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					Big Ben or Big Brother?                                                 NEWSWEEK FEBRUARY 28, 2000

Every breath they take, someone is watching the Brits. Funny thing; they don’t seem to care.

                                       years the police and local            the face-recognition software,
BY WILLIAM UNDERHILL                   communities have invested             "find the whole idea of cameras
                                       hugely in the technology; Prime       an invasion of privacy. The
    FOR THE BAD GUYS OF                Minister Tony Blair last week         British are used to them."
NEWHAM, trouble begins with a          advertised his backing with a visit       The government isn't too
bleep on a control-room                to Newham. The closed-circuit         troubled. Crime is on the rise: last
computer. Somewhere on the             television system may be intrusive    year saw a 19 percent hike in
streets of London's poorest            – but its record blunts any public    robbery. For the politicians cost-
borough a smart camera has             outrage. Figures suggest that a       effective solutions have become
spotted a face from its watch list     network of cameras in a town          more important than any
of known rogues. At once staff         center can reduce crime by 70         handwringing over privacy. Cam-
monitoring a bank of screens from      percent.                              eras and other next-generation
a council-office block are alerted.        Still, the sheer scale of         technologies fit the bill.
So, too, are the police. Across        supervision feeds fears of a              If they work – but often they
Newham more than 240                   snooper society. Cameras now          don't. The camera can't stop some
surveillance cameras keep              watch over parking lots, phone        of the most common crimes. The
permanent watch on likely trouble      booths, elevators and even some       lout leaving the nightclub with a
spots. Walk the mile from the          public toilets. Some buses carry      skinful of lager won't know or
station to the town hall and every     up to six hidden lenses. Beside all   care whether he's filmed, say the
step could be observed. And these      roads into the center of the City,    critics. And the wise thief or
are no ordinary cameras. Last year     the capital's commercial heart,       mugger just moves to a new patch
Newham became the world's first        stand masts topped by cameras         when the first camera appears.
public authority to add "face          that snap every driver and his        Crime is displaced – not
recognition" software to its           registration plate. When TV           eliminated.
armory. The cameras will               presenter Jill Dando was shot             A few powerful images help
automatically pick out any face        dead last summer, police hunting      explain the camera's popularity.
held on its 100-strong database of     her murderer – still at large –       Lodged in the public memory are
leading local villains. Intelligence   could reconstruct much of her last    the 1993 video pictures of two 10-
suggests that the top dozen            morning's shopping trip from          year-old boys abducting toddler
criminals have quit the area. "For     footage taken in her local high       James Bulger from a Liverpool
the first time in 15 years crime       street. Says Simon Davies of          shopping mall. Hours later he was
here is lower than in the rest of      Privacy International: "A             battered to death. The cameras
London," says Bob Lack, the            generation is growing up that         hadn't prevented his murder – but
former policeman who runs the          won't know what it means to walk      they did speed up the killers'
security operation.                    anonymously."                         arrest. Besides, a little privacy can
    Big Brother is alive and well,         The technology can be pretty      seem a small price to pay for the
not only in Newham but all over        scary. The latest generation of       sense of security that cameras
Britain. More than a million           face-recognition software can         bring. "To worry about something
cameras now monitor the citizens'      scan a million faces on its           like that, you must have
movements. That's more per head        database in a second. Critics warn    something to hide," says
of population than in any other        that soon authorities might use       pensioner John Peebles, who has
country. By one reckoning, the         images and data for purposes that     seen vandalism and petty crime
average commuter can expect to         have nothing to do with routine       evaporate since cameras were
be caught on film 300 times            law enforcement. Unlike most          fitted around his home in a
between opening the garden gate        European countries, Britain has       Glasgow housing development. "I
in the morning and returning at        no laws on privacy. And the           certainly feel safer now – and I
night. Glance upward in almost         British have a sometimes              speak for 100 percent of the
any town center for proof: a wall-     unhealthy belief in the state's       people here." Back in Newham,
mounted camera – sometimes in a        wisdom. Other Europeans, says         there's overwhelming support for
bulletproof casing – trained on the    Tim Pidgeon of Visionics, the         extending the cameras' gaze. Big
shoppers below. Over the last 10       U.S.- based company that supplies     Brother is best friend. For now.
Handout for Report                        7th form, October 5, 2001                                       C.Kö.
Big Ben or Big Brother?                                                 NEWSWEEK FEBRUARY 28, 2000

