Your Federal Quarterly Tax Payments are due April 15th Get Help Now >>

An Outline and Study of THE BOOK OF ROMANS by zyr10796

VIEWS: 136 PAGES: 7

									      A Study of

THE BOOK OF ROMANS




    Presented by Jason Jarvis

    Pastor, SUNRISEchurch

        January, 2010
CONTENTS

The Apostle Paul ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

The Church at Rome ............................................................................................................................................................................... 1

Paul’s Call to Preach the Gospel (1:1-17) ............................................................................................................................................... 2

Sin and the Consequences of Sin (1:18-32) ............................................................................................................................................ 3

God’s Impartial Judgment (2:1-16) ........................................................................................................................................................ 4




                                                                                                   i
The Book of Romans



The Apostle Paul
                                                                                             The Church at Rome
Paul’s Background
1. Paul was born a Hebrew.                                                                   The Occasion
2. He was named Saul after the first king of Israel.                                         1. Tradition attests that Peter founded the church.
3. Paul’s occupation was tent making. (Acts 18)                                              2. Edict of Claudius forced Jewish Christian leaders out of Rome.
4. Paul was educated by Gamaliel (according to Acts 22:3)                                        2.1. Gentile Christians led the Church.
   4.1. One of the greatest Jewish teachers of that century                                  3. Edict of Claudius was reversed when Nero assumed office.
5. Paul was a Pharisee (religious party – Acts 23)                                               3.1. Many Jewish Christians probably returned to Rome.
6. Paul was Hebrew and Hellenist. (familiar with both cultures)                                  3.2. Large influx of Jewish Christians into a primarily Gentile church.
7. Paul spoke Greek and Aramaic and could read Hebrew. (Acts 21)                             Purpose for Letter
                                                                                             1. To address the need for unity between Christian Jews and Gentiles.
Persecution of the Church
1. Paul admitted in his letters that he persecuted the church. (Acts 22)                     2. To explain that true righteousness is imparted by God through faith.
2. Paul was present at the stoning of Stephen. (Acts 7-8)

Paul’s Conversion (Acts 9)                                                                   Sermon Challenge
1. Paul was confronted by Jesus                                                              I want to challenge you to devote yourself to praying during the next week for God to
                                                                                             prepare your mind and your heart for what you will learn during this study of
   1.1. Paul was on his way to persecute Christian Jews                                      Romans. Many people’s lives have been changed as a result of them studying the
   1.2. His eyes were blinded for three days.                                                book of Romans.
2. Paul’s conversion involved a flawed understanding of Jesus                                Martin Luther’s life was changed while conducting a study of Romans with his
   2.1. Formerly, he viewed Jesus as a false messiah; after he met Jesus on the road,        students. He came to the understanding that salvation is by grace through faith in
         he viewed him as the Son of God, the Savior of the world, and the Lord of his       Jesus Christ and not by the works of man. Martin Luther’s new understanding led to
         life.                                                                               the reformation of the church. Luther worked to translate the Bible in German and
                                                                                             eventually other languages, making God’s word available people around the world.
   2.2. Paul’s conversion did not concern a lack of zeal for God; He did not change
         from being a God-hater to a God-lover.                                              Augustine’s life was also changed while studying the book of Romans. Augustine
                                                                                             was a young man who enjoyed what the world had to offer. He was known to
Paul’s Death                                                                                 participate in pagan worship, and he was open to trying new religious practices and
                                                                                             beliefs. Augustine studied the book of Romans and was convinced he must become a
1. According to tradition, Nero beheaded Paul in Rome.
                                                                                             fully devoted follower of Christ. He would go on to lead the church to preach and
                                                                                             teach God’s word to the nations.
Paul the Apostle (Acts 21)
                                                                                             Paul wrote that the gospel is the power of salvation to those who will believe
1. Paul preached Jesus as the Messiah
                                                                                             (Romans 1:16). I believe your life will be changed during this study of Romans. Pray
2. Paul preached salvation for the Gentiles                                                  that your mind will be focused and your heart will be open to what God has to say to
   2.1. Jews rejected Paul                                                                   you through this study.



