Pioneers Modes of Transportation Teacher: ICE 458-002, Fall 2006 Subject Area: Social Studies Grade Level: 4 Date: September 21, 2006 Purpose/Goal: Students will gain an understanding of supplies needed to travel the Oregon Trail and an appreciation of the hardships pioneers faced. Overview: Students will learn about the Oregon Trail by selecting and drawing items they would want to take on the journey. Objectives: • (4) 4.4 “Describe experiences of pioneers moving west including the Donner Party, Oregon, and California trails.” • (4) 3.23 “List reasons why people move to or from a particular place.” • (4) 4.7 “Recognize the ongoing nature of history (e.g., migration, human settlement, demographics).” Needed Materials: • Butcher paper • Shoeboxes (1 per student) • Drawing implements (1 per group) • List of supplies from pioneering days (1 per student) • Family biographies Procedure Sponge Activity As students enter the classroom, provide each with a shoebox. Tell them to pack all their belongings into the shoebox. What they cannot fit, they must place in their backpacks outside of the main flow of the classroom. Anticipatory Set 1. What did you include and why did you include it? 2. If you were moving across the country, what would you have included? Announce Outline/Objectives Content Delivery Discuss wants and needs, size restrictions, weight restrictions, etc. as they relate to travel via covered wagon along the Oregon Trail. Map the Oregon Trail on a wall map of the US. Note the differences in terrain and weather. Have students brainstorm items they may have taken if traveling the Oregon Trail, listing each item on the board. Hand out a list of the preferred items pioneers took on their Oregon Trail journeys. The list should include weight, size, and cost of each item. Activity Provide each student with a popsicle stick with a family name so students can get into groups of four. Each family with receive a biographical sketch describing their family, including their family income. Have them sit at a table that is the same width and length of a common covered wagon and is covered with white butcher paper. Student groups will work together using their family circumstances and the preferred item list to choose their supplies and organize their wagon. They will draw the supplies directly onto their table’s butcher paper. Review Have each group tell the class how they organized their wagons and why. Closure: Review outline Review objectives Assessment/Homework: Read a true account of a child pioneer and reflect on the activity and pioneer’s experience. “Teaser” for tomorrow’s lesson: Begin learning about the traditional stops along the Oregon Trail.
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