Every breath they take, someone is watching the Brits. Funny thing; they don’t seem to care.
1. What is the article about?                              4. Arguments / Conclusion / Views:
   Basic background information.                               The closed-circuit television system may be
    All over Britain more than a million cameras           intrusive – but its record blunts any public
now monitor the citizens' movements.                       outrage.
    Figures suggest that a network of cameras in a             Still, the sheer scale of supervision feeds fears
town center can reduce crime by 70 percent.                of a snooper society.
    Face-recognition software can scan a million               Critics warn that soon authorities might use
faces on its database in a second.                         images and data for purposes that have nothing to
    Crime is on the rise: last year saw a 19 percent       do with routine law enforcement.
hike in robbery.                                               Unlike most European countries, Britain has
    The camera can't stop some of the most                 no laws on privacy.
common crimes.                                                 Other Europeans find the whole idea of
    Crime is displaced – not eliminated.                   cameras an invasion of privacy. The British are
                                                           used to them.
2. A brief summary of the article:
    Across London's poorest borough Newham                 5. For discussion :
more than 240 surveillance cameras keep                        Besides, a little privacy can seem a small price
permanent watch on likely trouble spots.                   to pay for the sense of security that cameras bring.
    Every step could be observed.                          To worry about something like that, you must
    Last year Newham became the world's first              have something to hide.
public authority to add "face recognition"
software to its armory.
    For the first time in 15 years crime here is
lower than in the rest of London.                          VOCABULARY
    There is a sense of security that cameras bring.
                                                           to monitor         =   überwachen, beaufsichtigen
    In Newham, there's overwhelming support for            recognition        =   Erkennung
extending the cameras' gaze.                               to scan            =   begutachten, überfliegen
                                                           hike               =   Ansteigen, Erhöhung
3. Additional information:                                 to displace        =   verschieben, vertreiben
                                                           armo(u)ry          =   Waffenarsenal
    The average commuter can expect to be caught           borough            =   Bezirk
on film 300 times between opening the garden               surveillance       =   Überwachung
gate in the morning and returning at night.                overwhelming       =   überwältigend, begeisternd
    In almost any town center a wall-mounted               gaze               =   Blick
                                                           commuter           =   Pendler
camera trained on the shoppers below.                      to be trained on   =   ausgerichtet sein auf
    Cameras now watch over parking lots, phone             to be topped by    =   gekrönt sein von/mit
booths, elevators and even some public toilets.            to snap            =   einen Schnappschuss machen
    Some buses carry up to six hidden lenses.              to be at large     =   auf freiem Fuß sein
    Beside all roads into the center of the City           footage            =   Filmmaterial
                                                           to be lodged       =   festsitzen
stand masts topped by cameras that snap every              to abduct          =   entführen
driver and his registration plate.                         toddler            =   Klein(st)kind
    When TV presenter Jill Dando was shot dead             to batter          =   schlagen, prügeln
last summer, police hunting her murderer – still at        CCTV               =   Closed Circuit Television
                                                           to be intrusive    =   aufdringlich, aggressiv
large – could reconstruct much of her last                 record             =   Erfolg(sliste)
morning's shopping trip from footage taken in her          to blunt           =   “stumpf” (unwirksam) machen
local high street.                                         outrage            =   Empörung, Aufschrei
    Lodged in the public memory are the 1993               the sheer scale    =   das gigantische Ausmaß
video pictures of two 10-year-old boys abducting           supervision        =   Überwachung, Beaufsichtigung
                                                           snooper            =   Schnüffler
toddler James Bulger from a Liverpool shopping             unlike             =   im Gegensatz zu
mall. Hours later he was battered to death. The            image              =   Bild, Standbild
cameras hadn't prevented his murder – but they             law enforcement    =   Gesetzesausübung
did speed up the killers' arrest.                          privacy            =   Privatsphäre


Handout for Report                       7th form, October 5, 2001                                        C.Kö.
http://www.crimelibrary.com/classics3/bulger/bibliography.htm
The Death of James Bulger:
      Tragic Child Abduction Caught on Tape
We see them everywhere. Those security cameras that hang in corners, bolted
to the ceiling, silently monitoring us as we shop. Do they make us feel safer?
Or do we ignore them, assuming nothing bad happens in the safe haven of
our suburban shopping centers? Like millions of cameras installed in almost
every modern shopping plaza, they are set up to identify shoplifters and
thieves. But on February 12, 1993 in the calm of a Friday early afternoon, the security cameras at the Bootle Strand
Shopping Center near Liverpool captured the most tragic of thefts -- on this day, something priceless was stolen.
In this video clip, we see a young boy holding a toddler by the hand. A few paces ahead, another boy leads. They look
like family, navigating a baby brother past shoppers and distractions. Passersby hardly notice them, unaware that one
of the most heartbreaking murders in British history was unfolding right before their eyes. Too young to fight, too
young to know better, the toddler trusted the boys who took him by the hand and led him away.
This is two-year-old James Bulger in the hands of his killers, frozen in time. He will be taken
on a long, aimless walk, cruelly tortured along the way. James will be senselessly beaten to
death by his ten-year-old captors, who will callously abandon him on the railroad tracks.
Jon Venables and Robert Thompson had been stealing things all day at the shopping center --
candy, a troll doll, some batteries, a can of blue paint, and other incidentals. Why did they
decide to steal a baby? Was it a plot or a sudden, overwhelming compulsion? Once they had
him, they didn’t know what to do with him. They could have easily discarded James, leaving
him alone on the sidewalk, by a shop, where someone would discover the crying baby. But Jon
and Robert, like children who would rather destroy their own possessions than give them to
another, murdered the little boy.

