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GLOBAL WARMING AND ITS IMPLICATION TOWARD URBAN SPACE IN by agl27658

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									GLOBAL WARMING AND ITS IMPLICATION
TOWARD URBAN SPACE IN INDONESIA




Amiluhur Soeroso
Gadjah Mada University
amisoeroso@gmail.com



Workshop Mapping Causal Complexity in Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation
Melbourne, Australia


                                                                      1
      Structure of Presentation
• Introduction
• Current condition of
  Indonesia
• Adaptation Plan
  Related to Urban
  Infrastructure
• Infrastructure
  Adaptation Strategy
• Closing Remarks

                                  2
        Introduction
• Indonesian
  geographical position
   one of the most
  vulnerable nations
  towards climate change
  impact
   – cities more vulnerable to
     flood
   – rural areas will have
     fresh water shortages.
   – The warming mountain
     areas widen the habitat
     for disease vectors.
   – high sea level and tidal
     wave cause abrasion
     and threaten coastal
     settlements.
                                 3
Ring of Fire
               4
      Current Condition in Indonesia (1)

• 70 percent of infrastructures development in
  Indonesia is centered in Java, Sumatera and
  Bali Islands
• Infrastructures dispersion is not well-arranged,
  that it caused spatial structuring failure
• The contribution of urban activities to Green
  House Effect (GHE) is about 60 percent
• Related to the context of climate change, this
  factor worsens the problems of fresh water
  provided for urban areas                   5
     Current Condition in Indonesia (2)

• Illegal logging in highland and thus have
  increased erosion --- properties and
  settlements built in river banks areas ---
  causes stream area in critical condition
• The increase of flood intensity caused by
  global warming is predicted to be nine
  times greater in the next decades


                                      6
      Mangrove




• Mangrove forest in Indonesia only remains 50
  percent or 3.5 million hectares
                                             7
       Forest Damage




• 35 thousand hectares of primary and secondary forestland
  has conversed to plantation and settlements every year
                                                    8
      Current Condition in Indonesia (3)
• Increasing sea level and flood will threat many
  areas :
  – Airports – Polonia (Medan), Soekarno-Hatta
    (Jakarta), Juanda (Surabaya), Ngurah Rai
    (Denpasar), Hassanudin (Makassar) and Ahmad Yani
    (Semarang).
  – Harbours – Belawan (Medan), Tanjung Priok
    (Jakarta), Tanjung Mas (Semarang), Tanjung Perak
    (Surabaya), Pontianak and Makassar.
  – Road along of eastern Sumatera, northern Java
    (Jakarta-Surabaya) and central Sulawesi (Pare-pare-
    Bulukumba via Makassar).
  – Irrigation network at food area centre of northern
    Java, eastern Sumatera and southern Sulawesi. 9
Threatened Seashore Cities & Estuary
Land




                              10
    Adaptation Plan Related to Urban Infrastructure

– comprehensive consideration to the aspects of
  value, culture, economic benefit, etc. is taken into
  account
– Cooperation all sector




                                                     11
THANK YOU




            12

								
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