parties concerned and to reconcile any conflicting arguments.
NOTE - Consensus need not imply unanimity
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ANNEX 2: OVERVIEW OF RELEVANT EUROPEAN LEGISLATION FOR WASTE (AS OF 2007.01.01)

NOTE This list is an indicative list and shall not be considered as complete

A. Framework waste legislation
1. Directive 75/442/EEC on waste,
- as amended by Directive 91/156/EEC
- as amended by Directive 91/962/EEC
- as amended by Commission decision 96/530/EC
2. Directive 91/689/EEC on hazardous waste, as amended
3. Decision 2000/532/EC establishing a list of waste, as amended
4. Council Regulation (EEC) N° 259/93 on the supervision and control of shipments within, into
and out of the European Community, as amended

B. European Union legislation on waste management operations
1. Directive 99/31/EC on landfill of waste
2. Directive 2000/76/EC on incineration of waste
3. Directive 2000/59/EC on port-reception facilities for ship-generated waste and cargo
residues

C. European Union legislation on specific waste streams
1. Directive 75/493/EEC on the disposal of waste oils, as amended
2. Directive 78/176/EEC on waste from the titanium dioxide industry, as amended
3. Directive 91/692/EEC on agricultural use of sewage sludge
4. Directive 91/157/EEC on batteries and accumulators containing dangerous substances, as
amended
5. Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste
6. Directive 96/59/EC on the disposal of PCBs and PCTs
7. Directive 2000/53/EC on end-of- life vehicles
8. Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on
the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment
9. Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on
waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE)

Proposals for European Directives on waste:
   Biodegradable waste
   Definition of waste
   Disposal/recovery classification
   Landfill: progress report
   Landfill: report on national biodegradable waste strategies
   Management of waste from extractive industries
   Prevention and recycling: policy
   PVC
   REACH (Registration, evaluation, authorization, restriction of chemicals)
   Waste: codification
   Waste-to-energy processes: classification
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   ANNEX 3: OVERVIEW OF STANDARDS DEVELOPED BY CEN/TC 292 (AS OF 2008.01.01)