http://www.jamesbulger.co.uk/main.html
Robert Thompson
              Jon Venables
                              It was on 12th February 1993 that James was abducted and brutally killed by two ten
                              year old boys in Liverpool. The pair were convicted of murder in November 1993
                              and sentenced to be detained indefinitely.
                              Their trial judge said they would be locked up "for many, many years". He
                              recommended they should serve at least eight years. Home Secretary Michael
                              Howard decided they should be eligible for parole only after they had served 15
                              years. Finally on 26th October 2000 Britain's top judge, Lord Woolf, ruled that
                              Thompson and Venables should be considered for immediate parole.

                                       -----------------------------------------------

http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0777278.html
http://www.jilldandofund.com/
Jill Dando
Jill Dando, 37, was a high-profile British television journalist who hosted a popular
travel show and presented the news for the BBC. She also hosted a monthly real-life
crime show.
http://www.itn.co.uk/news/20010702/britain/10georgeguilty.shtml
April 26 1999, 11.30am: Miss Dando returned from a shopping trip in Hammersmith.
She is shot once in the head on the doorstep of her home in Fulham, south west London,
in an assassination-style murder which shocked the nation.
Police were given 2100 names as possible suspects in the massive Jill Dando murder
investigation. Officers examined video footage from 191 CCTV cameras in the
Hammersmith and Fulham area of west London. There were no eyewitnesses, no apparent
motive and no clues left at the scene.
                            Barry George has been convicted of murdering television presenter Jill Dando and has
                            been sentenced to life imprisonment.
                            An Old Bailey jury found the unemployed 41-year-old guilty of shooting Miss Dando in
                            the head outside her home in Gowan Avenue, Fulham, west London, on April 26, 1999.
                            The jury delivered a majority verdict of 10-1 after receiving direction from Mr Justice
                            Gage that he was prepared to accept a majority verdict in the case.
                            The jury of six women and five men deliberated for over 30 hours before returning the


Handout for Report                          7th form, October 5, 2001                                         C.Kö.
                     verdict in a packed Court Room Number One at the Old Bailey. George, a convicted sex-
                     attacker from Crookham Road, Fulham, south-west London, had denied the murder.




Handout for Report                   7th form, October 5, 2001                                       C.Kö.
Big Ben or Big Brother?                                                   NEWSWEEK FEBRUARY 28, 2000
1. What is the article about? Basic background information.
    Britain - million cameras - citizens' movements / figures - reduce crime - 70 percent /
    face-recognition software - scan database / Crime - on the rise - 19 % robbery /
    can't stop - common crimes / crime displaced – not eliminated
2. A brief summary of the article:
    London's poorest borough Newham - 240 surveillance cameras / every step – observed /
    world's first public authority - "face recognition" / 15 years - crime lower than rest of London /
    sense of security / overwhelming support - extend
3. Additional information:
    commuter - on film 300 times / wall-mounted camera – shoppers / parking lots, phone booths, elevators,
    public toilets, buses up to six / roads into the center - masts - cameras - snap every registration plate /
    Jill Dando - shot dead last summer / police reconstruct her last morning / local high street /
               TV presenter – popular travel show – crime show / 1999 shot dead in the head- doorstep /
               191 CCTV cameras / no eyewitness /
    1993 video pictures / 10-year-old boys abducting toddler James Bulger / shopping mall /
    battered to death / cameras hadn't prevented / speed up arrest
               mall – cameras – shoplifters / boys stealing – all day / took toddler /
               not know what to do with him / could have left him – senselessly beaten to death
4. Arguments / Conclusion / Views:
    CCTV system intrusive – no public outrage / scale of supervision / snooper society /
    critics / use images and data not for law enforcement / Britain no laws on privacy /
    other Europeans / invasion of privacy / British used
5. For discussion :
    Besides, a little privacy can seem a small price to pay for the sense of security that cameras bring.
    To worry about something like that, you must have something to hide.




Handout for Report                       7th form, October 5, 2001                                      C.Kö.

				
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