                                                                                         1
The Book of Romans                                                                                                                                    2


Paul’s Call to Preach the Gospel (1:1-17)
Paul’s Calling (1:1)
1. A humble calling – to be a bond-servant.
   1.1. Paul represented Christ.
                                                                              Paul emphasized the call on his life to teach gospel of Christ. Paul
   1.2. Paul was utterly in subjection to Christ in conscience and conduct.   preached Jesus as God’s son and the one who divinely called him to
2. A divine calling – by God.                                                 preach the gospel of God. Paul proceeds a little further in verse 6 where
   2.1. Apostleship – commissioned by Christ.                                 he declared that believers are the called of Jesus Christ. His approach
   2.2. Paul’s conversion was a result of a divine encounter.                 to addressing the church is that of a challenge to answer the call of
                                                                              Christ to do the work of an apostle (people with a divine call).
3. A specific calling – for the gospel of God.
   3.1. Gospel He promised.                                                   Sermon Challenge
   3.2. Gospel concerning his Son.                                            Paul was named after Israel’s first king. Paul was born and brought up in a unique
                                                                              lifestyle that provided him with the best education and power as a persecutor of those
Gospel of God                                                                 who did not support the letter of the Old Testament Law. He was a feared man who
1. Jesus was born a descendant of David. (1:3)                                caused chaos among the Christians in Jerusalem at the thought of his arrival. It is
2. Jesus was declared the Son of God. (1:4)                                   ironic that this man, who was once called Saul was now known as Paul, which means
                                                                              “small”. Paul was someone great, but he became small so that Christ could excel in
   2.1. Jesus was empowered through the resurrection. (1:4)                   his life.
   2.2. According to the Spirit of Holiness. (1:4)                            John stated this concept of God taking the rightful place in our lives in John 3:30 -
3. Jesus Christ is Lord. (1:4)                                                “He must increase, but I must decrease.” (NASB)
4. Through Him, we have received grace and apostleship. (1:5)
   4.1. To bring about obedience of faith for His name’s sake. (1:5)          Paul’s intentions were to glorify God at any cost. Ask yourself this simple question.
                                                                              What are my intentions? Am I seeking to glorify God at any cost?
Paul’s Obligation in Rome                                                     Are you willing to accept the divine call to become a servant of Christ? Are you
1. Paul addressed the saints at Rome. (holy ones). (1:7)                      willing to make glorifying God your number one goal in life? The tough question is
2. Paul praised God for the faith expressed by the church. (1:8)              how we do this. We must take our eyes off of ourselves and look to God. Will you
                                                                              take your eyes off of self this morning and look to Him?
   2.1. Through the persecution of the Jews.
   2.2. Through the persecution of all Christians in Rome.
                                                                              God, I pray that you will guard my thoughts and my actions. My intentions from this
3. Paul is obligated to preach to Greeks and barbarians (natives). (1:14)
                                                                              day forward are to glorify you at all cost. God, be glorified in my thoughts and
4. Paul preached first to the Jew, then to the Gentile.                       through my actions.
5. Paul was eager to share the gospel because of its power to save. (1:16)
The Book of Romans                                                                                                                                             3




Sin and the Consequences of Sin (1:18-32)
Unrighteousness and Truth
1. Unrighteousness hinders truth. (1:18)
                                                                                      Man’s depraved mind is the result of sin. You and I battle with our past
   1.1. Does not glorify God. (1:21)                                                  sin as a result of us not turning from it, and instead, allowing it to lead
   1.2. Does not recognize God’s wisdom. (1:22)                                       us further away from the light of Christ.
   1.3. Corrupts our view of God. (1:23)                                              I was eating a snack when I realized I had almost eaten the entire large
   Hindering truth - The root word used to describe the act of aiming or steering a   pack of crackers. I had eaten to the point that I was not feeling well. I
   boat. When we choose to sin, we steer our minds and our hearts (and others) away   was very hungry when I started the pack, but at that point, I felt like I
   from God’s truth. This steers us away from the true light, Jesus Christ.
                                                                                      wouldn’t be able to eat again for a while. I realized I had taken the first
God’s Wrath Concerning Unrighteousness                                                bite, then the second bit, then it was hard to stop eating. The taste of the
1. God gave them over to the desires of their hearts. (1:24)
                                                                                      crackers was so good that I kept eating, even though my body was
                                                                                      trying to warn me to stop. The taste of the cracker overwhelmed me
   1.1. Man’s foolish heart was darkened. (1:21)
                                                                                      and overtook the reality that I was making myself sick by overeating.
   1.2. Served the creature rather than the creator. (1:25)
                                                                                      Sin often tastes good in the beginning, but it causes you to ignore the
   1.3. Exchanged the natural for the unnatural. (1:26-27)
                                                                                      results for a time and then when you realize what you have done, you
   1.4. Encouraged others to participate. (1:32)
                                                                                      are emotionally, physically, and spiritually sick.
The Cause of Sin
                                                                                      Sermon Challenge
1. Man refused to acknowledge and glorify God.
                                                                                      I want to challenge you to consider how sin has effected your walk with Christ. You
    1.1. God made Himself evident to man. (1:19)                                      may have nibbled on a small piece of sin and then found yourself knee deep in lust,
    1.2. Creation tells of His eternal power and divine nature. (1:20)                greed, deceit, or gossip. You may find yourself this morning so deep in sin that you
    1.3. Man exchanged incorruptible God for an image of corruptible man. (1:23)      can’t see your way out. I want you to know that there is more to this story. Paul wrote
                                                                                      to the church to warn them about how sin would destroy them, but also how God
The Results of Sin                                                                    could restore them. If you think your sin has removed all hope for you, I want you to
                                                                                      know that God is able. He is able to forgive and to forget. He will wash you as white
1. The result of sin is sin. (1:28-32)
                                                                                      as snow. Are you willing to ask Him for forgiveness and get back on track with Him?
    Three well known characteristics of sin:
    1.1. Will take you further than you wanted to go
                                                                                      God, I want to confess my sins to you right now and ask you to forgive me for turning
    1.2. Will keep you longer than you want to stay                                   away from you. I give you my life so you can use me according to your will. Help me
    1.3. Will cost you more than you want to pay                                      to live for you through the power of your spirit.
The Book of Romans                                                                                                                       4