CEN/TR 14589:2003   Characterization of waste - State of the art document - Chromium VI specification
                    in solid matrices
CEN/TR 15018:2005   Characterization of waste - Digestion of waste samples using alkali-fusion
                    techniques
CEN/TR 15310-       Characterization of waste - Sampling of waste materials - Part 1: Guidance on
1:2006              selection and application of criteria for sampling under various conditions
CEN/TR 15310-       Characterization of waste - Sampling of waste materials - Part 2: Guidance on
2:2006              sampling techniques
CEN/TR 15310-       Characterization of waste - Sampling of waste materials - Part 3: Guidance on
3:2006              procedures for sub-sampling in the field
CEN/TR 15310-       Characterization of waste - Sampling of waste materials - Part 4: Guidance on
4:2006              procedures for sample packaging, storage, preservation, transport and delivery
CEN/TR 15310-       Characterization of waste - Sampling of waste materials - Part 5: Guidance on the
5:2006              process of defining the sampling plan
CEN/TS 14405:2004   Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour tests - Up-flow percolation test
                    (under specified conditions)
CEN/TS 14429:2005   Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour tests - Influence of pH on leaching
                    with initial acid/base addition
CEN/TS 14997:2006   Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour tests - Influence of pH on leaching
                    with continuous pH-control
CEN/TS 15364:2006   Characterization of waste - Leaching behaviour tests - Acid and base
                    neutralization capacity test
EN 12457-1:2002     Characterisation of waste - Leaching - Compliance test for leaching of granular
                    waste materials and sludges - Part 1: One stage batch test at a liquid to solid ratio
                    of 2 l/kg for materials with high solid content and with particle size below 4 mm
                    (without or with size reduction)
EN 12457-2:2002     Characterisation of waste - Leaching - Compliance test for leaching of granular
                    waste materials and sludges - Part 2: One stage batch test at a liquid to solid ratio
                    of 10 l/kg for materials with particle size below 4 mm (without or with size
                    reduction)
EN 12457-3:2002     Characterisation of waste - Leaching - Compliance test for leaching of granular
                    waste materials and sludges - Part 3: Two stage batch test at a liquid to solid ratio
                    of 2 l/kg and 8 l/kg for materials with high solid content and with particle size
                    below 4 mm (without or with size reduction)
EN 12457-4:2002     Characterisation of waste - Leaching - Compliance test for leaching of granular
                    waste materials and sludges - Part 4: One stage batch test at a liquid to solid ratio
                    of 10 l/kg for materials with particle size below 10 mm (without or with size
                    reduction)
EN 12506:2003       Characterization of waste - Analysis of eluates - Determination of pH, As, Ba, Cd,
                    Cl-, Co, Cr, Cr Vl, Cu, Mo, Ni, NO2-, Pb, total S, SO42-, V and Zn
EN 12920:2006       Characterization of waste - Methodology for the Determination of the Leaching
                    Behaviour of Waste under Specified Conditions
EN 13137:2001       Characterization of waste - Determination of total organic carbon (TOC) in waste,
                    sludges and sediments
EN 13370:2003       Characterization of waste - Analysis of eluates - Determination of Ammonium,
                    AOX, conductivity, Hg, phenol index, TOC, easily liberatable CN-, F-
EN 13656:2002       Characterization of waste - Microwave assisted digestion with hydrofluoric (HF),
                    nitric (HNO3) and hydrochloric (HCl) acid mixture for subsequent determination of
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                      elements
EN 13657:2002         Characterization of waste - Digestion for subsequent determination of aqua regia
                      soluble portion of elements
EN 13965-1:2004       Characterization of waste - Terminology - Part 1: Material related terms and
                      definitions
EN 13965-2:2004       Characterization of waste - Terminology - Part 2: Management related terms and
                      definitions
EN 14039:2004         Characterization of waste - Determination of hydrocarbon content in the range of
                      C10 to C40 by gas chromatography
EN 14345:2004         Characterization of waste - Determination of hydrocarbon content by gravimetry
EN 14346:2006         Characterization of waste - Calculation of dry matter by determination of dry
                      residue or water content
EN 14582:2007         Characterization of waste - Halogen and sulfur content - Oxygen combustion in
                      closed systems and determination methods
EN 14735:2005         Characterization of waste - Preparation of waste samples for ecotoxicity tests
EN                 Characterization of waste - Preparation of waste samples for ecotoxicity tests
14735:2005/AC:2006
EN 14899:2005         Characterization of waste - Sampling of waste materials - Framework for the
                      preparation and application of a Sampling Plan
EN 15002:2006         Characterization of waste - Preparation of test portions from the laboratory
                      sample
EN 15169:2007         Characterization of waste - Determination of loss on ignition in waste, sludge and
                      sediments
EN 15192:2006         Characterisation of waste and soil - Determination of Chromium(VI) in solid
                      material by alkaline digestion and ion chromatography with spectrophotometric
                      detection
EN 15216:2007         Characterization of waste - Determination of total dissolved solids (TDS) in water
                      and eluates
EN 15308:2008         Characterization of waste - Determination of selected polychlorinated biphenyls
                      (PCB) in solid waste by using capillary gas chromatography with electron capture
                      or mass spectrometric detection
EN 15309:2007         Characterization of waste and soil - Determination of elemental composition by X-
                      ray fluorescence
                                                        CEN/TC 292 Business Plan N1093rev.1
                                                                           Date: 21-04-2008
                                                                          Version:     final
Page 14

ANNEX 4: LIST OF TOPICS OF RELEVANCE TO FUTURE ACTIVITIES IN RELATION THE YEARLY
ACTION PLAN OF CEN/TC 292

          Complementation of the available set of standards with daughter standards addressing
          key sampling scenarios such as heaps, containers and vehicles solids out of streams
          etc. Some of these sampling scenario‟s are currently described in national standards
          developed by various member states
          Assement of methods and criteria related to determination of end of waste
          Standardization for characterization of liquid waste, oily sludges and two phase liquids
          With regard to the waste Directive and the present revision proposal, the measurement-
          testing standards that are needed for the different criteria should be considered.
          Especially, the extention of tools in relation to sustainable landfill needs further
          attention.
          Relation of CEN/TC 292 activities with Reach/ADR
          Measurement and test methods for banned substances
          Characterization for recycling materials
          Investigation of leads that the EU communication document of standardization and
          Environment may provide
          Investigate to what extent landfilling of monolithic waste is adequately covered in
          standards
          Contribution of CEN/TC 292 for judgement of hazardous waste / judgement of waste
          treatment options
          Investigate to what extend all aspects of mining waste are adequately covered in the
          development of standards
          Development of tools for alternative materials (formerly wastes) in construction
          Role of CEN/TC 292 in relation to other TC‟s with regard to specific common issues

								
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