God’s Impartial Judgment (2:1-16)
All Are Guilty
1. Those who judge are without excuse. (2:1)                   God’s reasoning is impossible for us to understand. He allows us to know enough to
                                                               obey, but we will never completely know the mind of God.
    1.1. They condemn themselves. (2:1)                        Paul wrote that no one is innocent, and I believe that to be true. However, I admit that
    1.2. They are self-righteous. (2:3)                        I have battled in my mind about people in distant lands who have not heard the gospel
    1.3. They take God’s kindness for granted. (2:4)           preached dying and spending eternity separated from God. I wrestle with the idea of
    The kindness of God leads to repentance. (2:4)             God allowing our indifference as Christians to reach people who don’t know Him to
                                                               result in them not knowing Christ as their Savior. But I read in this section of verses
                                                               where God tells his children that no man is innocent. How can it be?
Righteous Judgment
                                                               I Corinthians 2:11 states “Even so the thoughts of God no one knows except the
1. Unrighteousness leads to wrath. (2:5)                       Spirit of God. We are not able to understand the thoughts of God.
    1.1. Result of stubbornness and unrepentant heart. (2:5)   I was reading in a book titled Crazy Love by Francis Chan, and he put it like this:
    1.2. Result of selfish ambition. (2:8)                     “when you get your own universe, you can make your own standards. When we
                                                               disagree, let’s not assume it’s His reasoning that needs correction.” God’s reasoning
    1.3. Results of performing evil deeds. (2:9)
                                                               is perfect and it is measured according to his standard, not ours.
2. Righteousness leads to eternal life. (2:7)                  In chapter 2, we understand Paul to be expressing the fact that we will one day be
    2.1. Glory, honor, and peace. (2:10)                       judged according to our hearts and we will not be able to hide behind knowledge or
                                                               rules. Instead God will judge us for who we really are.
All Are Without Excuse
1. Those with the law are judged according to law. (2:12)      Sermon Challenge
    1.1. The law was provided through Moses.                   God’s standard for us is to trust his word and obey (even when we don’t understand
                                                               why). So we accept the fact that we do not live up to God’s standard, we turn from
    1.2. Doers of the law will be justified. (2:13)
                                                               our sins, and we trust God to lead us to do his will…and we act on it. Instead of
2. Those without the law will perish without the law. (2:12)   judging God’s way, we accept his way as perfect and we submit to it and lead others
    2.1. The law is written on their hearts. (2:15)            to do the same.
    2.2. Their thoughts will accuse or defend them. (2:15)     I challenge you to simply be obedient to God and turn from self. Share God’s word
                                                               with others as if you believe today may be your last opportunity to let them know
                                                               there is a Savior.
God judges all people without partiality.
                                                               God, I know that I am without excuse. I have sinned and desire to turn from
                                                               unrighteousness and to obey you. Teach me to love you and trust your word as truth.
                                                               Teach me to be obedient, even when I don’t understand why. Use me as your vessel
                                                               to teach others and to grow them in their love for you.

								
To top